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The South and the West Ramiro Headges University of Phoenix Hist/120 Patricia Cox November 06, 2013

The post-Civil War South has been called the “New South.” In what ways did it succeed in reinventing itself? In what ways did it fail?
Shortly after the war, the Southern part of the country was distressed, in order for the south to be self-reliant all over again it would need a large amount of money along with a considerably amount of rebuilding. Economically and architecturally they could succeed in reinventing itself. Almost 35 years since the war, it was noticed that the growth of iron, steel, and textile manufactories in the South became apparent. Primarily, railroads lead the Southern industrial growth. Even with the Southern growth and prosperity they, could not relatively compete with the North in regard to improvements or gross. With nearly four millions freed slaves who resided in the Southern part of the country and a large number of white people who lived in poverty, business owners benefited of the fact that it was plenty of cheap labor. The South deprived itself from a strong industrial growth simply because the white man inability to work together with freed slaves. The white man feelings against the freed slaves was still view as inferior and were increasingly getting worse. It got to the point that Blacks in the South were excluded from performing any jobs and a small fraction of Whites in the South were engaging in these particular jobs, consequently, growth and, development was nearly impossible. For a short time it appeared as if the South had risen but the same extreme dislike towards blacks in the South caused the industrial development to collapse with the South strongly relying on agriculture as the economy support. Apparently, the New South was founded on rich natural resources, economic opportunity and, augmented racial fairness, but in 1877 the North removed military power in the South, it did not take long for Southern White Democrats to start working on making changes to the constitutions in their respected states, they will also work on instituting legal obstacles and difficulties that prevented Blacks in the South from voting. Jim Crow laws, was a new law enacted in 1913. Jim Crows Laws made it against the law for Blacks in the South to associate or mingle with Whites in the South everywhere. Why did settlers come into conflict with the Native Americans in the Western US The biggest problems of those moving west was to get the soil to harvest food and keeping Indians and immigrants at bay. The federal government would be more helpful in keeping the Indians and immigrants at bay more so than helping with the soil to harvest food. Nevertheless the Great Plains would show much too dusty and poor for some, and many farmers had difficulties making a living off their newly obtain land. This resulted in larger corporations in most cases buying them out, this created what was called bonanza farms and today is as agribusinesses. The late nineteenth century the west inspired the lore of the “Wild West,” with its stories of cowboys and Indians. Certainly, there mechanism of the development of the West that was wild. For the development of the West for those interested were based out of North corporate capitals. With so many settlers arriving on the frontier caused so much conflict with the Indians. With settlers moving to the West around the 1840s, Indian life started to change. Greater changes occurred with the arrival of ranchers, miners, and farmers into the last frontier. Consequently, as a result, a lengthy string of differences, continuing until the late 1880s, between the Indians and the settlers. These resulted in the defeat of the Indians and their traditional way of life. Whereas the Plains Indians believed that the land was large enough for everyone and it belonged to everyone they followed the buffalo all over the land. The treaties stated between the Government and the Indians that boundaries were set and certain Indian groups were allowed on hunting lands in the 1850’s. Treaties were broken and more land was taken as more homesteaders moved into the West. It was almost like a hostile takeover and the west was about to be taken over by the settlers. So the settlers were taking all the buffalo and, it was hard for the Indians to find buffalo as they needed. Buffalo was for sport and the hunters working for the railroad companies were shooting thousands of them to feed track laying teams. Some of the buffalo hides were used for other things such as clothing and purses becoming popular in the United States. By 1889, there were only a few hundred buffalo left in the west. The last wars between the settlers and the Indians occurred in the 1800 as a dispute over land. This was not the first time they fought over land as mentioned in the earlier years. In 1861 miners were attacked by some Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians while they were traveling through Indians territory toward Colorado. This resulted in a massacre of 450 Indians by the Colorado state militia. In 1862 Soldiers were The Civil War conflict started in 1862 remove from the West to support the Civil War conflict.

References Schultz, K. M. (2012). HIST2, Volume 2 (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Randall, J.G. (). The Civil War and Reconstruction . Retrieved from http://lwarhome.com/postwarsouth.htm

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