Premium Essay

Difference Between Financial and Managerial Accounting

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Graciepeanut
Words 1116
Pages 5
The Difference Between Managerial Accounting and Financial Accounting
ACC 560
Term Paper

In this term paper the author will discuss Managerial Accounting and the components of Managerial Accounting. The author will also compare the different components of financial accounting compared to managerial accounting. According to McGraw Hill, Managerial Accounting is concerned with providing information to managers, people inside an organization who direct and control its operations.” (Garrison & Noreen) Financial Accounting according to McGraw Hill “is concerned with providing information to stockholders, creditors and others who are outside an organization.” (Garrison & Noreen) In managerial accounting a wide variety of reports are prepared. Reports in managerial accounting focus on how well managers and businesses have performed. Most of these reports provide timely, frequent updates on information regarding when orders are received, sales, order backlog, and

utilization. Also, according to McGraw Hill, “financial accounting is oriented toward providing a limited set of specific annual and quarterly financial statements in accordance to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).” (Garrison & Noreen) Managerial Accounting does not have too followed the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). For this reason, managers set aside their own rules concerning the content and form of internal reports. The only constraints to managerial accounting are that the expected benefits from using the information should outweigh the costs of collecting and analyzing, and summarizing the data. “Managers are responsible to carryout all major responsibilities including planning, directing, motivating, and controlling.”(Garrison & Noreen) “For many managers planning involves establishing a basic…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Acounting Careers

...When someone says accounting the thought of the definition seems to be universal. What many don’t realize is that there are different kinds of accounting and different uses with those types. One major and different type of accounting other than the well-known financial accounting is managerial accounting. In the following paper I will discuss what managerial accounting is and how it’s used, the difference between managerial and financial accounting, the users of this accounting, ethics in accounting, and careers in managerial accounting. Managerial accounting is “the process of identifying, measuring, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating information for the pursuit of an organization's goals” (Managerial Accounting Definition, 2003). Managerial accounting is also known as cost accounting (2003). Managerial accounting provides an organization with the financial data to perform descriptive analytics. The numbers don’t tell anything about the future, but they can be used to make decisions about the future. Without the numbers that managerial accounting provides no appropriate and good decision making would be being made. Managerial accounting is not like other accounting and major differences exist between managerial accounting and financial accounting. Although they work side by side, managerial accounting concentrates on helping people inside the organization, such as managers, make decisions while financial accounting focuses on providing information to people......

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Phase 1 Discussion Board

...Thompson, Managerial Accountant Assistant From: Danielle Wright Breckenridge, Date: January 8, 2015 Subject: Similarities and differences between financial and managerial accounting Hello Susan, I wanted to start by saying welcome aboard. We are glad to have you as a part of the team hear at EEC and I am sure with your experience and accounting background you are going to be a perfect fit. I do understand that you have spend most of your career working in a financial accounting office preparing journal entries, and you have a great understanding of financial accounting however you have no experience with managerial accounting. I am providing this memo in hopes of giving you with an explanation of the similarities and differences between financial and managerial account, give an example of managerial accounting reports, show how management might use information to make decisions and show an example of the horizontal analyzes, vertical analyzes and ratio reports. People may think that financial and managerial accounting is the same thing. On the surface, the actual number crunching of financial data contains a lot of similarities and both accounting types use much of the same data. While it is true there are some similarities, there are also some distinct differences. By taking a closer look at both types of record keeping, these differences become a bit more apparent as they each serve their own function and purpose. |Managerial Accounting ......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Marketing

...Managerial accounting is concerned with providing information to managers-that is, people inside an organization who direct and control its operation. In contrast, financial accounting is concerned with providing information to stockholders, creditors, and others who are outside an organization. Managerial accounting provides the essential data with which the organizations are actually run. Managerial accounting is also termed as management accounting or cost accounting. Financial accounting provides the scorecard by which a company's overall past performance is judged by outsiders. Managerial accountants prepare a variety of reports. Some reports focus on how well managers or business units have performed-comparing actual results to plans and to benchmarks. Some reports provide timely, frequent updates on key indicators such as orders received, order backlog, capacity utilization, and sales. Other analytical reports are prepared as needed to investigate specific problems such as a decline in the profitability of a product line. And yet other reports analyze a developing business situation or opportunity. In contrast, financial accounting is oriented toward producing a limited set of specific prescribed annual and quarterly financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). (Ray H. Garrison Eric W Noreen 1999). Managerial accounting is managers oriented therefore its study must be preceded by some understanding of what managers do,......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Financing

