Free Essay

Effect of Gender on Study Habits

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By francomorg
Words 2650
Pages 11
Question 1: Explain with an example of counselling problem, how you would apply one theory of learning to solve a problem?

Learning is defined as a permanent change in behavior, through experience, study or instructions. Learning theories generally explain how people learn. Ogbebor (2007), states that theory of learning tends to probe into the ways learning occur in animal and man. Learning theories are generally classified into three categories which are; The Behaviorist Theory, The Cognitive Field Theory and the Social Learning Theory. However, there is a fourth theory of learning, which is known as the Humanistic Learning Theory.

The importance of learning theories cannot be over-emphasized as they give us an in-depth knowledge of how human beings and animals learn and this knowledge tend to help us develop and modify appropriate ways of teaching the learners.

The purpose of this paper is to show how we can possibly use one of these learning theories to solve a counselling problem and it is the desire or this writer therefore, to focus on the behaviorist learning theory which believes that learning occurs as a result of stimulus – response association and the interest of this group is on the overt behavior or human beings. Prominent among these exponents, are; The Russian scientist, Ivan Pavlov, Edward L. Thorndike, B. F. Skinner, Watson, Guthrie and C.L. Hull, among others.

Beneath the behaviorist theory are the following behavioral therapies which are; the classical conditioning and the Operant conditioning, etc. From the operant conditioning are several behavior modification techniques as well as in the classical conditioning techniques. However, this paper will discuss how shaping, which is a form of reinforcement technique, an offshoot of the operant conditioning theory, can be used in solving a counselling problem.

Shaping or successive approximation is a type of reinforcement where all successive approaches to the targeted behavior are reinforced until the targeted behavior is achieved. When the desired behavior has been conditioned; reinforcement is omitted until the learner gives a response just a little closer to the goal. Carefully withholding and giving of reinforcement gradually makes the learner emit complex responses that he or she would never perform in an uncontrolled environment. Shaping is used to help people learn in educational settings, the substance abuse centers, as well as in mental institutions

Shaping, as a behavior modification technique, is used in many everyday situations. B. F Skinner (as cited by Petti john, 1998) described shaping as a gradual process that begins with the reinforcement of some behavior that approximates, or gets closer to, the final behavior desired. This approach to operant conditioning has become popular with psychologist and educators. Mental health institutions use shaping to institute toilet training and bed making among its residents. Also substance abuse counselors use it to eliminate drug addiction and teachers use it as an important tool in classroom instruction for many students who need step-by-step instruction and reinforcement.

B.F Skinner used shaping on one of his daughters. She was about three or four years old, and was afraid to go down a particular slide. So Skinner picked her up, put her at the end of the slide, asked if she was okay and if she could jump down. She did, of course, and he showered her with praise and then picked her up and put her a foot or so up the slide and asked her if she was okay, and asked her to slide down and jump off., so far so good. He repeated this again and again, each time moving her a little up the slide, and backing off if she got nervous. Eventually, he could put her at the top of the slide and she could slide all the way down and jump off.

Shaping is a form of behavior modification therapy that has been successfully used in individual therapy with the emotionally disturbed or mentally retarded client. Shaping is a very effective way of helping these patients acquire or learn new behaviors even though they have limited cognitive capabilities. Simple spaced out instructions work better for these individuals because they can achieve small goals over a period of time until a final goal is met.

One of the most important uses of shaping is inside a classroom setting. Shaping is an intricate part of classroom instruction as it eliminates problem behaviors and introduces appropriate ones. Children can obtain behavior patterns that will help them succeed in the later years of their education. At one point in life we have all either received benefits from shaping or introduced new ideas to someone else using shaping.

As a counsellor, I will apply shading to decrease and resolve the problem of hyperactive in children in an educational setting, as an alternative to drug and medical management therapies. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a psychological condition that begins in early childhood and frequently persists into adulthood. Although it is more prevalent in childhood with an estimated 7-8% of children being diagnosed in the United States with ADHD, approximately 4-5% of adults are diagnosed with the condition. In general, males have a higher prevalence rate of the disorder than women.

There are three broad sets of symptoms associated with ADHD: inattention and distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. It is not necessary to have symptoms from all three areas to meet criteria for ADHD and many adults experience primarily the cognitive symptoms of inattention and distractibility. The hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms are more common in males and are typically more severe earlier in childhood. In addition to these primary symptoms, many children with ADHD experience secondary problems, including significant academic difficulties during their early school years and/or interpersonal difficulties with peers.

