Premium Essay

Direction for Some Support for Others

In: Other Topics

Submitted By yoganayagi
Words 9223
Pages 37



Path–Goal Theory








Path–goal theory is about how leaders motivate followers to accomplish designated goals. Drawing heavily from research on what motivates followers, path–goal theory first appeared in the leadership literature in the early
1970s in the works of Evans (1970), House (1971), House and Dessler
(1974), and House and Mitchell (1974). The stated goal of this leadership theory is to enhance follower performance and follower satisfaction by focusing on follower motivation.







In contrast to the situational approach, which suggests that a leader must adapt to the development level of followers (see Chapter 5), path–goal theory emphasizes the relationship between the leader’s style and the characteristics of the followers and the organizational setting. For the leader, the imperative is to use a leadership style that best meets followers’ motivational needs. This is done by choosing behaviors that complement or supplement what is missing in the work setting. Leaders try to enhance followers’ goal attainment by providing information or rewards in the work environment
(Indvik, 1986); leaders provide followers with the elements they think followers need to reach their goals.
According to House and Mitchell (1974), leadership generates motivation when it increases the number and kinds of payoffs that followers receive from their work. Leadership also motivates when it makes the path to the goal clear and easy to travel through coaching and direction, removing obstacles and roadblocks to attaining the goal, and making the work itself more personally satisfying (Figure 6.1).

Path-Goal Theory

Copyright ©2016 by SAGE Publications, Inc.
This work may not be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means without express written...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Drag Me Down Figurative Language

...with the love and support of someone else. This shows that with the right support nobody can make you want to quit something that you have started. This song really speaks to a lot of people and it is one of the best. One Direction expresses figurative language in a few places in the song. They use a good example of hyperbole when they say, “If I didn't have you there would be nothing left…” (One Direction 7). They over exaggerate that if the love of their life was gone, he would have nothing else to live for, but there are a million things to live for. Which some people might believe that their world is going to come crashing down but only time will...

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Self Leadership available for digital retail only online. It will not be a version available for free download stream and buy only, the others at some point involved a free download. The success of the project will be dependent upon the right marketing and promotion efforts. This means connecting with current fans and reaching as many new fans as possible. Development Continuum 1. What is your level of development for this goal (D1-4)? Explain. As of right now a lot of the album has been recorded. As of now I would say 60 to 70 % of the album has been recorded. As far as promotion, no official announcement or release date has been set yet. There is still a lot if mixing left to do as well as features from other artist to be added to the project. However, the recording and mixing is only the beginning. I would say the project is at the D3 stage, which is described as capable but cautious. This issue is not that the commitment or that the capability isn’t there but you have to be cautious to release the project at the right time. I have to make sure as many people as possible are aware and excited about the release of the project. 2. What do you need in terms of the direction and support needed to complete this goal? Explain. In terms of direction and support, there are several things that are needed. I have consulted with several others that have released independent albums...

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leading & Managing Individuals

...S2, the High Support and High Direction Style S2 leadership style consists of directions from managers based on ideas that are solicited from members of the managers’ team. S2 leaders actively seek team member’s involvement in the process by encouraging them to speak their concerns and creating an environment that members feel they are able to voice their concerns and opinions involving organizational problems and active participants in the solutions. S2 leaders like to share problems with team members, listen to their points of view regarding problems before deciding on a course of action to correct the issue. S2 leaders meet only with the individuals that need to be involved, run effective meetings when required and are excellent at using input acquired from members to make decisions that will speed up the decision making process. S2 leaders typically use a systematic approach that can include the following. * Identifying problems * Clarifying goals * Generating alternatives * Choosing the best solution * Building an action plan * Monitoring implementation Strengths of the S2 leadership style: The S2 leadership style can benefit team members and an organization in many ways such as a positive work environment, successful initiatives or projects, increased creative thinking, and can reduce friction and office politics within the group. * Positive work environment: S2 leaders create a positive work environment by allowing team......

