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Economics

In: Business and Management

Submitted By analiet
Words 2684
Pages 11
INDEX
Introduction 1
Geography and Hydrography 2
Geology 3
Climate and Agriculture 4
Animal husbandary 5
Fishing 6
Industry 7
Turism 8
Economy 9
Conclusion 15

INTRODUCTION

Continued to see everything about the state of Quintana Roo, explain your wealth as wildlife and talk of each of its sectors, the agricultural sector is made up of agriculture, livestock etc, also explain the industrial sector, which as stated the name refers to the industries, and see his contribution in GDP. Also explain the services sector, which is comprised of education, tourism, etc.. So also talk about his economic growth as Mexican republic status.

Geography
With a total area of 50,483 km2 and a coastline of 900 km, the state of Quintana Roo is composed of the territory attached to the continental shelf and the islands of Cozumel and Isla Mujeres.
Note that the virtual border the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea is located within its boundaries, which means a wide variety of marine species that inhabit its waters.
Like much of the Yucatan peninsula, the relief of Quintana Roo is flat with limestone caves and sinkholes and depressions. Furthermore, we find the rivers Hondo, Blue, Escondido and Ucum.
Hydrography
There are no water currents due to the permeability of the state (which causes sinkholes and underground streams). We found the Rio Hondo south of the entity that is also a natural border with Belize is basically formed by a deep crack that joins two ramps and through which the water.

Another major water body is the Blue River has 136 km of navigable stream and is also found as a natural border south of the entity that limits Belize Guatemala and Quintana Roo; arises in Guatemala through the Mayan Mountains, ending at the Bay Chetumal near the state capital, where it forms a channel 2.5 m deep, using boats passing through Belize. In the rainy season increases its extension taking advantage of it navigable for timber transport.

Blue River is located in the southwest of Chetumal. Other important rivers are the Jass, north of Calderitas, the Turbio Chiquilá east and south of the island of Holbox, the Indio, south of the Bay of the Holy Spirit, and Kik, northeast of Calderitas.

There are also gaps and countless undercurrents, which crop and have high performance. Sometimes emerge naturally to the surface and are called gouaches, and have agricultural and livestock uses. Sometimes they appear as layers of rock that cubreny show presentations or encuevados open wells that are simply called cenotes. Finally, there are some streams, tributaries of the Rio Hondo or flowing into Laguna Bacalar near Chetumal.

Geology
Quintana Roo forms a region with large plains and small slopes and elevations east. The predominantly limestone and permeable soil, thus allowing water infiltration of rainwater into the inner layers of underground aquifers systems, thus forming the aforementioned deposits and underground streams, which supply water to smaller towns with wells. Cenotes are water bodies that outcrop to the surface of the crust, its origin lies in water erosion caves, making them crumble and collapse causing these outcrops of water. As we said Quintana Roo is a plain of marine origin formed by Miocene rocks and Pleistocene rocks except for the bright red hills.
Tsek Land type 'is in the drained slopes and elevated areas, where water favors the presence of nutrients in its composition. The k 'Ankab lie at the foot of the highlands and products accumulate them from the weather and drainage is impeded, causing clusters clay.
The akalches are localized in the lower parts (watery and sheets with little or no drainage).
The forest covers most of the state, exceptions exist and logged areas inhabited by humans. On the coasts and lowlands surrounding regions exist where accumulate rainwater forming small ponds. These zones are uninhabited due to unsanitary pests (mosquitoes), among other factors caused by stagnant water.