To begin this intervention, I would select behaviour and explain to the pupils the nature of the problem and what will constitute improvement. (For example a pupil who never completes a given task or activity). I will ensure that most programmes are pupils centred. Pupils with ADHD can often participate in planning for improvement in their own behaviour and each time a success is made towards advancing to the target behavior, the child will be reinforced. This will encourage them to experience more ownership for positive changes and also make effort to accomplish given tasks. Pupils need to understand or be aware of the problem behaviour and the control they can exhibit to improve the situation.

I would introduce a token economy system, structured to the needs of the classroom. Each hyperactive child will receive a token after each successive step toward decreasing inattention and aggression, is achieved. My hypothesis is that the token exchange system will reduce the amount of hyperactive and destructive behavior in the classroom since the hyperactive students would always want to be receiving reinforcement and the only way for the token to keep coming would be to jettison their inattention and aggressive behavior. This will help to increase the attention level and class cooperation.

I would assist the pupils to develop a rating scale to rate behaviour and document improvement. The pupils will need to learn how to use the rating scale, which should be appropriate to the pupil’s age. Every completed task is scored fully (10 marks), while uncompleted task is scored half (5marks) a task not done gets zero (0). At the end of the day, the total scores are recorded. For a high score the pupil could get a praise e.g. well done, you have done very well etc or a packet of biscuit as it applies to the age or both and this reinforcement will be given at every successive advancement towards the targeted behavior, which is attentiveness.

Question 2: A student is found to want to commit suicide, use one learning theory to give counselling to the student and explain how you will do it?

It attempting to answer this question, one may wonder why somebody would want to cut short his or her life for any reason whatsoever. To the majority, no problem is worth dying for and so it ought to be but unfortunately, a good number of others are often overwhelmed with their problems and easily jump to the conclusion that there is no way forward in life and they must attempt to cut it short. These segments of the human race are subdued by their irrational thinking.

Suicide ideation can erupt from mental imbalance in an individual, depression, bipolar disorder anxiety disorder or schizophrenia etc and all these could have resulted from the effects of drug abuse and alcoholism, failure in academic works, failure in marriages, failure to achieve life goals etc. If the brain is sick too long, it can lead a person to taking their lives. This isn't always the case, as millions of people live with depression and never attempt to die by suicide, but with awareness, education, and treatment, people can be helped so that suicide does not become an option.
The purpose of this paper therefore is to discuss ways of helping a student with suicide ideation, because of failure in examination which implies that the suicide plan is propelled by depression caused by failure in examination. Failure in exam is considered by children as failure to fulfill the expectations of their parents. Also it is perceived as failure to secure stable future for own lives. When this failure is focused into future, it leads to depression and hopelessness. Children interpret their failure as dead end of the road and wish to die. They do not have an understanding that in life journey, failure is just a bend and not an end. Literature has shown that the most effective way of treating depressive illnesses are through; • Cognitive therapy which focuses on trying to change a person's negative thinking and the inaccurate perceptions they have of themselves and their environment. People are taught to think logically, and to avoid negative self-talk.

