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Submitted By thatcatwoman
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To the reader,
I bet you are wondering what this is all about, or perhaps who I even am. Let us start with a greeting, shall we?
Hi, I’m Celina Gonzales, a college freshman taking up BS Legal Management. This E-portfolio encapsulates my entire writing journey of sorts in my ENGLCOM (Basic Communication and Study Skills) course throughout the second term of my first year in university. In here, you will be able to read about various ideas—from the meaning of the word “infinite” beyond the concept taught to us in our Math classes, to the causes of the Philippines’ lagged progress (no, it is not solely due to corruption), and, well, Korean Pop. With all these topics mentioned, I hope you appreciate how much I have grown in terms of flexibility, as I was never comfortable with writing beyond my interests.
The entire journey was a roller coaster, thanks to the great deal of papers that came with strict deadlines, high standards, along with numerous revisions inked in either pink, green, red, or blue. However, I believe that all those days figuring out how exactly my professors want me to revise parts of my papers and whatnot are worth it—The innumerable scratch papers that I was armed with in the beginning of the term are gone. I can now write an article of great quality without having to frantically jot down my ideas on a separate sheet of paper.
I believe that this growth of mine is impossible without my professors. Therefore, I would like to extend my gratitude to them: To Ms. Aileen Bautista for her meticulousness, as for without her seemingly “harsh” comments, my supposed scholarly papers would have been that of the quality of a literary paper; and of course, to Mrs. Guia Gonzales, who has seen not only me, but ENGCLOM C39A not only as writers, but also as individuals; for constantly reminding us that “writing is a process” when we were pressured by deadlines; and for constantly believing in us way more than we believe in ourselves, as I believe that confidence is an essential skill a writer needs for his or her papers to be of excellent quality.
I am surprised with how I have developed as a writer, and I cannot wait to share this journey of mine to you through the essays that will be presented. With this, I present to you my roller coaster. Welcome aboard, and enjoy the ride.
Regards, Cel G.
By the end of the course, I aim to achieve the following objectives:
• Be able to improve my academic writing, coming from thesis writing in my Senior year
• Be able to write in a more articulate and scholarly manner
• Be able to organize thoughts quicker
• Be able to write about topics beyond my interests with great quality
• Be able to gain confidence in my writing

Entry Essay Korean Pop, often referred to as K-pop, is on out of three waves of Hallyu, or the Korean wave. It usually consists of groups of around four to thirteen boys or girls, choreographed dance moves, a distinct electronic-pop or bubblegum pop based sounds combined with influences from other musical genres, and lyrics that consist of a combination of Hangeul, their native language, and words or phrases in English. K-pop groups are often referred to as “idol groups,” have fan clubs with names derived from the group name, and a specific group color assigned to these clubs. K-pop gained national popularity in the 1990’s with novelty music from groups such as H.O.T., Fin.KL, Seo Taiji and the Boys, and the like. It became well-received in Asia, particularly in Japan, China, and Southeast Asia in the 2000’s with its unique sound through viral songs such as “Sorry Sorry” by Super Junior, “Gee” by Girls’ Generation, “Fire” by 2NE1, and “Day by Day” by BIGBANG. In this decade, repetition of words was prominent (e.g. “Sorry, sorry, sorry, sorry”; “Fantastic, fantastic, fantastic, fantastic, elastic, elastic, elastic, elastic”). In 2010, synchronized and polished dances were given attention to, which led to the seven-member boy group INFINITE’s popularity Hip-hop songs became more popular, which

Exit Essay
Catchy tunes, well-orchestrated choreography, flashy music videos, odd group names, and lyrics in a totally different language—This is how the Korean Pop phenomenon became a global hit. In 2012, Korean pop singer PSY released “Gangnam Style,” which eventually reached one billion views on YouTube. In 2015, Korean pop artist CL of the girl group 2NE1 released her single “Hello, B*****s” in collaboration with international artist Diplo. Korean pop acts such as Infinite, Girls’ Generation, and Super Junior held tours outside their native South Korea—be it Asian tours or world tours. Fans all over the world flocked to South Korea with the hopes of meeting their favorite groups, and artists strive to expand their market outside of Korea in different ways, such as learning how to speak other languages such as English, Mandarin, or Japanese. Therefore, with the said genre globally expanding thanks to its uniqueness, Korean Pop is taking the world by storm.
One thing unique about Korean pop is the memorable tune that almost each song brings. Korean pop is heavily influenced by electronic pop, hence, the seemingly homogeneousness of the genre as a whole. When taken a closer look at, however, Korean pop is a melting pot of musical influences that harmonize with the electro-pop base. Each agency has a musical influence that distinguishes them from other agencies. For example, YG Company is known for their hip-hop elements as seen in groups such as BIGBANG and 2NE1. On the other hand, Korean pop giant SM Entertainment is known for their bubblegum pop influences which is especially evident during the 2000’s. Woollim Entertainment us known for their 80’s synth-pop feel, which is evident in in the music of their groups, Lovelyz, and Infinite. Aside from this, words are constantly repeated in the chorus so that listeners can easily remember these tunes such as “Sorry, sorry, sorry, sorry” from Super Junior’s 2009 hit “Sorry Sorry”, “I want nobody, nobody, but you” from the Wonder Girls’ hit single “Nobody,” and “Oppan Gangnam Style” in PSY’s phenomenal “Gangnam Style.” Sometimes, these repeated words or phrases usually written in English make no grammatical sense. Examples of these lyrics are “I must go mission, make it mission, make it go” taken from JYJ’s single “Mission,” and “Oh my beautiful target. You zoom zoom my heart like a rocket” from the boy group B1A4’s “Beautiful Target.” The distinctive sound from other genres, accompanied with unforgettable lyrics serve as a foundation of the genre’s unique attributes, therefore making it exceptional among others.
Another unique thing about Korean Pop is the well-orchestrated choreography that matches the overall concept that a certain group aims to achieve. What sets it apart from other genres is that these moves are crisp, sharp, and synchronized up to the millisecond, like in the groups BTS, Teen Top, and SHINee, in contrast to the simple, easy-to-follow dance moves if Western pop groups such as N*SYNC, the Spice Girls, and the Backstreet Boys. These dance moves are usually difficult to follow. Despite the complexity of these moves, fans still dedicate their time and effort in learning such dances. In fact, entertainment agencies upload artists’ dance practice videos in order to allow fans to follow along. Fans take it up a notch by uploading “mirrored versions” of these videos, so that they can learn them as if they were looking at a mirror, or make step-by-step tutorials on how to execute them. Several “cover groups” have been established on YouTube that showcase fans around the world dancing to their favorite tracks as if they were the artists themselves. Complexity does not hinder them from perfecting their favorite choreographies, which manifests that they serve as the highlight of the entire package in a group’s chosen concept.
Also, Korean pop is known for seemingly bizarre, flashy music videos. Filming usually happens in a studio with a pre-made set, or maybe even green screens. Backgrounds with either abstract designs or bright colors are used. Bright lights flash in different directions. Heavy props that seem to lack significance in the concept or storyline are present, such as convertibles, motorbikes, and big couches that seem to show that they are ready for world domination. These videos have no serious storyline, or maybe even no concrete story line at all, which contribute to the quirkiness of the videos.

