Premium Essay

Education Scenario and Needs in India: Building a Perspective Fo 2025

In: Miscellaneous

Submitted By Momghy
Words 10008
Pages 41
Education scenario and needs in India: Building a perspective for 2025
Suman Sachdeva

SECTION-I
The Indian Constitution resolves to provide quality education to all and in an effort to fulfill the educational needs of the country specifically for the diverse societies and cultures of the country the government has chalked out different educational categories: Elementary education, Secondary education, Higher education, Adult education, Technical and Vocational education. Despite serious handicaps of means and resources, the country has built up during the last 50 years, a very large system of education and has created a vast body of men and women equipped with a high order of scientific and technological capabilities, robust humanist and philosophical thought and creativity. It would be worthwhile to observe the trends in the different sectors of education from post Independence period to the present scenario.

Sectors of Education
Elementary Education
Graph I: Comparative Statement of Number of Institutions in 1950-51 and 1998-99
6.5 6 5.5 5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 6.27

2.1

1.9

0.13 1950-51 1998-99

Primary Schools (Classes I-V)

Upper Primary Schools (Classes VI-VIII)

Comparative Statement of Numbers of Students (Upper Primary Stage) in 1950-51 and 1998-99
403.53 400 300 200 100 0 1950-51 1998-99 31.19 57.58 12.7

At the time of Independence, only fourteen percent of the population was literate and only one child out of three had been enrolled in primary school. The need for universal education for all children in the age group of 6-14 years recognized as a crucial input for nation building, was given due consideration in successive Five Year Plans and has resulted in a manifold increase of spatial spread, infrastructure facilities, increased coverage of various social groups; but the goal of providing basic education to all…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Higher Education in India

...HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA: ISSUES, CONCERNS AND NEW DIRECTIONS UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION NEW DELHI December 2003 HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA ISSUES, CONCERNS AND NEW DIRECTIONS RECOMMENDATIONS OF UGC GOLDEN JUBILEE SEMINARS- 2003 HELD AT ELEVEN UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION, NEW DELHI December 2003 (i) © 2003, The University Grants Commission Editorial Committee (Names of members, preferably in alphabetical order to be given) Printed and published by the Secretary, UGC For the University Grants Commission, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110 002, India; Printed at……………………… (ii) Foreword The higher education system in India has grown in a remarkable way, particularly in the post-independence period, to become one of the largest system of its kind in the world. However, the system has many issues of concern at present, like financing and management including access, equity and relevance, reorientation of programmes by laying emphasis on health consciousness, values and ethics and quality of higher education together with the assessment of institutions and their accreditation. These issues are important for the country, as it is now engaged in the use of higher education as a powerful tool to build a knowledge-based information society of the 21st Century. Recognizing the above and the basic fact, that the Universities have to perform multiple roles, like creating new knowledge, acquiring new capabilities and producing an intelligent human......

Words: 10763 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

My Report on Education in India

...Inside India’s Education I am glad to say that I am one of those lucky few kids in India who had the privilege of attending a private school. My parents could afford to send me to a good school, and I am eternally grateful to them. But, I did not understand how lucky I was until 2006, when I volunteered to teach English to a group of kids studying or rather enrolled in a government school where subjects are taught in regional language. It was when I met these kids aged between 6-12, and I got firsthand information about their class structure, teachers, syllabus, etc. Recently, I read “Needs Improvement’: Despite Progress, India’s primary education system has ways to go” published in The Lauder Global Business Insight Report 2013 by Knowledge@Wharton. In the rest of this paper, I would like to compare my first-hand experience and reflect on this article. Majority of the population in India lives in rural areas with access mostly to government led primary schools. Rural India is the backbone of India and the future of India lies in the hands of the children of India. Currently the problems I see with government-led schools in India are: * The teaching medium in most of the schools is the regional language of the state in which the school is located [5] * The very large ratio of students to teachers hence lack of individual attention [6] * A large number of untrained teachers [7] * A general lack of disinterest in learning due to the attitude of people...

