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Eastern Religion Elements Matrix

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EASTERN RELIGION ELEMENTS MATRIX

| |HINDUISM |BUDDHISM |CONFUCIANISM |TAOISM |SHINTO |
|HISTORICAL FIGURES and |ShanKara |Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)|Kung Chiu (Confucius) |Lao-Tzu |Amaterasu (Sun Goddess) |
|EVENTS |Sri-Rmakrishna | |Mencius |Chuang-Tzu | |
| |Mahtma Gandhi | |Hsun Tzu | | |
| | | |Chu Hsi | | |
|CENTRAL BELIEFS |Henotheistic – Recognize a |Four Noble Truths – (a) all|Jen – Humanity, |Tao – Way or path. |Kinship – Family is seen as|
| |single deity and view other|life involves suffering, |benevolence. | |the main mechanism by which|
| |Gods and Goddesses as |(b) suffering originates | |Yin and Yang - Chinese |traditions are preserved. |
| |manifestations or aspects |from our desires, there can|Li – Ceremonies, rituals, |philosophy representing the| |
| |of that supreme God. |be an end to desire, (c) |and rules of conduct. |bright and dark (male and |Love of Nature – Sacred; to|
| | |which in turn will end | |female) side of energy. |be in contact with nature |
| | |suffering, and (d) the way |Yi – Righteous conduct. | |is to be close to the Gods.|
| | |to realize the state is | |Chi - Vital energy in the |Natural objects are |
| | |through the Eight-Fold |Worship and respect of |universe and in our bodies.|worshipped as sacred |
| | |Path. |ancestors. | |spirits |
| | | | | | |
| | |Eight-Fold Path – |Traditions | |Kami – Shinto Deity who |
| | |1. Right Understanding | | |possesses an invisible |
| | |2. Right Intention | | |sacred quality that evokes |
| | |3. Right Speech | | |wonders and awe in us. |
| | |4. Right Action | | | |
| | |5. Right Livelihood | | |Matsuri – Worship and honor|
| | |6. Right Effort | | |Gods and ancestral spirits.|
| | |7. Right Mindfulness | | | |
| | |8. Right Concentration or | | | |
| | |Meditation | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | |Buddha-Nature - a fully | | | |
| | |awakened consciousness. | | | |
|NATURE OF GOD |Believes in one Go while |Described as a non-theistic|Not a religion, but a |Tao (The Way) – A concept | Animism – No binding set |
| |accepting the existence of |religion. |philosophy that leads the |to describe something that |of beliefs, no holiest |
| |others. | |way towards a harmonious |goes beyond our capability |place of worship, no person|
| | |There is no personal God |society. |to define. |or kami deemed holiest, no |
| |The spirit or soul is |who creates everything and | | |defined set of prayers. |
| |eternal. |to whom prayers can be | |A Taoist god is a guide to | |
| | |directed. | |assist and provide | |
| | | | |inspiration in the quest to| |
| | |A religion of wisdom, | |find enlightenment. | |
| | |enlightenment, and | | | |
| | |compassion. | | | |
|TEXTS |Devas – Oldes scriptures |The Pali Canon – A |Si Shu (Four Books) |Tao-Te- Ching (Book of the |Kojiki – Record of Ancient |
| |which refer to celestial |collection of ancient |- Lun Yu, Analects of |Way) – Written by Lao-Tse |Matters |
| |entities. |scriptures preserved in the|Confucius |describing the nature of | |
| | |Pali language of ancient |- Chung Yung, Doctrine of |life, the way of peace, and|Rokkokushi – Six National |
| |Upanishads – Philosophical |India. |Mean |how a ruler should lead his|Histories |
| |part of the Vedas intended | |- Ta Hsueh, Great Learning |life. | |
| |only for serious seekers. |Mahayana Sutra |- Meng Tzu, writings of | |Shoku Nihongi – Continuing |
| | | |Meng Tzu |Chuang-tzu – Named after |Chronicles of Japan |
| |Ramayana – Epic about |Tibetan Book of the Dead | |the author includes | |
| |Prince Rama the defender of| |Wu Jing (Five Classics) |additional teachings. |Jinno Shotoki – Study of |
| |good. | |- Shu Ching (History) | |Shinto and Japanese |
| | | |- Shih Ching (Odes) | |politics and history. |
| | | |- I Ching (Changes) | | |
| | | |- Ch’un Ch’iu (Spring and | | |
| | | |Autumn Annals) | | |
| | | |- Li Ching (Rites) | | |
|RITUAL and PRACTICE |FOUR PATHS OF YOGA: JNANA |Meditation – A method that |Rituals are added as needed|Three Jewels – Compassion, |Physical Cleanliness - |
|(SACRED ELEMENTS & THEIR |(KNOWLEDGE), BHAKTI |develops insight by |during a person’s lifetime.|Moderation, and Humility. |Taking baths, washing |
|MEANING) |(DEVOTION), KARMA (ACTION),|increasing awareness in |Four life passages are |Tai-chi chuan – A system of|hands, and rinsing mouth |
| |RAJA (SELF-CONTROL) |order to achieve calmness, |recognized and regulated by|exercises that uses slow |done often. |
| | |focus, and a watchful mind.|traditions: |movements to help one | |
| |Consists of ceremonies and | | |become part of the |Festivals – Seasonal |
| |rites centering on birth, |Nirvana – A practice that |Birth - The spirit of the |universal flow of energy. |celebrations are held at |
| |marriage, and death. |leads to the ultimate |fetus protects the | |spring planting, fall |
| | |egoless state of bliss. |expectant mother before, |Feng-shui – The practice of|harvest, and special |
| | | |during, and after the birth|determining the most |anniversaries of the |
| | | |of the child. |harmonious position for a |history of a shrine or |
| | | | |building according to the |patron spirit. |
| | | |Reaching Maturity – |natural flow of energy. | |
| | | |Celebrated by traditional | |Shrines – Each shrine is |
| | | |families only where the | |dedicated to a specific |
| | | |chicken is served. | |Kami who has a divine |
| | | | | |personality and responds to|
| | | |Marriage – Marriage is | |sincere prayers of the |
| | | |performed in six stages; | |faithful. |
| | | |proposal, engagement, | | |
| | | |dowry, procession, marriage| |Shrine Ceremonies – |
| | | |and reception, and morning | |Includes cleansing, |
| | | |after. | |offerings, prayers, and |
| | | | | |dances are directed to the |
| | | |Death – To notify neighbors| |Kami |
| | | |of a relative’s death, one | | |
| | | |must cry out loud. | | |
|ETHICS and MORALITY |Karma – Our actions and |Karma – See Hinduism |Maintenance and propriety |Wu-wei – Let nature take |Purity – An original |
| |their effects on this life | |of relationships is most |its course. |virtue. Two types: Outer |
| |and lives to come. |Compassion |important. Do what is best | |purity (bodily purity) and |
| | | |for the relationship. |Selflessness - Be kind to |inner purity (purity of the|
| |Caste System – Social class|Tolerance of indifference | |others as the action of one|heart). |
| |distinction based on | | |usually is returned. |Sincerity – A guiding |
| |heredity or occupation. |Non-Violence | | |ethical principle. |
| | | | | | |
| |Hindus must observe moral | | | | |
| |and ethical laws from birth| | | | |
| |until death | | | | |

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