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Does Language Affects Learning

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Does Language Affects Learning?


A. SPANISH ERA (1521-1898)
-One means of control was to limit access to language and education except for the elite ilustrado class that was generally composed of wealthy Filipinos who were economically and socially positioned to conform with and support Spanish colonial agenda.

B. American Era (1898-1946)
- -Americans found ideal colonial subjects who were receptive to the opportunities given by English, “the most potent weapon of the colonial government”
- It was therefore easy for Americans to bring English to Philippines because of the “positive attitude” of Filipino towards Americans and the incentives given to Filipinos to learn English in terms of career opportunities, government service and politics.


1974- Bilingualism in the Philippines was introduced, wherein two Media of Instructions were used. English was used in teaching English, Communication Arts, Mathematics, and Science while Pilipino was used in subjects Social Studies and History.

1985- Evaluation of the program revealed no significant gains only indicators of benefits for Tagalog speaking regions

1987- Filipino was declared as the National Language
-Marks the start of “Bilingual Education” wherein Filipino was mandated to be the language of literacy and language of scholarly discourse while English was described as the international language and non-exclusive language of Science and Technology.

2003- President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo released an Executive Order 210 entitled “Establishing the Policy to Strengthen the Use of English as Medium of Instruction. English should be used as medium of instruction for English, Math, and Science from at least from Third Grade level while Filipino should be used as medium of instruction in Filipino and Araling...

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