Reflective Essay
As I entered my first Tuesday ENGLCOM session, I felt anxious over writing my entry essay because first, I did not have a social issue in mind; and second, I was not armed with enough information that can somehow help me in articulating my thoughts in order to come up with a concrete essay. This prompted me to write about something that did not seem “academic” enough: Korean Pop. I was afraid that I will be questioned for the topic of my choice because given the fact that it was not “scholarly.” As time passed, however I learned that academic reading and writing is not limited to thesis-worthy topics. The fields that I wrote about that consisted of numerous things—from image manipulation in my first media log, to animated films in my third media log, to why wearing school uniforms must be encouraged in one of the exercises given. Encapsulating all these experiences, academic writing is not only bounded by thesis-worthy topics, but is in fact limitless in subjects to choose from, as long as the way is written is articulate, and factual.
Articulating my thoughts has always been a waterloo of mine. This was the main hurdle I had to go through in completing my extended definition and argumentative essays. I had to encode what was actually in my head. For example, the words “Image manipulation, colloquially referred to as “Photoshop” is apparent in advertisements for fashion and beauty among many others,” actually came from “Image manipulation, aka ’Photoshop’ (YOU DON’T CALL THE PROCESS PHOTOSHOP) is everywhere. As in.” Because of this, it took me a long time to finish my paper because I was reliant on actually typing what I actually thought of so as not to lose my train of thought. However, I was able to deal with all of this, since I was able to develop the skill of thinking articulately without depending on numerous scratch papers with plain English with hints of side comments written in Filipino.
I vividly remember cringing as I wrote my exit essay down because I believe that my entry essay was written so badly because I did not like the idea of writing about Korean Pop, as I had a better topic in mind. As I wrote my exit essay, I however, I realized how far I have come from that January 7. Coming to where I was to am now, I am proud to say that I have improved so much—way beyond that I expected myself to improve. I can now do away with my reliance on the internet and the numerous scratch papers, thanks to the time-pressured exercises and the comments from my major papers.
In essence, I have achieved everything that I hoped to achieve in this course with excellence. I can now articulate my thoughts better without the side comments, write about topics that are beyond my comfort zone, such as corruption and other relevant social issues, do away with the scratch papers used to articulate my disorganized thoughts, and most importantly, be confident in my abilities as a writer. The things that I have learned in ENGLCOM now serves as a solid foundation on how my papers in other courses are done—with articulation, confidence, and excellence.

Argumentative/Problem Solution Essay
TOPIC: Is corruption the main cause of a country’s slow progress?
TENTATIVE TITLE: There is More to Malversation
THESIS STATEMENT: Corruption is not the primary cause of a country’s slow progress because there are other root causes that affect the country’s development in a larger scale.
I. Introduction
a. Hook: The 2016 Presidential Election is fast approaching, and citizens refuse to vote because of the belief that change will not happen with corrupt officials in the seat of power
b. Link: However, corrupt officials are only the part of the bigger problem
c. Thesis: Corruption is not the primary cause of a country’s slow progress because there are other root causes that affect the country’s development in a larger scale.
II. Body
(1) DATA: There is a lack of cooperation and discipline among the country’s citizens
(2) WARRANT: The citizens break the simplest of rules for their own convenience, such as jaywalking, littering, and counterflowing
(1) DATA: Citizens are too reliant on government officials in finding solutions to the country’s current problems
(2) WARRANT: Citizens vote for officials who promise radical change in a short amount of time without realizing that radical change does not happen in an instant
(1) DATA: There is a lack of creative, long-term solutions implemented
(2) WARRANT: “The country’s problem is not corruption—it’s lack of imagination.” (De Castro, 2016)
III. Conclusion
a. GIST: Corruption is one of the causes, but it is not the root cause of a country’s slow progress
b. IMPLICATION: With citizens realizing that corruption is not the enemy, they will be more enlightened to think of more creative solutions
c. RECOMMENDATION: It must be taken into consideration that corruption is not the real enemy to the hindrance of a country’s development, and corrupt officials must not be wholly blamed on the country’s existing problems. Take action.