... The difference between managerial accountant and a financial accountant are vastly different. Investopedia defines managerial accounting as the process of identifying, measuring, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating information for the pursuit of an organization's goals. The information that a managerial account has is primarily targeted to assist managers inside the organization to make better decisions for the company ("Financial accounting," ). On the other hand the financial accounting is greatly different in that it is a method of recording, summarizing and reporting the numerous amounts of dealings from an industry; as a result it makes available a precise representation of the business fiscal situation and performance. The most important objective of financial accounting is the planning of financial statements - including the balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement that condenses the firm's functioning presentation over a specific period, and financial position at a precise point in time. These statements - which are normally prepared quarterly and annually, and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) - are aimed at external parties including investors, creditors, regulators and tax authorities ("Financial accounting," ). The key difference between financial and managerial accounting is that financial accounting is aimed at providing information to parties outside the organization, whereas managerial accounting......

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Managerial Accounting

...ACC 122 Career Paper Managerial Accounting Managerial Accounting, also known as Cost Accounting, is defined as: “A branch of accounting that observes and calculates the actual costs of a company’s operations. It is the process of identifying, measuring, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating information in the pursuit of a company’s business goals. “ Farlex Financial Dictionary. (2012). Retrieved from: financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Managerial+Accounting Managerial accountants provide information to managers within a company. The managers then use the information to make decisions, prepare external reports, and budgets. They make decisions by analyzing the statements to evaluate performance and control costs in the most efficient way possible to meet the company’s goal. Managerial accountants must have a bachelor’s degree, in some places a master’s degree, and in some states be a CPA. Once a person becomes a managerial accountant they can work in an office or from home depending on the employer. With the rise in globalization, the need for managerial accountants familiar with international finance is also on the rise. Managerial accounting should not be confused with financial accounting as there are many differences between the two, outlined in the following table: Financial Accounting Managerial Accounting Must be accurate and timely Usually approximate but relevant & flexible Is compulsory under company law Except for few industries...

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hilton Ppt Chapter 1 Answer Key

...Changing Role of Managerial Accounting in a Dynamic Business Environment Chapter 01 The Changing Role of Managerial Accounting in a Dynamic Business Environment Answer Key   True / False Questions   1. Controlling involves the coordination of daily business functions within an organization.  FALSE   AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Industry AICPA FN: Decision Making Bloom's: RC Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain four fundamental management processes that help organizations attain their goals.   2. Measuring the performance of managers and subunits is not an objective of managerial accounting.  FALSE   AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Research Bloom's: RC Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 01-03 List and describe five objectives of managerial accounting activity.   3. Middle-level managers would likely be considered internal users of accounting information rather than external users.  TRUE   AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Resource Management AICPA FN: Reporting Bloom's: RC Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 01-04 Explain the major differences between managerial and financial accounting.   4. A controller is normally involved with preparing financial statements.  TRUE   AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Resource Management AICPA FN: Reporting Bloom's: RC Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the roles of an organization's chief financial officer......

Words: 6709 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Managerial Accounting

...Managerial Accounting 12/3/15 Managerial Accounting Accounting is a crucial part in running a business. There are various forms of accounting that can be used, it is very important to know which technique is best to use for what companies. Once you figure out a particular technique to use, it is important to keep an open mind if there are any changes that need to take place in the business. By keeping an open mind helps the business adjust and be able to make the right decisions. Every business wants to make a profit; accounting is an important part in helping understand how profits and expense amounts are derived. One form of accounting I will focus on is managerial accounting or also known as management accounting. Managerial accounting is the process of identifying, analyzing, recording and presenting financial information that is used for internally by the management for planning, decision making, and control. Managerial accounting provides economic and financial information for managers and other internal users (Managerial, 2005). When you tell people about managerial accounting, the first thing they ask is “What’s the difference between managerial and financial accounting?” There are both similarities and differences between managerial and financial accounting. The major similarity each field shares, is that they both deal with the economic events of a business. As an example, determining the unit cost of manufacturing a product is part of managerial......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cost Accounting

...Explain the similarities and differences in Managerial and Financial Accounting.  There a very specific differences between Managerial and Financial Accounting. The differences include the primary users of reports, types and frequency of reports, purpose of reports, content of reports, and the verification processes for each method. Users of financial reporting are external, such as stockholders, creditors, and regulators. Users of managerial reporting are internal users such as officers and managers. Financial accounting produces financial statements quarterly and annually while Managerial accounting produce internal reports as often as they are needed. The purpose of the reports that are used are of a general nature for financial reporting while managerial reporting is for specific purpose as a tool for specific decisions. The content of the reports provided by each method of accounting is also different. Financial accounting pertains to the business as a whole, is highly condensed, limited to cost data and double entry accounting, and adheres to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). In contrast Managerial accounting pertains to subunits within the business, is very detailed in nature, extends well beyond double entry accounting to any relevant data, and the standards applied is dependent on the relevance of the decision. Lastly, the verification process for Financial Accounting is the CPA audit while Managerial accounting does not require independent......

