Free Essay

Distribution

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tdpatel
Words 547
Pages 3
Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) is the leading steel-making company in India.
It is a fully integrated iron and steel maker, producing both basic and special steels for domestic construction, engineering, power, railway, automotive and defence industries and for sale in export markets. The Government of India owns about 86% of SAIL's equity and retains voting control of the Company. However, SAIL, by virtue of its "Navratna" status, enjoys significant operational and financial autonomy. Major units of SAIL are as under:
[pic][pic][pic]Integrated Steel Plants • Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Chhattisgarh • Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) in West Bengal • Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in Orissa • Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) in Jharkhand
Special Steel Plants • Alloy Steels Plants (ASP) in West Bengal • Salem Steel Plant (SSP) in Tamil Nadu • Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant (VISL) in Karnataka
Subsidiaries
• [pic][pic][pic]Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO) in West Bengal • Maharashtra Elektrosmelt Limited (MEL) in Maharashtra • Bhilai Oxygen Limited (BOL) in New Delhi
Joint Venture
SAIL has promoted joint ventures in different areas ranging from power plants to e-commerce.
NTPC SAIL Power Company Pvt. Ltd
Set up in March 2001, this 50:50 joint venture between SAIL and the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) operates and manages the Captive Power Plants-II of the Durgapur and Rourkela Steel Plants which have a combined capacity of 240 MW.
Bokaro Power Supply Company Pvt. Limited
This 50:50 joint venture between SAIL and the Damodar Valley Corporation formed in January 2002 is managing the 302-MW power generation and 1880 tonnes per hour steam generation facilities at Bokaro Steel Plant.

Bhilai Electric Supply Company Pvt. Limited
Another SAIL-NTPC joint venture on 50:50 basis formed in March 2002 manages the 74 MW Power Plant-II of Bhilai Steel Plant which has additional capacity of producing 150 tonnes of steam per hour.
UEC SAIL Information Technology Limited
This 40:60 joint venture between SAIL and USX Engineers & Consultants, a subsidiary of the US Steel Corporation, promotes information technology in the steel sector.
Metaljunction.com Private Limited
A joint venture between SAIL and Tata Steel on 50:50 basis, this company promotes e-commerce activities in steel and related areas.
SAIL-Bansal Service Center Pvt. Ltd.
SAIL has formed a joint venture with BMW industries Ltd. on 40:60 basis to promote a service centre at Bokaro with the objective of adding value to steel.
North Bengal Dolomite Limited
A joint venture between SAIL and West Bengal Mineral Development Corporation ltd on 50:50 basis was formed for development of Jayanti Dolomite Deposit, Jalpaiguri for supply of Dolomite to DSP and other plants.
Romelt-SAIL (India) Ltd
A joint venture between SAIL, National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) and Russian promoters for marketing Romelt Technology developed by Russia for reducing of iron bearing materials, which is carried out with carbon in single stage reactor with the use of oxygen.
Others major steel producers are • Tisco ( Tata Iron and Steel Corporation ltd) • Essar Steel • Jindal Vijaynagar Steels Ltd • Jindal Strips Ltd • JISCO • Saw Pipes • Uttam Steels Ltd • Ispat Industries Ltd • Mukand Ltd • Mahindra Ugine Steel Company Ltd • Tata SSL Ltd • Usha Ispat Ltd • Kalyani Steel Ltd • Electro Steel Castings Ltd • Sesa Goa Ltd • NMDC • Lloyds SteeI Industries Ltd

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Distribution Channel

...distribution channels Nokia’s global developer program, Forum Nokia connects developers to the tools,technical information, support, and distribution channels they can use to build and marketapplications around the globe. Through its website and from offices in the US, Europe,Japan, China, and Singapore, Forum Nokia provides technical and business developmentsupport to developers and operators to assist them in achieving their goal of successfullylaunching applications and services to consumers and enterprises..Nokia uses Dangaard Telecom. Dangaard Telecom , headquartered in Padborg, in southern Jutland and Europe'slargest distributor of mobile phones, aims to become the world's largest distributor in thenext 12 months by cultivating new markets and developing new business areas. DangaardTelecom says that record revenues and profits in the latest fiscal year have fuelled itsgrowth plans.Steen Folmer Pedersen, group director of Dangaard Telecom says: "In the last 12 monthswe have earned more money than ever before. It has enormous importance to us and tosouthern Jutland, and the fine earnings should naturally be invested in new strong growthin all our areas". i2 the biggest mobile distribution company in africa & middle east. Nokia , Motorola &Sony Ericsson have made contract with i2. Accessibility Almost one in five of the world’s population lives with some kind of recognizeddisability, including those related to ageing. Nokia is committed to providingaccessibility......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Channel of Distribution

