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In: Business and Management

Submitted By cathy1924
Words 1507
Pages 7
Question 1
Behaviourism is primarily concerned with observable and measurable aspects of human behaviour rather than thinking for oneself.
People have no free will – a persons environment determines their behaviour. Behaviourism has allowed for research that investigates the depth of the mind

Question 2
Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI)

Can be used to show the importance of language and listening in teaching as a social construct eg learners are able to solve problems without direct instruction by drawing upon informal knowledge of everyday situations and through dialogue. CGI may be used as an approach to for eg teach Maths with the main focus on the practice of listening to learners mathematical thinking and using it as a basis for instruction


Builds learning bridges
Requires the teacher to provide learners with the opportunity to extend their current skils and knowledge
The teacher must engage the learners interest, simplify task so that they are manageable and motivate learners to follow the instructional goal
The teacher must also look for discrepancies between learners efforts and the solution

Scaffolding is a teaching strategy that can be used to help the teacher understand the learners way of thinking. Knowing how a learner thinks gives the teacher an advantage in predicting ho the learner will react to questions in the assessment process.
Scaffolding provides a temporary, supportive and adjustable framework for a learner which enables him to participate in a task that is beyond his reach.
Learnin happens when scaffolding is used as a process of support and guidance to help learners construct new meaning & knowledge on the basis of existing knowledge. The ultimate aim of scaffolding is to develop specific skills and to achieve a more advanced level of understanding.

Language, socioeconomic problems,...

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...1 Semester 1 Course: EDDHODJ Assignment No. 597534 Table of Contents: Question 1: Behaviourism Question 2: Cognitively guided instruction Scaffolding Simulation Problem-solving Discussion Question 3: Strategic school planning Phase planning Planning per grade/ lesson planning Example of a lesson plan References and bibliography: Pg 2 Pg 3 Pg 4 Pg 4-5 Pg 5 Pg 6 Pg 7 Pg 8 Pg 9 Pg 10 Pg 11 2 Question 1 According to the behaviourist perspective, people are moulded according to their environment. This can be via either positive or negative reinforcement. If behaviour is reinforced, either positively or negatively, then the likelihood of that behaviour happening again increases. If behaviour is punished, the possibility of that behaviour happening again is reduced. Behaviourism can be classified into two different groups, classical conditioning and operant conditioning :(Alberto & Trout-man, 2003; Cooper et al., 2007; Miltenberger, 2008): Classical conditioning: Is the process of reflex learning-investigated by Pavlovthrough which an unconditioned stimulus (e.g. food) which produces an unconditioned response (salivation) is presented together with an unconditioned stimulus (a bell), such that the salivation is eventually produced on the presentation of the conditioned stimulus alone, thus becoming a conditioned response. Operant conditioning: Operant conditioning is another form of learning by association. The learning that takes......

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