Free Essay

Eco 550 Assignment 2

In: Business and Management

Submitted By brooks7
Words 3731
Pages 15
EXPANSION AND MERGER 1
1. Explain why government regulation is needed, citing the major reasons for government involvement in a market economy.
The consolidation of U.S. industry into increasingly powerful corporations spurred government intervention to protect small businesses and consumers. In 1890, Congress enacted the Sherman Antitrust Act, a law designed to restore competition and free enterprise by breaking up monopolies. In 1906, it passed laws to ensure that food and drugs were correctly labeled and that meat was inspected before being sold. In 1913, the government established a new federal banking system, the Federal Reserve, to regulate the nation's money supply and to place some controls on banking activities.
The largest changes in the government's role occurred during the "New Deal," President Franklin D. Roosevelt's response to the Great Depression. During this period in the 1930s, the United States endured the worst business crisis and the highest rate of unemployment in its history. Many Americans concluded that unfettered capitalism had failed. So they looked to government to ease hardships and reduce what appeared to be self-destructive competition. Roosevelt and the Congress enacted a host of new laws that gave government the power to intervene in the economy. Among other things, these laws regulated sales of stock, recognized the right of workers to form unions, set rules for wages and hours, provided cash benefits to the unemployed and retirement income for the elderly, established farm subsidies, insured bank deposits, and created a massive regional development authority in the Tennessee Valley.
Many more laws and regulations have been enacted since the 1930s to protect workers and consumers further. It is against the law for employers to discriminate in hiring on the basis of

EXPANSION AND MERGER 2 age, sex, race, or religious belief. Child labor generally is prohibited. Independent labor unions are guaranteed the right to organize, bargain, and strike. The government issues and enforces workplace safety and health codes. Nearly every product sold in the United States is affected by some kind of government regulation: food manufacturers must tell exactly what is in a can or box or jar; no drug can be sold until it is thoroughly tested; automobiles must be built according to safety standards and must meet pollution standards; prices for goods must be clearly marked; and advertisers cannot mislead consumers.
By the early 1990s, Congress had created more than 100 federal regulatory agencies in fields ranging from trade to communications, from nuclear energy to product safety, and from medicines to employment opportunity. Government regulation was justified on the theory that telephone companies, like electric utilities, were natural monopolies. Competition, which was assumed to require stringing multiple wires across the countryside, was seen as wasteful and inefficient. That thinking changed beginning around the 1970s, as sweeping technological developments promised rapid advances in telecommunications. Independent companies asserted that they could, indeed, compete with AT&T. But they said the telephone monopoly effectively shut them out by refusing to allow them to interconnect with its massive network. Telecommunications deregulation came in two sweeping stages. In 1984, a court effectively ended AT&T's telephone monopoly, forcing the giant to spin off its regional subsidiaries. AT&T continued to hold a substantial share of the long-distance telephone business, but vigorous competitors such as MCI Communications and Sprint Communications won some of the business, showing in the process that competition could bring lower prices and improved service.

EXPANSION AND MERGER 3
In 1996, Congress responded by passing the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The law allowed long-distance telephone companies such as AT&T, as well as cable television and other start-up companies, to begin entering the local telephone business. It said the regional monopolies had to allow new competitors to link with their networks. To encourage the regional firms to welcome competition, the law said they could enter the long-distance business once new competition was established in their domains.
At the end of the 1990s, it was still too early to assess the impact of the new law. There were some positive signs. Numerous smaller companies had begun offering local telephone service, especially in urban areas where they could reach large numbers of customers at low cost. The number of cellular telephone subscribers soared. Countless Internet service providers sprung up to link households to the Internet. But there also were developments that Congress had not anticipated or intended. A great number of telephone companies merged, and the Baby Bells mounted numerous barriers to thwart competition. The regional firms, accordingly, were slow to expand into long-distance service. Meanwhile, for some consumers -- especially residential telephone users and people in rural areas whose service previously had been subsidized by business and urban customers -- deregulation was bringing higher, not lower, prices.
2. Justify the rationale for the intervention of government in the market process in the U.S.
The government may choose to intervene in the price mechanism largely on the grounds of wanting to change the allocation of resources and achieve what they perceive to be an improvement in economic and social welfare. All governments of every political persuasion intervene in the economy to influence the allocation of scarce resources among competing uses.
EXPANSION AND MERGER 4
The main reasons for policy intervention are: to correct for market failure, to achieve a more equitable distribution of income and wealth, and to improve the performance of the economy. Markets cannot exist without a government to protect property rights, enforce contracts and settle disputes all of which is intervention. This would benefit the economy in variety of ways. Firstly, government regulations allow businesses to remain in the private hands while removing some of the worst abuses of pure capitalism. Extremely wealthy people or companies have the ability to control large sections of the economy because of shrewd business dealings. Only Government involvement can fix that. When a producer has a monopoly, the consumer is no longer sovereign, prices are not set by supply and demand, and therefore the system cannot function effectively. As a mixed economy there is competition between companies, but we need government regulation to ensure that these types of monopolies do not exist. A safe amount of government intervention would result in higher incomes, production and employment, which would then lead to expansion. Limited government involvement prevents crises such as inflation, unemployment and depression. Without government the strong will take what they want from the weak and there will be no reason to voluntarily exchange good and services which is the sole purpose of buying and selling. There is a clear economic case for government intervention in markets where some form of market failure is taking place. Government can justify this by saying that intervention is in the public interest. Basically market failure occurs when markets do not bring about economic efficiency. There are plenty of reasons why the normal operation of market forces may not lead to economic efficiency: public goods, merit goods, externalities and inequalities.