...Channels of Distribution In the uncertain fluctuating market of today, it is essential for a company to hold on and face those uncertainties in order to survive. Consumers can be an aid for a company's survival, thereby it is essential for consumers to get the goods of a company whenever and however they need them. Here is where distribution channels come in and give hand. "Channels of distribution are the different paths that goods passed through in moving from the producer to the consumer", (Meyer et al, 1988). With the help of distribution channels, companies are able to overcome the time, place and possession gaps that separate goods and services from the consumers. As said by Aaker (1984), access to an effective and efficient marketing channel is often a key success factor. However, in this competitive era, an understanding of the alternative distribution channels and the trends in their relative importance can be of strategic importance for any company. For example, the growth and importance can be of a self service retail gasoline stations and the comparison growth in the importance of convenience stores such as the 7/11 chain in gasoline retailing has strategic significance to petroleum companies and distributors as well as to firms in food retailing (example adapted from Aaker, 1984). Additionally, because of competition, gaining distribution in some industries can be extremely difficult and costly. Nowadays, even large, established firms have trouble......

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Brunswick Distribution

...5.1 Situation Analysis This small-town distribution firm was created by James Brunswick, after his employment as a senior logistics officer of a larger-size freight company operating out of Chicago and distributing to seven states. He began this company with only his two college buddies in his grandmothers shed, and with a single loan from the bank, he was on his way to success. Once business began to increase, James decided to relocate to a bigger building, on the outside of the town. Brunswick Distribution implements resale strategies, to get products from manufacturer to retailers on time and efficiently. Simply put, they are classified as single distributors. While BDI is a rather diminutive distribution firm, their customer base spans from all over their local environment. With a focus on quality and efficiency, in and around the tiny town of Moline; however, it still isn’t as little as the shed they began BDI in, for their first nine months of service. (Even without a strategic game plan, they were dedicated to making the company work, and would do whatever it took to ensure that it did.) After the first relocation, Brunswick decided on an additional step, which was a milestone, to say the least. He signed a contract with Kitchen-Aid. Located not far, just 35 miles outside Moline and specializing in high-end kitchen appliances, they signed the agreement in 1992. By the end of 2000, BDI had almost doubled in the area of 10,000 square foot building......

Words: 1851 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Marketing and Distribution

...Name: Instructor: Marketing and Distribution Abstract This paper emphases on the promotion and distribution of women clothes. It will give ways on how the product will be distributed in order to reach to the end user. Women clothes usually have high demand and with a good system of distribution, the end user can be reached without any delays. The paper will also determine which channel members will be used in distributing the women clothes in order to avoid disappointments. The target market will also be identified and the channels of distribution to be used to reach the target market. Introduction In the realm of ladies' retail attire, knowing one's product is a prerequisite for effective deals. A far-reaching knowledge of the items, designers, materials, choices and adornments in a retail outlet conveys aides guarantee the client of supplier's capability to help. A working information of one's rival, new fashions, different designers and current patterns additionally helps in answering inquiries, offering recommendations or guiding the client in the right bearing. There is a requirement for one to know their clients when managing ladies garments. While offering garments to ladies may appear to show a solitary sort of client, this is not the truth. Female buyers can fall into numerous buying profiles, in view of variables, for example, pay level, disposable pay, age, ethnicity, training,......

Words: 1823 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Distribution Wksht

...University of Phoenix Material Distribution, Hypothesis Testing, and Error Worksheet Answer the following questions. Questions that are answered without the work will not receive full credit. When a question says explain or describe, please DO NOT copy word for word from a reference. You need to explain the concept so I know you understand what it means. For questions requiring material from Statdisk, make sure to turn labels on, take a screen capture (CTRL-Print Screen on most Windows-based computers), and paste the image into the worksheet. Crop the image as appropriate. 1. Describe a normal distribution in no more than 100 words (5 point). Answer: A normal distribution is a continuous random variable distribution with a bell shape, and has only two parameters: the mean, and the variance. A normal distribution can be represented by the formula: y=e^(-1/2)(x-μ/σ)/(σ√2pi). The mean can be any positive number and variance can be any positive number, so there are an infinite number of normal distributions. The shape of the distribution when graphed is symmetrical and bell-shaped. Use this information to answer questions 2-4. Following a brushfire, a forester takes core samples from the ten surviving Bigcone Douglas-fir trees in a test plot within the burn area, and a dendrochronologist determines the age of the source trees to be as follows (in years): 15 38 48 67 81 83 94 102 135 167 2. Construct a normal quantile plot in Statdisk, show the......

