Premium Essay

Eating Patterns

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By salimahbuluk
Words 846
Pages 4
Judith C. Rodriguez


Haviland, William A. (1990). Cultural Anthropology. Chicago: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Kittler, Pamela G., and Sucher, Kathryn P. (1998). Food and Culture in America: A Nutrition Handbook, 2nd edition. Belmont, CA: West/Wadsworth.

Klimis-Zacas, Dorothy J., ed. (2001). Annual Editions: Nutrition 01/02. Guilford, CT: McGraw Hill/Dushkin.

Lowenberg, Miriam Elizabeth; Todhunter, Elizabeth Neige; Wilson, E. D.; Savage, J. R.; and Lubawski, J. L. (1979). Food and People. New York: Wiley.

Schlosser, Eric (2001). Fast Food Nation: The Darker Side of the All American Meal. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
The overall pattern of food that a person eats is more important to a healthy diet than focusing on single foods or individual nutrients, according to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics in its newly updated position paper "Total Diet Approach to Healthy Eating."

According to the position paper: "In contrast to the total diet approach, classification of specific foods as 'good' or 'bad' is overly simplistic and may foster unhealthy eating behaviors." The Academy's position paper stresses that moderation, portion size and exercise are the key concepts for balancing food and beverage intakes.

The position paper has been published in the February Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and can be found on the Academy's website. It states: It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that the total diet or overall pattern of food eaten is the most important focus of healthy eating. All foods can fit within this pattern, if consumed in moderation with appropriate portion size and combined with physical activity. The Academy strives to communicate healthy eating messages that emphasize a balance of food and beverages within energy needs, rather than any one food or meal.

The Academy's position...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Effects of Childhood Eating Patterns

...The Effects of Childhood Eating Patterns Food for Baby First Year Newborn’s stomach capacity Day 1: about 5-7ml, about the size of a marble. -Newborn’s stomach does not stretch to hold more -Firm stomach walls extra milk is most often expelled (spit up). -Mother’s colostrum is just the right amount for baby’s first feedings. | Newborn’s stomach capacity | Day 3: the newborn’s stomach capacity is 0.75-1oz: about the size of a “shooter” marble Small, frequent feedings assure that baby take-in all the milk needed. | Newborn's stomach capacity | Day 7: stomach capacity is not about 1.5-2oz; about the size of a ping-pong ball....

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Study Habits, Sleeping Pattern, Eating Pattern, Night Life and Academic Performance of College Student

...Study habits, sleeping pattern eating pattern and night life are the factors that affect the academic performance of students. Aside from these four, there are still other reasons like family problem, finances, peer pressure, lack of confidence and genetic predisposition Talking about lack of study habits, one has to establish number of hours, frequency and time to studying. The number of hours is very important for studying because while studying will take time to process information in the brain. One has to concentrate and during concentration, he or she must focus on what he or she studying and this requires time. Frequency of studying in important because there are subjects that needs time. For example, in mathematics and other subject that require skills, one has to perform the operation several times so that he or she can master the process. Time for studying is important because one is affected by mood, stress and hormonal activities for the day. Early in the morning most of the senses not yet prepared for heavy mental work so one need is to warm up so that one’s senses will also prepared. But this will require habit because some people like to study early morning when they are not yet tired or in the evening when they are not pressured to prepare for school activities. Academic performance of students is also affected by sleeping pattern. Sleeping pattern can be described by number of hours in sleeping, continuity in sleeping and use of sleeping enhancers....

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Eating Disorders

...Eating Disorders When people think of disorders the usually tend to think of mental or physical disorders, but eating disorders go right along with these disorders also. Eating disorders are characterized by a compulsive fixation with food, body weight, or self-image. This disorder is becoming more and more prevalent in the United States partially due to the media’s portrayal of what might be considered attractive. But the images of unrealistic “skinny” women that is shown on television, in magazines and across the Internet is only a small part of the contributing factors to eating disorders. Other contributing factors include “…low self-esteem, depression, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation” (Sue, Sue & Sue, 2009, p.445). Eating disorders not only affect adolescents but adults also. Both men a and women suffer from eating disorders, however women and girls are more likely to have a negative self image and engage in disordered eating patterns. Even though the population of the United States is becoming heavier, women are increasingly putting an emphasis on being thinner. Men also affected by distorted eating patterns, however with male adolescents and college-aged boys weight dissatisfaction revolves around being heavier and more muscular. When a person has a distorted eating pattern it could lead to other serious disorders like bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, or binge eating....

