Free Essay

Dos Was the Bullet, Anonymous Was the Shooter,

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By tevin1ray
Words 292
Pages 2
DoS was the bullet, Anonymous was the shooter, MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) was the victim. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology experienced a denial of service attack that rendered access to the Internet from campus impossible for three hours between 7 p.m. and 9:50 p.m. on Sunday, January 13th. The attack stemmed from the suicide of Internet activist, Aaaron Swartz and his radical punishment for his attempt at cyber information liberation.

Aaron Swartz is most commonly known as the co-founder of Reddit and early versions of a widely used Internet tool known as RSS (Rich Site Summary). Swartz was also responsible for establishing the group “Demand Progress” which works towards policy changes in areas of civil liberties, rights and governmental reform. A rebellious yet mild natured organization that reached the U.S. Congress and was taken into consideration during the antipiracy legislation attempted last year.

The “crime” Swartz was accused of was data theft in 2011, which could have resulted in 35 years in prison and up to 1 million dollars in fines. Swartz is accused of freely downloading 4 million documents from the subscription based research database known as JSTOR, and MIT’s database. Swartz was an avid reader. In fact, he stated that he would rather hear and understand others through their text as he finds the reading to be the most intimate way to get to know someone. He believed that the literary works that were publically accessible through JSTOR should not cost money to view. So he liberated the information to be available to the public.

* Need to talk about how and which laws directly affected aaron * How anonymous wants to reform the laws * Their new attacks * Zero day * And answer the questions at hand

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Iraqi War: Was It the Right Thing to Do?

...Running head: THE IRAQI WAR: WAS IT THE RIGHT THING TO DO? The Iraqi War: Was it the Right Thing to Do? XXXXXX University Abstract The invasion of Iraq was unconstitutional, had no real justification for happening and has severely damaged relations with our allies. Most importantly, Saddam Hussein was considered a threat and it was believed that he had weapons of mass destruction, would take on the U.S in an instant and was accused of having ties to the events of September 11, 2006 and the Al-Quaeda terrorist network. None of this could be proved and it appears as if it were all just convenient statements made by the administration to find a way to make it a justifiable cause. The Iraqi War: Was it the Right Thing to Do? The invasion was unconstitutional, against international law, violated the Christian doctrine of "just war" and has damaged U.S. relations with its allies. It has wreaked havoc in the Muslim world, where there's plenty of havoc already, and most importantly, it has resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of innocent people. Frankly, it’s surprising it hasn’t resulted in dropping a nuclear bomb on Baghdad. Claims made prewar regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction have all proved to be wrong; the number of terrorists in Iraq has increased rather than decreased and the abuse inflicted on Iraqi detainees contradicts the most basic values the Administration claimed it would bring to Iraq (Savoy, 2004). President Bush’s...

Words: 3164 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The Was Who Was Almost a Man

...The Man Who Was Almost a Man President Abraham Lincoln signed the Proclamation Emancipation. This document gave slaves their freedom. Sharecropping was also called tenant farming. Blacks viewed this as the only opportunity to become self-sufficient. Knowing that slaves had nowhere to go and all they knew was farming or domestic work; through this system, the landowner still exercised a great degree of power, illustrated by the terms of a contract. Some plantation owners took advantage of majority of the black population, because they could not read, write or count. The plantation owners needed them to keep maintaining the fields and crops. The owners would over charge them for equipment, tools, and even rent if they lived on the land. As the most common farming arrangement, former slaves did not receive payment until the crops were harvested and turned into the landowner. In return, they would be paid, but not equally. They were typically given a portion of the crops instead of money. Many times they were told or cohered into signing a contract with the plantation owners saying they must pay back any advances received, cost of tools, and rent. Richard Wright’s short story “A Man Who Was Almost a Man” from the book of Eight Men clearly illustrate the continuous enslavement by means of sharecropping. A young boy named Dave decides the time has come for him to be a “Man”. Therefore, he makes an adult decision to purchase a gun. After purchasing a revolver he makes a series......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The American Civil War Was an Irrepressible Conflict. Do You Agree?

