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U1A2 Assignment
Contributors to the field of Marxist
U1A2 Assignment
Contributors to the field of Marxist
Karl Marx (Marxism) - For Marx, production is essential for the advancement of society. Associated with the creation of goods there will be, eventually, a few individuals that will control the majority of the resources and their means of production.

Louis Althusser – He was a French Marxist philosopher who had a strong following as a serious and intellectual interpreter of Marxism. (I thought it was interesting to put in a critique of Marxism therefore to see the critique of his theories.)

Theorist | Theory Summary | Critique of Theory | Louis Althusser - | He was a French Marxist Philosopher his work is in the structuralism tradition. Althusserian Marxism is anti-economist and anti-humanist. His work is a move away from preoccupation with economic determination. Also Althusser also rejected the idea of a Marxist humanism. He wasn’t so much a contributor as he saw attacking the theoretical foundations of Marxism. | His workings didn’t focus on the individual worker it more examines the overall structure of society. Marxism looked at how the human productive power will be exploited in order to maximize profits for the rich. He presumed that humans are actually shaped by societal structures instead of the rich dominating the poor. | Friedrich Engels - | He was a German-English social scientist and a co-founder of the Marxist alongside Karl Marx. They believed one such subordinate class, the bourgeoisie, or merchant class, in its struggle against the aristocratic elite of feudal society, has shaped their world. They both had belief around the alienation and exploitation of the worker. He studied the relationship between the development of the family and how capitalism adversely affects families. | He faced criticism from The Economic Journal that his work was guided by the materialist view of history as well as Marx's economic theories. He was also analyzed about his work on stressing emphasis on the condemnation of capitalism because of its subjection of women during that era. | Karl Kautsky - | He was a Czech-German philosopher and politician and a leading theoretician of Marxism. He was innovated in creating Orthodox Marxism after Marx’s death. He made a claim that Marxism is a science also attempt to make Marxism a total system, adapting it to changes within the realm of current events. | Another position known as revisionism was developed and revised the views of Marx’s based on the idea of progressive development of capitalism and the extension of democracy meant that peaceful, parliamentary reform could achieve socialism. |
Friedrich Engels - The co founder of socialism, along with Karl Marx. Intelligent and well educated, Engels wrote and published numerous articles and books.

Karl Kautsky - He became the leading promulgator of Orthodox Marxism after the death of Friedrich Engels.

Liberal Feminism vs. Radical Feminism
Liberal Feminism vs. Radical Feminism
(I found it very difficult to find two articles on some topic, so I found one article on both topics)

2.
2.

Feminism is the belief that women are and should be treated as potential intellectual equals and social equals to men. There are a many types of feminism but we’ll look at Liberal Feminists and radical feminists. Liberal feminist examine social institutions and address issues of equal access to increase women’s influence on society. Radical Feminists focus on the exploitation of women. They seek to change the patriarchal social structures through complete structural changes within a society to equalize the rights of women. Liberal feminism seeks integration and equality while radical feminism seeks segregation and superiority.
Liberal Feminist article - Book Title: Feminism and Philosophy: Essential Readings in Theory, Reinterpretation, and Application. Contributors: Nancy Tuana - editor, Rosemarie Tong - editor. Publisher: Westview Press. Place of Publication: Boulder, CO. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: 5.
Radical Feminist article - Book Title: Feminism and Philosophy: Essential Readings in Theory, Reinterpretation, and Application. Contributors: Nancy Tuana - editor, Rosemarie Tong - editor. Publisher: Westview Press. Place of Publication: Boulder, CO. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: 131.
This article describes the theory and application of Radical and Liberal Feminism. In the writing you can find many similarities and differences between the two some, which are obvious others require more in depth thinking. The similarity is they both try to hold the same equality as men and are always comparing themselves with men. They both strive to achieve equality for woman and want the same opportunities, choices, opinions and actions as men; all feminists seek to find their own independence from men. Where I find differences is in their style in which they approach achieving these wants and needs. Liberal feminist are trying to assert the equality of men and women through political and legal reform. It is more reasonable and structured than that of a radical. They look at the personal interactions of men and women as the starting ground from which to transform society into a more gender-equitable place. Liberal feminist women are capable of asserting their ability to achieve equality without changing the structure of society. Radical Feminist seems to wish they were capable of changing the structure of today’s society. They feel like they are oppressed by all males and they want to overthrow patriarchy which is the male dominant role which could almost reorder today’s society. They are emotional and political with their tactics based on more philosophy. Radical feminists feel all men oppress women to the same intensity in all aspects of society, forgetting to consider women’s oppression of women or women’s oppression of men.

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