Words: 1895 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Distribution of Wealth

...Distribution of Wealth? Wealth has affected american society and evermore has affect the fabric of families. Has the distribution of wealth gotten so out of control that the effect will reverberate for generations to come and as a society can we do something about it. When we were tasked to write this final research paper on one of the topics from the discussions over the past semester i knew that i had to do a topic that i had dealt with on some personal level even know i have experienced many of the topics over the last semester the one that spoke to me the most is the distribution of wealth because of the simple fact that in my core family unit there is a gap in the distribution of wealth with me now below the poverty line my mother and father who i live with who are apart of the middle class and my birth father who is of the upper class in this paper i will uncover the differences and the similarities between these classes also is it fair that some have all and some have none and will the government do or should not do anything with the situation as well as the themes of what can change and how people feel about the situation at hand and how much is enough and why is it not enough and does the level of wealth make us happy i will also discuss these topics in interviews with my family. In a study conducted by the American psychological association they posed a question money can’t buy happiness? and in reading the article which puts poignant questions to people who......

Words: 1478 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Transmission & Distribution

...into the economic benefits and reliability of common electrical power distribution configurations currently used in the United Kingdom. About 40% of power system investment is in the distribution system equipment (40% in generation, 20% in transmission). Power systems are comprised of 3 basic electrical subsystems. • Generation subsystem • Transmission subsystem • Distribution subsystem We distinguish between these various portions of the power system by voltage levels as follows: • Generation: 1kV-30 kV • EHV Transmission: 500kV-765kV • HV Transmission: 230kV-345kV • Sub transmission system: 69kV-169kV • Distribution system: 120V-35kV The distribution system may also be divided into three distinct subsystems. • Distribution substation • Primary distribution system • Secondary distribution system Distribution substations The distribution substation receives power from one or more transmission or sub transmission lines at the corresponding transmission or sub transmission voltage level and provides that power to one or more distribution feeders that originate in the substation and comprise the primary network. Most feeders emanate radially from the substation to supply the load. There are five main functions of the distribution substation: 1. Voltage transformation: One or more transformers will always be located within the substation to step down the voltage to the primary distribution voltage level. These transformers will always be three-phase......

Words: 1406 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Probability and Distributions

...Abstract The head of the American Intellectual Union (AIU) is looking for research data about Gender, Probability factors and several other data sets that they need to use for reporting purposes. This data will help the AIU make sound and responsible decisions in regards to the data that they are looking to collect. Memo To: Director, American Intellectual Union From: John C. Carter Date: 8/2/2014 Subject: Distribution and Probability of data collected Dear Sir: As we discussed in earlier meetings, the AIU is looking for research data to help provide clear and concise numbers that you will be able to use in your business. These numbers that will be included in this document will allow the AIU to make sound and responsible business decisions about the future of your company. Overview of the Data Set The data that was used in this report came from information collected by AIU. These data sets include: Gender, Age, Department, Position, Tenure, Job Satisfaction, Intrinsic, Extrinsic and Benefits. With this data we will be looking at job satisfaction and how it relates to the different data sets that are included. These data sets include some Quantitive data sets like; Gender, Age and Tenure and Intrinsic. They also include a set of Qualitative categories like Department, Position, Extrinsic and Benefits. Use of Statistics and Probability in the Real World Statistics and Probability are used in a wide variety of ways in the modern workplace.......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Normal Distribution