...‘The American Civil War was an irrepressible conflict.’ Do you agree? The American Civil war is one of the most studied topics in American history. Yet still, a definitive answer cannot be found as to why the war broke out. Many of the interpretations can be grouped into two major schools of thought: the irrepressible conflict or the Blundering Generation. It was certainly true that the North and South were becoming increasingly different during this period. Slavery being the most fundamental of these, however there was also variances in the economies and culture. This would support the idea that the war was inevitable as the differences were too great. However, it can be argued that radically different societies can co-exist without going to war. Instead, a series of mistakes and misjudgements were made by blundering politicians. There are numerous examples of this; the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott and the Fugitive Slave Act to name just a few. In my view, the American Civil War was an irrepressible conflict since compromise on the slavery issue was impossible. Blundering politicians acted as catalysts to ignite the flames of war, however they did not create the differences which acted as the foundation for the irrepressible conflict. The issue of slavery is often cited as the most significant cause of the war. By 1860 the issue of slavery had become too great and compromise was impossible. As Frederick Douglass stated, ‘the more the issue is settled, the more it needs......

Words: 2087 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Way It Was

...Strengths Innovation: One of Kraft Foods’ greatest newfound strength is innovation. However, this was not always the case. In 2008, Kraft ranked next to last in its peer group in new product successes. (Goudreau, 2013) For the rest of 2008 and 2009, 17 of 19 new products introduced into the market were considered failures. There is even a quote from an outside company consultant who was brought in to report on Kraft’s innovation process who said that “Kraft is where good ideas go to die.” (Goudreau, 2013) However, in 2010 Kraft brought in some new senior level management that drastically changed Kraft’s innovation process. Instead of waiting for new ideas to develop naturally, Kraft decided to focus its innovation efforts on only a few ideas. The result of this is that Kraft developed MiO drink mixes, Oscar Mayer Deli Meats, and Velveeta Skillet packaged meals. Each of these news brands has become a $100 million platform. (Goudreau, 2013) Due to the recent success that Kraft has had in regards to innovation, it would be safe to assume that their new process for innovation has become one of their strengths. Recognition: Kraft Foods offers a wide variety of products through their different brand names. Of some of the hundreds of brands they own, some such as Kraft Macaroni and Cheese, Nabisco, Oscar Meyer, and Kool Aid are internationally recognized. (Anonymous, 2013) By associating the name Kraft to a product or simply introducing a new product through an......

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Ede Wa

...Ede wa The present study was designed to find out what happens to the pattern of language us e in a multilingual setting like a larger Yoruba speech community. F or this purpose, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to fifty Yoruba-English bilinguals w ithin Ondo township, one of the Yoruba speech communities. The selected respondents have qualificati ons equivalent to the first University degree, and they are mainly civil servants w ithin the town. They make use of both English and Yoruba languages everyday. The ratio of male to female respondents was put at 3:2, and this i s due to the fact that there are more male graduate civil servants than female gra duate civil servants in the particular area in which this study was conducted. Most of the questions in the questionnaire wer e designed to find out from the respondents the kind of languages spoken or used at diffe rent periods, occasions and the various functions the languages were meant to perform vis-à-vis the factors motivating the chosen codes at a particular period. The analysis of information gathered from the questionnaire was undertaken by means of a simple statistical method. In doing this, the investigator ensure d that the questionnaire was properly filled out by the respondents. An attempt was also made to get recoded spontaneous conversations of Yoruba – English bilinguals. The information was transcribed using simple orthographic conventions. After transcription, the......

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Far Do You Agree That Progress Was Made for Black Americans?

...How far do you agree that the years 1945-55 saw only limited progress in improving the status of African Americans? The years of 1945-55 saw limited progress in improving the status of African Americans to an extent; however, during this time period there was also an increased amount of progress for the African American community in improving their status. There were many key factors, which contributed to improving the status of African Americans, such as the work of key civil right parties, for instance the NAACP and their approach to increase grass-roots activism, and their increased membership shows their wide support. In addition to this, there was also help from economic and political victories which demonstrated a fundamental shift in the attitudes of the federal government. There was also help from de jure change, such as significant civil rights court cases and Federal Intervention from President Harry S. Truman, which as a result improved African Americans status. On the other hand, the problems that remained for African Americans was a lack of de facto change, such as the states reluctant attitude to de-segregate, and also there was opposition from the white population, which included brutal violence towards the African American Community, when they had protests. Finally, the opposition from politicians towards de-segregation and civil rights for African Americans all contributed towards limited progress in improving the status of African Americans. The......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

It Was Not About Race. Was It?

