Premium Essay

Economics Ia Sample for Dp

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Doris0326
Words 1304
Pages 6
IB Economics – Internal Assessment Coversheet

School Code

1339 | Name of SchoolGuangdong Country Garden School |

Candidate name | | Candidate number | 001339-0044 | Economics commentary number |
COMMENTARY NUMBER 1 | Title of the article | Northern Ireland's new five-pence carrier bag tax | Source of the article | BBC NEWShttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22047872 | Date the article was published | 08/04/2013 | Date the commentary was written | 29/ 12/2013 | Word count (750 words maximum) | 749 words | Section of the syllabus the article relates to (please tick the one that is most relevant) | * Section 1: Microeconomics * Section 2: Macroeconomics * Section 3: International Economics * Section 4: Development Economics |

Commentary Number 1 News Article
Northern Ireland's new five-pence carrier bag tax
8 April 2013Last updated at 15:37 GMT
The Department of the Environment hopes to see an 80% reduction in bag use. The new levy on plastic carrier bags has come into effect in Northern Ireland.
Retailers must now charge shoppers at least five pence for each new single-use carrier bag.
The proceeds of the tax will be forwarded to the Department of the Environment. The department hopes to see an 80% reduction in the use of carrier bags as a result of the levy. The tax also applies to bags made from paper, plant-based material, or natural starch.
The regulations also allow for a range of exemptions on the grounds of hygiene and food safety, the protection of goods and consumers, and confidentiality in respect of bags for medicines.
Environment minister Alex Attwood said he believed "the vast majority of people" would be happy with the introduction of the new levy and realised that plastic bags and single use bags were a "threat to our environment".
"If we have a wonderful, clean and green country in the north...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Determinants of International Trade

...THE DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR GHANA AND SOUTH AFRICA   LAURA MÁRQUEZ-RAMOS Universitat Jaume I Instituto de Economía Internacional ABSTRACT There are clear economic differences between developed and developing countries that lead to a different behaviour among them in the determinants of bilateral trade flows. Although a number of authors have focused on the determinants of the trade patterns, further research is needed for a better understanding of what goods and with which countries developed and developing economies trade. This paper focuses on the determinants of international trade in African countries. From an empirical perspective, two African economies, a developed (South Africa) and a developing country (Ghana) are analysed. Moreover, sector-heterogeneity is considered. Results show that determinants of trade have a different impact in developed and developing African countries. Geographical and social factors play a key role on trade relationships in South Africa. Moreover, technological innovation in importer countries leads to higher exports from this country. However, Ghana’s exports are higher when they are addressed to countries with higher levels of economic freedom. Keywords: International trade, gravity equation, heterogeneity ¶ µš›¢ ™š› ´ ¥ — ³ £› ¤ ³š £ — ± —¢ ¥ ° –› ­ ¬ • ª ¨ ¤š  š›š ¥ –• ¤  š¢   ž  – ™ – —›š ™ ˜ — – – ¤8§•¦…f¨²¦¨²EBŸy®œ¦¯®B«&©)fw§•“¦•I0£......

Words: 22456 - Pages: 90

Premium Essay

Primary Dealer

...INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND THE WORLD BANK Managing Public Debt: Formulating Strategies and Strengthening Institutional Capacity Prepared by the Staff of the IMF and World Bank Approved by Christopher Towe, Danny Leipziger, and Kenneth Lay March 3, 2009 Contents Page Acronyms...................................................................................................................................3 I. Introduction ............................................................................................................................5 II. The Financial Crisis: Implications for Debt Managers .........................................................6 III. Work Program Linkages ......................................................................................................7 IV. Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy.........................................................................8 A. Developing the Framework.......................................................................................8 B. The Guidance Note..................................................................................................10 C. The Cost-Risk Analytic Tool ..................................................................................11 D. Preliminary Results from Early Application of the Framework .............................13 V. Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA).....................................................15 A. The DeMPA Framework........