There is More to Malversation
The 2016 Philippine Presidential Election is fast approaching. However, several Filipinos choose to abstain from voting because of the belief that the country will not progress with a corrupt official in the seat of power. McArdle (2014) states that “In a national election, the odds of your vote making a difference are very close to zero,” (para. 4) meaning that the chances of an individual experiencing the radical change he or she wants to deserve is extremely little. Numerous headlines such as “Is the Philippines the Most Corrupt Country in Asia?” (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2014) and “Duterte slams Roxas: Where are billions of ‘Yolanda’ funds?” (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2016) makes the people believe that corrupt officials are the root cause of the country’s lagging progress. Dishonest officials, however, are only one part of the bigger problem. insert connection. There are several other causes to the country’s slow progress, such as apathy, lack of discipline, lawlessness, and the like. Although corruption is one of the sources of a country’s lagged progress, it is not the root cause because there are other main causes that affect the country’s development.
First, the country’s lagged progress is not due to corruption, but the lack of discipline among the Filipino citizens. It is evident that they break even the simplest of rules for their own conveniences. Such discipline is manifested on the highways of the Metro. On July 12, 2012, the Metro Manila Development Authority formalized the implementation of the yellow lanes along EDSA, which was supposedly used by city buses, as well as jitneys and cabs without passengers (Masinag, 2012, para. 11). As the years went by, however, these lanes were utilized by cabs with passengers, private vehicles, and motorbikes because of the prevailing traffic in the other lane. This shows that despite how simple the implemented rules, people continuously disobey them because they want to beat the traffic without considering the law. This prompted the MMDA to have a stricter implementation on the usage of the yellow lanes on January 18, 2016 wherein a fine of 500 pesos is to be collected when the said vehicles use these lanes (Philippine News Agency, 2016, para.11). Being stern on comprehensible rules shows that indeed, Filipinos immensely lack the discipline that is needed for the country to progress.
However, having dishonest officials do not motivate the Filipino people in obeying the rules, hence leading to the lack of discipline that they have today. Villanueva (2011) states, “When leaders and enforcers of the law violate our laws, we can only emulate them, becoming lawless ourselves” (para. 28). What the Filipinos need is leadership by example with leaders that serve as role models to the people. Nevertheless, the people serve as the building blocks in establishing a prospering state. With citizens that lack discipline, however, it is nearly impossible for the Philippines to develop holistically.
Moreover, corruption is not to blame for the country’s slow progress, but it is the overreliance of the citizens on government officials in finding solutions to the problems the country is challenged with. They make it a point to vote for candidate who promise radical change, such as presidential candidate Grace Poe’s vows to lower tax rates (para. 28). Poe (2015) says that “I guarantee: Every peso you pay will be returned to you in fast and quality service.” (para. 29) Vows such as these sway voters easily, and prompt them to vote for candidates in the likes of Poe. Because of such persuasion, people fail to realize that these promises that aim for radical change that they expect to happen in a short amount of time. When radical change does not happen in an instant, they will complain that the government no longer cares about them. However, they continue to indolently wait for the government to do something about the problems being faced.
Corrupt officials promise radical change to the people, but once elected into position, they end up misusing these funds that they will use for the projects that will gear towards the promised radical change. In August 2015, Engineer Mario Hechanova claimed that then-Mayor Jejomar Binay received P1.26 billion from janitoral and security contracts (Estanislao, 2015, para. 10), while Senator Antonio Trillanes affirmed that the Makati City hall had 600 security guards during Binay’s administration (Estanislao, 2015, para. 12). These figures show that there is misuse in Makati’s funds that hinder in making more worthwhile projects that will gear towards progress. However, it must be kept into mind that the Filipino people serves as the government’s other half—it is impossible for radical change to happen when the government will not execute significant laws and projects for the people, and it will never happen when the people indolently wait for the government to take action. It is not only the government who needs to take proper action, but also the people need to do their part for such change to happen.
