Premium Essay

Development Research

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By TiEbO
Words 5874
Pages 24
ECONOMICS

EXAMINATION GUIDELINES

GRADE 12
2014

These guidelines consist of 25 pages.

Copyright reserved

Please turn over

Economics

2
Examination Guidelines

DBE/2014

INDEX
PAGE
3

1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

ASSESSMENT IN GRADE 12
2.1
Format of the question papers
2.2
Detail of question papers

4
4
4

3.

CONTENT

6

4.

CONCLUSION

Copyright reserved

25

Please turn over

Economics

1.

3
Examination Guidelines

DBE/2014

INTRODUCTION

The Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) for Economics outlines the nature and purpose of the subject Economics. This guides the philosophy underlying the teaching and assessment of the subject in Grade 12.
The purpose of these Examination Guidelines is to:



Provide clarity on the depth and scope of the content to be assessed in the Grade 12
National Senior Certificate (NSC) Examination in Economics.
Assist teachers to adequately prepare learners for the examinations.

This document deals with the final Grade 12 external examinations. It does not deal in any depth with the School-Based Assessment (SBA).
This guideline should be read in conjunction with:




The National Curriculum Statement (NCS) Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement
(CAPS): Economics
The National Protocol of Assessment: An addendum to the policy document, the National
Senior Certificate: A qualification at Level 4 on the National Qualifications Framework
(NQF), regarding the National Protocol for Assessment (Grades R–12)
The national policy pertaining to the programme and promotion requirements of the National
Curriculum Statement, Grades R–12

Copyright reserved

Please turn over

Economics

4
Examination Guidelines

2.

ASSESSMENT IN GRADE 12

2.1

DBE/2014

FORMAT OF THE PAPERS
CLASSIFICATION OF TOPICS FOR THE GRADE 12 ECONOMICS QUESTION
PAPERS
FINAL EXAMINATION PAPERS
ECONOMICS GR.12
PAPER 1
150 MARKS

-

PAPER 2
1½ HOURS

150 MARKS...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Research and Development

...Research and Development John Segura University of Phoenix PSY/335 Research Method Prof. Tiffany D. Cron Abstract The class was to watch the "Attention and Consciousness-Unlearning through Hypnosis" video that was located in this week's Electronic Reserve Readings. We are to use this paper to answer several questions on what was presented in the video. I will delve into what the purpose of the study was, how the study applies to the real world, if there were other studies or steps to contribute to the study what would it be and how would I conduct it, and how would I apply the steps of the scientific method and ho would I test my hypothesis. This paper will be interesting because I feel that hypnosis can be used to cure many ailments and even help people from continuing bad habits. Research Development In the video we met a brain researcher by the name of Amir Raz, from New York State Psychiatric Institute. Dr. Raz with his work has shown that through his work that there is a form of hypnotic suggestion that can make some people undo automatic behaviors, such as being able to understand their native language. The purpose of the study was to show that by using the Stroop Color-Word Test, he found that the brains of highly suggestible people under hypnosis processed the words as foreign, and screened only for color and therefore did much better on the task since the words did not interact with the color. In the study Dr. Raz was focusing on suggesting that the......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethics in Research and Development

...Ethics in Research and Development Research and Development (R&D) term carry different meaning in diffenent situation. But everywhere it is related with find out somthing new, somthing better and more wothwhile, wich is used to achive particular goal(s). In a product’s or service’s life cycle R&D is considered as the conception stage. It is considered as invested for a better future. Throug R&D new products, service & idea come. Since in most of the cases it is related with something new and better, practice of ethics in R&D is very importent. A good comitment of ethics in R&D can change the life of greater community and an organization can achieve more confidence and trust from society. Research and development conduct to achieve a goal, maybe it is a business goal or non business goal but always it try to shows new way, new concept and new ideal. Two type of ethical consideration is related with research & development; one is in its objective or goal and another is how this objective or goal researcher wants to achieve. For the betterment of the society goal of research should be ethical and through the way researcher want to achieve this goal must be ethical. For example, a researcher may want to innovate a new medicine for lung cancer, oviously the objective of this research is great, if researche can achieve his goal in this case, it will help the humanity. But for conducting this research if researche collect the human lung through......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Development Paper