Words: 15042 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

A Study of the Relationship Between Corporate Governance Structures and the Extent of Voluntary Disclosure

...Journal of International Accounting, Auditing & Taxation 10 (2001) 139 –156 A study of the relationship between corporate governance structures and the extent of voluntary disclosure Simon S.M. Ho*, Kar Shun Wong School of Accountancy, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong Abstract The primary objective of this study is to test a theoretical framework relating four major corporate governance attributes with the extent of voluntary disclosure provided by listed firms in Hong Kong. These corporate governance attributes are the proportion of independent directors to total number of directors on the board, the existence of a voluntary audit committee, the existence of dominant personalities (CEO/Chairman duality), and the percentage of family members on the board. Using a weighted relative disclosure index for measuring voluntary disclosure, the results indicate that the existence of an audit committee is significantly and positively related to the extent of voluntary disclosure, while the percentage of family members on the board is negatively related to the extent of voluntary disclosure. The study provides empirical evidence to policy makers and regulators in East Asia for implementing the two new board governance requirements on audit committee and family control. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Corporate disclosure; Corporate governance; Voluntary disclosure; Hong Kong 1. Introduction It is commonly......

Words: 7994 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Mospi Anuual Report

...ANNUAL REPORT 2011-12 Government of India Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Sardar Patel Bhawan New Delhi - 110001 Website: http//mospi.gov.in. CONTENTS Chapters Page Vision Mission Introduction Development and Highlights National Statistical Commission Central Statistical Office National Sample Survey Office Coordination of Statistical Activities Computer Centre Statistical Services Indian Statistical Institute Twenty Point Programme Infrastructure and Projects Monitoring Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme Hindi Promotion Other Activities ANNEXES I IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IIIA IIIB IVA IVB IVC V VI VII VIII Organisation Charts Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation Administration National Statistical Commission Central Statistical Office National Sample Survey Office Computer Centre Programme Implementation Wing Abbreviations used Allocation of Business to the Ministry Project, Seminar/Conference/Workshop and Travel Grant Assistance sanctioned during 2010-11 Project, Seminar/Conference/Workshop and Travel Grant Assistance sanctioned during 2011-12 (Up to December, 2011) Statement of Budget Estimate (SBE) -2011-12 Total Plan Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for 2010-11 (BE and RE) for North-Eastern Region. Total Plan Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for 2011-12 (BE and RE) for North-Eastern Region. Performance of Monthly Monitored Items under TPP-2006 (April, 2010 to March, 2011) Performance of Monthly Monitored Items under......

Words: 58344 - Pages: 234

Premium Essay

Financial Analysis of a Company

...Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) under IASC Foundation and IASB with its committees. The IFRS Framework describes the basic concepts that underlie the preparation and presentation of financial statements for external users. The IFRS Framework serves as a guide to the Board in developing future IFRSs and as a guide to resolving accounting issues that are not addressed directly in an International Accounting Standard or International Financial Reporting Standard or Interpretation. In the absence of a Standard or an Interpretation that specifically applies to a transaction, management must use its judgment in developing and applying an accounting policy that results in information that is relevant and reliable. In making that judgment, IAS 8.11 requires management to consider the...

Words: 6148 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Digest

...FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY January 2013 RESEARCH DIGEST UNIVERSITY COUNSELING AND CAREER OFFICE An Annual Publication of UCCO Volume 1 Issue 2 Continuously Contributing to the Holistic Development of FEU Students This research digest is an informative tool of the University Counseling and Career Office with its major goal, to analyze and contribute novel ideas, towards the growing field of guidance and counseling. The main objective of which is to intensify the holistic welfare of the FEU students. Furthermore, this digest features the scholarly work of the adept and experienced team of the UCCO focusing on the counselor-based programs and action plans. With this, the team is delighted to share with you this annual digest as a response to the emerging needs and for the sustenance of the value of excellence of the Institution. POINTS OF INTEREST Page 2 UCCO’s SWOT Analysis, Nature of Counseling and Special Cases: Basis for a Comprehensive FEU-UCCO Guidance Program A Five Year Cross-Sectional Survey of FEU Institutional Exit Interviews An Evaluation on the Needs Assessment as Basis for Revision of ACE Modules College Adjustment Level of F r e s hm e n I nt e r na t i o na l Students Profile of FEU Students under the Selective Retention Policy Learning Style Profile of Freshmen Students of FEUMakati Psychological and Adjustment Problems Among Freshmen Architecture Students Results of the Module Evaluation on Leadership and Self-Empowerment Page 3 Page 4 Page 5...