Finally, corruption is not the root cause of the country’s slow progress, but it is the lack of creative and long-term solutions present in the country. De Castro (2016) states “The country’s problem is not corruption—it’s lack of imagination.” Officials do not delve into creating long-term solutions to the country’s problems, but think of mere schemes to temporarily alleviate the problem. In January 2016, the Metro Manila Development Authority started to impose stricter rules on the usage of the yellow lane along EDSA. Santiago (2016) states "The traffic will be constrained especially when these cars are coming out from side streets going into EDSA, they can't immediately merge into the private lane." The MMDA did not take into consideration that the traffic congestion will worsen on the private vehicles’ lane. Santiago (2016) likewise states that “traffic along EDSA will only improve if more people leave their private vehicles at home and take the bus instead.” (para. 6) With the present bus system in the country, motorists cannot be convinced to commute and choose to bear the traffic jams in the comfort of their own cars. Public transportation must be utilized, rather than having numerous lanes that rarely serve their purpose. Santiago (2016) likewise said that “traffic along EDSA will only improve if more people leave their private vehicles at home and take the bus instead” (para. 10). Long-term problems, such as the traffic situation in Metro Manila call for original, well-executed ideas that people can use in the long run, such as revamping public transportation systems. On the other hand, the mini-footbridge was built in Malate, Manila as part of the Children’s Road Safety Park established by the MMDA in September 2014. This establishment aims to teach children the basic rules on the road (Diola, 2014, para. 3). Instead of receiving praise for a creative solution that embeds discipline among children at an early age, the project received backlash for its unorthodox nature with remarks such as “It made us look dumb to the Engineering Community,” thus being dubbed as “the weirdest project in the world” (Canlas, 2014). Such remarks come to show that creative solutions are not welcome in contributing to the country’s development. However, creative and long-term solutions are not possible without financial support by the government. There is a budget allocated for each cause. In 2014, President Benigno Aquino allocated P202.6 trillion pesos in the 2015 National Budget (GOV, 2014, para. 1). This budget served as an avenue to implement solutions that will be able to benefit the country’s development. The prevailing situation shows that is impossible to implement projects when government officials pocket the funds that are supposedly for the projects and program for the people. In August 2015, the National Bureau of Investigation filed the third batch of pork barrel cases. Included in the list were Senator Gregorio Honasan, Cagayan de Oro Representative Rufus Rodriguez, and Technical Educational Skills and Development Authority (TESDA) Secretary Joel Villanueva. (Cayabyab, Torres-Tupas, 2015). These cases show that it is evident that these officials are of high ranks. According to an SWS National Survey conducted in 2001, 49% of the government resources were wasted due to corruption (Balboa, 2006). It is evident that having such officials being involved in corruption hinders the correct usage of funds for projects. Nevertheless, with the implementation of the suitable laws to boost creativity, national development is still possible with creative, long-term solutions. In 2013, the Republic Act No. 10557, also known as the Philippine Competitive Design Act of 2013 was passed. Article 9 of the said law mandates that “The National Design Policy shall serve as the State’s strategy in promoting design as a driving force towards a sustainable economic growth and development and a catalyst for increasing the competitiveness of the country in the global market.” (GOV, 2013, para 23) which aims to meet the following goals: Global competitiveness, Institutionalization and Promotion of Design Culture nationwide, Creation of an Environment to Cultivate a Constant Demand, Design Protection, Design Education and Professional Development, and Institutionalization of Design as an Effective Problem-Solving Tool” (para 26). Through this law, it is evident that design serves as a foundation of ingenious solutions. A strong and solid design foundation encourages innovation, which lead to quality, and even revolutionary solutions that Filipinos can not only be proud of, but can also utilize in the long run. Corruption is one of the numerous causes of the country’s slow progress, but it is not the main cause of such rate—there is a lack of discipline, overreliance, and lack of creative solutions that can benefit the nation in the long run. When citizens realize that these causes presented are the true enemies of progress in the Philippines, they must realize that they must obey the laws implemented despite its short-term inconveniences, be empowered to take action, and be enlightened to think of ingenious ideas that will benefit the country in the long run. It must be taken into consideration that corruption is not the root cause of the hindrance of the country’s development. Corrupt officials are not the sole perpetrators in the country’s stunted development. The Filipino citizens must be empowered to take action and think of original ideas that are worth sharing. When this happens, radical change is bound to happen.
Corrales, N. (2016, March 3). Duterte slams Roxas: Where are billions of ‘Yolanda’ funds? Retrieved March 31, 2016, from
Palma, P. (2016, January 18). Expert takes on EDSA yellow lanes usage rule.
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McArdle, M. (2014, November 04). Five Good Reasons Not to Vote. Retrieved April 01,
2016, from
Masinag, C. (2012, July 12). MMDA releases circular formalizing yellow lane rule.
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Diola, C. (2014, September 26). MMDA explains 'weirdest' mini-footbridge project.
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Cayabyab, M., & Torres-Tupas, T. (2015, August 7). Retrieved March 30, 2016, from Estanislao, A. (2015, August 26). More corruption allegations vs VP Binay. Retrieved
April 04, 2016, from
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The Philippine Experience. APEC Study Consortium Conference: Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam.