...CASE: IT WASN’T ABOUT RACE. OR WAS IT? 1.- Identify two different concepts that have been discussed in readings and lectures that you see playing out in this case. * Stereotype: A.- Definition: We can define this concept as “A perceptual and cognitive process in which specific behavioral traits are ascribed to individuals on the basis of their group membership”. (Cox, 1993) We can also define it as a rigid, exaggerated belief associated with a mental category, that can be more or less rational and that is a consequence from the complex environment and the lack of information that the one who consider it shows. In other words, it comes up to simplify the information and the environment. It is important to know that a stereotype result from differences in levels of contact of individuals with members of “outgroups”. In this way, the lower the contact the larger the tendency to evaluate them along fewer dimensions. It is also important to know that a stereotype does not have to be necessarily bad; traits associated with the group can be positive or negative. B.- Give specific examples in the case of where the concept plays out. The stereotype suggested here is the one of the “black criminal”. Unfortunately it is usually associated black people with criminals, or at least there is a thought about that there is a higher probability that a black to be a criminal than a white to be so. We can see how in the case Hope thought that Dillon was a criminal because he entered......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

How Far Do You Agree That Germany Was a Parliamentary Democracy by 1914?

...How far do you agree that Germany was a parliamentary democracy by 1914? During the first fourteen years of the 20th century, Germany's political system went through radical modernisation, adopting many features that are commonly associated with parliamentary democracies. The Encyclopaedia Britannica definition of a parliamentary democracy is a form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming the prime minister or chancellor. Executive functions are exercised by members of the parliament appointed by the prime minister to the cabinet. The parties in minority serve in opposition to the majority and have the duty to challenge it regularly. The prime minister may be removed from power whenever he loses the confidence of a majority of the ruling party or of the parliament. This form of governance originated in Britain and spread across the globe. Parliamentary democracy is different to direct democracy in that the former is a system in which citizens vote for representatives (politicians) to make decisions on their behalf, whereas in a direct democracy policy initiatives and laws would be decided on via votes/referendums involving eligible and willing to vote. Arguably the most notable condition present in the German political system in 1914 that supports the notion of Germany being a democracy was universal male suffrage, which had been upheld since......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...separate when dealing with education is beneficial. Writing Assignment 4 The separation of church and state, is the concept to keep religions out of government. It was made to keep the government neutral and so no national religion would ever be established. Over the years is has been a very heated issue. As this issue grows, America grows in population, our nation is the only country where people from many different backgrounds and cultures come together, and with them come all their different religions. History Our nation was started because people craved freedom of religion. Many Pilgrims fled from Great Britain to acquire freedom of religion, because at that time Great Britain had a national religion. It was so important to them to have religious freedom that they gave up all they had. They gave up the security of staying in Great Britain and they travelled to the unknown. Many of them died in the first year they were here. They made a sacrifice to better the lives of their children and everyone else who came after them. First Amendment of the Constitution Separation of the church and state was never specifically stated in the constitution; however, the first amendment does state that it prohibits making any laws against a religion or that hinders the exercise of free religion. The first amendment was written for the sole purpose that the Pilgrims did not want what happened in Great Britain to happen in their new country. They did not want a national religion to......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Why Do You Think the U.D.H.R Was Not Accepted by Many Countries?

...The UDHR was adopted on 10 December 1948 by the General Assembly by a vote of 48 in favour, none against, and eight abstentions: the Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Byelorussian SSR, People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, People's Republic of Poland, Union of South Africa, Czechoslovakia, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. On the one hand, according to some authors, each of them had their own reason to abstain. Saudi Arabia probably did not agree with articles 18, everyone has the right “to change his religion or belief”, and 16 that talks about equal marriage rights. Furthermore, in the case of South Africa, they were trying to protect their system of apartheid since they were violating many of the articles. Moreover, from the point of view of the communist nations, the UDHR did not condemn enough fascism and Nazism (Danchin). Additionally, the USSR based their abstention on article 13, which states the right of citizens to leave their countries because they did not agree with it. (Glendon, 2001) On the other hand, other authors, such as Hofstede, classify them as a group when it comes to cultural value dimensions. Two of the values he remarks is the masculinity and the power distance there is between individuals in those cultures. For example Saudi Arabia and South Africa have a cultures were masculinity prevails in front of femininity, what is the same, they have a strong masculinity side. These cultures tend to be more competitive, have preference for achievement,......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

There Was There Was There Was

...There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there was there was There was there......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Was Not

