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Dred Scott V. Sandford Summary

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Dred Scott v. Sandford case analysis In the late nineteenth century the slavery was shown to be more prevalent in the southern states, as northern states began to abolish slavery. In this the illustration of systematic and institutionalized racism was shown through the dehumanizing treatment of slaves but also the limitations that were placed to keep slaves fearful and dependent. As America grew there were conflicts over abolition and the expansion of slavery, this led to the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The Missouri Compromise divided states into a category of free or slave state, in which Maine became a free state and all western territories north of the southern border of Missouri were free territory (History). With this, Illinois was a free state, Dred Scott who was an enslaved man, and his family were taken into Illinois and when being taken back to Missouri which was a slave state, Dred sought to gain his freedom. During the year of 1846, Dred Scott, an enslaved black man, sued in the St. Louis Circuit Court to gain the freedom for himself and his wife. Scott …show more content…
Additionally, Taney declared that Congress did not have the ability to prohibit slavery from territories because this would allow Congress to violate the fifth amendment that protected property rights of slave owners (“Dred Scott Case”). The idea was that if a slave was brought to a free state they were to operate under the order of their master because slaves were property and therefore the law did not pertain to them. This led Taney and the courts to disregard Scott’s inhabitants in free territory, but also use the law of Missouri to prevent Scott being taken back into this slave state. Under previous Missouri free slave cases similar to Scott’s, they were able to secure their

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