Extended Definition Essay
OBJECTIVE: To let readers realize that infinite is not limited to how fathomable a concept is; that it can also be linked to feelings/possibilities
I. Introduction
a. Denotative meaning
b. Other Interpretations
i. What “infinite” is ii. What “infinite” is not
c. How Infinite will be defined
i. “No limitations”/infinite possibilities ii. feeling infinite
II. Body
a. No limitation/infinite possibilities
i. Opportunities to grow/progress/improvement ii. Taking risks
b. Feeling “infinite”
i. Self-actualization ii. Pursuing passions iii. Small moments in life
III. Conclusion
a. How this definition is different
i. Not limited to the Mathematical/Scientific concept usually presented ii. Can also be
b. Message to the readers
c. Importance of “infinite,” Math and Science aside

Feeling Limitless
In Stephen Chbosky’s “Perks of Being a Wallflower”, Charlie Kelmeckis said, “This one moment when you know you’re not a sad story. You are alive. And you stand up and see the lights on the buildings and everything that makes you wonder. And you’re listening to that song, and that drive with the people who you love most in this world. And in that moment, I swear, we were infinite.” (Chbosky, p.39) The word “infinite” comes from the Latin infinitus, derived from the Latin words means “in” which means “not,” and “finitus”’ meaning “finished” (Oxford Dictionary, n.d.) The Merriam-Webster Dictionary (n.d.) defines infinite as “immeasurably or inconceivably great or extensive.” Consequently, Rouse (2005) states that “infinity is the quality or state of endlessness or having no limits in terms of time, space, or other quantity.” On the other hand, Chbosky (2012), states that infinite is synonymous to “being able to go anywhere” despite the obstacles that one faces in his or her life.” With this said, Infinite is not entirely bounded by the lemincaste (∞), or by the countless positive and negative numbers that exist. Rather, it is broadened to the innumerous possibilities that the world has to offer, as well as the feeling of joy in having a sense of purpose in life. For this reason, infinite is a term that is limitless in definition and must not be restricted to merely fathomable concepts.
First, Infinite is a person’s state that is having limitless opportunities, such as opportunities to grow and as individuals. 2014 Olympic and World Figure Skating Champion Yuzuru Hanyu changed the game of the sport by adding the level of difficulty in his programs with additional quadruple jumps and difficult transitions, as well as smashing world records competition after competition in the 2015-2016 figure skating season. (Hersh, 2016, para. 4). Rather than seeing his progress as a degrading threat, his competitors see this as an opportunity to improve their abilities by upping their technical content as well as their artistic elements in their programs, including American figure skater and rival Jason Brown. “When one person jumps ahead, everyone is working harder, everyone is trying to take more risks. It’s just another way to continue to bring our sport to new heights. I think it’s awesome. I definitely don’t look at it as discouraging or upsetting. I think it’s only positive." (Hersh, 2016, para. 11). As such, Brown sees Hanyu’s progress as a driving force to do better, rather than as a threat. The seven-member Korean Pop boy band Infinite sees their name as a drive to continue growing not only musically, but also as individuals. The group’s leader, Kim Sungkyu states, “Our name, Infinite, means limitless. We never put a restriction on our possibilities, and we will always improve” (Kim, 2012). The seven-member Korean pop boy group Infinite sees their name as an avenue to continue improve as artists, and as a unit. In essence, Infinite continues to strive to living up to their name by ensuring that they explore and experiment in different musical styles that will continue to let their musical sound evolve. Such experiences show that the state of being infinite happens when one believes that he or she will improve in his or her respective fields despite challenges that are present.
Second, infinite is also a state linked to accomplishing huge feats. Such feats include facing one’s fears in order to take a leap of faith, such as learning how to skydive. In 2014, skydiver Mallory Wisong earned her skydiving license. She was able to overcome the “fear, doubt, and perfectionism” (para. 3) that she experienced throughout the process. Wisong (2014) felt infinite when she jumped because she realized that in skydiving, one must live in the moment while flying, hence saying “I had one of those jumps where time seems to slow down and you finally understand what it means to be fully present in the moment.” (para.4) Another example is competing in a major international competition for the first time, as the opportunity of representing one’s country is a once-in-a-lifetime experience given to only a fortunate few. Then sixteen-year-old figure skater Mirai Nagasu is one of these fortunate few. She competed in her first Olympic Games in Vancouver in 2010, where she jumped from sixth to fourth place after a stellar free skate. She was able to conquer the pressure she needed to face, since she represented the United States in the Olympics. Nagasu recounts, “It was as stressful as they say, but I was able to beat the pressure.” (para. 24). Nagasu felt infinite, as she was able to perform her best because she was able to conquer the pressure she was under. The state of being infinite happens when one feels a sense of accomplishment in conquering one’s inhibitions in order to achieve such triumphs.
Third, infinite is also a feeling that is connected to self-actualization. In order to fully understand the essence of such meaning, self-actualization is “the realization or fulfillment of one’s talents potentialities, especially considered as a drive or need present in everyone.” (Dorfner, 2014, p. 114) Having said that, such feeling is evident in self-actualization through the sense of fulfillment in realizing that one has achieved his or her main purpose in his or her career. For example, figure skater Yuna Kim broke the Olympic and World record in the women’s figure skating event in the 2010 Winter Olympics on February 25, 2010. In the said event, she garnered a total of 228.56 points, which led her to not only breaking records, but also capturing South Korea’s first Olympic gold medal in the figure skating event. (Hersh, 2010) On the other hand, basketball legend and four-time NBA Champion Shaquille O’Neal earned his doctorate degree from Barry University in 2012 after his stint in the NBA (De Nies and Katrandjian, 2012). Despite having an option to have a grand vacation after retirement, O’Neal opted to pursue his passion for zeal for education as well as to challenge himself in a different field. After the tribulations that he faced, which included making a thesis on the importance of humor in leadership, he received is doctorate degree, together with the title “Dr. Shaquille O’Neal.” With this said, feeling infinite is accomplishing the “biggest and most important goals in one’s life.” (Kim, 2010).
Finally, the state of feeling infinite happens in the small but beautiful moments in life. These moments are the daily happenings at home, such as having dinner together as a family. Filipino instant noodle brand Lucky Me launched Kainang Pamilya Mahalaga (the value of eating together as a family) campaign in 2007, wherein families are devoted to having at least one meal together on a specific date. On January 26, 2012, President Benigno Aquino III signed Presidential Proclamation 326 wherein he declared the fourth Monday of September as Kainang Pamilya Mahalaga Day (the value of eating together as a family). “One of the meaningful traditions of Filipinos is the common family meal where all members of the family are present to signify their unity and thanksgiving for God’s abundant blessings.” (Online, “Kainang Pamilya Mahalaga Day.” Retrieved from Proclamation No. 326, March 7, 2016). Through eating meals together as a family, members continue to nurture their relationship in today’s unit in a world of fast-paced living that has endless demands. In this case, feeling infinite is evident when the family appreciates and cherishes the time they spend together through a good meal, together with happiness brought about by laughter through countless anecdotes. Hence, infinite happens when the simplest joys in life are truly cherished.
Infinite is beyond the ideas brought about by the fields of Mathematics and Science. Essentially, it is a state that is unbounded in meaning— be it of fulfillment, joy, and empowerment. The state of being infinite is feeling fulfillment in what one does after all the tribulations he or she went through, bliss in the simplest yet most beautiful moments in life, as well as a motivating drive in order to pursue excellence. In substance, these ideas are some of the many viewpoints that is covered by infinite because it serves as an avenue to discover boundless possibilities because of the countless meanings it presents.
Chbosky, S. (1999). The perks of being a wallflower. New York, NY: Pocket Books.
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Hersh, P. (2010). Yuna Kim dominates to gold: Asada takes silver, Rochette the bronze. Retrieved March 1, 2016 from
Dorfner, M. (2014) Healthy within: A story about loss and gain. New York, NY: D&J
Hersh, P. (2010). Kim Yuna is a champion for all time. Retrieved March 1, 2016 from De Nies, Y., and Katrandjian, O. (2012). Shaquille O’Neal earns doctorate degree.
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...professor’s directions; completed the assignment; added extra material. Followed most of the professor’s directions; completed the assignment. Did not follow most of the professor’s directions or failed to complete part of the assignment. Disregarded professor’s directions and failed to complete a significant part of the assignment. Did not complete the ePortfolio assignment. Creative Use of Technology Innovative use of graphics, sounds, e-mail, links, additional software and Internet resources: superior presentation. Several creative sounds, graphics, and links used; presentation: keeps readers attention. Some uses of interesting sounds and graphics: predictable presentation. No evidence of independent resources: monotonous presentation. Did not complete the ePortfolio assignment. Attractiveness & Organization Graphics, colors, font size attractive and easy to read: enhances the portfolio Graphics, colors, font size appropriate. Graphics, colors, font size slightly distracting or adds little to the portfolio...