Words: 1999 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Daniel Goleman-Leadership Style, a "raison d'être". A visionary leader is someone who is able to move people towards a common goal, vision and direction. Without a vision, how can one insight participation and engagement among stakeholders? Whether driving funding initiatives, or the hiring of skilled labour, without vision and the ability to articulate that vision, getting people on board will be a challenge. Coaching - The benefits of coaching are endless. Leaders with the capacity to coach and even mentor their workforce helps individuals improve their performance and supports employees in aligning their professional goals with those of the organization. Coaching increases employee satisfaction and limits turnover. Affiliative - Although teamwork may not be necessary in every job, for the most part it is a reality for many. While some may thrive in team environments and others may struggle, a successful leader will understand the importance of affiliation and synergy. For organizations who have implicitly determined that teams and relationships must develop organically, or that they must work out their own problems, conflict may arise. Affiliative leadership ensures that roles are outlined, working relationships successful and conflict addressed. Democratic - How can one obtain consensus when there may be some who either do not agree with a plan, or hesitate to support one being tabled? A democratic approach values input, insight and experience. Although implementing this leadership......

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Canter's Behavior Cycle year. Now we all know that as much as we would like to think that our students are going to enter the classroom quietly, sit in their desks with their hands folded, waiting for our instructions, and hanging on our every word, the reality is that is never going to happen. Just asking them to take out a pencil and piece of paper could create a major catastrophe. Classroom , and behavior management is vital in creating a great learning environment. Canter said, “The foundation of managing classroom behavior rests upon your ability to motivate students to simply follow your directions. (Classroom Management for Success, Canter 2006). Knowing that students will misbehave, how we handle that is important. The Cantor’s came up with a three step process to manage misbehavior, called…the Canter’s Behavior Management Cycle. The first step consists of making sure to communicate explicit directions that you want the students to follow, and do it effectively. The second part of the cycle is to...

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Directions for Web and E-Commerce Application Security

...National Instituate of Technology,Rourkela Department of Computer Science and Engineering Term Paper on Directions for Web and E-Commerce Applications Security SupervisorProf.P.M. Khilar Submitted byDinesh Shende Roll No-212CS2102 M.Tech(1st year) Directions for Web and E-Commerce Applications Security Abstract: This paper provides directions for web and e-commerce applications security. In particular, access control policies, workflow security, XML security and federated database security issues pertaining to the web and e-commerce applications are discussed. These security measures must be implemented so that they do not inhibit or dissuade the intended e-commerce operation. This paper will discuss pertinent network and computer security issues and will present some of the threats to e-commerce and customer privacy. These threats originate from both hackers as well as the e-commerce site itself. Another threat may originate at ostensibly friendly companies such as DoubleClick, MemberWorks and similar firms that collect customer information and route it to other firms. Much of this transaction information is able to be associated with a specific person making these seemingly friendly actions potential threats to consumer privacy. Many of the issues and countermeasure discussed here come from experiences derived with consulting with clients on how to maintain secure e-commerce facilities. These methods and techniques can be useful in a variety of client and......

Words: 3283 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Android vs Iphone

...tight control over how the software and hardware work together. On the other hand, Google offers its Android software to many phone makers (Samsung, HTC, LG, and Motorola, among others, offer Android phones). As a result, Android phones vary quite a bit in size, weight, features, user experience, and quality. Apple offers users a single choice: what model of iPhone do you want (5, 4S or 4), not what company’s phone and then what model. Of course, some people may prefer the greater choice Android offers. Others, though, will appreciate the simplicity and quality offered by the iPhone. Apple's support for older phones is generally better than Android's. Take for instance, iOS 6, its latest OS. It includes full support for the iPhone 4, a more than two-year-old phone as of this writing. Because of that, the latest version of the iOS, 6.1.2, became the most-used version just a week after its release. On the other hand, Android 4.0, codenamed Ice Cream Sandwich, is running on just 2.9% of Android devices 6 months after its release. This is partly because the makers of the phones control when the OS is released for their phones and, as that linked article shows, some makers have been slow to release it to their users. While the iPhone App Store offers more apps than Google Play--over 775,000 versus over 700,000 (as of Jan. 2013)--overall selection isn’t the only factor. Apple is famously strict (some might say unpredictable) about what apps it allows and how it changes......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

