Free Essay

Educational Reform on Curriculum Standards

In: Other Topics

Submitted By earthtone78
Words 838
Pages 4
Running head: Educational Reform Paper

Standards as Vehicle for Educational Reform
University of Phoenix
Cur 562/Standards-Based Curriculum and Instruction
Dr. Suranna
January 15, 2009

Standards as a Vehicle for Educational Reform Standards have been one of the most controversial topics in the field of education. Therefore, it has captured the concerns of the public to take the necessary action through a national movement that could help improve educational outcomes for all students. The movement has brought about major attention to stakeholders in the public arena, which include educators, administrators, parents, community leaders/members, businesses, and lawmakers. According to Marzano and Kendall (1996) many educators believe that the national publication of A Nation at Risk ( National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) has somewhat initiated a standards based reform movement. This publication has been one of the first documents to mandate the needs for significant improvement in public schools. In conjunction with such efforts came national and state level reform initiatives have help create standards of performance in the various subject areas. These standards later were used to develop assessments that would measure the extent in which the standards are to be mastered. Setting such rigorous academic standards, measuring students’ progress against these standards, and holding students and educators accountable for meeting them are the essential components of the standards-based reform movement. The academic standards describe what students should know and be able to do in the core academic subjects for each grade level. Content standards describe the basic knowledge that all students should know. The performance standard component describes the level at which students are performing at, which can be below grade level, at or on grade level, and above grade or proficient level. There has been a very strong support of the public as it relates to the standards. According to a public opinion poll by the Business roundtable, found that the effort to adopt standards is just a beginning step of the reform movement. A survey that was given by Education week, found that 39% of educators believe that raising standards for what students should learn each year is definitely a move to consider, whereas 48% believe that making this move is somewhat satisfactory. Most of the states have either adopted some form of a reform based system. These states have worked considerably hard in putting these academic standards into place. As of 2001, all states except Iowa have some academic standards and other states have established standards in all subject areas. Even though states are making some progress in setting these academic standards, challenges are present. Because of this clarity and quality of standards have become major concerns. One of the concerns about these standards seems to be are students truly aware of what is expected of them and how well are they being prepared for it. Another concern may be are the standards being taught at a quality level by quality educators who are able to prepare these students for assessments. In today’s public schools standards are being seen throughout tests and the results which are holding schools accountable, can be seen as a way of lowering the standards. Unless standards are realistic and attainable, educators, students, and parents may not take standards seriously. While there continues to be a high support in standards, there still seems to be a concern with students’ performance on tests according to state criteria. A key concern is how well aligned tests are with the standards, which are designed to measure one’s understanding of the standards. Many tests are not remotely designed to match any one state’s standards. Some observers have found that curriculum alignment tends to narrow the focus of academic programs and to reinforce traditional methods of direct instruction, particularly in urban school districts (Firestone, Camilli, Yurecko, Monfils, & Mayrowetz, 2000). As these standards are being aligned with the tests some issues are carefully observed. Some of the observations have been the time constraints that may be involved in the implementation of changes to the curriculum and classroom practices, leading to little or no time to teach the standards thoroughly within a given school year. A most common observation or complaint made by teachers is that standards serves as the sole purpose of teaching strictly to a test and not skills or concepts that are applicable to the real-world, which can ultimately take away from students’ learning experience and creativity. When standards are in its proper place, better training and professional development for teachers are being provided, and revised and relevant curriculum is strategically planned, then perhaps students can make some progress as well as meet their expectations.

References
Firestone, W., Camilli, G., Yurecko, M., Monfils, L., & Mayrowetz, D. (2000). State standards, socio-fiscal context and opportunity to learn in New Jersey. Educational Policy Analysis Archives, 8(35). On-line journal available at http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v8n35
Marzano, R. and Kendall, J. The Fall and Rise of Standards-Based Education (Alexandria, Virginia: National Association of State Boards of Education, 1996).

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Islc Standard 5 Summary

...6. Sorenson, et al, stressed that effective school leaders must be knowledgeable of the ISLLC/ELCC Standards. Cite specific factors, according to the dispositions of these authors that effective school leaders will adhere to and are responsible for in promoting the success of students in addressing Standard 5. How will this information keep you off of “Three on My Side” and avoid disgracing the field of educational leadership? Due to the seriousness of every school’s mission to educate all students, creating a culture of ethics and integrity is extremely important. Therefore, every decision a school leader makes should be guided by Standard 5 of the ISLLC Standards. This standard requires that school leaders promote the success of all students...