...Health and Safety The Health and Safety act began in 1974 and it was design to protect the safety health and welfare of your employees also the duties and responsibly followed both by employer and employees. This act is and enabling act which means you can add other legislation to it without having to change the act itself. This act states that when you have more than five employees working in the company you should have a written health and safety policy consisting of the aims and objectives for what will be achieved in terms of health and safety for the company. Why do you think we need health and safety in the workplace? * To prevent injuries * To keep staff safe * To make sure customers are safe * If the staff are injured due to no health and safety in work place you can lose staff, which means you would need to employ more part time staff. What might happen if there was no legislation to protect workers from harm? * Abuse from the manager * The owner would not care, as they wouldn’t need to pay compensation for injuries * Wouldn’t worry as they can easily get more employees. Hazards in one of the business… Primark * Clothes in the floor- to prevent it you can have your own section=stations where each staff knows that this is there station and it need to be cleaned * Spillage of drinks- to prevent this you could tell customers not to bring food in to shop for health and safety purpose. * Forgetting your pass- to prevent......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Civil Wa

... It is known for the war  that ended slavery. What most people don’t know is the war was not originally fought for  the abolition of slavery. The South, or the Confederate, wanted to exercise their rights as  states and split from the north. Well Abraham Lincoln thought that would be the downfall  of the United States. The Civil War was fought to between the Union and the  Confederacy on the issue of splitting up the United States. The country was divided  between two philosophies, either they thought the country could only survive and prosper  as a whole, or they believed the south had the right to split from the union.  The country was divided between two different philosophies. The North  believed if the South seceded from the North the country would crumble. While the South  believed they had the right as states to separate themselves from the Union. (Malvasi)  Abraham Lincoln was the head of the Unions thinking. He had a great sense of political  knowledge. He realized if the south did secede the Union wouldn’t stand a chance against  attack because half of the country essentially would have been gone. Lincoln originally  had no plans of abolishing slavery all his focus was on keeping the country together in  one strong unit. (Malvasi) The South on the other hand felt they had been mistreated by  the Union and were being taken advantage of. Soon the idea of secession came around  and South Carolina was the first to make the threat. They were quickly foll......

Words: 4176 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

How Far Do You Agree That Hitler’s Regime Was a ‘Consensus Dictatorship’?

...How far do you agree that Hitler’s Regime was a ‘consensus dictatorship’? A consensus dictatorship is on that suggests Hitler’s regime was surrounded by a general agreement. This would mean that the majority of the German public were in cooperation with the Nazi regime and agreed with both the enforced and promoted concept of the regime. Hitler had mainly achieved this by trying to ‘ win over the hearts and minds of all non-Jewish Germans’ this would mean he would have the majority of the Germans citizens on his side. However, it is also suggested that many of the people had only consented due to fear which can be inferred from source 5 that it was the methods of the Nazi apparatus of terror that had led to the people conforming. Although source 6 suggests, even without terror which wasn’t completely enforced on ordinary Germans, the German public had ‘little difficulty in conforming’. As source 6 suggests ‘Nazi terror posed no real threat to most ordinary Germans’ so most people were easily persuaded by popular policies to consent to the Nazi regime. Source 6 agrees that the Nazi Regime was a consensus dictatorship as the public knew of the terror the minority groups faced but chose to ignore it due to their own self-interest and advantages of Hitler’s policies. Evidence from reports produced by the SOPADE and SPD who were in exile indicates that the people viewed Nazi policies positively. Unemployment had also reduced falling to 350, 000 by January 1939. This prosperity......

Words: 1468 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Do You Think Zimbardo Prison Study "Quiet Rage" Was Ethiical?

...prison environment. Throughout this experiment Zimbardo lost control of the situation as the participants lost their own identities and became greatly involved with the roles that they were expected to act upon. As a result Zimbardo had to terminate the experiment before the study was completed due to unethical issues. The experiment was unethical, but it was a necessity in order to have acquired this beneficial knowledge that we possess today even though the trade off was inappropriate for the participants. Numerous reasons exist to why the experiment has violated the ethical standards. For example, the students who had played the role of prisoners were treated unethically by forcing them to clean the toilet with their bare hands, and were placed in total confinement of spaces that were only standing room for more than 24hrs. But why would the prisoners blindly follow the guards? According to Giddens, the size of a group affects the “quality of interaction and the capability of the group in accomplishing certain tasks” (Giddens 132). The more the prisoners the more likely they would conform to the guards even though the orders were harsh and unethical. One study that supports the theory of conformity was the experiment Asch Task, where participants were shown one standard line and three comparison lines with different sizes. They were given the task to simply say which of the lines matched the standard line. When the confederates gave a false answer first one-third of......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3