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Educational Theories

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Educational Theories

A social problem is when most individuals in a society agree a situation is present that jeopardizes the quality of their lives, their families, and their most prized possessions. The same society is also in agreement that something should be done to solve the social problem. The functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives are the key sociological methods to studying these social problems (Pearson, 1995). The way the main social institutions actually operate is the way the functionalist perspective looks at these schools and society expects the school to generate well educated and skilled adults (Hernandez, 2007). The belief of functionalists is that the responsibility of the schools is to not only maintain social order but also maintain a universal set of principles and ideals that encourage social unity (Webb, Metha, & Jordan, 2010, p.193). Functionalists realize the need for education in society to function logically, disciplined, effectively and proficiently (Webb et al, 2010, p.193). “According to the functionalist perspective, the purpose of the school is to teach the economic, political, and cultural practices and norms of the dominant society” (Webb et al, 2010, p.193). Functionalist wish to find out the ways schools compare with other social institutions trying to understand how efficiently the school can actually teach its students. The plan is to find out the school is representing the neighboring residents in the schools faculty and student body (Hernandez, 2007). The functionalist are also concerned in finding out how much capability the school system has to teach culturally based curriculum and how the cultural values incorporated in the curriculum and entire educational beliefs (Hernandez, 2007). Conflict theories see conflict as an existing phenomenon in societies. The conflict between groups brings out...

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