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E-Portfolio Advantages And Disadvantages

...e- Portfolio For decades, students have been completing assignments in school. Often, these were seen only by the teacher, graded and returned to the student. Sometimes, the work was posted on a classroom wall or in a school hallway. Many teachers kept portfolios of student work for report card conferences, and the rare teacher taught students how to build their own portfolios from their work. With more and more schools going paperless or migrating to the "cloud", student work has become more easily shareable, accessible by many, and more easily organized. Many teachers have turned to digital portfolios -- or "e-portfolios" -- for their students. These digital portfolios have caused a huge shift in how teachers assign, collect and assess student...

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Managing an M&E Portfolio

...[pic] |Name |Nomagugu A Masuku | |US nr |16368894 | |Degree |Monitoring and Evaluation Methods | |Module |Managing an M&E Portfolio | Declaration: 1. Plagiarism is the use of ideas, material and other intellectual property of another’s work and to present is as my own. 2. I agree that plagiarism is a punishable offence because it constitutes theft. 3. I also understand that direct translations are plagiarism. 4. Accordingly all quotations and contributions from any source whatsoever (including the internet) have been cited fully. I understand that the reproduction of text without quotation marks (even when the source is cited) is plagiarism. 5. I declare that the work contained in this assignment, except otherwise stated, is my original work and that I have not previously (in its entirety or in part) submitted it for grading in this module/assignment or another module/assignment. 6. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. Failure to observe this rule will result in a zero mark for the entire assignment,......

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Fis 240 Learning Consultant / Tutorialrank.Com

...Rock, Paper, Scissors, and Other Investment Techniques (UOP) FIS 240 Week 5 DQs (UOP) FIS 240 Week 6 CheckPoint: So Many Businesses, So Little Money PART 1 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 6 CheckPoint: So Many Businesses, So Little Money PART 2 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 6 Assignment: Analyze This (UOP) FIS 240 Week 7 DQs (UOP) FIS 240 Week 7 CheckPoint: Income that Sticks PART 1 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 7 CheckPoint: Income that Sticks PART 2 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 8 CheckPoint: Lifetime Investment Matrix PART 1 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 8 CheckPoint: Lifetime Investment Matrix PART 2 OF 2 (UOP) FIS 240 Week 8 Assignment: Living the Easy Life (UOP) FIS 240 Capstone Discussion Question (UOP) FIS 240 Final Project: Investment Policy and Portfolio Evaluation (UOP) ____________________________________________________ FIS 240 Week 1 CheckPoint: Is Time on My Side (UOP) For more course tutorials visit Resources: Appendix D and the Time Value of Money multimedia (enter into the Axia College student webpage first then copy and paste the link into the open browser) TU Due Date: Day 5 [post to the Individual forum] Complete your responses to this week’s CheckPoint in Appendix D. Post the completed...

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Black and Decker In 2000 Black and Decker Corporation was still reeling from the financial and strategic problems stemming from the company's acquisition of Emhart Corporation in 1989. In late 1998 Black & Decker management celebrated the completion of an almost decade-long effort to divest nonstrategic business gained through its 1989 acquisition of Emhart Corporation and expected the company to enter a long-awaited period of growth as its entire management refocused its attention on its core power tools, plumbing, and security hardware business. Archibald believed that "This portfolio restructuring will allow us to focus on core operations that can deliver dependable and superior operating and financial results." However the portfolio restructuring did little to improve the market performance of the company's securities. Yet Archibald and the management continued to express confidence that the company's streamline portfolio would allow Black & Decker to achieve revenue and earnings growth that the market would find impressive. So far the 1998 divestitures have not produced steady increases in the company's stock price, but look promising for the future due to the efforts to refocus efforts on the successful power tools line. Strategic planning team evaluation Over the years, Black & Decker has branched off into many different directions in order to gain as much market share as possible. The diversification program in the 1980s produced mixed results for shareholders, and......

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Tri State Study and needs to plan accordingly. One main question that is always a difficult one to answer is how long one needs to work before they can comfortably stop working and rely on their financial portfolio to take care of expenses after work. In order to analyze these questions, a deterministic model of an investment portfolio was created and stochastic modeling was used to determine the likelihood of being able to accumulate the necessary finances over the desired period of time. Quantitative Analysis: 1. Using the given deterministic model, the annual outflows were estimated from the retirement portfolio over the retirement years and the estimated return on the account was also calculated. It was determined that under these basic assumptions of salary and portfolio growth rate the portfolio could expect to grow to $452,900 within thirty years. However, this assumed a fixed salary growth rate of 5% as well as a 4% annual investment rate. Given the high rate of inflation and the projected expenses after retirement, it was calculated that if this money was to last for the retirement, then even pulling out $50,000 per year in expenses would cause the account to run out after just a few years. 2. Adjusting the annual rate to 8% from 4% had a major effect. Although the portfolio fell short of the one million dollar goal by only reaching $853,633, this was a major effect as it allows the individual the ability to pull $100,000 each year from this account and still......

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...Kochman’s and Badarinathi’s mathematical case for upside deviation deals with portfolio upside deviations being divided by a market’s upside deviations to so show the resulting ratio and how it facilitates other tests for positive or negative skewness. The article discusses how CAPM is inappropriate for the evaluation of portfolios given that is not only assumed that the returns on distributions are symmetrical, but that the beta (performance and return-to-risk ratios) underestimates the risk of larger numbers of mutual funds. Kochman and Badarinathi needed to answer two questions; can upside deviation be the means for portfolio evaluations and can this be done by taking the upside deviation of portfolios and divide those figure by the upside deviation of the market? Kochman and Badarinathi believe that to make a case for upside deviation as a means for portfolio evaluations is to take the upside deviation of the portfolio(s) and dividing it by the market(s) upside deviation. This would result with a ratio that facilitates another test of positive or negative skewness. To test whether the ratio of portfolio-to-market upside deviations as a success, a test on fund returns would need to be conducted to ensure a meaningful difference between upside deviations, portfolios, and markets. The overall findings showed that the relationships between low betas and low upside volatility appeared to be weaker than the relationships between high betas and high upside volatility. In......