Words: 6378 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Shinepukur Ceramic

...Shinepukur CeramiCS limited annual report 2010 Each of our activities must benefit and add value to the common wealth of our MISSION society. We firmly believe that, in the final analysis we are accountable to each of the constituencies with whom we interact; namely: our employees, our customers, our business associates, our fellow citizens and our shareholders. Year of Establishment (registration): 1997 KEY DATA Commercial Production: 1999 Status: Public Limited Company First Export: 1999 Business Lines: Manufacturing, Marketing and Exporting of Bone China and Porcelain tableware. Overseas Offices & Associates: USA and UK. Current Export Markets: USA, Canada, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, Norway, Poland, Turkey, Japan, Australia, UAE, Brazil, India, Chile, Egypt, Russia etc. Authorized Capital (Taka): 5,000 million Paid-up Capital (Taka): 966.34 million Number of Shareholders: Over 24,000 Stock Exchange Listing: 2008 Number of Employees: 3,000 HigHligHts: 2010 New Customers Villeroy & Boch (GERMANY) CRU International (USA) Bitossi Home (ITALY) Koleksiyon (TURKEY) Zeiny Center (EGYPT) Les Classiques (INDIA) Achievements Upgraded to ISO 9001:2008 Awarded ‘Superbrands’ Financials Net sales increased by 13.62 % to Tk. 1,926.74 million Profit before Tax increased by 22.42 % to Tk. 305.07 million Earnings Per Share (EPS) increased by 47 % to Tk. 2.62 Contents A Glance on : Shinepukur Ceramics Ltd. Corporate Directories Down to the......

Words: 17297 - Pages: 70

Free Essay

Gggg

...author(s). Maps are notational . All Disputes are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of competent courts and fourms in Delhi/New Delhi only. Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals Page No. 67 91 Cyberspace Page No. 93 Regional Rural Banks The Mauryan Empire Model Paper G.S. Paper I 94 117 Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Project Mausam and Maritime Silk Route SWACHH BHARAT MISSION Throughout the world around 2.5 billion people do not have toilets to use, out of those 250 crore people 65 crore live in India alone. In order to solve this big challenge government of India has launched “Swachh Bharat Mission” on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. Due to magnanimity of the problem solving it will not be easy. Government has to face the problems associated with extremely poor hygienic conditions and most significantly government has to fight with attitude towards cleanliness. Poor sanitation is linked to various social as well as economic factors like extreme poverty, educational level, religious affiliation and society...

Words: 80076 - Pages: 321

Premium Essay

The Impact of Crs on Profitability

...utvecklar tvärvetenskapliga utbildningar, samordnar större forskningsprojekt och informerar omvärlden om universitetets miljöforskning. Centrum för tvärvetenskaplig miljöforskning hette tidigare Centrum för naturresurs- och miljöforskning, CNM, och har funnits vid Stockholms universitet sedan 1990. Hemsida: www.ctm.su.se STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY Centre for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research Sustainable Enterprising Master’s Thesis (20p) CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY: A CROSS CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE TERESA NORD Academic Advisor: Hans Rämö Stockholm University School of Business Master’s Thesis (20p), Fall 2006, Stockholm University ABSTRACT Attention to business ethics in varying environmental, economic and cultural contexts has become increasingly important as enterprises expand globally. This thesis attempts to determine the impact of culture and local context on CSR performance by evaluating and comparing CSR performance across hotel groups in culturally and geographically diverse regions. Data on indicators for waste production, water consumption, energy use, equal employment opportunity, employee training and employee organization were collected...

