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Disaster and Response Proposal

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Disaster and Response Proposal
Scenario
As members of a disaster planning committee we have been asked to present a disaster and response proposal to the CNO of the hospital related to interoperable electronic health records. According to the weather channel, our community is at risk for experiencing a major earthquake and our hospital lies within the boundaries of the fault line. This puts the hospital at high risk for experiencing severe damage if the earthquake does occur.
First, we will start with using research-based best practices and how the interoperable electronic health records contribute to progress in research and evidence-based practice. Evidence based practice is made up of the needs of the patients, clinical expertise, and the best evidence based research. We will use qualitative research, quantitative research, and systematic review research to find the best practices to use to keep our facility and patients safe in the event of the severe natural disaster. We will only use research based on peer reviewed, scholarly articles and journals and evidence-based research. Interoperability in healthcare is the ability for different information technology systems to be able to communicate with each other, exchange and use data that has been shared. This information exchange should be available to physicians, labs, pharmacy, hospitals and the patients. This would allow the healthcare system to advance in more effective delivery of healthcare and increase patient outcomes (Healthcare Information And Management Systems Society, 2015). Patients will have better access to their health records and they can move more easily between and among physicians without fear of their information being lost or not communicated (Brailer, 2005). Interoperability of electronic health records contributes to the progress in research and allow for a wider collaboration between research knowledge, patient care management, evidence-based practice and quality assurance. In the event of a major earthquake or other natural disaster patient records will not be destroyed, they will be backed up by electronic records and databases. With the use of gas powered generators the electronic technology can still be used even in the event of a natural disaster when there is no power for electricity. The use of electronic technology in the healthcare system can also allow for the healthcare team to call for help and watch for the latest updates on the internet of when help may be arriving.
Interoperable electronic health records contribute to the success of nursing and medical efforts during a disaster. Interoperability of electronic information can promote collaboration and decrease miscommunication between healthcare providers in different settings of the healthcare system. Increased efficiency in gathering information about patients and decrease time wasted on collecting repetitive information are some advantages of the use of interoperable electronic health records. Sharing of electronic health records between healthcare settings can lower the cost of repetitive diagnostic testing, increase safety measures for patients, and increase the proper allocation of resources during a disastrous event. Collaborative effort of combining electronic health records between healthcare settings can bring forth advantages that promote safety, cost, and education.
Informatics is important in providing educational needs of healthcare consumers. Current consumers of healthcare services are empowered to manage their own health by programs that are user friendly. Informatics that provides consumer friendly language and records personal health reports are likely to promote educational needs of consumers. Informatics should also provide resources and strategies that can aid in gathering information and education for consumers.
In the event of any major natural disaster the disaster planning committee needs to have a plan and all available resources ready. The local hospital and community will have a disaster planning committee that consists of facility managers and administrators that provide assistance in planning requirements necessary to protect employees, their staff roles and wellbeing of the patients. The disaster planning committee can have different roles and responsibilities in preparing the plan. The disaster planning committee also makes sure that all equipment and supplies are ready for any natural disaster. When planning and preparing for a disaster the committee needs to have a list of available resources that can assist in the event of a natural disaster. There is whole community approach to disaster planning, for example FEMA ( Federal Emergency Management Agency) that has latest information on earthquakes and being prepared ("Fema", n.d.). Furthermore, there are also community resources like the American Red Cross, Fire Department, and the Police Department. Another great resource is the department of Public Health and they can give you helpful types on to prepare in advance and gather emergency supplies. There is also teaching and education on what to expect in an earthquake and what you can do to keep yourself and your family safe. The department of Homeland Security is another source for disaster information and also corresponds to FEMA and is prepared with their responders.

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