...Research Development Paper PSY/335 September 21, 2015 Tiffany D. Cron The purpose of this study was to understand human nature and potentially explain why people act the way they do. In the video Attention and Consciousness - Unlearning through Hypnosis, they discuss the research conducted by Amir Raz. He completed a study using hypnotic suggestion, which found the brown can override responses that experts have long assumed to be ingrained and automatic. He believed that there are ways to make some people undo automatic behaviors such as be able understand a person’s native language and also it points to hypnotic suggestion as a powerful new tool for brain research. The study focuses on the Stroop Test, which is a hallmark of attentional research that asks people to simply name the ink color a word is printed in. For example, the word RED may be printed in a green font. This can automatically set up a cognitive conflict with our brain, which is likely to answer what it reads, even though the correct answer is green. This study applies to the real world because of how we treat our patients today and how we can find different way to enhance their treatment options. There are various ways of helping people deal with their problems, whether it’s a family issue such as marriage problems, or an actual mental disorder such as depression or paranoia. Unfortunately, some people do not like the idea of sitting down and telling a complete stranger their deepest,......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Research and Development for the Usa

...Research and Development: Essential Foundation for U.S. Competitiveness in a Global Economy Our hope is that there will be full employment, and that the production of goods and services will serve to raise our standard of living…Surely we will not get there by standing still, merely by making the same things we made before and selling them at the same or higher prices. We will not get ahead in international trade unless we offer new and more attractive and cheaper products…There must be a stream of new scientific knowledge to turn the wheels of private and public enterprise. (Vannevar Bush, 1945)1 U.S. Basic Research: A Need for Serious National Attention U.S. industry and the Federal Government are the primary pillars of financial support for the U.S. research and development (R&D)2 enterprise. The National Science Board (Board) observes with concern the indicators of stagnation, and even decline in some discipline areas, in support for U.S. R&D, and especially basic research, by these two essential patrons and participants. A decline in publications by industry authors in peer reviewed journals suggests a de-emphasis by U.S. industry on expanding the foundations of basic scientific knowledge. More specifically, research contributions by U.S. industry authors in the physical and biomedical sciences through publications in peer reviewed journals have decreased substantially over the last decade. In addition, in this century the industry share of support...

Words: 3884 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Role of Research in Human Capital Development

...is a recent development. For a long time, concern has been placed on other factors of production. It was not until recently that attention shifted to Human capital which has led to a massive wave of investment in human capital development. Human capital development is the term used in referring to factors such as education, health, and other variables that can raise productivity. It refers to the ability to perform work so as to produce economic value. To a large extent this a function of the skills and knowledge workers acquired through education and experience. When viewed from a macro perspective, Human capital represents the human factor in an organization and this consists of the combined intelligence, skills and expertise of workers that gives the organization its distinctive character. It consists of those elements of the organization that are capable of learning, changing, innovating and providing the creative thrust which if properly motivated can ensure the long-term survival of an organization. Increasing attention is being given to Human capital due to globalization and its attendant saturation of the labour market. Concern about the issue has been being compounded by the recent downturn in the various economies of the world. This has led Organisations to appreciate the need to leverage on the workforce for competitive advantage in order to thrive and keep ahead of the competition. One major way of doing this is through human capital development. However......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Operation Research Development