David Williamson's Dead White Males

...The play Dead White Males, written by David Williamson, is set in Australia during the 1990s and explores two major theoretical ideologies, liberal humanism and post modernism, within an Australian cultural setting. Through the use of narrative and dramatic conventions, Williamson’s portrayal of Australian culture supports dominant assumptions concerning the qualities and characteristics that encapsulate what it means to be an Australian. The culture and structure of Australian relationships, tertiary education and workplace is portrayed in the play, and, through the use of characterization, stage directions and plot, Williamson is seen to support the assumption that men are assertive, Australians are laidback and are hardworking when fulfilling...

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Technical Analysis of Stocks

...ANNEXURE - C “TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF STOCKS ” This project report in the Special Studies in Finance based on the in-depth study of the project theme is submitted in February, 2014 to the Sydenham Institute of Management Studies and Research and Entrepreneurship Education (SIMSREE) , B - Road, Churchgate, Mumbai - 400 020, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Master’s Degree, Masters in Management Studies (MMS), Submitted By NAME: VAISHALI CHANDRESH GORATELA ROLL NO. : M12020 CLASS: MMS1 BATCH: 2012-2014 Guided By MR. AMIT BOBHATE Date: Place: MUMBAI ANNEXURE – D CERTIFICATE This is to certify that this project report entitled “TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF STOCKS” is submitted in February, 2014 to Sydenham Institute of Management Studies and Research and Entrepreneurship Education (SIMSREE) , Mumbai 400020, by Ms. Vaishali Goratela bearing Roll No. M12020, batch (2012 - 2014) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Master’s Degree, Masters in Management Studies (MMS). This is a record of her own work carried out under my guidance. She has discussed with me adequately before compiling the above work and I am satisfied with the quality, originality and depth of the work for the above qualification. PLACE: MUMBAI. ________________ DATE: ......

Words: 13489 - Pages: 54

Free Essay

Final Exam

...component of the exam. That is what you will do today.Part 1: Compose a 25- minute timed SAT style argument essay. Use the rubric to guide your response to this prompt: Is the American Dream possible for all people? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your position on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.Part 2: Review anchor papers with rubric, then determine your own score. (This does not replace teacher evaluation)Part 3: (optional follow-up) Compose a diary entry focused on the American Dream from the perspective of a Colonial Era immigrant. (W.# Narrative Task) | Standards: | RI.11.7: Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information in order to address a question or solve a problem.W.11.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.L.11.3: Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening. | Materials: | Teacher Materials: * Teacher directions * Rubric | Student Materials: * SAT Style Essay prompt sheet * Rubric | General Notes: | Students will already have a cursory understanding of the SAT essay since they have written SAT-style essays in previous years. Prior to this assessment, teachers should model how to unlock......

Words: 2298 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Bandon Group

...The Bandon Group, Inc. Business Background: Founded in 1953, The Bandon Group is a family own business, focusing on the distribution of copiers, electronic printers, fax machines and other office equipment. The corporate headquarters is located in Arizona, following four different divisions. All divisions are located in four different cities in the United States; each division handles different types of tasks. The company is currently attempting to discover a way where Information Technology can serve as a better support the overall missions, goals and objectives of the organization. Data is not currently integrated across the various divisions, which causes a replication of effort; sub optimized effort and additional expense to the organization. (Sumner, 2005) Bandon Group, Inc. has a fairly small Information Technology department and with the range of various technical solutions that have been applied across each of the divisions, it has become very difficult to provide network & technical support, technical training and data migrations. In order to stay competitive in the industry in which the Bandon group is in, management has discovered that they need to make a few adjustments to their business strategy, and implement technical solutions. Several of their competitors have implemented Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) with integrated Customer Relationship Management (CRM) solutions, leaving them far behind in the potential of acquiring more profit and......