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Female, 17 Anorexia As with many eating disorders, C. W. anorexic eating patterns started gradually. When she initially joined the cheering squad in high school she began to compare to compare herself to the other girls and concluded that her problems revolved around weight. Her parents began to notice secretive eating patterns and started to worry about her. Not until C. W. fainted in school and the school nurse notified the parents did C.W. come to the attention of professional help. By the time she was seen, C.W. showed a symptom picture typical of anorexia nervosa; her emaciated physical appearance, concerns about being fat and missing four or five menstrual periods. Despite a limited food intake, C.W. loved to cook for others and took an interest in food recipes. Unfortunately, she did not eat any of the food she prepared for others. Despite C.W.'s serious loss of weight and preoccupation with food, the competency-based assessment uncovers a number of parallel strengths in her story. Her parents are concerned about her and involved in her life. She is a good student. Counseling was not a new experience for her. Despite feeling demeaned by a prior counselor, C.W. came to see the current therapist and appeared to be engaged and willing to discuss her eating patterns. In fact, when she changed the subject C.W. responded cooperatively to the therapist's attempt to redirect her to the problem at hand....

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Health Campaign Social Context

...It promotes healthy eating through starter packs and online diet plans as well as encouraging participants to take part in excising. The change 4 life campaign is accessible online where those who visit can access a full range of information include 10 minute exercise suggestions, tips on how to cut down sugary food and alcohol intake and also gives advice on local activities happening within their area. The change 4 life campaign is advertised through the web, TV adverts, and leaflets and also through the National Health Service. Financial constraints can affect the health of individuals positively and negatively. Financial strain can affect the ability to shop for food that is more healthier as access to such shops is hard to come by, instead individuals may find it easier to access their local fast food restaurant as its cheaper but also for some people it’s just more convenient. The good thing about change for life is that its aimed at families who live on a budget the change 4 life campaign helps support those struggling financially but wishing to pursue a healthier lifestyle by offering vouchers which they can use to get discounts off fruit and vegetables which allows them to maintain the 5 a day rule. The positive effect of financial constraints means individuals are able to improve their health unintentionally as they are unable to afford cigarettes to smoke which improves their cardiovascular system and their lung function....

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Family Asessment

...Marjorie Gordon (1987) proposed functional health patterns as a guide for establishing a comprehensive nursing data base. A family’s functional health patterns evolve from a client_enviromental interaction. Each pattern is a expression of biopsychosocial integration.There is no one pattern which can be understood without the knowledge of other patterns. Functional health patterns are influenced by biological, developmental, cultural, social, and spiritual factors.A functional pattern represents a healthy set of behaviors.The judgement of whether a pattern is functional or dysfunctional is made by comparing assessment data. These 11 categories make possible a systematic and standardized approach to data collection, and enable the nurse to determine the different aspects of health and human function. This paper will discuss the nurse’s role in family assessment and how this task is performed by the use of family focused open ended questions. Using Gordon’s functional health patterns, this paper will summarize the findings of each health pattern as well as the family based nursing diagnosis of each assessment.  SUMMARY OF THE FAMILY To assess the family using the Gordon’s 11 functional health pattern the author has chosen a joint Indian family.The head of the family is Abraham who is 70yrs.He lives with his wife Mary 62yrs,son Jacob 38yrs,his wife Alice 34yrs and two children’s Annie 14yrs,Ashley11yrs....

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Health Assessment Patterns Supporting Patient Focused Care

...With their three children getting older and a child on the way, the idea of incorporating healthier eating habits is a concept that this family is trying...

Words: 1852 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Nutrition

...Analyse current dietary habits Unit 16 M2 Meal Patterns •Meal patterns refers to the way a person takes their food. •Some people stick to the traditional three meals a day. However there are many possible variations. Some households do eat together, but in an increasingly busy world mealtimes have changed in many families, with individual members eating separately people eating frequent snacks and microwave meals all being normal patterns. •According to the website it is thought that eating meals regularly together as a family may help to prevent the onset of eating disorders in children and adolescents (get more info from ) •There have been an increase in the habit of “grazing” over recent decades, and this pattern of eating in one of the factors blamed for rising obesity levels in the UK. Loading… Snacking •Eating between meals, once discouraged, is now normal behaviour in the UK. If the snacks consists of healthy foods such as fruit and do not push the daily calories intake above energy use then there is no problem with this. •However, snacks often consist oh high-fat, salty or sugary foods so this can be a problem. •Occasionally unhealthy foods are of no consequence, but people who consume several packets of crisps a day or several bars of chocolate are significantly increasing their risk of obesity, high blood pressure and heart disease as they age....

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mental Health Dosorders

...Eating Disorders *Characterized by a persistent disturbance of eating of eating- related behavior that results in the altered consumption of absorption of food and that significantly impairs physical health and psychosocial functioning. Examples: 1.Anorexia Nervosa *Intense fear of gaining weight of becoming fat, or persistent behavior that interferes with weight gain, even though at a significantly low weight. *Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory and physical health 2. Binge-Eating Disorder *Eating in a discreet period of time (e.g. within 2 hour period) an amount of food that is discretely larger then what most people would eat in a similar period of time under similar circumstances. *Sense of lack of control over eating during episode (e.g. feeding that one can not stop eating or control what and how much one is eating). Feeding and Eating Disorders. (2013). Cognitive Disorders *Causes a significant impairment...