EXPANSION AND MERGER 5
Public goods are not provided by the free market because of their two main characteristics. The first, non-excludability is where it is not possible to provide a good or service to one person without it thereby being available for others to enjoy. Second, non-rivalry is where the consumption of a good or service by one person will not prevent others from enjoying it. Because of their nature the private sector is unlikely to be willing and able to provide public goods. The government therefore provides them for collective consumption and finances them through general taxation.
Merit Goods are those goods and services that the government feels will under-consume are thought to be subsidized or provided free at the point of use. Both the public and private sector of the economy can provide merit goods & services. Consumption of merit goods is thought to generate positive externality effects where the social benefit from consumption exceeds the private benefit. Few modern markets meet the stringent conditions required for a perfectly competitive market. The existence of monopoly power is often thought to create the potential for market failure and a need for intervention to correct for some of the welfare consequences of monopoly power.
The potential market failures arising from externalities are in the absence of clearly defined property rights for those agents operating in the market. When property rights are not clearly defined, market failure is likely because producers & consumers may not be held to account. Positive externalities can also justify intervention if goods are under-consumed (social benefit > private benefit).

EXPANSION AND MERGER 6
Market failure can also be caused by the existence of inequality throughout the economy. The wide differences in income and wealth between different groups within our economy; leads to a wide gap in living standards between affluent households and those experiencing poverty. Society may come to the view that too much inequality is unacceptable or undesirable.
3. Assuming that the merger faces some threats and that the industry decides on self-expansion as an alternative strategy, describes the additional complexities that would arise under this new scenario of expansion via capital projects.
Whatever method a company chooses to utilize to expand, its owners will likely face a combination of potentially issues as they try to grow their business in a smooth and productive manner. Growing too fast is common that strikes ambitious and talented entrepreneurs who have built a thriving business that meets a strong demand for a specific set of goods and/or services. Success is wonderful, of course, but rapid growth can sometimes overwhelm the ill-prepared business owner. In other cases, a business may undergo a period of feverish expansion into previously untapped markets, only to find that securing a meaningful share of that market brings them unacceptably low profit margins. Effective research and long range planning can be helpful to relieve the problems often associated with rapid business expansion.
Recording and other infrastructure needs is essential for small businesses that are undergoing expansion to establish or update systems for monitoring cash flow, tracking inventories and deliveries, managing finances, tracking human resources information, and myriad other aspects of the rapidly expanding business operation. Many software programs currently available in the marketplace can help small businesses implement systems designed to
EXPANSION AND MERGER 7 address these recordkeeping requirements. In addition, growing enterprises often have to invest in more sophisticated communication systems in order to provide adequate support to various business operations.
Expansion capital is often required for small businesses experiencing growth. Finding expansion capital can be a frustrating experience for the ill-prepared entrepreneur, but for those who plan ahead, it can be far less painful. Businesses would have to revise their business plan on an annual basis and update marketing strategies accordingly so that you are equipped to secure financing under the most advantageous terms possible.
Growing companies will almost always have to hire new personnel to meet the demands associated with new production, new marketing campaigns, new recordkeeping and administrative requirements, etc. Careful hiring practices are always essential, but they are even more so when a business is engaged in a sensitive period of expansion. Business expansion also brings with it increased opportunities for staff members who were a part of the business in its early days. The entrepreneur who recognizes these opportunities and delegates responsibilities appropriately can go far toward satisfying the desires of employees who want to grow in both personal and professional capacities. Small business owners also need to recognize that business growth often triggers the departure of workers who are either unable or unwilling to adjust to the changing business environment. Indeed, some employees prefer the more relaxed, family-type atmosphere that is prevalent at many small business establishments to the more business-like environment that often accompanies periods of growth. Entrepreneurs who pursue a course of
EXPANSION AND MERGER 8 ambitious expansion may find that some of their most valuable and well-liked employees decide to instead take a different path with their lives.
