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In: Social Issues

Submitted By crockettca
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In this essay I will describe how the small country of Djibouti, that is often referred to as the “forgotten country” is plagued with drug addiction, poverty, and a high mortality rate.
First, Djibouti is plagued with a drug addiction to an opiate based drug called Khat. This drug is a drought tolerant shrub that’s leaves contain a powerful stimulant. The leaves are traditionally chewed and held in the cheek of the user. Khat is popular at every level of society, from beggars on the street to the president of Djibouti; Ismail Omar Guelleh. The khat addiction also plays a huge role of desensitizing the entire population of Djibouti. This small country’s passionate affair with khat has elevated this dry, hot and predominately Muslim area on the Horn of Africa to more than just your average narco-state. Djibouti is not like any other country. Even though Khat isn’t a narcotic, Djibouti is the only country in the world that fits the definition of a narco-society. This is a place where the drug is not a business but a way of life. Khat is literally the drug of choice for ninety-nine percent of the male Djibouti population.
Second, the poverty in Djibouti is overwhelming. Djibouti endured a Civil War from 1991 to 1994 which had devastating effects on the economy. Djibouti’s main source of income for the country comes from the port where it handles all of the land locked country of Ethiopia’s
Crockett 2 imports and exports. Since the modernization of the port to handle large cargo containers instead of the small shipping containers most of the dock workers have lost their jobs. There is a seventy percent unemployment rate in Djibouti. This rate exceeds any South American country. The weather and the climate in Djibouti do not allow for any type of crops to be grown and there is not enough sustainable water for livestock. Without crops or livestock all food items are...

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