Climate
The climate is tropical with summer rains, except in the southwest and southeast, dominated tropical temperature with periodic heavy rains dry winter in the northern regions. In short, the major climate in central and eastern regions, is tropical with rains in autumn. West also is tropical, but with summer rains. To the north, is savannah climate with regular rainfall and dry winter. The average annual temperature in the state is 26 ° C. The dry season covers February to May, and the rainy season from May to October, although it often lasts until January, as squalls from the north.
Agriculture
It is one of the most important basic economy and rural areas. The state government has given numerous agricultural certificates for the benefit of ejido farmers and has provided their corresponding tracts of land. The Agrarian Reform Secretariat supports the farmer field has delivered certificates for agricultural law establishes Integrated Rural Development units and regulates agricultural-industrial units. In 1985 he lived the most severe drought of the past few decades leading to the creation of the Emergency Drought Affected areas providing financial support to those most affected.
Also implemented the marketing of fertilizers for the proper utilization of agricultural production.
Within the state GDP of the primary sector, agriculture is the most important activity and participates with 0.19% of the national agricultural GDP. The main crops for their production value are cane sugar, jalapeño, corn, sweet orange, rice, watermelon, vegetables and fruit number. The area planted is approximately 120 000 ha of which 97% is temporary.
The main agricultural areas are located in the southern state where mainly sugar cane planting, jalapeno pepper and rice in the municipality of José María Morelos, in the center of the state have mechanized and irrigated areas where mostly watermelon seed , fruit and vegetables. The cultivation of corn and beans is widespread throughout the state surface, but for the most part are very low yields due to soil type that does not allow the lack of mechanization and irrigation infrastructure, limiting production to consumption level in the most part.

Animal Husbandry

It is practiced mostly in the towns of Pompey Othon Blanco, Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Lázaro Cárdenas and José María Morelos. The government has supported this economic activity through various partnerships, programs and activities as the Board Animal Feed, Dairy Program, distributing fodder, providing feed for livestock, poultry building in underserved communities, or delivering diverse and numerous heads cattle production.
For participating in the state primary sector GDP ranks third in importance and participates with 0.32% of GDP national livestock. There is a potential of 460 000 hectares suitable for cattle breeding is not used. The major species are cattle with approximately 110 thousand heads, pigs with 150 thousand heads and bees with approximately 107 000 hives.
At the household level are raised sheep, pigs and poultry. The main farming areas are located in the municipality of Othon P. Blanco, south of the entity, and the municipality of Lazaro Cardenas in the north, as well as livestock and especially bee that develops in the center of the state. For the utilization of the livestock there is a trail TIF Chetumal.

Fishing

With 865 km, only seven municipalities have coast coastal fisheries practiced. There is limited due to the lack of organization for the acceptance of modern fishing techniques, for these reasons, are promoted modernity capture technique, the organization's product and its marketing. Quintanarroenses fishermen are organized in 20 cooperatives are two technical high schools located in Puerto Morelos Holbox and, likewise, the Center for Marine Technology provides training for future men of the sea. Special attention has been given to the study of marine snail to prevent their extinction, there have been cultures of this species, as well as tilapia. The National Bank and Dock Fishing has offered its help in improving the fishing fleet. Puertos pesqueros en Quintana Roo* | Puerto | Municipio | Cozumel | Cozumel | Isla Mujeres | Isla Mujeres | Puerto Morelos | Benito Juárez | Puerto Juárez | Benito Juárez | Holbox | Lázaro Cárdenas | Punta Allen | | Ubero | | Punta Xcalac | | Cancún | Benito Juárez | Chetumal | Othón Pompeyo Blanco |

Producción pesquera de Quintana Roo* | Especie | Camarón | Caracol | Langosta | Tiburón |

Industry

Sugar Mill San Rafael de Pucté in the municipality of Othon P. white
Occupying a minor role in the state economy, it has supported the creation of "industrial zones" supplied with relevant services for its proper operation. It has three industrial parks: Chetumal Industrial Park (in the municipality of Othon P. Blanco), Industrial Park Leona Vicario (Felipe Carrillo Puerto) and Parque Industrial Puerto Morelos (Benito Juarez). The state also has significant sugar cane production.

Tourism

The main economic activities of the State stands tourism, which focuses on the resort and the beaches of Cancun, one of the most visited tourist centers in the world, and the Riviera Maya coastline, stretching from Puerto Morelos to Tulum and Cozumel island, which has several reefs for diving, with the main town to Playa del Carmen. A 6 miles south of Playa del Carmen, Xcaret is a Mayan archaeological site and ecological theme park, where you can practice different water activities and learn about the culture, flora and fauna of the region.
The southern coast has recently been exploding and tourist populations exist and Mahahual and Xcalak, where a pier where cruise ships arrive.

Economic development in Quintana Roo

Economic development is the ability of countries or regions to create wealth in order to promote and maintain the prosperity and economic and social welfare of its inhabitants.

