Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

In: Social Issues

Submitted By pinkivory
Words 2918
Pages 12
There have been some major changes in the police response to domestic violence however there are still many areas that need improving. The purpose of this essay is to analyse the relative response made by the police to crimes of domestic violence by examining the theories and statistics from the study of various criminology scholars as well as scrutinising the impact of any changes or improvement that may have since occurred in policing.
The Government defines domestic violence (DV) as "Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality." This includes issues of concern to black and minority ethnic (BME) communities such as so called 'honour killings' [homeoffice.gov.uk].
In analysing the adequacy of police response to domestic violence, it is vital to firstly understand the scale of abuse against victims of DV. Several statistics, such as Stanko’s study in the year 2000, found that police in the UK received one call every minute for support concerning domestic violence. According to Dodd et al (2004), only 40.2% of actual domestic violence crimes are reported to the police. Moreover, 20 incidents of DV may have occurred before it is reported [Walby and Myhill, 2000]. As of 2005, 17% of all reported crimes were of Domestic Violence (Nicholas et al). What's more, even though the concept of domestic violence is not targeted at a particular gender, it focuses more on women. Consequently, the 2002 report from the Council of Europe shows that one in four women experience domestic violence during their lifetimes while one in ten are victims of DV every year. Overall, 40 per cent of female murder victims in the UK are killed in incidents associated with domestic violence by their partners or ex partners...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence Do you ever ask yourself, what is the definition of domestic violence? Most will answer with their own personal experiences and others may just assume that women are the only ones abused. According to the Oxford English Dictionary domestic violence is a violent or aggressive behavior within the home, especially violent abuse of a partner. Personally having to witness domestic violence as a child was traumatizing, but luckily that is no longer an issue. By volunteering at a domestic violence shelter specifically for women it will teach others about abused victims and help solve many unclear perceptions when dealing with domestic violence. Perhaps, many suffering do not realize the severities of not seeking help and continuing in an abused relationship. Women's shelters allow abused women to escape physical abuse and receive the necessary counseling. Faith House Domestic Violence Shelter (FHDVS) is located in the West Valley; the shelter offers great services for victims and their children. Services include 24-hour crisis hotline, safe housing, meals and basic needs, case management, childcare, counseling and educational classes. This shelter offers an opportunity for the victim to rebuild their lives and children’s. The main issues addressed at the shelter include the co-dependency in the relationship, children and abuse, communication, and healthy relationships. By providing personal experiences and continuous education they will be able to provide the......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...The Protection Of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005,     ------------------------------------------------- 3. Definition of domestic violence.—   For the purposes of this Act, any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent shall constitute domestic violence in case it—   (a) harms or injures or endangers the health, safety, life, limb or wellbeing, whether mental or physical, of the aggrieved person or tends to do so and includes causing physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal and emotional abuse and economic abuse; or   (b) harasses, harms, injures or endangers the aggrieved person with a view to coerce her or any other person related to her to meet any unlawful demand for any dowry or other property or valuable security; or   (c) has the effect of threatening the aggrieved person or any person related to her by any conduct mentioned in clause (a) or clause (b); or   (d) otherwise injures or causes harm, whether physical or mental, to the aggrieved person.   Explanation I.—For the purposes of this section,—   (i) “physical abuse” means any act or conduct which is of such a nature as to cause bodily pain, harm, or danger to life, limb, or health or impair the health or development of the aggrieved person and includes assault, criminal intimidation and criminal force;   (ii) “sexual abuse” includes any conduct of a sexual nature that abuses, humiliates, degrades or otherwise violates the dignity of woman;   (iii) “verbal and emotional......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Love Does Not Hurt: Domestic Violence in the United States Ashleigh Coker Module 5 December 21, 2014 COM510-Q2196 Knowledge and New Media 15TW2 Domestic Violence is sadly a common issue in today’s society for both men and women. An article written by Alonna Vagianas found in the Huffington Post “30 shocking Domestic Violence Statistics That Remind Us It’s an Epidemic” tells us that 85 percent of domestic abuse victims are women, while the other 15 percent are men. This shows us how women are much more likely to be victims of intimate partner abuse. The title of the article I chose to research is Domestic Abuse 'ordinary in US and can be found on CNN’s website. The article was written by Jane K. Stover. She is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Law and the Director of the Domestic Violence Clinic at the University of California, Irvine School of Law. In this article, Jane Stover highlights domestic violence and the lack of consequences for those who commit the crimes. She explicitly references the domestic dispute that took place between Ray Rice and then fiancé’ Janay Rice in February of 2014. She mentions is this article that what Janay Rice suffered is not extraordinary but rather ordinary here in the US. This story is delivered in two methods, both audio and a written article. In the audio portion of the story, anchor Jane Stover interviews another anchor, Christi Paul, who is a domestic abuse survivor. She shares her story and her logic behind the big question of......

