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Distinguish Between Consequentialist and Non-Consequentialist Forms of Ethics and How They Relate to Business

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Distinguish between consequentialist and non-consequentialist ethical perspectives and discuss their application in a business context.
Andrew Brady
10358293
Ethics can be defined as distinguishing and choosing between right and wrong (Oxford English Dictionary) and is a central part of what makes us human. It is, however, not as simple as it would first appear. The idea of ethics has long been the topic of discussion for philosophers and there are many differing views on the issue ranging from utilitarianism to virtue ethics. Despite this multitude of views certain grounds are agreed upon with regards to ethics: * The possibility of free will. * The focus on an individual’s relationship with others. * Some form of individual responsibility. (O’Regan, A; 2012)
Morality and ethics are the fabrics with which our society is sewn. Society, its laws, social order and ethics are all interlinked. One of the main goals of society is to create harmony among its people and as such morality plays a huge role (Anon; 2007). Without these moral principles humans would act on mere base instinct with little regard for consequence, be they positive or negative. With this in mind it can be said that ethics and morality arise when we are no longer bound by the rules and laws of our society and as such must look within ourselves to decide what is right or wrong (Anon; 2007).
As I have already said ethics is seen as an entirely human concept and is often seen as a social construct. I would be inclined to agree with this sentiment as ethics tend to change from culture to culture. That which may be socially accepted in one part of the world may be considered taboo elsewhere, which would lead us to believe that the idea of ethics and morality is fluid and changes as society changes. The example of different legal systems in differing countries can be used. Certain acts...

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