...Operations Research OR - Development of OR - England , world war  → determining the last utilization of limited resources - USA → 1947 → simplex method - Development → computer science - OR models mathematical model → variables, Function Optimal solution according to different techniques Simulated model → study for a specific system at Certain time period and simulate this system Heuristic model → empirical rules to find Approximate solution from point to another in the System Mathematical Model 1- Decision variables and parameters unknown values we need to solve equations to get these values EX: parameter → determine system We need to determine level of production for a specific good based on raw material, machine capacity Unknown parameter→ level of production, Unknown variable → number of units produced 2- Constraints or restrictions → row material 3- Objective function → EX: profit function maximization cost function Minimization EX: production planning machine 1 2 3 Profit/unit Time per unit (minutes) Machine Product1 product2 product3 capacity 1 2 1 430 3 0 2 460 1 4 0 420 3 2 5  OR mathematical model X1 → amount product1 X2 → amount product2 X3 → amount product3 Profit function: Constraints 1x1 + 2x2 + 1x3 ≤ 430 3x1 + 0x2 + 2x3 ≤ 460 1x1 + 4x2 + 0x3 ≤ 420 Additional non negativity constraints x1 ≥ 0 , x2 ≥ 0 , x3 ≥ 0 We are looking for optimum sol for x1 , x2 , x3 to maximize objective function subject to constraints Introduction to optimization &......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Social Development Research Paper

...Social Development Research • A study was done to examine violent behavior from ages 13 to 21 and identified predictors at age 10. • 55% of youth engaged in violence in adolescence, but desisted from any violence in early adulthood. • 16% of people persisted in violent behaviors at age 21. • The analysis performed and referred to in this article found that factors loaded consistently on three components, which were labeled; Early Individual Characteristics, Early Pro-social Development, and Early Antisocial influences. Explain why you chose this topic and article: I chose the topic (childhood risk factors for persistence of violence in the transition of adulthood) because violence among children has become more and more common over the years. It is not unheard of to hear a child brought a gun, knife, or even a hand grenade to school. I was curious to learn what characteristics were shown in these type of children and what the likely hood was for them to turn around their lifestyle as an adult. Key points of the article: The key points in this article were the numbers given during and after the study. It showed that more than half of youth that were engaged in violence in their childhood years retracted from any violence in early adulthood. The article also made it a point to inform that some differences in risk profiles did develop after combining risk and protective factors into component scales that were based on results of the principal components analysis. If......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Africa Development and Resources Research Institute Journal

...AFRICA DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ADRRI) JOURNAL (www.adrri.org) ISSN: 2343-6662 VOL. I,No.1, pp 16-22,October, 2013 AFRICA DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ADRRI) JOURNAL ADRRI JOURNAL (www.adrri.org) ISSN: 2343-6662 VOL. I,No.1, pp 16-22,October, 2013 Effectiveness of NAIP with special reference to livestock Based IFS interventions among the Tribal beneficiaries Dr. K.L. Dangi* Ramesh Kumar Damor** and Santosh Devi Samota*** * Professor, Department of Extension Education, RCA, Udaipur-313001 (Raj.). India * *& *** Ph.D Schilar, Department of Extension Education, RCA, Udaipur-313001 (Raj.). India Abstract Six year ambitious agricultural research Programme was launched in India on 6th July, 2006, which is known as National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), the project focused on innovations in agricultural technology. The NAIP was implemented in four districts of southern Rajasthan state viz., Banswara, Dungarpur, Sirohi and Udaipur. Two clusters of Dungarpur district were selected for the present study. These were (a) Faloj and (b) Bichhiwara. Total 10 villages out of 15 villages (under NAIP) were selected proportionately on random basis for inclusion in the study. Total size of sample was of 104 respondents. It was found that 95 (91.35 per cent) of the farmers were of their face values expressing strengths of NAIP with moderate extent. Negligible respondents 5 (4.81 per cent) and 4 (3.84 per cent) could be observed falling under high...