Words: 2170 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence and Me Jessica Snavely ENG 101-4 – English Composition 1 Colorado State University – Global Campus Lindsay McManus December 30, 2015 Domestic Violence and Me Domestic Violence has seemed to be a rapidly rising problem across the United States. When domestic violence occurs between intimate partners, one partner inflicts willful intimidation, physical, emotional or sexual harm against the other partner, regardless of marital status or whether the behavior occurs in current or past relationships (ncadv.org). This deranged behavior has no discrimination, and has a long rooted past in our society. It was just recently defined as a crime in the 1970’s. Research shows that an occurrence of violence between intimate partners is committed, the man is usually the aggressor and the woman is often the victim. Does the thought of someone you think you know and love, causing you bodily or emotional harm seem unreal? It was for me, I never thought that I would ever experience such chaos in my life, but I have. I want to provide the knowledge I have from my abusive experience help other abused women. So as for the purpose of my essay, men are the aggressors and women are the victims. I was raised to be lady, the concept “If you don’t have something nice to say to someone don’t say anything at all.” Because I am and was raised to be a lady, I will respect the person that caused me so much damage, I will not tell his name I will refer to him as “my aggressor”.......

Words: 2350 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Ashley Petty Professor Neeley Unit 4 Kaplan University July 8, 2014 The issue that I have chosen to talk about is something that occurs not only in the United States but around the world on a daily basis. Domestic violence is a touchy subject here and abroad, in some countries it is ok for men to abuse their women and there are no repercussions. Feminist sociologists contend that the issues of gender and power are the ultimate root of intimate violence (Dobash & Dobash 1979). There are many reasons that domestic violence occurs. Some of the reasons may be stress, unemployment, alcohol or drug abuse, and a number of other things. Domestic violent was not considered a crime until the late 1970’s. Domestic violence in the US goes way back to the earliest settlers. Back then men were in control and women had to listen to them no matter what. I feel like the women were treated like children instead of wives. Men berated and belittled at home and in public on a daily basis. In the 1700 spousal abuse was legal and the “rule of thumb” which was when the husband had the right to hit his wife with anything smaller than the width of a thumb. In the 1800’s women were allowed to leave their husbands if they were being abused. It was not until the late 1900’s when women’s shelters began to pop up. It is more help in the United States then it was before. There are so many shelters and hotlines that can be called. Also men are now being arrested and jailed for their crimes......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...and to stay with him. These are the resounding questions and statements that one hears when discussing domestic violence. When video broke of NFL player Ray Rice, hitting and knocking out his then girlfriend Janay, those were the types of questions that erupted on social media. Instead the question should have been, “Why did he hit her?”, “Why didn’t he show any emotion or remorse?” “What is wrong with him?” This is known as victim blaming, and it is unfortunately all too prevalent in our society today. Domestic violence is a dirty little secret that no one wants to talk about, but until we do, this epidemic of victim blaming will not go away.  Although the topic has been talked about more due to some highly publicized cases, further education, focus on the abuser and not the abused and changing the language we use when discussing domestic violence, and consistent consequences for abusers will any progress be created in this area.     Domestic violence and abuse can happen to anyone, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, income, or other factors. One in four women will experience domestic violence over their lifetime. Domestic violence is the third leading cause of homelessness among families. (SafeHorizon, ND). These are just some of the many statistics about domestic violence that show how big of a problem this truly is. The problem is domestic violence is a taboo topic that no one really wants to talk about. “The data shows us that conversations about......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence Nursing March,05, 2012 Abstract Domestic violence is steadily becoming one of the most major menaces to women's health. Domestic abuse during pregnancy is a serious issue which affects not just the mother, but the unborn child as well. Domestic violence occurs across all racial and ethnic groups, affecting females who are most frequently the victims. Women with unintended or unwanted pregnancies are at a higher risk for experiencing physical abuse than women with planned pregnancies. Domestic violence does not discriminate across the lines of nationality, culture, gender or race. An alarming fact is that in the United States domestic abuse has been found to be the single most common precursor to children's death (Lomas & Fowler, 2010). Keywords: domestic violence, pregnancy, abuse, battery, assault Domestic Violence Introduction Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive, coercive, and threatening behavior that may include emotional, physical, sexual violence, isolation, economic, and coercion as well as intimidation (Newacheck & Halfon, 2007). It occurs in both heterosexual and homosexual relationships. Domestic violence especially violence against pregnant women, is still a shamed subject despite the fact that it is a severe public health issue that threatens both the unborn child and the mother's outcome. Women who are assaulted while pregnant are at a greater risk for putting off health care needs. Domestic violence allows......