Words: 19753 - Pages: 80

Premium Essay

Performance Evaluation of 4 Specialized Banks of Bangladesh

...in Bangladesh 29 3.2 Recommendation 32 Chapter 4 4.1 Conclusion 33 4.2 Reference 34 4.3 Appendix 36 Chapter 1 1.1 Introduction: Banks are very old form of financial institution that channel excess funds from surplus unit to deficit unit in consideration of a price called Interest. Banking business definitely established on a relationship of Debtor-Creditor between the surplus unit called depositors and the bank and between the deficit unit called borrowers and the bank. Here, opportunity cost of money works as interest is considered the price of the credit. For the development of an economy, bank furnishes a huge contribution and modern economy cannot be imagined without the services of bank. Economic development of a country requires a well organized, smooth, easy to reach and efficient saving-investment process. The function of a single bank is not limited to its geographical region only rather it has reached beyond the border of the country. So, banking business has been shaped as global business and the rest other business greatly depends on the strength of banking business performance. Banking industry is the most flourishing as well as the most contributing sector of our economy. Banking can be termed as one of the primitive business though its institutional look is not so old. Banking sector is the driving force of any country for its sustainable development. It is more than...

Words: 9663 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Pao Pao

...I HARVARD I I IBUSINES s I lscHooL 9-512-085 REV: MAY 25,2012 ANAT KEINAN JILL AVERY FIONA WILSON N,IICHAEI- NORToN EILEEN FISHER: Repositioning the Brand Hilary Old, vice president for communications, was one part excited and one part nervous, so she took a moment to adjust her scarf before she entered the meeting. It was ]anuary of 201,0 and she and her colleagues were about to review the first retail sales results following a major strategic initiative to reposition and evolve the EILEEN FISHER brand. 2009 marked the 25tri anniversary of EILEEN FISHER and the occasion gave the company the impetus to pause and assess its history. The company had enjoyed phenomenal success in its first quarter century: its growth in revenues and profits had been driven by both the skong brand loyalty of its core customers, and the opening of fifty retail stores dedicated to the brand. The company was consistently recognized as oue of the best companies to work for and had an impressive environmental sustainability and social responsibility- record. However, a startling discovery had emerged. The median customer age was currently at 59 and increasing each year, keeping pace with the age of the company's visionary founder, Eileen Fisher. Despite the company's best efforts to design age-less clothing to appeal to multiple generations, as Fisher herself aged, so too had the customer base. The company found itself stereotyped as a brand for older, and, to some......

Words: 9608 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

Ferrari

...Annual Report At 31 December 2013 108th financial year Annual Report At 31 December 2013 All our reports are available at http://2013interactivereports.fiatspa.com Go to the online version of the Fiat Annual Reports to learn more about the Group's financial performance, sustainable development and other corporate information. | | Download our app www.fiatspa.com/mobileapp 3 General Meeting An Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders will be held at 11 a.m. on 31 March 2014 (single call) at Centro Congressi Lingotto, Via Nizza 280, Turin to vote on the following: Agenda 1. Motion for Approval of the Statutory Financial Statements and Allocation of 2013 Net Result 2. Compensation and Own Shares: a) Compensation Policy pursuant to Article 123-ter of Legislative Decree 58/98 b) Authorization for the Purchase and Disposal of Own Shares Attendance and Representation Shareholders are entitled to attend the Meeting if they hold the right to vote at the close of business on the record date of 20 March 2014 and the Company has received the relevant confirmation of entitlement from an authorized intermediary. As provided by law, shareholders entitled to attend the Meeting may also be represented by proxy. The Company has appointed Computershare S.p.A. (Via Nizza 262/73, Turin) as the Designated Representative, pursuant to Article 135-undecies of Legislative Decree 58/98, upon whom shareholders may confer proxy and instruct to vote on all or some of the motions on the......

