Premium Essay

Eco 203 Macroeconomics - Expansionary Economic Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By asugdj
Words 2377
Pages 10
Expansionary economic policy

During the Great Depression, the United States suffered severe and lasting unemployment, along with falling prices and a sharp decline in real output. Because the unemployment level lasted so long, the Keynesians disagreed with the Classical theorist. The Classical economists argued that recessions would be temporary and self-correcting; therefore, the government should have a limited role in the money supply. Whereas, the Keynesians argued that during a time of long-term financial crises the government should intervene by injecting money into the market. Still many economists continue to debate about which economic policy to implement during a crisis in the financial market. Therefore, in an effort to move the economy out of a recession, the federal government engages in expansionary economic policies to alleviate the strain. A recession is a general slowdown in economic activity, during which the federal government will implement fiscal policies and the Federal Reserve Bank will implement monetary policies to stabilize the economy.

Indeed, policy measures implemented to increase Gross Domestic Product (hereinafter referred to as GDP), and economic growth are expansionary. When the federal government implements fiscal policy it is to stimulate growth and employment by changing tax rates, levels of transfer payments, or government purchases of goods and services in order to change the equilibrium level of national income (Amacher & Pate, 2012). During the recession of 2007 through 2009, President Barack Obama extended Bush’s acts of 2001 and 2003 that were both set to expire in 2010. In addition, by granting a two-year extension those acts resulted in a larger tax cut and economic package the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. The federal government also arranged a $700 billion bank...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Expansionary Policy

...Expansionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies Macroeconomics: ECO 203 Professor Charles Aki September 1, 2013 The US economy has seen some detrimental changes over the past decade. These changes resulted in unsubstantial unemployment rates, fluctuating interest rates, unstable GDP, and an increase in taxes. The federal government has an obligation to citizens to respond to the changes in the economy that affect each household. Expansionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies are economic policies used by the government to level out the extreme swings in our economy. The development state of US economy has forced the Federal Government to implement changes using their authority in Expansionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies in order to stabilize the economy. President Bush and President Obama Administrations created and implemented a stimulus package in direct response to the 2008 economic crisis. Government expansion is necessary for economic growth. The government should provide a stable environment for economic growth and maintain the stability of currency, enforce and defend property rights and provide the assurance that private citizens and market place transactions are accountable. This is how resources are cycled into our economy. (Amacher;Pate, 2012) Without government spending, the government would not be able to carry out its duties to the US citizens....

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Expansionary Economic Policy

...Expansionary Economic Policy Laura Jackson Eco 203 Nicholas Bergan April 7, 2014 Expansionary Economic Policy Recent economic events have led to a need for the American people to call on their government to utilize their legislative power by implementing expansionary economic policies in an effort to stabilize the fluctuating economy. More specifically, the government has used expansionary fiscal and monetary policies to do so. Such fiscal policies used affected the taxes and government sending both positively and negatively as well as aggregate demand, GDP, and employment, while the monetary policies applied have adjusted the required reserve ratio and discount rates and have resulted in the purchasing and selling of government securities. In a developed country such as ours, fiscal policy is an important tool used to steady the economy. In terms of using this tool as an aid to expansion, necessary adjustments in taxes and government spending are required, resulting in changes in aggregate demand, GDP, and employment. “Fiscal policy is an important tool for managing the economy by having the ability to affect the total amount of output produced,” aggregate demand, and employment (Buena-Bontas & Petre , 2009). How is this done? These changes are made through adjustments in taxes and government spending. In most cases adjustments in tax rates and government spending work concurrently....

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Balanced Budget

...Balanced Budget Todd Driscoll ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics Instructor: Jason Friedline October 23, 2012 Balanced Budget Economists generally agree that high budget deficits today will reduce the growth rate of the economy of the future. The difference between what a government spends and what it collects in taxes in a given period is known as a budget deficit. There are many reasons why this might happen. One might be that if our government keeps spending money that does not exist obviously the more debt will accumulate. The government cannot keep this up without creating more debt. It the same as budgeting you personal accounts. If you get a new credit card or loan to consolidate old debt and then re-use your old cards, it rather defeats the purpose of getting out of debt. Another reason might be that due to the enormous loss of jobs there are less taxes being paid to pay our nations bills or to re-invest back into the economy. There is no point to list these reason in number order there are so many. If the deficit is growing it affects the nation savings, in turn, reduces national income. This may become possible if interest rates go up or domestic investments fall. Economists agree these a few things on when it comes to a high deficit. Deficits over a short period do not really have much affect, because the United States can borrow to cover these gaps due to the dollar’s value as the leading currency....

Words: 1940 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Econ 125-Hk2. Economics for Managers Exam

...Economics for Managers Exam http://homeworkfy.com/downloads/econ-125-hk2-economics-for-managers-exam/ To Get this Tutorial Copy & Paste above URL Into Your Browser Hit Us Email for Any Inquiry at: Homeworkfy@gmail.com Visit our Site for More Tutorials: (http://homeworkfy.com/ ) > TAKE ASSESSMENT: EXAM 1 Question 1 2 points Save Which of the following economic systems abolishes all private property? communism socialism fascism all of the above Question 2 2 points Save The profit motive is one characteristic of a command economy. True False Question 3 2 points Save In a market system, the government enforces laws ensuring that private enterprises and conditions of competition will prevail. True False Question 4 2 points Save The most common type of business in the United States is the corporation. True False Question 5 2 points Save Laissez-faire is a policy of no government intervention in the economic activities of individuals and businesses. True False Question 6 2 points Save In a partnership, each partner’s liability is limited to his or her contribution to the partnership. True False Question 7 2 points Save There are no government-regulated markets in the U.S. economy. True False Question 8 2 points Save Which of the following is not among the United States’ economic goals?...

