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Devices That Assist People with Disabilities

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By sheewane
Words 1781
Pages 8
Devices that Assist People with Disabilities
Sheewane Davis
Mercer University

In the 2008 Census, over 10 million Americans reported a daily activity limitation and their activities of daily living (ADLs) usually required assistance from tools or caregivers. Moreover, about 0.3 million Americans have experienced a serious spinal cord injury (SCI), for whom essential tasks, such as dressing, preparing food, or taking medications, usually require the assistance from personal caregivers. However, the shortage and high cost of experienced caregivers fail rapidly growing needs for personal assistance. Technology which aids in these tasks is in great demand and it must allow the user to independently and safely control both mobility and manipulation in their home or the community.
Robotics technology has been widely applied in rehabilitation technology and assistive devices to enhance the performance of assistance and quality of life of people with disabilities. By attaching a robotic manipulator to a mobile base, such as a wheelchair or a mobile robot, several robotic assistive devices have been developed to provide both mobility and manipulation assistance to people with severe physical impairments. However, most existing devices only provide a single-arm manipulation, which greatly reduce their efficiency of assistance and restricts their ability to perform complex manipulation tasks which require the involvements of both arms, for example, open the refrigerator with one arm and pick up a bottle of soda with the other one.
In my paper, I will be discussing about several different devices that assists people with disabilities and what the future holds for these devices. First, the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA) is the first mobility and manipulation assistive device that is capable of performing bimanual...

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