Words: 153121 - Pages: 613

Free Essay

Dgkj

...29th Annual Report 2009-10 BOARD OF DIRECTORS Shri A K Srivastava Chairman-cum-Managing Director Shri S. K. Nayak, IAS Part-time Official Director Shri B. L. Bagra Director (Finance) Shri Joy Varghese Director (P&A) Shri A. K. Sharma Director (Production) Shri P. K. Padhi Director (P&T) Shri Ansuman Das Director (Commercial) 2 National Aluminium Company Limited INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS Dr. A. Sahay Shri S. S. Sohoni IAS (Retd.) Shri K. S. Raju Shri S. B. Mishra IAS (Retd.) Shri N. R. Mohanty Dr. Jyoti Mukhopadhyay Shri R. K. Sharma Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Samay Ram, UYSM, AVSM, VSM 3 29th Annual Report 2009-10 EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS Smt. Srabani Guha, IES CVO Shri P. K. Parida Shri B. N. Swain Shri A. Sapra Shri S. C. Dash Shri P. K. Mohapatra Shri K. N. Ravindra Company Secretary Shri K. S. Sreedhara 4 29th Annual Report 2009-10 The sale of 7,094 MT Special Grade Alumina was the highest surpassing the previous high of 4,769 MT achieved in 200809. The sale of Special Grade Hydrate at 12,815 MT was the highest ever sale surpassing the previous best of 11,670 MT achieved during 2007-08. FINANCE Your Company posted a lower total income of ` 5,548 crore in the year under report, as against ` 5,631 crore during the previous year. Profit After Tax for the year stands at ` 814 crore, as against ` 1,272 crore in the previous year. The decline in net profit during the year compared to previous year was due...

Words: 34164 - Pages: 137

Free Essay

Sexualselection Attractiveness

...Utah State University DigitalCommons@USU Family, Consumer, and Human Development Faculty Publications 12-1-1995 Family, Consumer, and Human Development, Department of Sexual Selection, Physical Attractiveness, and Facial Neoteny: Cross-cultural Evidence and Implications [and Comments and Reply] Doug Jones C. Loring Brace William Jankowiak Kevin N. Laland Lisa E. Musselman See next page for additional authors Recommended Citation Musselman, L. E., Langlois, J. H., & Roggman, L. A. (1996). Comment on: Sexual selection, physical attractiveness, and facial neoteny: Cross-cultural evidence and implications, by Doug Jones. Current Anthropology, 37, 739-740. This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Family, Consumer, and Human Development, Department of at DigitalCommons@USU. It has been accepted for inclusion in Family, Consumer, and Human Development Faculty Publications by an authorized administrator of DigitalCommons@USU. For more information, please contact digitalcommons@usu.edu. Authors Doug Jones, C. Loring Brace, William Jankowiak, Kevin N. Laland, Lisa E. Musselman, Judith H. Langlois, Lori A. Roggman, Daniel Pérusse, Barbara Schweder, and Donald Symons This article is available at DigitalCommons@USU: http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/fchd_facpub/602 Sexual Selection, Physical Attractiveness, and Facial Neoteny: Cross-cultural Evidence and Implications [and Comments and Reply] Author(s): Doug Jones, C. Loring Brace, William......

Words: 19763 - Pages: 80

Free Essay

Pompano

...ISSN 0859-600X Volume XIII No. 2 April-June 2008 Vietnamese catfish Culture-based fisheries in Lao Changing face of carp culture Providing Claims Services to the Aquaculture Industry Algae blooms Disease Large scale Weather losses Mass escape Non-compliance Pollution & Environmental contamination Predators Super chill Theft Damage to equipment, cages, moorings A global network of offices in 63 countries, provides local expertise in a rapidly growing aquaculture industry. Specialists available in Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Greece, Holland, Hong Kong, Italy, Norway, Spain, South Africa, UAE, United Kingdom and United States. For more information contact Mark Vos, tel: + 31 6 21 544 344 or markvos@crawco.nl Aquaculture Asia is an autonomous publication that gives people in developing countries a voice. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the contributors and do not represent the policies or position of NACA. Editorial Board Wing-Keong Ng M.C. Nandeesha Editor Simon Wilkinson simon@enaca.org Editorial Assistant Phinyada Sompuech Editorial Consultant Pedro Bueno NACA An intergovernmental organization that promotes rural development through sustainable aquaculture. NACA seeks to improve rural income, increase food production and foreign exchange earnings and to diversify farm production. The ultimate beneficiaries of NACA activities are farmers and rural communities. Contact The Editor, Aquaculture Asia PO Box 1040 Kasetsart Post Office......

Words: 26205 - Pages: 105