Words: 8412 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Google

...Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics - A - Above the line |In balance of payments[->0] accounting, this refers to those transactions that are included in calculating the balance of payments surplus[->1] or deficit. Transactions below the line, typically official reserve transactions[->2] and sometimes short term capital flows[->3], are not included. | Absolute advantage |The ability to produce a good at lower cost, in terms of real resources, than another country. In a Ricardian model[->4], cost is in terms of only labor. Absolute advantage is neither necessary nor sufficient for a country to export a good. See comparative advantage[->5]. | Absolute advantage trade policy |The idea, advocated by opponents of globalization[->6], that a country should import only goods in which other countries have an absolute advantage[->7], particularly goods that the importing country cannot (or cannot "reasonably") produce itself. | Absolute Purchasing Power Parity |See purchasing power parity[->8]. | Absorption |Total demand for final goods and services by all residents (consumers, producers, and government) of a country (as opposed to total demand for that country's output). The term was introduced as part of the Absorption Approach[->9]. | Absorption approach |A way of understanding the determinants of the balance of trade, noting that it is equal to income minus absorption. Due to Alexander (1952)[->10] | Abundant |Available in large supply....

Words: 122814 - Pages: 492

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...I would now like to say a few words on the economic condition of the country. Under the visionary leadership of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, an independent and sovereign Bangladesh emerged in the world map 42 years ago with a view to achieving political and economic freedom of the Bangalees. To complete the unfinished task of economic freedom of Bangabandhu, present government is implementing the...

Words: 93727 - Pages: 375

Premium Essay

Bal Sara R Ase Ki Ne Bal

..... 17 1.3.4 External Market Access and Trade Negotiations................................................... 19 1.3.5 Cross-Cutting Policies ............................................................................................ 19 Chapter 2: Trade Policy in Bangladesh: Areas for Reform towards the Comprehensive Trade Policy...

Words: 87571 - Pages: 351

Premium Essay

Promises Not Kept

...Developing countries—Economic policy. 3. Developing countries—Economic conditions. 4. Economic assistance—Developing countries. I. title. HC59.72.P6S225 2005 339.4'6'091724—dc22 2004065942 This book is printed on acid-free paper. @ Printed in the United States of America 13 5 79 BY 10 MAUNA 8 6 4 2 EICHNER DESIGNED Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication maybe...

Words: 154314 - Pages: 618

Free Essay

As, Ca, Pdf

...ISSUES FOR IIM INTERVIEW  PROCESS © EssaysforIIM.com 2014-15 Issues for IIM PI Process http://www.essaysforIIM.com   Contents  US‐CHINA ENVIRONMENT DEAL  8  OIL PRICE  9  PAYMENT BANKS  11  SHADOW BANKING  13  NBFCs  14  NEW DEFINITION OF FDI  16  REFORMS IN POWER DISTRIBUTION  16  SECURITIES LAWS (AMENDMENT) BILL 2014  18  JUVENILE JUSTICE BILL, 2014  18  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON  19  INEQUALITY  20  SOCIO‐ECONOMIC PROFILE OF STATES AND INTER‐STATE COMPARISONS  21  ASER 2013: Main Findings  23  SKILL DEVELOPMENT  24  HOW INDIA NEEDS TO FACE CLIMATE CHANGE  24  AGENDA FOR ECONOMIC REFORMS  28  INFRASTRUCTURE  30  WHY LONG‐RUN MATTERS  30  FIVE PRONGED STRATEGY TO CONTROL INFLATION  31  URJIT PATEL COMMITTEE  32  Some Major Issues in India's Merchandise Trade Sector  32  MAKE IN INDIA OPPORTUNITY  34  Make for India or Make in India – The debate begins! ...

Words: 128478 - Pages: 514

Premium Essay

International Political Economy

...Socialism and Capitalism A Theory of Economics, Politics, and Ethics Hans-Hermann Hoppe The Ludwig von Mises Institute’s Studies in Austrian Economics Department of Economics University of Nevada, Las Vegas Kluwer Academic Publishers Boston/Dordrecht/London Distributors for North America: Kluwer Academic Publishers 101 Philip Drive Assinippi Park Norwell, Massachusetts 02061 USA Distributors for the UK and Ireland: Kluwer Academic Publishers Falcon House, Queen Square Lancaster LA1 1RN, UNITED KINGDOM Distributors for all other countries: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group Distribution Centre Post Office Box 322 3300 AH Dordrecht, THE NETHERLANDS Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. A theory of socialism and capitalism : economics, politics, and ethics / by Hans-Hermann Hoppe. p. cm. Includes index. © 2010 by the Ludwig von Mises Institute and published under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Ludwig von Mises Institute 518 West Magnolia Avenue Auburn, Alabama 36832 mises.org ISBN: 978-1-933550-73-2 Socialism and Capitalism Hans-Hermann Hoppe A Theory of Acknowledgements Three institutions assisted me while I wrote this treatise. As a Heisenberg Scholar I enjoyed the most generous financial support from the German Science Foundation (DFG) from 1982 through 1986. The present study is the most recent work I completed during this period....

Words: 92669 - Pages: 371