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Drug Analysis

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Drug Analysis
Kaplan University
Danielle DeCook

CJ 411 Drugs and Alcohol in the Criminal Justice System
Professor Deborah Robinson
February 28, 2012
Depressants, Stimulants, and Hallucinogens have many similarities and differences but the main commonality is they are all highly addictive. Depressants are considered downers; they are sedating drugs that depress the Central Nervous System. An example of depressant would be heroin. Heroin is an opioid - a very powerful painkiller. The body and the brain are packed with opioid receptors meant for endorphins, the body's own natural pain-killing substances produced in emergency moments of shock or injury. The body also produces this substance when an individual is engaging in physical activity. Endorphins are also produced when a person is under stress. Heroin mimics endorphins and binds rapidly with endorphin receptors, extending and magnifying their natural painkilling effect (NIDA 1986). The result is a surge of pleasurable sensation, or "rush." This rush is usually accompanied by a warm feeling and a sense of well-being. Humans are pleasure-seeking entities, and are naturally attracted to things that make them feel good.
The effects are rapid but will depend on the method of ingestion. Intravenous injection provides the greatest intensity and the most rapid onset of euphoria (7 to 8 seconds). Intra-muscular injection produces a relatively slow onset (between 5 to 8 minutes). Sniffing or smoking usually provides peak effects within 10 to 15 minutes (NIDA research reports 1997). First-time or infrequent users often experience nausea and vomiting after injecting heroin intravenously. If they aren't turned off by feeling sick and continue using the drug, the user can experience both a "rush" and a "high." The rush has been described as similar to an orgasm, and only lasts for a minute or two. Like a sexual...

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