...C H A P T E R 6 The Normal Distribution Objectives After completing this chapter, you should be able to Outline Introduction 6–1 Normal Distributions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Identify distributions as symmetric or skewed. Identify the properties of a normal distribution. Find the area under the standard normal distribution, given various z values. Find probabilities for a normally distributed variable by transforming it into a standard normal variable. Find specific data values for given percentages, using the standard normal distribution. Use the central limit theorem to solve problems involving sample means for large samples. Use the normal approximation to compute probabilities for a binomial variable. 6–2 Applications of the Normal Distribution 6–3 The Central Limit Theorem 6–4 The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution Summary 6–1 300 Chapter 6 The Normal Distribution Statistics Today What Is Normal? Medical researchers have determined so-called normal intervals for a person’s blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and the like. For example, the normal range of systolic blood pressure is 110 to 140. The normal interval for a person’s triglycerides is from 30 to 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl). By measuring these variables, a physician can determine if a patient’s vital statistics are within the normal interval or if some type of treatment is needed to correct a condition and avoid future illnesses. The question then is,...

Words: 18901 - Pages: 76

Premium Essay

Normal Distribution

...The probability distribution of the population data is called the population distribution. Tables 7.1 and 7.2 on page 309 of the text provide an example of such a distribution. The probability distribution of a sample statistic is called its sampling distribution. Tables 7.3 to 7.5 on page 311 of the text provide an example of the sampling distribution of the sample mean. 1. Sampling error is the difference between the value of the sample statistic and the value of the corresponding population parameter, assuming that the sample is random and no nonsampling error has been made. Example 7–1 on page 312 of the text exhibits sampling error. Sampling errors occur only in sample surveys. 2. Nonsampling errors are errors that may occur during collection, recording, and tabulation of data. The second part of Example 7–1 on pages 312 and 313 of the text exhibits nonsampling error. Nonsampling errors occur both in sample surveys and censuses. 3. a. [pic] b. [pic][pic] Sampling error = [pic] c. Liza’s incorrect [pic][pic] [pic] Sampling error (from part b) = –1.83 Nonsampling error [pic] d. | Sample | [pic] |[pic] | |15, 13, 8, 17 |13.25 |.92 | |15, 13, 8, 9 |11.25 |–1.08 | |15, 13, 17, 9 |13.50 |1.17 | |15, 8, 17, 9 |12...

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Justice and Economic Distribution

...Name Instructor Course Date Justice and Economic Distribution Justice can be defined as living and acting within the law. This means that every individual should act in a right manner and that do not abuse other people’s rights. When one fails to follow regulations within a country or a community, then the rule of law can take its course. However, for justice to prevail, even the law breakers should be judged fairly without discrimination, prejudice or judging out of hunger. On the other hand, justice should not only be seen in terms of punishing the law breakers, but it also means treating people in an equal and fair way. For instance, in a family set up parents should treat their children in an equal manner. According to the family justice, parents should only punish their children in a way that correct the mistake but reward children when they do a positive thing. The laws or regulations that ensure every person practices justice have their roots may be in societal norms, religious ethics, and the constitution of a state. The primary goal of every rule of law is to ensure that all every member of a state or a society a gets just treatment. According to Maiese, M (210) what people see as injustice is capable of resulting into unrest, dissatisfaction, or even revolution. He goes on to claim that there are various types of justices, coming as a result of various ways through which guiding principles of justice are expressed by various levels. The term distributism is an...

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Normal Distribution

...City Cents City Cents 1 Vancouver, BC 5.83 15 Edmonton, AB 10.12 2 Saskatoon, SK 6.77 16 Calgary, AB 15.32 3 Abbotsford, BC 6.32 17 Oshawa, ON 6.23 4 St. John's, NL 9.68 18 Halifax, NS 8.36 5 Winnipeg, MB 5.41 19 Moncton, NB 8.83 6 Sudbury, ON 5.83 20 Price George, AB 6.19 7 Ottawa, ON 8.08 21 Brantford, ON 6.65 8 Sherbrooke, QC 6.56 22 St-Jean, QC 5.25 9 Quebec, QC 5.74 23 Regina, SK 7.23 10 Whitehorse, YT 6.06 24 Montreal, QC 6.74 11 Toronto, ON 8.62 25 Yellowknife, NWT 6.43 12 Saguenay, QC 6.20 26 Kewlowna, BC 6.83 13 Hamilton, ON 6.91 27 Windsor, ON 6.69 14 Charlottetown, PE 10.60 28 Thunder Bay, ON 6.12 1. Determining the mean, variance and standard deviation of the provided sample: Mean: 7.3429 Variance: 4.4322 Standard Deviation: 2.1053 The mean, variance, and standard deviation for electricity prices of this sample is 7.3429, 4.4322 & 2.1053 cents respectively. 2. 95% confidence interval for the mean of the population utility rates: Confidence Interval: 0.77979 We're 95% confident that the true mean falls somewhere between 6.5631and 8.1227. 3. 90% confidence interval for the mean of the population utility rates, asssuming population standard deviation 2.09 Confidence Interval: 0.6497 ...

