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Discussion on How Theory and Research in Health Psychology Has Been Helpful or Unhelpful in Addressing Human Problems

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jeffreymachiri
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Discussion on how theory and research in health psychology has been helpful or unhelpful in addressing human problems.
Areas important in health psychology involve studies of behaviour which courses illness and also a way to try motivate individuals to leave healthy with the influence from hospitals and care professionals in the society. ‘Health psychology is the aggregate of the specific educational, scientific and professional contribution of the discipline of psychology to the promotion and maintenance of health, the prevention and treatment of illnesses’ Matarazzo (1980). As health psychology is widely related to health the definition of healthy is by the World Health Organization (WHO) 1948 saying that health is ‘the state of complete physical, social and spiritual well-being, not simply the absences of illnesses’. As psychology is the science of behaviour and change; psychologists have helped to influence change in people’s life.
As health psychology is interested mainly in health and health maintenance rather than on diseases and disease prevention. It was found in the 1970s when many countries (western) began to suffer from diseases and death in result to declining expenditures, to resolve the situation health promotion strategies were introduced. As there are many factors that courses diseases for example smoking which leads to diseases like cardiovascular disease, to investigate the relationship between health behaviours, health and disease outcomes studies would be done. To support this essay on how theory and research in health psychology has been helpful or unhelpful in addressing human problems Studies by Belloc and Breslow (1972) and Breslow and Enstrom (1980) was in support the study looked at the relationship between health behaviour and life expectancy in a population. Results showed individuals that leaved a healthy lifestyle had better health…...

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