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Downfall of Rome

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Submitted By william2806
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The Roman Empire was an extremely powerful civilization that had thrived and prospered for many centuries. Through its time as one of the greatest empires to have ever existed, Rome was able to conquer many lands and construct one of the most successful systems of government of all time. However, like many other great civilizations, Rome did not last forever. It eventually fell into a period of decline because of political assassinations, military problems, legal injustice, economic and civil decay, foreign invasions, and natural disasters. While all of these factors contributed to the fall of Rome, it was the military mistakes, legal injustice, and political assassinations that were the key issues that really brought this great empire down.

First of all, one reason why the Roman Empire entered the state of decline was because of their military mistakes. For example, “Before the year 400 CE, foot soldiers wore breastplates and helmets…because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned, the customary armor began to seem heavy since the soldiers rarely ever wore it” (Document B). Because of this, troops were greatly exposed to wounds in battle, making them a much weaker force than they once were. Also, without armor, troops thought about running, not fighting, which led to losses in battles where Rome was trying to defend itself or conquer new lands.

The second major reason why Rome collapsed was because of legal injustice. In the text, it states, “The condition of Roman subjects in time of peace is worse than war…taxes are very severe, and unprincipled men inflict injury on others…A wealthy lawbreaker…is not punished for his injustice, while a poor man…undergoes the legal penalty...” (Document E). Consequently, Roman citizens felt like their government was corrupt. Their morale went down, and they didn’t feel the need to defend their…...

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