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Probability Distribution

...7.10.2015 г. 1 1. Experiment, Outcomes, and Sample space 2. Random Variables 3. Probability Distribution of a Discrete Random Variable 4. The Binomial Probability Distribution 5. The Hypergeometric Probability Distribution 6. The Poisson Probability Distribution 7. Continuous Random Variables 8. The Normal Distribution 9. The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution 2 1 7.10.2015 г. An experiment is a process that, when performed, results in one and only one of many observations. These observations are called the outcomes of the experiment. The collection of all outcomes for an experiment is called a sample space. Table 1 Examples of Experiments, Outcomes, and Sample Spaces Experiment Outcomes Sample Space Toss a coin once Head, Tail S= { Head, Tail} Roll a die once 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 S= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} Toss a coin twice HH, HT, TH, TT S= { HH, HT, TH, TT} Play lottery Win, Lose S= {Win, Lose} Take a test Pass, Fail S= {Pass, Fail} Select a worker Male, Female S= { Male, Female} 3 A random variable is a variable whose value is determined by the outcome of a random experiment. A random variable that assumes countable values is called a discrete random variable. A random variable that can assume any value contained in one or more intervals is called a continuous random variable. 4 2 7.10.2015 г. Examples of discrete random variables 1. The number of...

Words: 4560 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Normal Distribution

...Mercedes and BMW have been competing head-to-head for market share in the luxury-car market for more than four decades. Back in 1959, BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke) almost went bankrupt and nearly sold out to Daimler-Benz, the maker of Mercedes-Benz cars. BMW was able to recover to the point that in 1992 it passed Mercedes in worldwide sales. Among the reasons for BMWs success was its ability to sell models that were more luxurious than previous models but still focused on consumer quality and environmental responsibility. In particular, BMW targeted its sales pitch to the younger market, whereas Mercedes retained a more mature customer base. In response to BMWs success, Mercedes has been trying to change their image by launching several products in an effort to attract younger buyers who are interested in sporty, performance-oriented cars. BMW, influenced by Mercedes, is pushing for more refinement and comfort. In fact, one automotive expert says that Mercedes wants to become BMW, and vice versa. However, according to one recent automotive expert, the focus is still on luxury and comfort for Mercedes while BMW focuses on performance and driving dynamics. Even though each company produces many different models, two relatively comparable coupe automobiles are the BMW 3 Series Coupe 335i and the Mercedes CLK350 Coupe. In a recent year, the national U.S. market price for the BMW 3 Series Coupe 335i was $39,368 and for the Mercedes CLK350 Coupe was $44,520. Gas mileage for......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Poisson Distribution

...affects the business’ bottom line. The Poisson Distribution is a discrete random variable distribution that can be used to calculate the probability of the number of events occurring over a given interval (Anderson, Sweeney, Williams, Camm, & Cochran, 2015). The formula below can be used to calculate the annual turnover of employees. f(x)  = μx e -μ / x! f(x) = the probability of x occurrences in an interval μ = expected value or mean number of occurrences in an interval e = the number of annual employment turnovers (Anderson, Sweeney, Williams, Camm, & Cochran, 2015) For example, if a company has 500 employees and an average of 10 employees leave and are replaced annually, we can determine the probability of 15 employee turnovers. Therefore, if, μ = 10, x=15, & e= 2.71828 Then, the probability of having 15 employee turnovers is 0.03472 or 3.4712%. This percentage can help determine the turnover cost of the company and how it affects internal management. Employee turnover can increase cost due to employee training and possible disruptions of operations (Mayhew, n.d.). Therefore, management should determine the reasons behind these voluntary or involuntary turnovers. Anderson, D.R., Sweeney, D.J., Williams, T.A., Camm, J.D., & Cochran, J.J. (2015).Essentials of statistics for business and economics. (7th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. Investopedia. (n.d.). Poisson Distribution. Retrieved from......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2