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Alignment of Industrial Needs to Education

...Aligning Industry Needs With Skill Development at Educational Institutions Deepesh Tiwari, Assistant Professor, Institute Industry Interaction Cell, MNNIT, Allahabad Prerna Kaushik, Guest Faculty, Computer Science and Engineering Dept, MNNIT, Allahabad ABSTRACT Globalization of economic activities, high rate of technological development and ever evolving demands of society have changed the rules of the game for the industry which in return has created a new challenge for the educational institutions. The challenge is to match the pace of developmental changes by providing human force well equipped with desired skill sets and aptitude. This challenge has strengthened the need for fostering interdependence of educational institutions and industry. This demands a long term strategic thinking on part of institute and industry while framing curricula and designing programs. Equipping our students with the skills required for industry needs puts the learning function at the centre of the issue. A diagnostic study based on responses of students pursuing post graduate programs in engineering and management has been conducted to propose a strategy to do the needful. Outcome of the study shows that there is need to change the traditional educational processes, training and research work to orient the same to the skill needs of the industry. INTRODUCTION Rapid evolution of technologies [2] and diverse education landscapes demands for institutes and industry to join hands. The global...

Words: 3597 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

India 2025

...India@2025: Perils, Promises and Prospects Since the independence India has always witnessed swing of fortunes. Seen as a leader of Third World countries in during 1950s, the country soon slumped into a food deficient nation in mid 1960s after a severe drought. It was followed by Green revolution where India turned the tables. The seventh decade of twentieth century saw populist campaigns like Garibi Hatao and imposition of emergency in 1975 to restoration of democracy in 1977. Not so long ago in 1991, India witnessed its worst economic crisis. But on the pretext of sound recoveries and deep seeded principles of democracy, India entered twenty first century as an emerging global power. And post 2008 global slump, India displayed remarkable resilience especially in financial sectors when compared other economies. With rising literacy rate cutting across genders and rising per capita income, the future is no less than promising. And if one goes by the words of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru where he says “The achievements we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that awaits” It’s the right time to analyze and anticipate the challenge that awaits us if we aim to appear as a global giant by 2025 and devise a roadmap to tackle the same. One of striking feature of the great Indian story has been the paradox it has displayed. Despite being in the League of Nations who survive well the global recession and enjoys the......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Education System in India

...Education System in India The Indian Education system is in great trouble. These are some of the faults I find in the current education system. * Several children do not even get a basic elementary education. * The rich and upper middle class in cities find decent quality private schools to send their children to. Even in these schools, getting a pass in the exams is the priority, not learning. Even these schools fail in teaching various arts, and in particular common sense to children. * Both the private and government schools in smaller towns and villages are uniformly pathetic. * Even if a student graduates from a higher secondary school, there are not enough colleges. The only hope left to most high school graduates is correspondence education. It is not clear to me whether one can be motivated enough to study through the correspondence course material sitting at home. * Even if one graduates from college, the graduates are mostly unemployable, because of poor quality course material and teaching in the colleges. I have myself seen a number of such people while interviewing them for various posts in my organization. * Despite all this, several thousand young men and women have been leading our nation forward. On just about all counts of economic indicators including the foreign exchange reserves, "India is Shining". Just imagine where we can be if only we resolved our education related problems? Here are some of my (not so complete)......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Democracy and Development in India: a Comparative Perspective

...Democracy and Development in India: A Comparative Perspective By Pranab Bardhan University of California at Berkeley To most theorists of democracy in the West, India is an embarrassing anomaly and hence largely avoided. By most theoretical stipulations India should not have survived as a democracy: it’s too poor its citizens largely rural and uneducated its civic institutions rather weak. It is a paradox even for those who believe in a positive relationship between economic equality or social homogeneity and democracy. India’s wealth inequality (say, in land distribution, and even more in education or human capital) is one of the highest in the world. Indian society is also one of the most heterogeneous in the world (in terms of ethnicity, language, caste and religion), and social inequality, a legacy of the caste system, is considerable. Yet this country, with the world’s largest electorate (it is now larger than the electorate in North America, Western Europe, and Japan combined), keeps lumbering on decade after decade as a ramshackle, yet remarkably resilient, democratic polity. Of course, depending on the defining features of democracy the depth of Indian democracy may be rather limited. It is useful to keep a distinction between three general aspects of democracy: (a) some basic minimum civil and political rights enjoyed by citizens, (b) some procedures of accountability in day-to-day administration under some overarching constitutional rules of the game, (c)......

Words: 3182 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Perspectives in Community Health Education

...PERSPECTIVES IN COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATION Assessing a Targeted Family applying the MAP-IT steps Glen Williams Access the areas of greatest need in your community; in this case, assisting your target family to access health care, as well as the resources and other strengths that you can tap into in order to address those areas. Incorporate the goals of Health People 2010 when feasible. Overarching Goals * Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death. * Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups. * Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all. * Promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages. INTRODUCTION The MAP-IT approach is a step-by-step, structured plan devised to tailor one's community needs and improve the health of a community. To increase the quality and years of healthy living for all Americans and to eliminate disparities in health status, individuals and communities must works together to make certain the benefits of health are available to all. There are five steps in the MAP-IT process. The second step in building a healthier community is to assess the greatest needs of the community with the goal determining what you want to improve. . Assessing a Targeted Family applying the MAP-IT steps The second step in building a healthier......