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...CHAPTER 1 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING IN THE INFORMATION AGE CHAPTER Introduction FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING STRESSES ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES THAT RELATE TO PREPARING REPORTS FOR EXTERNAL USERS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION. IN COMPARISON, MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING STRESSES ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES THAT ARE RELEVANT TO PREPARING REPORTS FOR INTERNAL USERS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION. THIS CHAPTER PROVIDES AN OVERVIEW OF THE ROLE OF MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING IN PLANNING, CONTROL, AND DECISION MAKING. IT ALSO DEFINES IMPORTANT COST CONCEPTS AND INTRODUCES KEY IDEAS THAT WILL BE EMPHASIZED THROUGHOUT THE TEXT. THE CHAPTER CONCLUDES WITH A DISCUSSION OF THE INFORMATION AGE AND THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON BUSINESS, A FRAMEWORK FOR ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING AND THE ROLE OF THE CONTROLLER AS THE TOP MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTANT. NOTE THAT YOU CAN ENHANCE AND TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE CHAPTER USING WILEY’S ONLINE RESOURCES, THE SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ AND REVIEW PROBLEMS AT THE END OF THE CHAPTER. Objectives, Terms, and Discussions LO1 State the primary goal of managerial accounting. GOAL OF MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING Managers need to plan and control their operations and make a variety of decisions. The goal of managerial accounting is to provide the information managers need for planning, control, and decision making. LO2 Describe how budgets are used in planning. Planning A plan communicates a company's goals to employees and specifies the resources needed...

Words: 7726 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Purpose of Managerial Accounting

...Purpose of Managerial Accounting M B Colorado Technical University Online August 26, 2014 Purpose of Managerial Accounting The purpose of this presentation is to convey the importance and purpose of managerial accounting, how the managerial accountants support the strategic decisions, ways strategies can be implemented by management and strategy implementation steps that managers can take. As the Board of Directors you will be charged with interpretation of information provided by the accountants. As a board using the financial and managerial accountants’ reports and feedback will assist with the planning and execution of decision that will strategically allow all employees from management down to the front line to operate efficiently. The purpose of managerial accounting is to take historical information, such as financial statements, budgets and operations reports to create a plan focus inwardly within the company. Managerial accounting is a system of providing and measuring financial and operational information. The system is designed to motivate behaviors, guides managerial action, and support and create necessary cultural values needed to achieve an organization’s strategic objectives (Geense, 2005). Managerial accounting is comprised of 4 ideas that are the key to its definition. The ideas capture the purpose, scope, attributes and nature of managerial accounting. Cost and operational information, including some financial information define the scope.......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Accounting in Tourism

...1: Accounting in tourism or hospitality organization. 3 P1.2: Difference between financial and management accounting 3 P1.3: Difference between a sole trader, a partnership and a limited company 4 P1.5: Use of financial software in Tourism and Hospitality business 5 P1.6: Impact of changes in IT and internet on hotels and airlines 6 P2.1: Double-entry book-keeping 6 P2.2: Calculattion and account for VAT on purchases and Sales 7 P2.3: Cash receipts, cash payments and bank reconciliation 8 P3.1: How a trial balance is constructed 8 P3.2: Trial balance along with adjustments used to prepare fianl accounts 9 P4.1: Sources of finance available to a business 9 P4.2: Reasons and the process of budgetary control 10 P4.3: How to prepare a simple cash budget 11 Conclusion: 12 References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….13 Introduction: Business organizations face intense competition in today’s global business world. Tourism and hospitality are very large industry. A lot business organization is competing for their success in tourism and hospitality industry. The success of business organizations depends mostly on managerial decision making. However managers cannot make proper decisions if there is no information available. Financial information is the most important information for all kinds of business organizations. Without proper financial information proper managerial......