Words: 1848 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Maryland Race to the Top and It's Assumptions

...create reforms that reflect the current needs and create the largest impact for student growth. To achieve their primary goal, Maryland is focusing on five main areas to support the Race to the Top federal grant, Maryland’s Third Wave of Reform (Maryland State Department of Education, Preparing World-Class Students, 2012). Maryland has adopted the Common Core State Standards and PARCC assessments to ensure that the students will be prepared for the increasing demands of a global society. In order to meet the rising needs of 21st century students, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) developed the Maryland Common Core State Curriculum which aligns with the new national standards and assessments. These higher standards have raised the expectations for our students and are providing them with opportunities to gain a deeper understanding of the skills they need to be prepared to enter college and careers without the need for remediation (MSDE, Preparing World-Class Students, 2012). This Race to the Top strategy is universalistic because it takes the position of a reform view for the assumption, purposes of schooling (Astuto, Clark, Read, McGree, Fernandez, 1994). This strategy focuses on implementing the Common Core State Standards, a revision of the Maryland State Curriculum. These new standards are national education standards that define the skills and knowledge that students need to meet upon graduation. By implementing the Common Core State Standards,......

Words: 4209 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Educational Standards

...Educational Standards A. G. Com/172 Educational Standards Education is a vital good, like fresh food or medical treatment, and this has been proven since the 1800s. Although it is a responsibility of the individual States, the United States (U.S.) Government assumes the responsibility of deciding what constitutes “education” for school-age children in America (American History Journal, 2010). The American Government holds the sentiment that change to public schools’ curriculum is critical to advancement. This paper will discuss whether or not raising the U.S. Educational standard will give American students an advantage professionally. The History of the United States Education Department The American Educational Department was created in 1867 to gather information on schools and teaching. This information was used to help the United States produce effective schools. For over 130 years the department of education continues to provide information on what works in education to teachers and policy makers. In 1946, The United States Department of Education (ED) began vocational training in high schools. These training programs consisted of agriculture, industrial arts, and home economics, and were focused on better preparing students for future careers. In 1957, the U.S. voiced concerns...

Words: 1543 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Quality Associates Sample Paper

...http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?journalCode=ccom20 Download by: [The University of Manchester Library] Date: 01 December 2015, At: 11:00 Compare, 2015 Vol. 45, No. 5, 664–685, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2014.928508 International education policy transfer – borrowing both ways: the Hong Kong and England experience Downloaded by [The University of Manchester Library] at 11:00 01 December 2015 Katherine Forestier* and Michael Crossley Graduate School of Education, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK This paper analyses how the impact of international student achievement studies and the recent economic crisis in Europe are influencing the development of educational policy transfer and borrowing, from East to West. This is contrasted with education reform movements in East Asia, which have long legacies of borrowing from so-called ‘progressive’ discourses in the West. England and Hong Kong are used as case studies. Since...

Words: 9716 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Percetive of Ys10 Learners to K12

...THE PERCEPTION OF YS-10 LEARNERS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE K-12 CURRICULUM A research presented to In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for CAE, Economics and Mathematics 11 CHAPTER I PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING I. Introduction Education is a basic human right and a significant factor in the development of children, communities, and countries. (Herz, B. and Sperling G.B., 2004) It is valued by a lot of Filipinos mainly because it is the start of economic improvement and it is the key to a brighter future. The Philippines was one of only three countries in the world and the only one in Asia that still had 10 years in basic education. This has always been seen as a disadvantage for the learners who are competing in an increasingly global job market and also reason of having a high number of unemployment in the country. The government asserts that with the implementation of K12 program, the problem of unemployment in the country will be resolved. In as much as employment in the Philippines is concerned, the K12 education also responds to the fact that most countries in the world already have the same plan in their educational institutions. With this, the standards of these countries go a notch higher than what the country has, thus, creating an expansion in the global competency. (DepEd, 2010) President Aquino aforementioned that we needed to add two more years of basic education in the country. Those who can afford to pay up to......

Words: 1496 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Movers and Shakers

...Ugolini, Crystal EDU-210 June 23, 2013 Ms. Amy DeSylvester The Evolution of Academic Curriculum Educating the population was not a primary focus of America’s founding fathers. It soon became evident to them that formal education was necessary. Initially, the concentration was on teaching children to read so that they might be able to read the Bible and therefore become better citizens. It wasn’t too much later that this idea evolved. The general population needed to be able to read and comprehend the regulations being set forth. Then, there was the idea that the youth of this new country would eventually be the ones to uphold the Constitution and Bill of Rights, as well as make laws to govern the new society. In order to do this effectively, children would need to be educated. What they were to be educated in became an issue to be argued and developed even to this day. Dame School where younger children were taught in a woman's kitchen. Dame School where younger children were taught in a woman's kitchen. The first introduction to the idea of a curriculum came with the Massachusetts Law of 1642. This law required parents and masters (owners) of children to teach the children to read and write. Children who were not taught the basics in reading and writing could be removed from the person in charge of them, (Mass Moments, 2013). Not only did this new law require children to be taught these two fundamental subjects, it made not teaching them an offense that was......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Movers and Shakers