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Multicultural Education Scenario

...Multicultural Education Scenario AED 200 Contemporary Issues in American Education March 10, 2010 June Roman Multicultural Education Scenario Multicultural education focus in providing equal education opportunity to all types of students from all cultural backgrounds including English for Speakers of Other Language (ESOL) and Exceptional Student education (ESE) students. Principals and teachers are striving to reform and guide students into becoming critical thinkers and lifelong learners in multicultural classrooms. Schools are finding new ways to assist students in thinking deeply about a subject, communicating their ideas, writing, and using their knowledge to solve real-world problems regardless of their background. One of the major goals of language development is for students to become literate and develop academic competent. Being able to understand and appreciate literature, learn other subjects through English, communicate orally, and in writing is one of the major goals of any school with ESOL and ESE students. Schools that meet this challenge use a variety of strategies to adjust their program to serve their students in multicultural classrooms. Davidman & Davidman (1997) stated several multicultural strategies are as follows: 1. Multi-perspective teaching of American, Canadian, Mexican, and World History 2. Un-tracking 3. Gender-Fair Instruction 4. Teaching Conflict Resolution Techniques ...

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Compulsory Education in India

...SHOULD EDUCATION BE MADE COMPULSORY IN INDIA In today’s era of technological advancement, development of a country needs well educated and skilled citizens to compete with rest of the world. Education not only means learning facts but it nurtures talent and personality in an individual right from one’s childhood. It even brings up a responsible and productive citizen for the country. However, compulsory education is a part of this education which is more critical. I think education should be made compulsory in India. India has literacy rate of 74.04% which is quite below in comparison to the world average literacy rate of 84%. The 2011 census indicate that India currently has the largest illiterate population. No country can dream about development if such a large population is illiterate. So, to show up in the world, India should impose compulsory education. Moreover, the United Nations also states the right to free and compulsory education as one of the human rights. UNESCO targets at education for all by 2015. Human capital theory has important role in reasoning to why education should be made compulsory. This theory states that the more educated an individual is, the greater earning potential that individual has due to more skills he/she has acquired by education. This productivity of citizens of a country brings the nation in the list of developed countries. As For instance, United Nations is considered as a developed country and it has a literacy rate of 99% and on the...

Words: 502 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Education, a Learning Perspective

...Education The classroom harbors individuals with comprehensive distinct challenges. It is the teacher’s responsibility to be observant of each learner’s needs in context with the community in which they live. The African philosophy of kindness, community and compassion forms the basis for this. In the following essay, the broad, dynamic framework of African philosophy will be explored as well as the ways in which this philosophy can be used to assist a withdrawn, unconfident learner. What is the African philosophy? African philosophy can be traced as far back as the days of the Ancient Egyptians. It was a reaction to the difficulties in Africa caused by the rule of the Western thought. It was a fight for an African identity. In Western philosophy, the individual is the greater focus, however in African philosophy the focus is on the community. Tradition and culture also form an important part of this framework of education. There are 4 types of African philosophy. Ethnic philosophy This is a “holistic” approach and considers the “whole” involvement of human beings. This is an important approach to implement in the classroom. To take a “holistic” approach with each learner would be to consider the child’s age, background, culture, emotional and physical needs. It is also essential to consider the learner’s past experiences. Only once all this information is in place can a teacher do further investigations as to why a child is withdrawn. While ethnic...

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Marxist Perspective on Education

...Marxist Perspective on Education The Marxists have a conflicting view of the education system, believing that it reproduces inequality and sorts individuals into existing positions in the stratification system which maintains expliotation and privilege in a capitalist society. They believe education sorts students by social class, ensuring proletariat have jobs with low pay and that children of the rich maintain a high status and prestige. Louis Althusser was a Marxist who researched the role of education in a capitalist society and went on to conclude that the education system was an ideological state apparatus. His theory said that education had replaced the role of the church, which origionally was the main agency for ideological control. This may be due to secularisation and the increasing urge from the nation for more and a better education for children. Althusser said that the ruling class can not control through force as it produces more rebellion and that ideological control is more effective as it influences the way people think. Schools transmit an ideology which states that capitalism is reasonable and unknowingly prepares students for future expolitation by breaking their spirit by treating them harshly so that they will be made into a perfect worker and a wage slave. Althusser’s research method however was armchair theorising and his work lacked empirical support as it was all based on his Marxist beliefs which didn’t give the research much validity. In 1969......