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence amongst African American Women Domestic violence occurs in an estimated 4 million intimate relationships each year in the United States. Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in which a person uses coercion, deception, harassment, humiliation, manipulation, and/or force to establish or maintain power and control over his or her intimate partner. Economic, emotional, psychological, physical, sexual, and verbal tactics are used by perpetrators to control and obtain power over their partners. Domestic violence crosses ethnic, racial, age, national origin, sexual orientation, religious, and socioeconomic lines. The majority of victims of domestic violence in heterosexual relationships are women. One out of every three adult women experiences at least one physical assault by an intimate partner during adulthood. African Americans experience domestic violence at a high rate in comparison to their numerical representation in the population. Although domestic and sexual violence occurs in all socioeconomic classes, socioeconomic disadvantages do increase the risk of the incidence of violent crimes. In intimate partner violence cases of spousal assault, power balance is an important risk factor. Among domestic violence cases, husbands who have (or feel that they have) less power than their wives are more physically abusive toward them, because of the perceived lack of power in other areas of their lives. Although there are different sociological......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...want to know what is it, and why do they do it? Why do all these women stay in that kind of home, and what are the effects on them when this happens? How do the children deal with this kind of situation, and what effects does it have on them? One of the most important questions you would most likely hear is how do you leave an abusive relationship and how do you cope with it after you do leave? “Domestic Violence affects ___ in every ___ families. In the past, victims of domestic violence were silenced. Their pleas for help fell on deaf ears, as our society continued to look the other way. These are new times that we live in, where victims of all ages, genders, and ethnicities have a stronger voice. We will no longer deny them the voices with which they will speak out to heal themselves, and strengthen others." First, abuse can happen to anyone. What is abuse? Abuse occurs when one partner uses different types of abusive behaviors to gain control or power of the other. Abuse is described as many things like, physical, emotional, sexual, or it can even just be a threat. Domestic violence in our society has grown a tremendous amount. Women that are being abused usually do not see themselves as a victim, and that also goes for the abuser (Domesticviolence.org). Warning signs are very important. An abusive man will show signs of extreme jealousy, and have a very poor self-image. Victims are more than likely to be dependent on their abusers for financial support. If something......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...A Male and Female Perspective on Domestic Violence I shared my in-depth story about surviving domestic violence to an audience of more than 300 people. After the event was over, there were many who came and shared, however there was one gentleman who patiently waited until the last person left. He was a distinguished gentleman who humbly greeted me.  We began an intense conversation about my story and how women who suffer with domestic violence are perceived. The conversation lasted for a long time. We ended up exchanging information and within a week he contacted me. As our conversation picked up, he began to share and I found myself weeping as he shared his story. He opened up to me about how he was a survivor of domestic violence. In this essay I am going to share the effects of emotional abuse from both his perspective and my female’s perspective.  ​           The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) defines domestic violence as the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior as part of a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another. It includes physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and emotional abuse.              Typically when you hear the words domestic violence, it’s often assumed to be associated with women and although the numbers are astounding for women there are many untold stories of men who have suffered abuse as well. I......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic violence Domestic violence is when someone suffering from home abuse from their partners,stepmother or stepfather and employers . Domestic violence should not happen to anybody.Ever.period. But it does and when it does there is help maybe you have lived with abuse,maybe it happened just once;maybe you work or live next to someone who is being abused right.whoever you are.you can find help.Abuse is never okay. Domestic violence related to death in Santa Clara county's increased sharply from 2014 to 2015 but last year’s 13 deaths were consistent with historic averages according to an annual report released Wednesday. In 2015 returned the county to just above a 21 year average of 12 deaths per year.An elderly man with health issues killed his wife and subsequent attempted or succeeded in committing suicide.2015 report details a December incident in which the man terminally ill with cancer,shot his wife in the head. He left a letter for police stating that he killed his wife because he wanted them to go together: his wife suffered from Alzheimer’s and he afraid that she would have no one to care for her after his death but I still look at that as domestic violence I don’t think that give him enough reason to kill his wife at all.Many domestic violence witness are afraid to make matter worse or bother police prevention with their involvement.For example, they can call police to inform them about what they see , but the victim could be disagree or upset about it they are...

