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Models of reflection

Gibbs Model of Reflection

Stage 1: Description of the event

Describe in detail the event you are reflecting on. Include e.g. where were you; who else was there; why were you there; what were you doing; what were other people doing; what was the context of the event; what happened; what was your part in this; what parts did the other people play; what was the result.

Stage 2: Feelings and Thoughts (Self-awareness)

At this stage, try to recall and explore those things that were going on inside your head. Include:

• How you were feeling when the event started?

• What you were thinking about at the time?

• How did it make you feel?

• How did other people make you feel?

• How did you feel about the outcome of the event?

• What do you think about it now?

Stage 3: Evaluation

Try to evaluate or make a judgement about what has happened. Consider what was good about the experience and what was bad about the experience or what did or didn’t go so well

Stage 4: Analysis

Break the event down into its component parts so they can be explored separately. You may need to ask more detailed questions about the answers to the last stage. Include:

• What went well?

• What did you do well?

• What did others do well?

• What went wrong or did not turn out how it should have done?

• In what way did you or others contribute to this?

Stage 5: Conclusion (Synthesis)

This differs from the evaluation stage in that now you have explored the issue from different angles and have a lot of information to base your judgement. It is here that you are likely to develop insight into you own and other people’s behaviour in terms of how they contributed to the outcome of the event. Remember the purpose of reflection is to learn from an experience. Without detailed analysis and honest exploration that occurs during…...

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