...always has been under continuous reform. Throughout history, the change of the educational system can be seen through numerous defining moments. Quality education is always the common goal but the approach has never been the same at achieving that goal. The government involvement, curriculum, and pedagogy have all been questioned over time. The common school movement began the step towards public school systems, Horace Mann and John Dewey brought new approaches towards curriculum, and the Nation at Risk report used government involvement to the highest degree in its time to reform education. The Common School Movement is responsible for creating the public school system structure we still use today. The idea behind the common school movement was to educate the general public in order to lower poverty rates and teach immigrant children the American ways (Hunt, 2002). In addition, the common school advocates suggested that while money may be spent on educating the poor, the benefits of educated moral citizens would pay off (Hunt, 2002). The common school movement was advocating education to be available for a growing diverse population in America. Hunt (2002), explains that prior to the common school, education was privately governed and was only for the wealthy. The movement advocated state and local involvement of the schools as well as public funding in order to provide free education (Webb, Metha, & Jordan, 2010). A structured curriculum is common today but this......

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Aspects of Learning and Development Report

...Aspects of Learning And Development Report Introduction This report will examine the National Curriculum changes and educational debate regarding assessments procedures within a childcare setting. With reference to current policy and educational debate and in relation to the settings assessment practises, contemporary concerns regarding children and young people will be highlighted throughout this report. An evaluation of national and local strategies for supporting children’s learning and development will also be discussed within the report, with reference to legal frameworks. The focus of this report will be children aged five to eleven years old within a child care setting. For decades now, Government interest in the school curriculum has raised concern. The Education Act (1944) was introduced by a conservative politician, R, A Butler who introduced the Tripartite System making secondary education free for all. The act attempted to achieve this goal by raising the school leaving age and dividing the all-age elementary education into primary and secondary schools. It also allowed the creation of comprehensive schools, a system of direct grant schools and a number of independent schools receiving a grant from the Ministry of Education in exchange for accepting pupils on ‘free child places’. These children took an exam known as the eleven plus, this was to allocate pupil on their abilities and aptitudes. Free school milk was also provided in schools for......

Words: 2097 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Education

...EDUCATION REFORMS Socio-economic changes, rapid changes in the political areas and in Science and Technology impelled the government to recognize and strengthen further the national system of education to suit the education needs of the future along the line of education for all and to produce a work force that has the quality, capability and skill to handle more complex challenges. Cabinet committee of educational reforms was chaired by Dr. Mahathir Mohamad and was formed in 1974. The purpose of forming this committee was study the implementation of the National Education policy. Educational reforms released its findings in the Mahathir Report in 1979. The report suggested that education should meet the country’s manpower needs, especially in the development of science and technology and education should foster development of noble values. Objectives of Educational Reforms The government set the objectives as guideposts along the road that make the implement of Educational Reforms more smoothly. The main objective of Educational Reforms is to improve the conditions and quality of the educational system so that the development of country in science and technology can be improved. Furthermore, Ministry of Education wished to create an updated system of education that is of universal standard so that the student can always receive the latest information. Moreover, another objective is to fix a system of education that is “flexible” to current development to avoid......

Words: 1276 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

K-12 Math Curriculum

...The Changing Mathematics Curriculum: An Annotated Bibliography Third Edition April 2005 1 2 The K–12 Mathematics Curriculum Center The K–12 Mathematics Curriculum Center (K–12 MCC) supports school districts as they build effective mathematics education programs using curricula that align with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics’ (NCTM) Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (1989) and Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (2000). The K–12 MCC offers a variety of products and services to assist mathematics teachers and administrators. Our seminars address selecting and implementing new curricula, designing professional development and support, aligning curriculum with assessment, and examining leadership in curricular change. Our other resources include: About This Publication This publication, an annotated bibliography of articles relevant to Standards-based mathematics curriculum reform, is intended as a resource for educators and communities considering the selection and implementation of a Standards-based mathematics curriculum. It also may assist individuals who are interested in learning about the student achievement, classroom practices, and implementation challenges associated with the use of Standards-based materials. When gathering resources for this publication, the K–12 Mathematics Curriculum Center staff reviewed articles that either addressed important issues in mathematics curriculum change or shared......

