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Ecosystem Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ntkmvubu
Words 534
Pages 3
STUDENT NO: 4416-365-7

Table of Contents

Definitions: Epistemology and Theory……………………………………/ 1

Definitions: Model and Technique…………………………………………./ 2

References……………………………………………………………………………../ 3




EPISTEMOLOGY Epistemology is a branch of Philosophy that deals with the nature of knowledge. It is mostly referred to as “The Theory of Knowledge, especially the inquiry into what is to count as knowledge, the validity of knowledge, what distinguishes mere belief from knowledge, what kinds of things are knowable and whether anything can be known for certain.”
Coleman(2009, p. 256)

Epistemology questions and tries to define knowledge – is it based on truth, belief, fact or justification? Or all four? Is epistemology based on my subjective perception of reality? What counts as satisfactory evidence for the truth of my beliefs? Can my reality be sufficiently justified? X does not need to be true for somebody to believe it, but if X is known then it cannot be said to be false and is therefore true.
Eg: If a tree falls in the forest and there is nobody around to hear it, does it make a sound? If nobody hears it – did the tree actually exist?
How can we know that a tree fell in the forest?
Epistemology tries to explain how we know what we know. THEORY

A theory is not simply an opinion or an idea but is grounded in scientific research. Eg, many people like to think that psychology is based on basic common sense which is actually false, as it is a scientific discipline that tries to explain human behaviour through the understanding and employment of various behavioural, cognitive, personality and other development theories.

Theory is “a coherent statement or set of ideas that explains observed facts or...

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