Words: 2185 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Eating Habit

...European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2002) 56, 644 – 649. doi:10.1038=sj.ejcn.1601371 Keywords: food habits; adolescence; psychometrics; diet Introduction The eating behaviour of young people has come increasingly under the spotlight in recent years amid claims that many adolescents...

Words: 5296 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Heritage Assessment

...The “Systems theory explains patterns of living among the individuals who make up family systems”( Edelman, 2010, p. 173). The family member was interviewed and open ended family questions that focused on the eleven functional health patterns were asked. The eleven functional health patterns are values, health perception, nutrition, sleep/rest, elimination, activity/exercise, cognitive/perception, self perception, role relationship, sexuality and coping. By asking questions about these eleven health patterns the interviewer began to understand the family members values, health status, health practice and health beliefs and the importance of using the system theory for family assessment. The first question focused on family values. The family expressed the importance of having a personal relationship with God and not just a relationship with a place of worship, as a top value in their life. “Meanings and values provide the vital elements of motivation and energy for family systems”(Edelman, 2010, p. 173). They valued having a relationship with God because if an individual does not have a relationship with God they will not be able to overcome the difficulties that they experience in life because they “process information and energy exchange with the environment through values”(Edelman, 2010, p. 173). The next questions focused on the families use of substances, their nutritional intake, their physical activity and sleep patterns....

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Snack Study

...Research Question Do the students of Cohort 23 have perceived healthy attitudes, behaviors, and meal patterns that contribute to well-being? Definition of Terms Spanos & Hankey (2009) define meal patterns or eating patterns as frequency of consumption of breakfast, lunch and dinner by a person or a group of people....

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Eng 135

...This work is going to cover the importance of eating healthy diets among young children. It will evaluate the nutritional value and how it helps in the development and finally the types of food children eat and how it influences their physical and intellectual development. General outlook The main importance of eating health diets is associated with the many problems of weight control. Following a balanced and health diet normally helps individual to lose weight in an easier way or it plays a crucial role in maintain a person’s healthy standards. Study has it that those who strictly follow a well- balanced and healthy diet have high chances of decreasing the chances of being affected by the chronic diseases. Chronic diseases in most cases relates to poor healthy conditions because of eating poor balanced diets that cannot sustain their bodies. The occurrence of heart disease, diabetes, and cancer normally arises through poor eating habits (Insel, 2011). According to (Freston) another major importance of eating healthy diets is that it helps in reducing the blood sugar level. This knowledge allows an individual to reduce the consumption of sugary foods like fruit juices, ice cream, white bread, and soda as they cause a rise in blood sugar (Murphy, 2008)....

Words: 3112 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eating Habit

...EATING HABITS Why do people eat? People eat to survive. Food people eat gives their bodies the energy they need to function. Eating, as a daily activity, is done so many times that could form some eating habits. People say that the current eating habits of a person reflect all of his childhood’s comestible way. Eating habits are a part of a person’s characteristics and an unchanged process over the time. However, I think this concept is not applicable in my case. In my childhood, I always took away any green leaves in my bowl and recognized them as the horrible ingredients. I also ignored the spicy meals which burned my tongue and the tasteless frozen food as all kids did. However, over the time I definitely changed my edible pattern from a child with appreciating vegetables, enjoying spicy taste, and adapting frozen meals. First, my eating habits have been changed from a leafless eater to a green vegetable fan. When I was young, my mom always cooked Pho for me and my father in two separated way. For my dad, my mom made him a large bowl of Vietnamese style beef noodle with all the herb ingredients and fresh vegetable. For me and my little brother, my mom made others bowls without any vegetable element. I recalled she served me the unique Pho with only thick noodle, sliced chicken meat and hot brown soup. My grandma always kept complaining to her about my unhealthy carnivorous diet, but my mom couldn’t tolerate her children eat food they disliked....

Words: 1067 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Eating , Substance Abuse

...Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex/Gender/Sexual, Impulse Control and Personality Disorders Paper and Matrix Kristen Brown Psy 410 February 7, 2010 Kristi Lane Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex/Gender/Sexual, Impulse Control and Personality Disorders Paper and Matrix Biological Eating Disorder Eating disorders have been linked to many biological components such as genetic factors, hormonal and neurotransmitter abnormalities, and damage or abnormalities to certain structures in the brain. Research conducted on twins has shown that genetic factors play an enormous role in whether one will develop an eating disorder. Many individuals who have eating disorders also seem to suffer from other disorders that have genetic factors involved. Eating disorders have been linked to people who also have obsessive compulsive disorder. Individuals who have hormonal or neurotransmitter abnormalities tend to have no control over their eating habits. People who have hormonal abnormalities tend to have unlevel amounts of hormones related hunger. Bulimia nervosa is linked to low hormone amount of the hormones that suppress appetite cause the individual to feel excessively hungry. The reverse is the case for anorexia nervosa. Endorphins play a key role in the body’s feelings of pleasure and people who suffer from eating disorders tend to have endorphins secreted when they are completed measures to prevent weight gain such as self-induced vomiting....

Words: 1823 - Pages: 8