Words: 1929 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence People who are close to one another need to trust each other. We should trust our parents not to hurt us, and to give us what we need to grow. Boys and girls should trust each other, as well as men and women. When someone is abused, the trust is broken. Domestic violence is the use of physical force within a home in any form of abuse. Abuse can be a whole range of physical behavior, slapping, hitting, beating, or using weapons to hurt someone. It includes verbal and emotional abuse, where someone is constantly insulted and made to feel sad and worthless. It can also include rape and sexual abuse. Sexual abuse is when someone forces another to have sexual intercourse or do other sexual things against their will. Another form of abuse is total control where one adult makes all the decisions for another person or for a whole family. Family violence may start with an argument or even a fight, but it goes way beyond fighting. Some abusers were beaten as children, and others saw their parents use violence. Some abusers are uncomfortable with feelings like sadness, embarrassment, hurt, or even love. When these people have these feelings, they get angry, and then they get violent. Some abusers get violent when they run out of words, and some are drunk. Some abusers are jealous, mentally ill, or feel overwhelmed by problems. Some are just mean. One thing all forms of family violence share is how they start. A desire to have control leads to the violence. Every......

Words: 2627 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...head: The Face of Domestic Violence   The Face of Domestic Violence Erick M. Candamo Mr. Andrew Diaz, ADM100 October 2nd, 2013 Every 9 seconds in the United States a woman is assaulted or beaten, this might be shocking statistic but this issue is more common than people think. The article I read is about Amanda White and her struggles as a victim of domestic violence. Her story is about how everything began the signs of domestic violence as well as the end of it. This is a woman that could have been your sister, your friend, your aunt, your mother; she met someone that will be bringing hell soon enough. Some of the important factors in this story are how the abuser Dietrich White had showed signs of early domestic abuse but due to lack of awareness from Amanda, she did not see it. Another important factor Amanda uses to illustrate the purpose is by explaining how she was on denial of the real issue and the pain she had gone under just to make the relationship work, this is a very common sign of the victim. Another factor was how Amanda was able to succeed after all the pain she and her kids had gone through, this lets the audience and other people in similar situations that there is a way to get out of it and be somebody. I think the article relates to chapter 2 in our textbook when it comes to Crimes against women because domestic violence is a crime and even though is not just against woman, the majority are against woman. Domestic violence is present in......

Words: 1047 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence in the Workplace This checklist is designed to help businesses develop domestic violence programs that can help protect both their workers and their bottom line. The fact is, domestic violence is not a private matter that stays in the home. It follows victims to work, and nearly every organization is likely to be touched by it. Statistically, one in five employed people in the U.S. experience domestic violence sometime in their life and ninety-six percent say that the abuse affects their ability to perform their job. And whether victims experience physical injury at home, psychological intimidation, stalking or threatening phone calls, the result is impaired performance, missed work, tardiness and, often, an inability to hold a job. Co-workers are also affected when they have to “cover” the victim’s work or be concerned about their own safety. 1;2 For businesses, the cost of lost productivity exceeds $727 million annually. As a nation, the cost of domestic violence exceeds $8 billion when adding in the direct medical and mental health services---much of which is paid for by the employer. 1;3 The following strategies can help employers develop policies to help reduce—and prevent--the emotional and economic toll on their workers and their organization. Getting started Secure buy-in from the top down. “It’s key to establish a company culture that ensures abuse victims of their safety and job security,” says Kim Wells, executive director of the......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...The Physical and Mental Effects of Domestic Violence on its Victims AnneMarie Rivera ENG/147 February 9, 2015 The Physical and Mental Effects of Domestic Violence on its Victims The "domestic" part doesn't matter—violence is violence. There was a time when victims of domestic violence could be silenced, and many people didn't pay attention to the seriousness of the situation. Their pleas fell on deaf ears as our society looked the other way. Nowadays that is not the case; we live in a time where victims of all ages, genders, and ethnicities have a much stronger voice. They no longer allow themselves to be denied of any help or awareness of their situation. Victims are now using their experiences to speak out to heal themselves while strengthening others. However, even with the resources available, and the cognizance brought upon to our society, many still do not understand the extent of what victims go through, and how much they actually suffer not just during, but long after getting away from their abuser. Victims suffer mental effects from domestic violence because not only does it cause the victim physical damage from the abuse, but it also causes post-traumatic stress, anxiety and even mental instability from watching the abuse take place. The physical effects of domestic violence and abuse are the most obvious danger and the most noticed on victims. The abuser will use excessive physical force against the victim in a manner to cause......

Words: 1207 - Pages: 5