Good customer service is often a significant factor in small business success, but ironically, it is also one of the first things that fall by the wayside when business growth takes on a hectic flavor and sometimes you have a hard time getting back to clients in a timely fashion. The same customer service that caused growth in the first place becomes difficult to sustain. Under such scenarios, businesses not only have greater difficulty retaining existing clients, but also become less effective at securing new business. A key to minimizing such developments is to maintain adequate staffing levels to ensure that customers receive the attention and service they demand (and deserve). On many occasions, ownership arrangements that functioned fairly effectively during the early stages of a company's life can become increasingly problematic as business issues become more complex and divergent philosophies emerge.
Another common scenario that unfolds during times of business growth is that the owners realize that they have different visions of the company's future direction. One founder may want to devote resources to exploring new marketing strategies, while the other may be convinced that consolidation of the company's presence in existing markets is the way to go. In such instances, the departure of one or more partners may be necessary to establish a unified direction for the growing company. Embarking on a strategy of aggressive business expansion typically entails an extensive sacrifice of time—and often of money—on the part of the owner (or owners). Entrepreneurs pondering a strategy of business growth have to decide whether they are willing to make the sacrifices that such initiatives often require. As companies grow, entrepreneurs often
EXPANSION AND MERGER 9 find it increasingly difficult for them to keep the business grounded on the values that were instituted in its early days. Owners are ultimately the people that are most responsible for communicating those values to employees. But as staff size increases, markets grow, and deadlines proliferate, that responsibility gradually falls by the wayside and the company culture becomes one that is far different from the one that was in place—and enjoyed—just a few short years ago. Entrepreneurs need to make sure that they stay attentive to their obligations and role in shaping company culture. Businesses grow in size they often encounter problems that increasingly require the experience and knowledge of outside people. Entrepreneurs guiding growing businesses have to be willing to solicit the expertise of accounting and legal experts where necessary, and they have to recognize their shortcomings in other areas that assume increased importance with business expansion.
4. Analyze how the different forces will come together to create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers.
There are many forces which will tend to create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers, and thus cause managers to be interested in maximizing a corporation's profits or value. There are four mechanisms for aligning the interests of managers and stockholders. Incentive compensation systems serve as one means of aligning the interests of shareholders and managers. These systems can take many forms and include providing salaries, bonuses, performance shares, and stock options to reward superior performance and to penalize poor performance. Shareholders in acquired firms may or may not benefit substantially. Gains for this group typically amount to 20 percent in mergers and 30 percent in tender offers above

EXPANSION AND MERGER 10 the market prices prevailing a month prior to the merger announcement. The gains to acquiring firms are difficult to measure. The best evidence suggests that shareholders in bidding firms gain little. Turning managers into substantial owners is likely to reduce the incidence of agency conflicts. Managers may have incentives to increase firm size at the potential expense of shareholder wealth. In many corporations, management remunerations are tied to the performance and managers frequently are awarded stock options which gain value as the price of shares rises. Thus, managers will have an interest in maximizing stockholder welfare. In certain situations the objectives of management may differ from those of the firm’s stockholders. In a large corporation whose stock is widely held, stockholders exert very little control or influence over the operations of the company. When the control of a company is separate from its ownership, management may not always act in the best interests of the stockholders. Managers sometimes are said to be "satisfiers" rather than "maximizers"; they may be content to "play it safe" and seek an acceptable level of growth, being more concerned with perpetuating their own existence than with maximizing the value of the firm to its shareholders. The most important goal to a management of this sort may be its own survival. It is true that in order to survive over the long run, management may have to behave in a manner that is reasonably consistent with maximizing shareholder wealth. Nevertheless, the goals of the two parties do not necessarily have to be the same. Maximization of shareholder wealth, then, is an appropriate guide for how a firm should act. When management does not act in a manner consistent with this objective, we must recognize this as a constraint and determine the opportunity cost. This cost is measurable