Economic development in recent decades has been of great global growth , unfortunately , wealth and prosperity are unevenly generated . This inequality is causing social problems and political instability in almost all regions of the world . The end of the Cold War and the rapid integration of the world economy have not solved the persistent problems of extreme poverty , debt , underdevelopment and trade balances .

The development of people is the best way of achieving political , economic and social . Worryingly, almost half of the population is still living on less than two dollars a day . Also, nearly one sixth of the world population is illiterate and more than 1,000 billion do not have safe drinking water. Worldwide there are more than 140 million unemployed and about 750 million are underemployed.

Although it may seem utopian , it is necessary to find efficient economic development , which is the only way to ensure that economic growth and globalization are guided by policies that ensure human wellbeing , sustainable development , poverty eradication and business principles righteous.

In 2008 , the population of Quintana Roo was estimated at 1 million 337 thousand inhabitants , an increase of about 180 000 Quintana Roo from 2005 , the result of natural growth and immigration generated by the opportunities offered by the state, 97 000 are born in our land and 83 000 are new quintanarroenses according to the National Population Council .

Each year on average 20,000 arriving migrants interstate and foreign 5000 , which added to the 26 000 births recorded average year , we get an increase of 4.7 % , which places us as the state with the highest population growth in the country , nearly 4 times above the national average of 1%. The towns of Playa del Carmen and Tulum are two of the fastest growing cities in Latin America population rates of 13.2 and 12.5 % .

Quintana Roo has the highest rate of occupation , 68.7 % of the population has a job. In 2009, with dynamic growth of permanent members to the Mexican Institute of Social Security, was among the most contribution to the states that had the highest positive change .

We are located in fourth place , with an economy with per capita gross domestic product of the highest in the country.

The state's average population density is 25 inhabitants per square kilometer, in the cities of Cancun and Playa del Carmen is 7000 211 and 4000 190 inhabitants per square kilometer.

When considering the employed population in relation to the economic sector in which they work, it is observed that 34 000 387 people , 5.4 % of the total work in the primary sector , 109 000 , 17.3 % in the secondary or industrial , and 484 000 998 , 76.7% .

The strength of our economic activity invites business world to make safe investments in Quintana Roo with the certainty of an established tourist multicast . Until 2009 , the hotel supply grew 4.1 %, we have an inventory of 76 000 307/4 in 807 hotels, 3000 197/4 more compared to the same period of 2007 . Represent 12.6 percent nationally in terms of number of rooms and 5.4 % by number of hotels .

In 2009 , the three international airports in this state recorded the joint movement of 13 million 253 000 566 106 000 514 passengers with airport operations. Cancun International Airport reported a movement of 12 million passengers 625 000 980 confirmed as second in importance nationwide, after Benito Juarez International Airport in Mexico City . The good arrangements with the airlines have produced these results, the Cozumel International Airport recorded the movement of 517 000 720 passengers. Chetumal International Airport reported a movement of 109 000 866 passengers

Quintana Roo remains in the number one spot nationally for concept of attracting private investment . From 2008 to 2009 , we invested 17 000 549 000 000 956 000 pesos representing 33.94 percent received tourism investments in the country , growing by 54 percent over the 2006-2007 period.

During this administration consolidated the economy of Quintana Roo , laying the groundwork for the next administration , achieve a harmonious development , which allows continue on this path .

It sees economic progress in the state, with public and private investments that allow us to offer people a better life , consolidating Quintana Roo , as a tourist power , leading to generation of employment and attracting private investment. Quintana Roo , with the combined efforts of all , is called to be featured in our country.