Words: 4420 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Customer Behavior

...Chapter 1 Introduction to Managerial Accounting Regardless of your major or intended career path, most of you will become managers one day. A manager has responsibility and control of selected parts of a company’s operations, or in some cases, multiple aspects of operations. Only those of you that happen to stay at the ‘bottom’ of a company, prefer never to get promoted, or never accept any responsibility for some aspect of a business, will miss the ‘management’ opportunity. Fortunately, none of you will likely fall into this persona given that you have taken the initiative to attend college. Understanding managerial accounting will help you move up the ladder more quickly, regardless of your chosen career path. How Can Managerial Accounting Help You? In any responsible business capacity, your boss and all other management levels above you will want to know how well you handle your responsibilities. To do so requires that they measure your performance. The evaluation process is similar to your perceptions in each college course in which you enroll. During your first class meeting in each course, one of your initial goals is to find out how your performance will be evaluated. In a business environment, you want to know what they expect, i.e., how they will measure your performance. While you won’t be earning letter grades in the business world, your performance will ultimately translate into promotions, bonuses, raises, reprimands, or perhaps dreaded......

Words: 2506 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Chapter1

...Goal of Managerial Accounting http://edugen.wileyplus.com/edugen/courses/crs4637/rc/jiambalvo3341c... GOAL OF MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1 State the primary goal of managerial accounting. Virtually all managers need to plan and control their operations and make a variety of decisions. The goal of managerial accounting is to provide the information they need for planning, control, and decision making. If your goal is to be an effective manager, a thorough understanding of managerial accounting is essential. Planning LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2 Describe how budgets are used in planning. Planning is a key activity for all companies. A plan communicates a company's goals to employees aiding coordination of various functions, such as sales and production.A plan also specifies the resources needed to achieve company goals. Budgets for Planning The financial plans prepared by managerial accountants are referred to as budgets. A wide variety of budgets may be prepared. For example, a profit budget indicates planned income, a cash-flow budget indicates planned cash inflows and outflows, and a production budget indicates the planned quantity of production and the expected costs. Consider the production budget for Surge Performance Beverage Company. In the coming year, the company plans to produce 5,000,000 12-ounce bottles. This amount is based on forecasted sales. To produce this volume, the company estimates it will spend $1,500,000 on bottles,......

Words: 2063 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Accounting

...Abstract This essay is written to inform of the difference in financial accounting and managerial accounting. What is account first and foremost accounting is an information system that reports on the economic activities and financial condition of a business or other organization. Financial accounting and managerial accounting plays different roles in society. This essay is also written to inform the readers of the financial statements used in accounting and what impact each statement has on the accounting process. Accounting provides information that helps answer such questions, by taking a look at what it would cost, and how the costs are relevant to the survival of a business. Accounting is an information system that reports on the economic activities and financial conditions of a business or other organization. Do not underestimate the importance of accounting information. Communicating economic information is so important that accounting is frequently called the language of business. (Edmonds, 2012) Here are some questions about the role of accounting in Society according to Edmonds, Olds, McNair, and Tsay (2009). How should society allocate its resources? Should we spend more to harvest food or cure disease? Should we build computers or cars? Should we invest money in IBM or General Motors? Accounting provides information that helps answer such questions, by taking a look at what it would cost, and how the costs are relevant to whether a business survive or not.......

Words: 2005 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Introduction to Managerial Accounting

...Introduction to Managerial Accounting Regardless of your major or intended career path, most of you will become managers one day. A manager has responsibility and control of selected parts of a company’s operations, or in some cases, multiple aspects of operations. Only those of you that happen to stay at the ‘bottom’ of a company, prefer never to get promoted, or never accept any responsibility for some aspect of a business, will miss the ‘management’ opportunity. Fortunately, none of you will likely fall into this persona given that you have taken the initiative to attend college. Understanding managerial accounting will help you move up the ladder more quickly, regardless of your chosen career path. How Can Managerial Accounting Help You? In any responsible business capacity, your boss and all other management levels above you will want to know how well you handle your responsibilities. To do so requires that they measure your performance. The evaluation process is similar to your perceptions in each college course in which you enroll. During your first class meeting in each course, one of your initial goals is to find out how your performance will be evaluated. In a business environment, you want to know what they expect, i.e., how they will measure your performance. While you won’t be earning letter grades in the business world, your performance will ultimately translate into promotions, bonuses, raises, reprimands, or perhaps dreaded......

Words: 2486 - Pages: 10