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Diet vs. Exercise

In: English and Literature

Submitted By vvargo1
Words 875
Pages 4
It is estimated that more than 2 in 3 adults are considered to be overweight or obese. Overweight is an excess amount of body weight that comes from water, fat, muscles and bone. Obesity is an excess amount of body fat. Both overweight and obesity are an outcome of an energy imbalance. The body needs energy from food (calories) to perform everyday life functions. When the number of calories taken in is equivalent to the calories burned or used, body weight remains the same. Eventually, people consume more calories than they burn; this causes an energy imbalance resulting in weight gain, overweight and even obesity (National Institute, 2012). While exercising and dieting both contribute to weight loss, the different effects such as nutrition intake, time consumption and mental effects must be factored in.
The human body requires nutrition to function properly. Nutrition repairs muscles, organs and skin. Exercise with no diet does not provide the proper nutrition that is essential to the body (Paez & Kravitz, 2000). Exercising and burning calories is important to recover the body with the proper nutrients. However, it defeats the purpose of exercise when somebody's daily food intake is above or below his or her suggested nutrition. Therefore, the nutrient intake with just exercise and no diet does not fuel the body inadequately.
The appropriate amount of nutrients is consumed while dieting properly. Nutrients are required for the body to function appropriately. Essential nutrients are something the body can’t produce or can’t produce in an adequate amount of time on its own. Essential nutrients can only be provided by a proper diet. These nutrients include water, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein and fat. (National Institute, 2012). There are recommended daily nutrients depending on an individual’s sex, age, weight, height and lifestyle.
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