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Drug Court Research Paper

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The first drug court was established in Miami-Dade, Florida in 1989. Drug courts were established because of the “revolving door of drug use” and increasing recidivism rates. Drug courts have the ability to change a person’s life the better by teaching them how to beat their addictions by provind the proper treatments to the offenders. The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader about the effectiveness, success, goals, and failures of the the Maricopa County Drug court, Baltimore City Drug Court, and the King County Drug Diversion court systems. The number of Drug court systems around the world are continuously increasing. In June 2010, there were about 2,500 drug courts that are being operated in the United States of America. …show more content…
It is estimated that 62% of the participants in drug courts are Caucasian. It is also believed that African Americans make 21% of participants around the world. Offenders that partake in Drug courts are usually nonviolent and suffer from substance abuse.
What is the purpose of the Drug Court System? The purpose of drug court system is to stop the abuse of alcohol and drugs that contribute to criminal activity by providing wrongdoers with the proper treatment. The drug court system has many goals, one of which is to decrease domestic violence. They also would like lawbreakers to stop using drugs and alcohol which is why inmates are under constant supervision. Also, offenders take drug tests to ensure that they are not using drugs.
Drug courts were created to determine the cause of criminal’s defiant behavior in exchange for lower sentences and lesser charges. There are two models used for drug courts which are Pre- Adjudication and Post- Adjudication models. In the Pre-Adjudication model, defendants that meet the requirement to enter drug courts are directed to the drug court system before they plead to a charge. On the other hand, In the Post-adjudication model defendants have to plead guilty before entering the drug court but their sentences are delayed while they are apart of the drug court program. An example, of a Post-adjudication system, would be the Maricopa county drug
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Also, participants are in outpatient treatment from three to six months. There are also other treatment programs that are provided for participants such as mental health. However, there are no mental health assessments being conducted so there is not an accurate number of people that need to be treated. This can result to a failure of the drug court because if you are not properly caring for offenders with mental illnesses how can you effectively treat them. How will someone expect them to go back into society and not do the same things when they issues the offender has have not been dealt with in a proper

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