Words: 1790 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Situational Leadership

...commitment, “a combination of confidence and motivation” (Blanchard, 1985). As well as adapting to the individual it is important to choose a style fitting to both the individual and the task that needs to be accomplished. Blanchard stresses that it is the managers responsibility to properly diagnose the development level of the individual and the task or situation to decide which leadership style would be most effective for that person, task, or situation as well as to communicate with employees clearly to contract a mutual expectation and understanding of leadership styles and why I work with them differently than others or differently in different situations. “For a long time people thought there were only two leadership styles - autocratic and democratic. In fact, people used to shout at each other from these two extremes, insisting that one style was better than the other. Democratic managers were accused of being too soft and easy, while their counterparts were often called too tough and domineering. But I have always felt that managers who restricted themselves to...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Research Report Conformity due to Social Pressure _________________________________ ABSTRACT- Social influences can be a strong cause in conformity. The more people doing a particular thing, the harder it is for more people not to conform. This study explored whether more people would turn another direction if there were only one person facing that other direction and if there were three people facing that other direction. _________________________________ The hypothesis that my group and I tested was that if three or more people were faced another direction in an elevator rather than one person turned a different direction that they were more likely to conform. The independent variable in this experiment would be the control groups of one or three people standing in the elevator that were in on the experiment and the dependent variable would be the people in the elevator conforming due to the independent variable. I think the independent variable (one or three people) will influence the dependent variable (people conforming) by people conforming more to the group of three people rather than the group of one person because there is more social group pressure to conform to more and more people doing it. Experiments have shown that the most people will conform in an experiment with 3-5 people doing it and usually levels off around 10 people. Sometimes in an experiment unanimity will happen where one brave person will resist to the group pressure and if that......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Blu Ray

...An analytical response paper, also called a critical response or a reader response, depending on the teacher and the context, is a paper written to tell your opinion about some topic or idea based on a written work, question or study of some kind. It requires critical thinking to form your ideas and find support for the ideas based on the question. Step 1 Read the response directions from your instructor. The directions tell you what you are responding to and might even include a question to guide your answer. For example, it might ask you to respond to part of a text rather than a full text. Step 2 Write some short notes on your thoughts. An analytical response paper is not only your opinion about whether you agree with or like the material, but it also should include why you feel the way you do. For example, if a short story you are responding to makes you angry, write the reasons for that. Try to find at least two or three reasons to support your findings. Step 3 Analyze the material and your thoughts on it. If you feel the information in the text is false, find points that support the falsities in the text or that make it seem false to you as a reader. Write the quotes with appropriate citation to use in your essay. Step 4 Write an outline. Depending on the length requirements in the directions, you might need only two supporting paragraphs, or you might need more. The outline should point out your main ideas and provide at least two to three supporting ideas from...

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bandon Group

...Bandon Group, Inc Case Study Steven C. Young Professor Stephen Huber Strayer University CS 511 Enterprise Resource Planning October 23, 2014 Bandon Group, Inc p.1 Abstract Brandon Group is a family owned distributor of copiers, electronic printers, faxes, and other office equipment. The company was started by Bud Brandon in 1953 and he passed away in 1972 leaving his two sons Ed and Steve to continue to run the business who decided on the growth of the business by acquiring more dealerships. By 1995 Bandon had acquired enough dealerships and had four divisions in the western U.S. (Portland , Oregon, Phoenix, Arizona, Salt Lake City, Utah, and Denver, Colorado), the corporate headquarters located in Arizona. Ed and Steve Bandon (co-owners of Bandon Group Inc) decided it was time to do an information systems study to better help the organization. Identify the purpose and scope of study The purpose and scope of the study of information systems was to conduct a thorough investigation into information systems to determine how Information Technology can best be used to meet the overall mission, goals and objectives of the organization over the next 3-5 years. Information management systems are set up and designed to collect, store, and process business information and provide it to the business for the personnel who make the big decisions in a format they can use to......

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7