• Interpersonal therapy which teaches a person how to successfully interact with others. Depressive illnesses interfere with how a person treats their family, friends, and co-workers, which affects how they treat them in return. Interpersonal therapy focuses on social skills.
The writer of this paper will attempt to counsel the student with the suicide ideation, with the first method, which is the cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), using the Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, which is a type of CBT propounded by the American psychotherapist, Albert Ellis in the mid 1950s.
The Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) dwells on uncovering irrational beliefs which may lead to unhealthy negative emotions and replace them with more productive rational alternatives.
This suicide ideation student needs cognitive restructuring so as to restructure his/her thinking faculty because the cause of this desire to die is not as a result of the adversity or activating event in ‘A’ but as a result of the way he/she is nursing irrational thinking ‘B’ (beliefs) about the occurrence in ‘A’ (failure) that life has come to an end for him and he has to commit suicide ‘C’ (suicide ideation), being the consequence of his beliefs, ‘B’.
As a counselor, I shall assist the client to understand that failing is not the end of life as it actually avails him the opportunity to prove his abilities by rising up to the realization that he has to do well next time and if he dies by suicide, there will be no next time and worse still, he would be going to hell fire because Almighty God frowns at those who take their lives.
As a counselor, I will help the student to throw away those perfectionistic Shoulds, Oughts Musts, as the human irrational and unrealistic thinking, are rooted in these absolutist thoughts which are most irrational and According to Albert Ellis, such unrealistic beliefs include the following; • “I absolutely MUST under practically all conditions at all times, perform well and win the approval of significant others and if I fail in this respect, it is awful and I am incompetent and unworthy person who will always fail and deserve to suffer” Holding this kind of view will contribute to feelings of anxiety, panic, depression and worthlessness. • “Other people whom I relate or associate with, absolutely MUST under practically all conditions at all times, treat me nicely, considerably and fairly. Otherwise, it is terrible and they are rotten, bad, unworthy people who always treat me badly and do not deserve a good life and should be severely punished. For acting abominably to me.” Holding this belief when faced with adversity tend to contribute to feelings of anger, rage, fury etc. • “The conditions under which I live absolutely MUST at practically all times be favourable , safe and hassle-free and quickly and easily enjoyable and if they are not that way, it is awful and horrible and I can’t bear it. My life is impossible and hardly worth living” Holding this belief when faced with adversity tends to contribute to frustration and discomfort, intolerance, self pity and depression which will at the long run, lead to suicide ideation.
The student with suicide ideation must be made to know that all these irrational thoughts can only lead one to unhappiness and needless sufferings because life is full of ups and downs and there is no way you can have it all your ways always and life cannot be fair to you at all times rather, you should adopt ways to adjust to life situations which will always be present.
I will help the student to understand that failure could be quite disturbing but life must go on well so as to meet up the challenges and I will make him to see other students who have equally failed but have carried on with life, seeing their failure as challenge and determined to do better in subsequent exams. I will make him to understand that examination is certainly not a do or die thing as there are many other places he can exhibit his potentials if not in academics.
At this stage of the counselling, I will teach the student to start to learn and begin to apply the principles of A-B- C- D- E model of psychological disturbance and change which state that normally, it is not merely an ‘A’ adversity (or activating event) that contributes to disturbed and dysfunctional emotional and behavioral ‘Cs’ consequence, but also what people ‘B’ believe about the ‘A’ adversity can either be healthy or unhealthy and if the ‘B’ beliefs about the ‘A’ activating events, are absolutistic and dysfunctional, the ‘C’ being the emotional and behavioral consequence, is likely to be self-defeating and destructive. On the other hand, if a person’s evaluative B, belief, is preferential, flexible and constructive, the ‘C’, the emotional and behavioral consequence is likely to be self helping and constructive..
I will make the student understand that through Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, by understanding the role of their mediating evaluative and philosophically based illogical, unrealistic and self-defeating meanings, interpretations and assumptions in upset, people often can learn to identify them, begin to ‘D’ dispute, refute, challenge and question them, distinguish them from healthy constructs and subscribe to ‘E’ effective philosophy of more constructive and self-helping constructs.
As a counselor, I will educate the student that whenever unpleasant and unfortunate activating events occur in his life, he has a choice of making himself feel healthily and self-helpingly sorry, disappointed, frustrated and annoyed. These are positive inappropriate emoting or making themselves feel unhealthily and self-defeating, horrified, terrified, panicked, depressed, self-hating and self-pitying are negative inappropriate emoting.
The counselor would teach the student to ingrain a more rational and self constructive philosophy of himself, others and the world.
Finally, the counselor would give home works/assignments relating to cognitive restructuring, to the student to go and perform before the next counselling session.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Effects on the Study Habits

...experiences and studies found out that there are also several factors that would account for the grades. No single factor can be definitely pointed out as predicting grades. It has been interplay of so many factors – gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parent’s educational attainment, social status, number of siblings, birth order, etc. In fact, almost all of existing environmental and personal factors are a variable of academic performance. Study habits are a well-planned and deliberate pattern of study which has attained a form of consistency on the part of the students toward understanding academic subjects and passing at examination. Study habits determine the academic achievement of students to a great extent. (Mattoo et.al, 2012 ) The students’ performance (academic achievement) plays an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leader and manpower for the country thus responsible for the country’s economic and social development (Ali et.al, 2009). However, at this point in time, the researchers would like to investigate the possible relationship of study habits and the factors affecting it to the academic achievement of the first year high school students of Bulacan State University. The investigation of on this area thus becomes a real and compelling motivation for the researchers to conduct this study. Statement of the Problem This study intended to find out the factors affecting the study......