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Hrmn 302 Communication Skills - E Portfolio

...HRMN 302 Communication Skills - E Portfolio Click Link Below To Buy: Instructions This e-portfolio assessment is designed to be used as both a learning tool and as a professional portfolio that you can include in your resume or applications for jobs. You should begin working it around Week 3, even though it is only due Week 8. Click here for directions how to create an E-portfolio/Google Site. The course outcomes for HRMN 302 are: 1. apply appropriate communication media and methods according to the situational need in organizational settings 2. apply communication theories to organizational communication challenges 3. recognize and respond constructively to cultural differences in communication 4. analyze and assess the communication dynamics of an organization to conduct a communication audit First, create your e-Portfolio. Creating an e-portfolio is easy. We recommend you use Google Sites. Go to: Include an introduction page, one page for each of the three outcomes, and a citations page. You will have a minimum of 5 pages. On each outcome page: Provide the course outcome Explain in your own words and 1-2 paragraphshow each outcome relates to what you have learned in class Post one artifact for each outcome (video, paper, chart, or any type of file you wish to use) that you have createdand that......

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Case Study : John & Marsha on Portfolio Selection

...Premium และคำนวณ Standard Deviationเพื่อนำไปคำนวณหา Sharpe Ratio ที่มีอัตราส่วนที่สูงที่สุด ซึ่งอธิบายถึงผลตอบแทนที่ถูกปรับด้วยความเสี่ยง ที่ดีที่สุด เมื่อได้ทำการวิเคราะห์และคำนวณ Sharpe Ratio แล้ว พบว่า หุ้นที่เหมาะสมที่จะทำการลงทุนเพิ่ม ได้แก่ Pioneer Gypsum โดยลงทุนในสัดส่วน 4% จึงทำให้การลงทุนในตลาดเป็น 96% เนื่องจากเป็นสัดส่วนที่ทำให้ Sharpe Ratio มีค่าสูงที่สุด คือ 0.4702 ซึ่งถือได้ว่าเป็นการกระจายการลงทุนที่ทำให้ความเสี่ยงลดลง ซึ่งสอดคล้องกับทฤษฎี Modern Portfolio Theory ของ Harry M. Markowitz (1952) ที่กล่าวไว้ว่า “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” สรุปรายละเอียดของ Mini-Case : John & Marsha on Portfolio Selection John ทำหน้าที่บริหาร Portfolio ซึ่งมีมูลค่า 125 ล้านดอลลาร์ของนักลงทุนอยู่ เขาปรึกษากับ Marsha เกี่ยวกับปัญหาของการบริหารจัดการหุ้นใน Portfolio ของเขา โดย John คิดว่าที่ผ่านมาผลตอบแทนจาก portfolio ที่เขาดูแลอยู่นั้นมักจะใกล้เคียงกับอัตราผลตอบแทนของตลาดและอิงจากกราฟ S&P 500 market index ที่จัดทำขึ้น เขาจึงรู้สึกว่าการบริหารของเขาอ้างอิงแต่กับตัวเลขของตลาดมากเกินไป เขาอยากจะบริหารจัดการ portfolio เสียใหม่ให้มีความเป็นตัวของตัวเองมากขึ้น และได้รับผลตอบแทนที่สูงขึ้นกว่าอัตราผลตอบแทนของตลาด เพื่อทำให้การทำงานของเขามีประโยชน์ต่อลูกค้ามากขึ้น โดยเขาเลือกบริษัทที่ราคาตลาดของหุ้นต่ำกว่ามูลค่าที่ประเมินได้ (Undervalued) และที่ราคาตลาดของหุ้นสูงกว่ามูลค่าหุ้นที่ประเมินได้ (Overvalued) ามาส่วนหนึ่ง โดยบริษัทที่เขาคาดว่าน่าจะมีมูลค่า Undervalued และสมควรซื้อมากคือบริษัท Pioneer Gypsum และหุ้นของ Global mining นั้น Overvalued......

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Modern Portfolio Theory in the Modern Economy: Mpt During the Credit Crisis 0f 2008

...Modern Portfolio Theory in the Modern Economy: MPT During the Credit Crisis 0f 2008 Abstract There are various theories of risk and return as it pertains to measuring and predicting investment return in a portfolio- one of the oldest and most prominent being Modern Portfolio Theory .An example of a hypothetical portfolio utilizing the principles of MPT invested during the credit crisis of late 2008/early 2009 will be utilized in part. In direct application, does Modern Portfolio theory hold strong during a major financial crisis? Past research will be compared to present the mechanics and applications of MPT order to answer the questions poised and to create hypothetical portfolios based on past fund performance during the time period of 2007 -2010. It is expected that a portfolio using MPT would not have performed significantly better than any other less diversified investment. Contents Introduction……………………………………..........................................................................4-7 Credit Crisis Thesis Statement Modern Portfolio Defined Prior Research Prediction Method…………………………………………………….........................................................8-9 Parameters/ Source of Portfolios Results……………………………………………………......................................................10-19 A. Application/ graphs Conclusion…………………………………………...............………………………............19-20 Restatement of Thesis Discussion of......

