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Early and Adulthood

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Early and Middle Adulthood Paper
Kimberly Smith
PSY/280
August 17, 2015
Mrs. Barch

Early and Middle Adulthood Paper

Early to middle adulthood is more of a challenging ever-changing process. People in their early and middle adulthood go through transitions such as deciding to go to college, starting a family, getting married and establishing social and health-affecting habits. As a man and woman grow, these different changes will help him or her to form a wide variety of views on life. How social and intimate relationship has changed over time and identification of various roles changes during early and middle age. Lastly the direct and future influence the healthy and unhealthy behaviors experienced during early and middle adulthood.
Social and Intimate relationship change
In early adulthood, it’s a time of independence, identity seeking, and lifestyle forming. During this time, kids are graduating leaving their parents home starting new relationships and developing a life of their own. Erikson believed that people need constant contact with others throughout their lives, from birth to death, whether that contact is romantic intimacy or a relationship with friends and family. The time has changed where young adults were getting married fresh out of high school. Now middle adults are waiting until mid thirty’s are longer to have children and get married. Parents who waited longer to have children and who had highly educated degrees have a greater loss in happiness following childbirth. Along with the stress of how to support more children, it led many couples to forgo having second children. Since these normative social role changes, other theories suggest possible changes in personality traits after age 30. People improved at emotion guideline as they grow older and tend to have less negative emotional involvements (Gross et al., 1997); this explains why adamantly declining levels of Neuroticism with age. Socioemotional selectivity theory (Carstensen, Isaacowitz, & Charles, 1999) expects that as adults develop into middle and later adulthood, they are not as much interested in meeting new people. Implying declining Directness and Extraversion, and more concerned with engaging in relationships with other people, suggesting increasing Sociability.
Various role changes that occur during early and middle adulthood As we advance in life with age and new opportunities we are meet halfway with the need to take care of ourselves. The choices we make early in life determine our future and as a result of those choices, our roles in our life change as well. One of the various role that an adult will play is becoming financial independence. Once you do not become sole dependent on your parents’ income, you take action into getting a job financially supporting yourself. While many others may decide to attend college with the help of their parents the rest search for a career. You can step out on faith making your money leaving you with feeling proud to be successful and responsible. The next role involves a partner or spouse after being a single woman or man there are individual responsibilities. When you marry, there is no such thing as the word I, the role change into two people who make decisions together. Every marriage is not the same you have some marry men who prefer their wife to stop working and be a housewife. The husband becomes the primary earner of money taking care of the mortgage and bills. Marriage requires two individuals to hold their end of their responsibilities, communicate and cherish the love of your new family. After marriage, some couples decide to bring a new addition to the family. The evolution of parenthood requires support, focus and understanding of how you both want to raise your children. From birth to early adulthood children need emotional bonding, love and to be nurtured by both parents this is required for health and growth. Your mother and father care and took care of you until you were able to branch out on your own. Well, there comes a time of a reverse change where the child is caring for the parent. The parent is no longer able to think for him or herself, which, include taking care of all their finances or even financially supporting your mother or father. This contains late-in-life care for older parents, help around their home like cooking and cleaning or advice while they plan for retirement (Hammond, 2003). We can all speculate that even those role changes that we as humans sooner or later anticipate marriage and having children requires considerable changes to one’s life and how it change on a day to day status.
Healthy and unhealthy habits Aging also influences lifestyle factors such as alcohol drinking, poor diet, and smoking. These behaviors affect the steady and healthy livelihood leading to grievous consequences like marital break ups or divorce. These habits also affect the physical functions of some people since some engage in these activities heavily throughout their life it takes a toll on their body. You have others you chose to live a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy foods, exercising regularly. There are some who overindulge in junk foods, no day-to-day physical activity, and drug usage. Everything you participate in whether good or bad will have some type of affect on you, as we get older so its imperative we keep that in mind. People who opt to take up positive daily life activities engage in proactive activities that involve their intellect and natural insights such as joining different clubs and organizations that stimulate them mentally. According to (Archives of Internal Medicine, 2010) New research has confirmed that bad habits, such as smoking, drinking, eating fatty foods, and not getting enough exercise, can cut 12 years off of your life. Sleep is also an important fact that will determine your health. Adults are required to get at least 7.5 to 8 hours of sleep per night. We should take good care of hour bodies for it is a temple of God.

Reference

Gross, J. (1997). Emotion and aging: Experience, expression, and control. Psychology And Aging, 12(), 590-599.
Carstensen, L. (1999). Taking time seriously. A theory of socioemotional selectivity.

American Psychologist, 54(), 165-181.

* Hammond, K. (2003). Various Role Change in Early and Middle Adulthood. Development of Personality in Early and Middle Adulthood, (), . Retrieved from http://http;//www.ehow.com/info_8605005_various-change-early-middle-adulthood.html * Unhealthy Habits Can Reduce Your Life By 12 Years. (2010, April). Archives of Internal Medicine, (), . Retrieved from http://www.redorbit.com/news/health/1855652/unhealthy_habits_can_reduce_you * * *

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