EXPANSION AND MERGER 11 only if we determine what the outcome would have been had the firm attempted to maximize shareholder wealth.
As a result, it may be unwilling to take reasonable risks for fear of making a mistake, thereby becoming conspicuous to the outside suppliers of capital. In turn, these suppliers may pose a threat to management’s survival. Outside investors, especially those holding a large proportion of the firm’s shares can use their voting power to influence the company’s actions and the composition of its board of directors. Top managers are subject to achieving certain performance standards. If they are unable to reach these standards, the board of directors or other executives can dismiss these managers. Their replacements may be more effective in acting in the best interests of the stockholders than are the existing managers. Underperforming firms may become takeover targets. Competitive pressures could lead to stock price declines for nonperforming company, and again result in take overs, proxy contest, etc. Corporate shares are not only owned by widely dispersed stockholders but by large institutional holders such as: banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, pension funds, etc. These organizations employ analysts who continually study stock performance. Nonperforming companies would be sold from these institutions' portfolios, and lead to decreased prices of these stocks. This could lead to the dismissal of present management. Managers of such firms may not be providing sufficient value to their stockholders. The acquisition of a target, especially in a hostile takeover, often results in subsequently firing managers of the acquired firm. Thus, the threat of acquisition can be an incentive for managers to make decisions that are in the best interests of their stockholders.
5. Speculate about the implications for the goals of the firm as to whether to maximize the industry’s profits or to create more value for the shareholders.
EXPANSION AND MERGER 12
The object of the firm is to maximize its value to its shareholders. Value is represented by the market price of the company’s common stock, which, in turn, is a reflection of the firm’s investment, financing, and dividend decisions. Maximization of profits is regarded as the proper objective of the firm, but it is not as inclusive a goal as that of maximizing shareholder wealth. For one thing, total profits are not as important as earnings per share. A firm could always raise total profits by issuing stock and using the proceeds to invest in Treasury bills. Even maximization of earnings per share, however, is not a fully appropriate objective, partly because it does not specify the timing or duration of expected returns. Is the investment project that will produce $100,000 return 5 years from now more valuable than the project that will produce annual returns of $15,000 in each of the next 5 years? An answer to this question depends upon the time value of money to the firm and to investors at the margin. Few existing stockholders would think favorably of a project that promised its first return in 100 years. We must take into account the time pattern of returns in the analysis.
Another shortcoming of the objective of maximizing earnings per share is that it does not consider the risk or uncertainty of the prospective earnings stream. Some investment projects are far more risky than others. As a result, the prospective stream of earnings per share would be more uncertain if these projects were undertaken. In addition, a company will be more or less risky depending upon the amount of debt in relation to equity in its capital structure. This risk is known as financial risk; and it, too, contributes to the uncertainty of the prospective stream of earnings per share. Two companies may have the same expected future earnings per share, but if the earnings stream of one is subject to considerably more uncertainty than the earnings stream of the other, the market price per share of its stock may be less.
EXPANSION AND MERGER 13
For the reasons above, an objective of maximizing earnings per share may not be the same as maximizing market price per share. The market price of a firm’s stock represents the focal judgment of all market participants as to what the value is of the particular firm. It takes into account present and prospective future earnings per share, the timing, duration, and risk of these earnings, and any other factors that bear upon the market price of stock. The market price serves as a performance index or report card of the firm’s progress; it indicates how well management is doing on behalf of its stockholders.

EXPANSION AND MERGER 14 References
Henkoff, Ronald. "Growing Your Company: Five Ways to Do It Right!" Fortune. November 25, 1996.
Koshner, Erick L. "A Market-Focused and Customer-Driven Approach to Growth." Human Resource Planning. June 1997.
McGarvey, Robert. "Merge Ahead: Before You Go Full-Speed into a Merger, Read This." Entrepreneur. October 1997.
Michaels, Robert J., Transactions and Strategies: Economics for Management, Cengage Learning, 1st edition 2011
Nelton, Sharon. "Coming to Grips With Growth." Nation's Business. February 1998.
Weinzimmer, Laurence G. Fast Growth: How to Attain It, How to Sustain It. Dearborn, 2001.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Assignment 2

