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Din Kat

In: Science

Submitted By jacobscheel
Words 265
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DU er en kæmpe (h)(k)at

Tamkatten (Felis catus[1][2] eller Felis silvestris catus[3]) er et lille, tæmmet, kødædende pattedyr oftest med pels. Den kaldes huskat eller bare kat, når der ikke er grund til at skelne den fra andre kattedyr. Katten er værdsat af mennesker for dens selskab og evne til at jage mus og rotter. Mange huskatte bliver op mod 20 år gamle.
Kattens anatomi ligner andre kattedyr: stærke, fleksible kroppe, hurtige reflekser, skarpe klør og tænder, der er velegnede til at dræbe byttet. Katte bruger deres gode hørelse og evnen til at se i næsten totalt mørke til at jage i tusmørke. Katte kan høre lyde, der er både dybere og højere end hvad mennesker kan høre. Det skyldes, at kattes hørelse er tilpasset deres naturlige bytte, der ofte er gnavere som mus. Når katte kommunikerer, bruger de miaven, spinden, hvæsen, dufte ogkropssprog.[4]
Katte kan formere sig hurtigt. Undladelse af kastration og sterilisation og senere efterladelse af dem har resulteret i henved 60 millioner vildtlevende katte i Nordamerika alene.[5] Under kontrollerede forhold avles katte og får registrerede stamtavler, såkaldte racekatte.
Fordi katte var tilbedte og højt værdsatte i oldtidens Ægypten, antoges det, at dyret blev domesticeret der,[6] men der kan have været tilfælde af domesticering så tidligt som i stenalderen.[7] Et genetisk studie i 2007 viste, at alle huskatte nedstammer fra fem hundyr af den afrikanske vildkat (Felis silvestris lybica) ca. 8000 f. Kr. i Mellemøsten.[6][8] Katten er i øjeblikket det mest populære kæledyr og kan findes næsten overalt i...

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