* Economic Activities od Quintana Roo
Principales sectores de actividad Sector de actividad económica | Porcentaje de aportación al PIB estatal
(año 2009) | primary Activities | 0.78 | Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting | 0.78 | secondary activities | 13.78 | mining | 0.22 | Construction and Electricity, water and gas | 11.10 | manufacturing industries | 2.46 | tertiary activities | 85.44 | Trade, restaurants and hotels
(Trade, Temporary accommodation and food and beverage preparation). | 34.40 | Transport and Information in mass media
(Transportation and storage) | 10.55 | Financial and real estate
(Financial services and insurance, real estate and renting services of real and intangible) | 13.47 | Educational and medical services
(Educational services, health services and social assistance) | 5.30 | Government Activities | 4.48 | Other services *
(Professional, scientific and technical enterprises Management of companies and services, business support and waste management and remediation services, cultural and recreational sports, and Recreation, Other Services and Government) | 17.24 | Total | 100 | |

Economic units and employed persons

• It has 38 794 economic units, 1.0% of the country.
• Employs 308,477 people, 1.5% of employed persons in Mexico.
• the total working population in the state, 62% (191 767) were men and 38% (116 710) are women.
• On average remuneration received by each worker per year in Quintana Roo are $ 83,319, the national average is $ 99,114.
Participation of Quintana Roo in the PIB.

Infrastructure | |

Medical Units 263 units with 2261 public medical doctors; *
42 units with 89 private medical doctors. Education. * | Characteristics of the educative Sector. | Ciclo escolar
(Total estatal) | Escuelas | Alumnos (Miles) | Maestros | Alumnos por maestro | Lugar nacional | 2007/2008 | 1 919 | 351.1 | 17 225 | 20.4 | 24° | 2008/2009 | 1 984 | 362.8 | 17 740 | 20.4 | 26° | 2010/2011 | 2 130 | 379.4 | 20 217 | 18.8 | 16° | 2011/2012 | 2 188 | 394.3 | 20 582 | 19.2 | 22° | FUENTE: INEGI. Perspectiva Estadística. Quintana Roo. México. | | | |

Roads

Length of the road network by type of road.
Year 2011. | Type of Road | Km | Troncal federal (principal o primaria) | Pavimentada a/ | 952 | Alimentadoras estatales
(carreteras secundarias) | Pavimentada a/ | 1 082 | | Revestida | 259 | Caminos rurales | Pavimentada | 609 | | Revestida | 2 601 | Total estatal | 5 503 | |

CONCLUSION

as we saw, the Quintana Roo state is important, as all others, contributing 14% of GDP in Mexico, lives on tourism and is a very beautiful state.

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...1.) Write an essay on the assumption of the “Rational Self Interest”. Make sure that you touch on each of the three components of this assumption that we discussed in class. Comment on the relevance of this assumption in our daily lives. Economics is defined as how we make choices with scarce resources to obtain our own needs, wants and desires. The Assumption of Rational Self –interests tells us that the definition of rationality means not doing something that will deliberately cause harm. We are told that with every decision we make, we must weigh the rewards against the punishments and that it is actually necessary for us to ask the question “What is in it for me”. There is actually a difference between acting selfishly and acting on the best of our own self- interest. Acting selfishly means that in doing so, you are causing harm to others. Acting in your own self- interest actually benefits others. Adam Smith is known as the father of Economics. In 1776 he purchased The Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Today the title has been shortened and is known as Wealth of Nations. Smith was asking the question, why powerful countries such as Spain and Portugal collapsed while a small country such as England thrived. The biggest difference he found was that while Spain and Portugal denied their colonies education, England encouraged it. Smith believed that governments have to give people incentive to do well. He stated that self-interest should be encouraged in every......

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Economics

...Scarcity & Opportunity Cost Economics is a very important field of study in modern society. It helps us to understand the choices we have to make to satisfy our unlimited wants and needs to have a better life. Microeconomics is the study of households, firms, and government in specific markets. One of the main problems economics tries to address is scarcity. Scarcity is the term economist use to describe a situation when the amount of something available is not sufficient to satisfy the desire or demand for it. Scarcity can be applied to all aspects of economics and is one of the most crucial points to understand. Because we are consumers in a free market, we live on income constraints or budgets. Limited income forces us to make choices about goods and services we will purchase, as well as goods and services we will forgo. As a society, we also experience scarcity. Societies face scarce economic resources. Economist classify these economic resources into four categories: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial ability. Land is considered to be not only physical land but also water, oil, wind, and all other natural resources. Labor would be described as not only the workforce, but the quality of the workers in the workforce. Capital is the facilities, tools, machinery, and any other components that go into manufacturing a good. Entrepreneurial ability is outlined by the people who exploit opportunities in markets. Entrepreneurs combine economic resources with creative......

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