...Assignment 2: Operations Decisions ECO 550   Martin Company specializes in designing and creating high end eight-track players for client’s cars. Martin Company caters to the customer who is trying to keep the past alive and thriving. However out dated the eight-track player may be there are still those who believe it is still the best music medium. Be it nostalgia or plain stubbornness Martin Company has carved a niche in the car audio market with its unique and custom eight-track installations. Started in 2007 the company has had its ups and downs and has yet to turn a consistent profit. Due to the lack of profit Martin Company has recently hired a consultant to review their operations and make changes to allow the company to be more profitable. One of the first things the consultant must take into consideration is the current market for customized eight-track players. The company is based in southern California which with its unique combination of nice weather and eccentric wealthy individuals is the only place that the company has been able to establish a foothold. The age range for the average customer of Martin Company is somewhere between 40 and 50. As was stated before these individuals are trying to relive the past while at the same time educate younger music listeners to the history of sound. This is a very small demographic in southern California and the company typically only installs between 2,000 to 2,500 units per quarter. The remaining units that are...

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Assignment 2

...price – not everybody can afford this devise; possible failures – if satellite signal can be lost; inaccuracy – atmospheric conditions such as solar activity. Google is very useful and one of the best source if you are looking for information on someone. You can find background information, phone numbers, addresses, maps and lore. Information is given by citizens opening up an account. It is the basic information such as name, address, phone, email or credit card number. Information is shared with companies, organizations, and in individuals outside of Google with consent. Data searched on the web is stored to improve and maintain the security of their systems. Government agencies request information from Google about users and products. 2. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of public access to this information, both for the researchers and those who are being “investigated”. Today's technologies allow privacy citizens or corporations to search and collect information from a multitude of public records and databases. Advantages of the public record information can be used to locate missing family members, criminal or civil witnesses, tax evaders, child support delinquent parents, donors of all kind, researches and studies. 3. Determine what measures citizens can take to protect private information or information they do not want to be disclosed. Some information should not be given on the social networks for any reason. Information often targeted by identity......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Eco 550 Assignment 2

...MKT500: Assignment #2 DéAndre Liggans Strayer University Dr. John Karaffa July 25, 2011 As a mobile Disc Jockey I travel with a portable sound system, playing recorded music at a variety of different events and I offer several different products and services. BIG LIGG ENTERTAINMENT Mobile DJ Service offers the following services: Live Disc Jockey Entertainment Services at Weddings, Community events, House Parties, Cookouts, Formal/Informal Dances and just added Sound system rentals to other Disc Jockeys. BIG LIGG ENTERTAINMENT Mobile DJ Service also offers Compact Discs (CD’s) for events consisting of the music chosen by its customers. For Wedding receptions BIG LIGG ENTERTAINMENT Mobile DJ Service offers compact discs with a picture of the Bride and Groom, date of the event and a special salutation to the guest and wedding party, also consisting of music chosen by the Bride and Groom. I have recently reached out to other Disc Jockey’s who service similar gigs as myself offering to add their services with mine when marketing my services in order to broaden the target market. In doing this, we share ideas, and we pass on leads to one another. One of the Disc Jockeys specializes in Karaoke Entertainment and in promoting and booking services such as his and charging a small finder’s fee for me, BIG LIGG ENTERTAINMENT Mobile DJ Service is constantly producing a profit as with renting my sound system equipment to other Disc Jockeys. Finally, and this is probably one......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Assignment #2

... Shavon L. Toles Strayer University Managerial Economics and Globalization Assignment #2 Dr. Camille Castorina May 18, 2015 There are many all natural hair care products available in the market today. With the rise in income people can afford an easier lifestyle therefore there has been a change in the haircare style of people. People now use all natural ingredients in place of traditional hair care methods. With rise in these all natural ingredient, the rise in all natural hair care products also occurred. With so many varieties and products available one can easily target upon a healthy choice of hair care products. A healthier option of hair care products is one which compromises of a good source of nutrients to your hair. Some of the competitors’ options are manufactured by SheaMoisture and Au Naturale. Both of them are the competitors in the market of all natural hair are products. Consumer behavior is dependent upon the gender, age, educational, social and economic background of the people. When we have a look at the consumer behavior of the all natural hair care industry we should first study the target consumers. Our target would be on the buying and purchasing power of the consumer. Our sales would also be determined on the sale of all natural ingredients. The more number of all natural ingredients users there will be more demand for all natural hair products. The taste and educational background of the consumers would also affect the sales. Since...