Words: 1947 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Product Development Research Paper

...Kevin Dunn MGT 364- Section 01 Research Paper: Product Development Dr. Denton November 21, 2013 Table of Contents: I. Introduction……………………………………………………………………3 II. Developing Products………………………………………………………….4 III. Product Differentiation……………………………………………………..10 IV. Conclusion and Recommendations ………………………………………..13 V. Works Cited…………………………………………………………………..15 Introduction Product development is one of the most important aspects to any business. New and innovative products have placed companies like Apple, Google and Samsung on the map. Companies like General Motors have been able to rebound from bankruptcy thanks to product development. On the other hand, companies like Eastman Kodak have fallen by the wayside due to their inability to keep up with new products. According to an article in the European Journal of Engineering Education, “Product development is the set of activities starting with the perception of a market need and ending in the production and sale of a new product satisfying that need” (Silva, Arlindo, Elsa Henriques, Aldina Carvalho). By successfully developing a product firms can see increased profits as well as an increased market share. To the helicopter game players, proper product development can set one team apart and earn them more profits. The purpose of this research paper is to explain how to successfully build a product through the phases of product development and product differentiation. As well as to give......

Words: 3881 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Development of Transportation Methodology in Operation Research

...OPERATION RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT OF O.R. METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORTATION METHODOLOGY IN OPERATION RESEARCH “PENGEMBANGAN METODE TRANSPORTASI DALAM OPERASI PENELITIAN” TYPE II – COMPARE & CONTRAST IQBAL TAWAKKAL - 1506694736 PROGRAM MAGISTER TEKNIK INDUSTRI - SALEMBA UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA 1. INTRODUCTION A special class of linear programming problem is Transportation Problem, where the objective is to minimize the cost of distributing a product from a number of sources (e.g. factories) to a number of destinations (e.g. warehouses) while satisfying both the supply limits and the demand requirement. Because of the special structure of the Transportation Problem the Simplex Method of solving is unsuitable for the Transportation Problem. The model assumes that the distributing cost on a given rout is directly proportional to the number of units distributed on that route. Generally, the transportation model can be extended to areas other than the direct transportation of a commodity, including among others, inventory control, employment scheduling, and personnel assignment. Transportation was one of the earliest application areas of operations research, and important transportation problems, such as the traveling salesman problem, vehicle routing problem, and traffic assignment problem, contributed to fundamental knowledge in operations research. Transportation remains one of the most important and vibrant areas of operations......

Words: 2523 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Research Methods Ont He Effect of Training and Development

...Master of Business Administration Research Methods TITLE: The Effects of Training and Development on Employee Performance: A case study of Resourcery PLC 4,013 Words Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction – page 1 1.1 Research Questions – page 3 1.2 Research Objectives – page 3 2.0 Literature Review – page 4 2.1 Definition of Employee Performance – page 4 2.2 Definition of Training – page 5 2.3 Training Design – page 6 2.4 Work Environment – page 6 2.5 Impact of Training on Employee Performance – page 7 3.0 Methodology – page 9 3.1 Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies – Page 9 3.2 Theoretical Framework – Page 10 3.3 Research Variables – page 10 3.4 Research Design – page 11 3.5 Sampling Frame – page 11 3.6 Population – page 12 3.7 Sampling Method – page 12 3.8 Sampling Size – page 13 3.9 Unit of Analysis – page 13 3.10 Data Collection procedures – page 13 3.11 Instrument – page 14 3.12 Data Analysis – page 14 4.0 Reflection and Resources – page 1 4.1 Timeline – page 15 4.2 Reflections – page 15 5.0 Bibliography – page 17 1.0 INTRODUCTION With the increase in international business and globalization trends, organizations find themselves in a rapidly changing environment. To adapt, organizations must have a skilled workforce to be able to perform effectively and training and development plays a pivotal role in this area. Some researches argue that training and developing......