Words: 26387 - Pages: 106

Premium Essay

K-12 Curriculum

...comprehensively each question below. 2. Cite/theories/research/examples/to substantiates your discussion/explanation. 3. Illustrate/draw/design a matrix if necessary. A. The Philippine educational system is currently undergoing curricular changes through the implementation of the K - 12 curriculums. In relation to this, make a thorough discussion about the education reform by answering the following question: 1. Discuss different perspective surrounding the implementation of the said curriculum including the Washington and Bologna accords. The first and foremost perspective that surrounds the implementation of the K to 12 programs is that to provide every Filipino child with education he/she needs to...

Words: 1188 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Literature Review-Differentiated Instructions

...and how differentiating instruction and standardized testing outcomes coexist. Differentiation is described as an educational strategy that cogitates that students’ learning profiles are different and that their highest learning capacity is reached when educators accommodate curriculum and instruction to meet individual needs. Other theorists have perceived differentiated instruction in their own ways and the purpose of this literature review is to validate the research study by aligning it with the findings of each point discussed. Literature Review Introduction Education is said to be the process of receiving systematic instruction; the delivery of knowledge and information between a student and a teacher; and the level of cognition. Before the embodiment of education that involves curriculum and assessments mandated by the government, it was merely a system that was in the hands of the state, parents, and church. During this time, schools focused on literacy and assessed students on the basis of how fluently the Bible, a Farmer’s Journal, or Federal Papers were read. As time progressed, intellectual abilities became a high demand along with the desire of the knowledge of materialistic endeavors, the questions of the origins of living things, and the ability to run business entities, which became the driving force of the education reform. With the reform, came the funding of federal...

Words: 2485 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Common Core Standards Act Essay

...Student Succeed Act - State Standards The Common Core Standards have indeed been of really help for the educational environment. The Common Core Standards which were released in 2010 for the English language, mathematics and arts have already been adopted by the dozens of states which shows the effectiveness of these standards within the educational environment. The efforts are also being made by the federal government in order to put on the considerable amount of resources for the use and adaptation of these standards. There are various benefits which are associated with the use of these standards in the curriculum. The national curriculum also thus offers the required benefits related to the shared expectations as there would then be consistency within the given curriculum and its respective implementation (Andrew Porter, 2011). Secondly, it also provides the benefits of respective focus because the standards based reform is able to bring on more of the focus to the entire U.S curriculum around the entire world. The “Every Student Succeeds Act” is also one of the most important examples which shows that what is the purpose of...

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Preference of Xavier Dormer on the K+12 Bep

...progress and welfare of a nation. Thus, every nation has a high regard in educating its people. According to Nelson Mandela, one of an African foremost statesman said that “education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world.” It is supported by one of the approaches of curriculum which is known as reconstructivism where the long term purpose of education is promoted. They are trained to be professionals in the future that in the end will reform the society. Everyone has the right to education as what the Universal Deceleration on Human Rights stated. It is supported by the 1987 Philippine Constitution Section 1 of Article XIV that announces that “the state shall protect and promote the right of all citizen to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.” This creates an avenue for the children to have quality education so that they will have a bright future and a better quality of life that most parents want to achieve and this will be beneficial and helpful to the nation itself. In the Philippine Journal (2006), Moises R. Tamandong cited different ingredients for quality education. He stated the following: 1.Curriculum which caters to the needs of the learners, carefully planned and based on real situations and culture of country by region. 2.Sincere, honest, enthusiastic and God-fearing educators. 3.Competent, well-equipped, skilled, concerned, hardworking, dedicated, properly......

Words: 5417 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Culture

...A World Culture of Schooling? Kathryn M. Anderson-Levitt Introductory chapter to Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn, Ed. 2003 Local Meanings, Global Schooling: Anthropology and World Culture Theory. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 1 Is there one global culture of schooling, or many? Are school systems around the world diverging from their original European sources, or are they converging toward a single model?i This book opens a dialogue between two very different perspectives on schooling around the world. On the one hand, anthropologists and many scholars in comparative education emphasize national variation, not to mention variation from district to district and from classroom to classroom. From their point of view, the nearly 200 national school systems in the world today represent some 200 different and diverging cultures of schooling. On the other hand, sociology’s “institutionalists” or world culture theorists argue that not only has the model of modern mass education spread from a common source, but that schools around the world are becoming more similar over time.ii According to world culture theory, rather than diverging, schools are converging toward a single global model. This question matters to anthropologists because when we look at globalization— the movement of people, money and ideas across the entire world in unprecedented volume—we wonder whether it really means that the world is becoming more homogeneous. Are we creating a global culture (a “McWorld” for......

Words: 10440 - Pages: 42