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assignment 2 Eco 550

...Operations Decisions Assignment # 2 August 7, 2013 1. Briefly describe the details of the fictitious business that you created for this assignment. There will be 100 employees who work 20 days each month with a salary of $70 each day. The employees will manufacture 6,000 units of output each month which has a variable costs of $2,000 per day. The fixed costs have not been revealed and we are advised they are "high enough" which the total costs will exceed the corporation’s total revenue. The price of the corporation’s output is $32 and the marginal cost of the last unit is $30. 2. Access the current environmental scan factors. Determine the factors that will have the greatest impact on plant operations and management's decision to continue or discontinue operations. With the information given the main elements of an environmental scan are; the expected time the business anticipates to be in the marketplace (short run vs. long run), the elasticity of demand for the item the corporation manufactures, competition (many firms vs. few firms), and fabrication expenses. Some other trivial elements of an environmental scan reveal the learning curve of employees against experience, turnover, and markets. Time frame is one of the greatest factors with the provided information regarding corporation ABC since the fixed costs were not provided but advised it would be high. This is believed to be a main concern due to the fact that in the short run not all contributions are......

Words: 1223 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Assignment 2

...continuing operations will then include an attempt to minimize production margins to a level that accommodates what the company can offer, in terms of inputs. Recommendations 1. The company can increase its turnover as one efficient way of improving profitability. This comes from the fact that there is no limit to sales; whereas reducing cost always has some limits. Increased turnover guarantees the company profits and sales at any point in time. There is a variety of strategies, which may increase the company’s turnover, and they include; investing resources in increasing sales volume, looking for new markets and distribution channels, retain existing customers, sell actively, and attempt to maximize the value of sales (Wheeler, 2009). 2. The company can also achieve profitability by continuously staying focused (Kalb, 1992). Despite cost exceeding revenues, management can still focus its awareness on profitability. The employees are made aware of importance of profitability by evaluating actual sales against forecasts. Conclusion Indeed, the focus of a company is improvements and profitability in all aspects. The above discussion analyzes regression results of the low-calorie microwavable food company. From the results, cost is more than revenues hence the company incurs losses. Nonetheless, the above discussion highlights that cost reduction is one main way of getting the company back towards profitability. It focuses on renewed attempts to reduce cost per......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Entire Course Managerial Economics and Globalization

...ECO 550 Entire Course Managerial Economics and Globalization Follow Below Link to Download Tutorial https://homeworklance.com/downloads/eco-550-entire-course-managerial-economics-globalization/ For More Information Visit Our Website ( https://homeworklance.com/ ) Email us At: Support@homeworklance.com or lancehomework@gmail.com ECO 550 DQ 1: Managerial Economic Decision Making From the e-Activity, assess how business leaders use managerial economics to make business decisions indicating how profits may be impacted. Analyze the principal-agent problem to determine how the relationship could be less adversarial. ECO 550 DQ 2: Fundamental Economic Concepts Pick a recently released good or service. Then, determine the factors that must be evaluated regarding the product’s supply and demand. Analyze how these factors impact the decision to supply the product indicating the significance of each in the decision-making process. ECO 550 DQ 3 From the e-Activity, explain the most important information you would require on which to base sound economic judgments. Explain your rationale. Assess the various forms of organizing and processing information to determine which is the most difficult to get correct. Explain your rationale ECO 550 DQ 4 Analyze the characteristics that make any transaction possible and justify the importance of each of the characteristics.Evaluate the role institutions play in transactions and discuss the likely economic......

Words: 1790 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Complete Class

...ECO 550 Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/eco-550/eco-550-complete-class/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com ECO 550 Complete Class ECO 550 Week 3 Assignment 1 – Demand Estimation Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April. For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand- dependent-variables–3. Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations. 2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of shortterm and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results. 3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation. 4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed.......

Words: 3181 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Complete Class

...ECO 550 Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/eco-550/eco-550-complete-class/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com ECO 550 Complete Class ECO 550 Week 3 Assignment 1 – Demand Estimation Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April. For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand- dependent-variables–3. Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations. 2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of shortterm and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results. 3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation. 4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed.......

Words: 3181 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Complete Class

...ECO 550 Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/eco-550/eco-550-complete-class/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com ECO 550 Complete Class ECO 550 Week 3 Assignment 1 – Demand Estimation Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April. For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand- dependent-variables–3. Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations. 2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of shortterm and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results. 3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation. 4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed.......