Words: 4772 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Five Major Perspectives Used to Research Child Development

...Several theories have been developed from the five major perspectives used to research child development. These perspectives include psychoanalytic, learning, cognitive, contextual, and evolutionary/sociobiological perspectives (Papalia, Olds, & Feldman, 2008). Researchers use theories to explain child development. The theories are important because they propose ideas or explanations to describe development and to predict kinds of behaviors. In this paper, I will discuss and describe three theories of development, their key concepts, their similarities, their differences, how the domains of development influence each other, and how understanding development helps those who work with developing children. Three Theories of Development: Some important theories of child development include Freud’s psychosexual theory, Erickson’s psychosocial theory, and Piaget’s cognitive-stage theory. “Sigmund Freud believed that people are born with biological drives that must be redirected to make it possible to live in society” (Papalia et. al, 2008). He proposed that development happens throughout five stages in a child’s life. The first stage is referred to as the oral stage. It occurs between birth and 18 months. During this stage, the baby’s chief source of pleasure involves mouth-oriented activities (Papalia et. al, 2008). The second stage is referred to as the anal stage. It occurs between one year and three years of age. During this stage, the child derives sensual gratification from...

Words: 2487 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Research an Development

...WHAT IS R&D ? Research and development (R&D, also called research and technical development or research and technological development, RTD inEurope) is a specific group of activities within a business. The activities that are classified as R&D differ from company to company, but there are two primary models. In one model, the primary function of an R&D group is to develop new products; in the other model, the primary function of an R&D group is to discover and create new knowledge about scientific and technological topics for the purpose of uncovering and enabling development of valuable new products, processes, and services. Under both models, R&D differs from the vast majority of a company's activities which are intended to yield nearly immediate profit or immediate improvements in operations and involve little uncertainty as to the return on investment (ROI). The first model of R&D is generally staffed by engineers while the second model may be staffed with industrial scientists. R&D activities are carried out by corporate (businesses) or governmental entities. R&D is a form of applied research. BACKGROUND New product design and development is more often than not a crucial factor in the survival of a company. In an industry that is changing fast, firms must continually revise their design and range of products. This is necessary due to continuous technology change and development as well as other competitors and the changing......

Words: 4125 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Research and Development

...Research Development The video portion about brain researcher Amere Ras and his work in hypnotic suggestion brings up many questions in regards to treating mental health or addiction. In this he sheds some light on the power of suggestion and how if you are susceptible to hypnosis it can have a huge impact on your learning abilities and if you could possibly be treated with hypnosis. In this paper I will explain what Ras was trying to accomplish and will also tell you about how I would conduct this study if I were to do it. What was the purpose of this study? When Ras first conducted this study his intentions were to show us how he could undo automatic behaviors such as reading and being able to understand your native language. He used a test called the Stroop Color-Word Test that consists of colors that are written in words but in the wrong color ink. The test-taker has to be able to state the color that the word is written in and be able to ignore whatever the actual word is. For example, if you see the word “red” but it’s written in blue ink, the correct answer would be “blue”(Heerema, 2014). When he conducted this test he had two groups, one that was highly susceptible to hypnosis and the other who was not. Those who were susceptible saw the words as foreign and only saw the colors, which made them do much better on the test. (Psychology media suite 2008) Ras scanned the brain while completing this experiment and noticed that the anterior cingulated cortex, the......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Trublood Case: Pharmagen

...Trueblood case 09-2: Pharmagen Pharmagen case describes a $500 million Research and Development (“R&D”) funding agreement between pharmaceutical company (“Pharma”) and third-party private investor (“PEI”). The issue is to decide on how to account for funding of the R&D and royalty payments, and identify authoritative literature applicable to the agreement. Case states the following facts about agreement: • Pharma will receive up to $500 million from PEI for R&D cost for new drug X • A non-refundable funding to be used solely for drug X development costs • PEI will provide incremental funding as long as Pharma is demonstrating progress, however Pharma is not obligated to successfully complete development, “best effort”arrangement • Pharma estimated completion of project will take 3 years (from agreement date), and will cost estimated $1 billion • Pharma retains all intellectual property rights to drug X • PEI is entitled to receive future royalties on drug X revenues • PEI is entitled to receive future royalties associated with an existing commercialized drug Facts presented in the case call for Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) section 730-20 to be applicable. This accounting standard provides clarification and guidance to entities that entered into R&D arrangements, and advises on proper recognition. To define how transactions in Pharma and PEI agreement should be recorded, we should take a close......

Words: 1356 - Pages: 6