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Computer Science

...Mahara Platform First established in mid 2006, the Mahara project started as collaborative venture funded by New Zealand's Tertiary Education Commission's e-learning Collaborative Development Fund (eCDF), involving Massey University, Auckland University of Technology, The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand, and Victoria University of Wellington. Continued development has been made possible by further support from New Zealand’s Ministry of Education and the application of Mellon Foundation funds from the Open Polytechnic’s winning a 2007 Mellon Award for Technology Collaboration. Since July 2007, KineoPacific has worked with CatalystIT to guide the further development of Mahara. A first guiding principle with the development of the Mahara ePortfolio system is that it is learner centred – a form of Personal Learning Environment. This is in contrast to the more institution-centric Learning Management System (LMS). Mahara is a stand-alone system that can be integrated into a wider virtual learning framework. We believe the Learning Management System remains a highly useful application for delivering learning. We also believe the overall environment can be enhanced and complemented by a learner-centred personal learning environment such as Mahara. Pan-institutional learner communities can also be encouraged using Mahara. Mahara’s architecture is inspired by the modular, extensible architecture of Moodle. The Mahara team has also been heavily involved in the Moodle community,......

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Mcdm Case Study

...Information technology are evaluated using a score card which will be used to establish a portfolio Application Model Matrix which will be used in comparing the projects, some of the proposed infrastructure projects for MDSCM include standard computing hardware and software, website and data warehousing. The website is the project with the highest likelihood to succeed and also will add value to the business. Introduction: The following is a summary of the information technology projects appropriate for the MDCM Company, IT infrastructure required include networking, standard computing hardware and software, data warehousing, messaging system and a website. A score card is also established in order evaluate each project and these scores are represented in a Portfolio Application Model Matrix. IT infrastructure: Networking: This project involves the use of internet and networking resources available to enable the sharing of information across the subsidiaries and also within the subsidiaries, networking will improve quality of products given that it will enable sharing of information with the various departments and subsidiaries and therefore add value to products. Computing hardware and software: According to the case study the company different hardware platform systems including AIX, UNIX, Windows NT, windows 2000, adoption of a standardized operating system will help reduce both support costs and maintenance costs. This will enable the company gain competitive......

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Stock Investment Analysis

...Fidelity Large Cap Stock Fund and S&P 500 are similar funds. These two funds heavily invest in large market capitalization company common stock, topping 80% of its entire portfolio. Fidelity Large Cap Stock Fund consists of normally 11 different sectors for equities listed in highest portfolio weight with first five sectors making 80% of the portfolio: • Financials • Information Technology • Health Care • Energy • Industrials • Consumer Discretionary • Consumer Staples • Telecommunication Services • Materials • Utilities • Other Current year-to-date performance of the Fidelity Large Cap Stock Fund (FLCSX) was overall positive at 16.24% year-to-date return. The financial sector contributed and played a big part in making the successful performance this year resulting from a good portfolio mixture of securities and its positive gain. This mixture consists of some of the high return securities such as; JPMorgan Chase, MetLife and Charles Schwab returning, 29.38%, 48.68% and 54.99% respectively. The historic performance has shown that both MetLife and Charles Schwab performed well responding to the rising interest rates, and these two companies did not fail to positively react to the recent increase in interest rates. Both companies’ share price went up by more than 20%. Thanks to the uptick in interest rates due to many speculation of slow economy recovery in the market. S&P 500 also had a strong year-to-date return at 13.82%. Both FLCSX and S&P 500......

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Mutual Fund Analysis

...price- $36.29 52 week range - $30.82-36.90 Expenses – 0.5% Management fees 0.38% Other expenses – 0.12% Type of Fund: open-ended fund. Class R shares are generally available only to retirement plans. Class R-5 are generally available only to fee-based programs or through retirement plan intermediaries. No dealer compensation is paid from fund assets on sales of Class R-5 or R-6 shares. I like that the expenses are low. It is a lower risk fund. Although it is a growth fund, it doesn’t seem to fluctuate that much.   American Funds Capital World G/I R5 (RWIFX) 36.29 0.08(0.22%) Nov 27 Add to Portfolio Risk as of Oct 30, 2012 Get Risk for: Risk Overview Morningstar Risk Rating: 3 Number of Years Up 7 Number of Years Down 2 Best 1 Yr Total Return(Dec 30, 2003): 39.47% Worst 1 Yr Total Return(Dec 30, 2008): -38.21% Risk (Modern Portfolio Theory) Statistics 3 Years Statistic RWIFX Category Alpha (against Standard Index) 4.13 5.19 Beta (against Standard Index) 0.87 0.85 Mean Annual Return 0.68 0.76 R-squared (against Standard Index) 95.16 86.55 Standard Deviation 17.40 17.88 Sharpe Ratio 0.47 0.53 Treynor Ratio 7.89 10.04 5 Years Statistic RWIFX Category Alpha (against Standard Index) 2.91 2.36 Beta (against Standard Index) 0.87 0.89 Mean Annual Return 0.02 -0.03 R-squared (against Standard Index) 96.30 89.30 Standard Deviation 20.80 22.04...

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Evaluation of Mutual Fund Performance

...The performance evaluation employs different methods namely Sharpe, Treynor, and Jensen indices. Analysis revealed that different methods yield different result. In order to enrich evaluation, Modigliani-risk adjusted performance metric and qualitative approach were included in the analysis. By using the mix criteria, it was found that the best investment is Schoder 90 Plus Equity Fund followed by Manulife Dana Saham and Mandiri Investa Dynamic Equity. This findings show that even though stock market performed negatively over the period, stock-based mutual fund may yield slightly better than the market. Key Words: Mutual Fund, Sharpe Index, Treynor Index, Jansen Index, M2. I. INTRODUCTION This paper aims at measuring portfolio performance of stock-based mutual funds from three different investment manager over the period of January 1, 2015 – July 30, 2015. Three randomly mutual fund was chosen, namely Schoder 90 Plus Equity Fund (Schroder Investment Management Indonesia), Mandiri Investa Dynamic Equity (Mandiri Manajemen Investasi), and Manulife Dana Saham (Manulife Aset Manajemen Indonesia). In the first step, all mutual funds data evaluated using Sharpe, Treynor, and Jensen indices. In the second step, other methods were introduced to test whether alternative evaluation give similar result. To conclude, all result from step one and step two evaluation would be presented in a radar or web chart to show relative performance of each mutual fund with......

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