Words: 3181 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Complete Class

...ECO 550 Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/eco-550/eco-550-complete-class/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com ECO 550 Complete Class ECO 550 Week 3 Assignment 1 – Demand Estimation Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April. For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand- dependent-variables–3. Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations. 2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of shortterm and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results. 3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation. 4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed.......

Words: 3181 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eco 550 Complete Class

...ECO 550 Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/eco-550/eco-550-complete-class/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com ECO 550 Complete Class ECO 550 Week 3 Assignment 1 – Demand Estimation Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April. For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand- dependent-variables–3. Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations. 2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of shortterm and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results. 3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation. 4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed.......

Words: 3181 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Eco550

...TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory Join Search Browse Saved Papers Search Home Page » Business and Management Assignment 2 Eco 550 In: Business and Management Assignment 2 Eco 550 Operations Decisions Assignment # 2 August 7, 2013 1. Briefly describe the details of the fictitious business that you created for this assignment. There will be 100 employees who work 20 days each month with a salary of $70 each day. The employees will manufacture 6,000 units of output each month which has a variable costs of $2,000 per day. The fixed costs have not been revealed and we are advised they are "high enough" which the total costs will exceed the corporation’s total revenue. The price of the corporation’s output is $32 and the marginal cost of the last unit is $30. 2. Access the current environmental scan factors. Determine the factors that will have the greatest impact on plant operations and management's decision to continue or discontinue operations. With the information given the main elements of an environmental scan are; the expected time the business anticipates to be in the marketplace (short run vs. long run), the elasticity of demand for the item the corporation manufactures, competition (many firms vs. few firms), and fabrication expenses. Some other trivial elements of an environmental scan reveal the learning curve of employees against experience, turnover, and markets. Time frame is one......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Assignment #3 Eco550

...ECO 550 Assignment #3 Game Theory and Monopolies by ECO 550 Assignment #3 1. Some games of strategy are cooperative. One example is deciding which side of the road to drive on. It doesn’t matter which side it is as long as everyone chooses the same side. Otherwise, everyone may get hurt. Driver 2 Left Right Driver 1 Left 0,0 -1000 -1000 Right -1000, -1000 0,0 a. Does either player have a dominant strategy? No. A Dominant Strategy is “a strategy that results in the best outcome or highest payoff to a given player no matter what action or choice the other player makes” (Farnham, 2010, p. 233). In a situation such as this, there has to be cooperation, or the consequences could be deadly. b. Is there Nash equilibrium in this game? Yes, if both drivers chose either left or right, there would be equilibrium, since they are “choosing their best strategy, given the actions of the other players,” (p. 234). c. Why this game is called a cooperative game? Given the consequences of life and death, cooperation is needed by both drivers to achieve the optimal outcome. Both drivers must choose either Left or Right, so communication and cooperation are needed. 2. Using the chart, Figure 1. below, answer the following questions. a. What is the firm’s Total Revenue?......

Words: 505 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assignment 1

...for our products by using data from 26 competitor supermarkets around the country for the month of April. In order formulate a pricing strategy, we must first find the elasticity for the independent variables listed below. Regression Equation: QD = -1000 - 420P + 20Px +2I (2.002) (17.5) (6.2) (2.5) R2 = 0.55 n= 26 4.88 Values of the independent variables: Q = Quantity demanded for 3-pack units P (in cents)= Price of the product = $5.00 per 3-pack unit PX (in cents)= Price of leading competitor’s product = $6.00 per 3-pack unit I (in dollars)= Per capita income = $5,500 QD = -1000 – 420(5.00) + 20(6.00) + 2($5,500) = QD = -1000 – 2100 + 120 +11000 = QD = 8020 KEITH BYCHOLSKI: US? KEITH BYCHOLSKI: the supermarkets would not really be competitors, just locations where you sell your product Running Head: ECO 550 – Assignment 1 3 Bd * P/Q Independent Variables Ep Regression Coefficient (Bd) -420 Independent Variables(P) $5.00 Demand Quantity (Q) 8020 Elasticity -.261845387 Based on the calculation above for the independent variable of price, the elasticity for demand, the absolute value of the coefficient is .2618 indicating that the price elasticity is inelastic. Since the coefficient is less than 1, consumers are less sensitive to price change (Moffatt). If Eating Skinny were to lower their prices, there would little influence on the demand for their products. Since the elasticity of the price is inelastic, and consumers......

Words: 666 - Pages: 3