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Does the Traditional Sports Development Continuum Adequately Illustrate the Flow of People in and Out of Sport at All Levels?”

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Submitted By peguero11
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Introduction
Collins (1995) defined Sports Development as a process in which real opportunities, processes, systems and structure are created to boost people participation into sport and recreation or to improve their performance to any grade they wish to achieve. By that time in the UK, Sport Development was linked to increase participation and creation of opportunities, as Collins highlights in his definition. The term has evolved and is defined by Hylton and Braham (2008: 8) as “a term used to describe policies, processes and practices that form an integral feature of the work involved in providing sporting opportunities and positive sporting experiences.” Essentially sport development is about “getting more people involved into sport” (Bloyce and Smith, 2009).
The traditional Sport Development Continuum is likewise known as the “sports development pyramid” due to its shape and is also frequently use to define the system of sport in the UK. It is formed by four stages:
-Foundation. Beginners in sports, usually children learning basic skills. Primary schools and sports clubs are the main suppliers.
-Participation. People begin to participate regularly in sports. It is also health and community sport related. Local authorities are the main providers.
-Performance. Aimed for most talented performance who progress to compete in sport. Voluntary clubs play a key role in this stage.
-Excellence. Focusing on top class performers competing at national and international levels. NGBs, sports council and private sponsors are responsible for athlete’s development.
This model has been used to demonstrate the player development in football, identifying the stage with the different leagues that makes the FA:
• Foundation: Grassroots, PE at school.
• Participation: Local football club.
• Performance: professional football club.
• Excellence: professional football club...

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