Words: 611 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Rural Scenario in India

...Rural Scenario in India Out of a billion population, over 65% people are presently living in villages and about 35-40% families, who earn less than US$ 275 per annum are classified as poor. Presently, about 25% of the villages do not have assured source of drinking water for about 4-5 months during the year and about 70-75% of the water does not meet the standard prescribed by WHO. Poor quality drinking water is adversely affecting the health and diarrhea is an important cause of infant mortality. Traditional Indian communities being male dominated, women have been suppressed till recently. While the average literacy rate in rural areas is around 50-65%, it is as low as 20-25% among women in backward areas. Education of girls was felt to be unnecessary in the past and this has seriously affected their quality of life. Illiteracy has also suppressed their development due to lack of communication with the outside world. They are slow in adopting new practices, which are essential with the changing times. Apart from lack of communication, social taboo has also hindered their progress. Several vested interests, both local and outsiders have exploited this situation. The rich landlords did not want any infrastructure development, which would benefit the poor, because of the fear that they would not get cheap labour to work on their farms. The local moneylenders did not want alternate financial institutions to provide cheaper credit needed by the poor. The traditional......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sociological Perspectives on Education

...structural-functional perspective is the one that views society as having many parts which are all necessary for its well being .for this group of people education has a number of important aspects. Firstly the school system assists in passing skills to people. Students learn a lot of skills. For example they learn some technical skills such as carpentry, metal work or driving. Other skills that are transmitted include ability to communicate, ability to maintain personal integrity when faced by pressure. Knowledge is also passed on through the education system. For example how people can maintain their health status by having balanced meals or bathing and the disposal of waste matter. The culture and values of a society are passed on through the education system. Some values are passed through political ideologies and history as taught in school. For example the American educational system teaches that people must maintain their liberties. Day to day skills and folkways are passed on, for example in my country we are taught to say thank you to someone while clapping hands. Valuable practices, norms, values, rituals and symbols are transmitted through the education system, which assists to create a united society that has a lot to share. On the other hand the conflict theory has its own outlook on the role of education in the society. The conflict perspective paints the society as having various groups and individuals who have different interest, aspirations and needs which......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Scenario Planning

...The Shell Global Scenarios to 2025 The future business environment: trends, trade-offs and choices © Shell International Limited (SIL), 2005. Permission should be sought from SIL before any part of this publication is reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted by any other means. Agreement will normally be given, provided that the source is acknowledged. The information contained in this publication is, to the best of our knowledge, true and accurate although the forward looking statements herein are by their nature subject to risk factors which may affect the outcome of the matters covered. Opinions from independent experts are presented as their own views in separate inserts with their approval. None of Shell International The companies in which Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and The “Shell” Transport and Trading Company, p.l.c. directly or indirectly own investments are separate and distinct entities. The expressions “Royal Dutch/Shell Group” and “Group” are used to refer to the companies of the Royal Dutch/Shell Group as a whole. The words “Shell”, “we”, “us” and “our” are used in some places to refer to the Group and in others to an individual Shell company or companies where no particular purpose is served by identifying the specific company or companies. Limited, its affiliates and their respective officers, employees and agents represents the accuracy or completeness of the information set forth herein and none of the foregoing shall be liable......

Words: 5392 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Education in a Positive Perspective

...Education in A Positive Work Place Stanford, Education in my perspective is one of my most passionate fields of my life. It’s let me view several aspects of children’s lives and helping the children develop a stable level for their academics. I have the passion for volunteering, and helping the children grow tremendous amounts of potential in their academics, so they can prosper, contribute, and have a passion to contribute their skills to society. These perspectives have shown me that education is their key to each child’s soul and future. The ambiance of the school feels endless and ecstatic as it is derived, and driven in such an atmosphere that’s professional and not a very hostile environment. The children come to school and yearn their education in many different aspects to grow abroad. Each day that the children show up to school I yearn to greet them ,encourage them, and direct them towards the zenith of every vowel, color, letter, book, and playful object that helps them develop to the next level in their education. Furthermore, I love the way the teachers focus and implement the skills that STARRS State exam guidelines have to help the children reach and learn every area of their souls’ intelligence to work diligently. The Children themselves demonstrate that they love their books. Coloring, taking field trips to engage in feeling solids and playing different centers that visualize what they’ll want to grow up to be. These......

Words: 2668 - Pages: 11