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Diabetes and Adolescence

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Diabetes and Adolescence Christian Minaxi
Grand Canyon University: NRS 433V
February 15, 2013

Diabetes and Adolescence

Article First

Guo, Jia ; Whittemore, Robin ; He, Guo-Ping (2011).The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=8&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY

Abstract: guo j., whittemore r. & he g.-p. (2011) The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 67(11), 2294-2310. Abstract Aims. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes and to explore factors which affect this relationship. Background. In the past 15 years, research has indicated that youth with type 1 diabetes face considerable self-management challenges and are at increased risk for poor metabolic control. To enhance the development of behavioral interventions for youth with type 1 diabetes, the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control needs to be more clearly elucidated. Data Sources. Research studies that examined the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes were included (n = 18). The electronic databases searched included OVID, MEDLINE (1996 to present), SCOPUS (1996 to January 2010) and PubMed (1996 to January 2010). Review Method. An integrative literature review was carried out using Whittemore's modified framework for data collection, analysis and synthesis. Results. A positive relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes was supported in longitudinal studies and in studies where the mean age was >13 years. Factors influencing this relationship are identified. Measurement of self-management was quite variable. Conclusion. Interventions targeting self-management in youth with type 1 diabetes are indicated, particularly in families of diverse race and ethnicity globally. Further evaluation of the measures of self-management and more longitudinal research are also indicated.

Article second
Konrad sdottir, Elisabet ; Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrun (2011). How effective is a short-term educational and support intervention for families of an adolescent with type 1 diabetes? http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=11&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=rzh&AN=2011284296 Abstract:
Purpose. To study adaptation and coping strategies of parents who had adolescents with diabetes and the effect of a short-term educational and support intervention. Design and Method. A quasi-experimental design was used in the study on 23 families of adolescents with diabetes. Results. A significant difference was found between parents' coping patterns before the intervention. Fathers were, however, found to rate their coping patterns significantly more helpful after the intervention than before. The mothers demonstrated, nevertheless, a significantly greater use of all the coping patterns. Practice Implications. Educational and support intervention is helpful for parents of adolescents with diabetes.

Article Third
Mobley, Connie C. ; Stadler, Diane D. ; Staten, Myrlene A. ; El ghormli, Laure ; Gillis, Bonnie ; Hartstein, Jill ; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria ; Virus, Amy (2012). Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-Based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program: The HEALTHY Experience. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=9&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=rzh&AN=2011421231 Abstract:
BACKGOUND: The HEALTHY primary prevention trial developed an integrated multicomponent intervention program to moderate risk factors for type 2 diabetes in middle schools. The nutrition component aimed to improve the quality of foods and beverages served to students. Changes in the School Breakfast Program (SBP), National School Lunch Program (NSLP), and à la carte venues are compared to the experience of control schools. METHODS: The intervention was implemented in 21 middle schools from winter 2007 through spring 2009 (following a cohort of students from sixth through eighth grades); 21 schools acted as observed controls. The nutrition component targeted school food service environmental change. Data identifying foods and nutrients served (selected by students for consumption) were collected over a 20-day period at baseline and end of study. Analysis compared end of study values for intervention versus control schools. RESULTS: Intervention schools more successfully limited dessert and snack food portion size in NSLP and à la carte and lowered fat content of foods served. Servings of high-fiber grain-based foods and/or legumes were improved in SBP but not NSLP. Intervention and control schools eliminated >1% fat milk and added-sugar beverages in SBP, but intervention schools were more successful in NSLP and à la carte. CONCLUSION: The HEALTHY program demonstrated significant changes in the nutritional quality of foods and beverages served in the SBP, NSLP, and à la carte venues, as part of an effort to decrease childhood obesity and support beneficial effects in some secondary HEALTHY study outcResearch Articles on Hypertension and Cardiac Disease. The literature search requires a rigorous effort and a smart search skill. This author has searched three research articles on hypertension and cardiac disease by using the library resources of Grand Canyon University. This essay will provide the reference list of the chosen articles and beneath each reference, the abstract is offered as per the assignment requirement.

Reference
Guo, J. ;Whittemore, R. & He, G. (2011). The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=8&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY
Konrad sdottir, E. & Svavarsdottir, E. (2011). How effective is a short-term educational and support intervention for families of an adolescent with type 1 diabetes? http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=11&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=rzh&AN=2011284296
Mobley, C.. ; Stadler, D. ; Staten, M.. ; El G. ; Gillis, B. ; Hartstein, J. ; Siega R. & Virus, A. (2012). Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-Based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program: The HEALTHY Experience. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=9&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=rzh&AN=2011421231

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