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance

...CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Individuals are really different; thousands would love to study at night before going to bed, while thousand others will love to study at dawn. Late night is normally quiet and you are unlikely to be disturbed by anyone. Besides you have longer hours to review all your notes and works unlike the dawn when you will have to race against time. A thorough review at night will help you remember the whole thing you have learnt while the hesitant studying at the dawn is highly prone to forgetting. This is true for a particular group of people. This is entirely against the theory of “Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy wealthy and wise”. Waking up the whole night to study for exams is sure to affect your health. Late night study is less productive as the mind loses concentration late at night. Lack of sleep affects your daily life. It weakens the strength of the students and you can lose focus during the examination. It will also lead to serious memory impairment, thus making no use of the hard work and study. Research has suggested that sleep and good memory are bed fellows. Burning midnight oil harms more than it serves. The researchers say that at least a good night sleep within 30 hours is needed to remember a new task later. Science has also said that teen brains work most effectively at night. However, the scientists concluded that a good night's sleep, which includes both slow-wave and REM (Rapid eye......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance

...of work. I am indebted to my supervisor, Dr. James L. Nkata for his patience, inspiration and encouragement. I admired the way in which he explained very difficult concepts in very simple ways. I would like to thank Dr. Beatrice Ssekabembe who led me through the first stages of my research work when I had no experience at all. Words cannot express how grateful I am to Dr. F.E.K Bakkabulindi whose invaluable knowledge helped me to put this piece of work together, he guided me all through, read through my work and encouraged me not to give up. I am so grateful to my work supervisor, the Rev. Can Dr. Alex Kagume who encouraged me to go back to school and for allowing me to take time off work to study. I thank him and the management of Uganda Christian University who sponsored my studies at Makerere University. I also thank my colleagues at work, Sylvia, Annette and Justine who always stood in for me when I went to meet my supervisor and Godfrey who helped to collect the filled questionnaires from the respondents. I cannot forget to thank my group mates Lydia and Esther, we always encouraged one another to keep on keeping on. I thank you all very much. 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Declaration Approval Dedication … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … i ii iii iv v vi viii xi Acknowledgement Table of Contents List of Tables … List of Figures … Abstract … CHAPTER......

Words: 17394 - Pages: 70

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance

...STUDY HABITS AFFECTNG THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE GRADE 8 STUDENTS OF BAGUIO CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL KURT VINCENT A. MANZANO HOMARD T. PARNACIO JEDEE CAROLYN L. MACAGNE MAYBELENE G. FALLORIN CRISTETA D. LONGEY SUBMITTED TO MELCHOR B. TICAG OF THE STE PROGRAM, BAGUIO CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR MATHEMTICS 8 (Fourth Quarter: Statistics) MARCH 7, 2014 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study The study habits of a person vary with each individual student. Some students keep a tight schedule of their study habits, a factor which helps them pass their exams or quizzes. Some students study their lessons but sometimes, they fail. Why is that? To answer this question, the researchers surveyed some groups of students about the factors affecting their study habits. At times, a student’s study habits are affected by their surroundings, their environment, and even themselves. Friends, parents, classmates, determination, and patience are very important for a student’s study habit. These factors either help the student pass or fail. Statement of the Problem The focus of the study is to evaluate the study habits affecting the academic performance and the factors affecting the study habits of the Grade 8 students of Baguio City National High School. Specifically this study sought to answer the question: 1. What is the level of influence of students’ study habits in the academic performance......

Words: 2121 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Study on the Effects of Study Habits

...desire to be on a permanent state of euphoria or at least with being supposed to be a happy-go-lucky society no matter what circumstances they are in. Happy-go-lucky is a characteristic of a person in which he is optimistic on things around him, takes things lightly, and often smiles. Often, Filipinos get their smiles while watching television. According to the study of Sigmund Freud, watching television can cause absorption and imaginative involvement, a defense mechanism to escape one’s problems. Many people consider the hour of study, as very important. Student need to develop time management skills. They must realize that there is a time to be in a class, a time to study, time for family, and time to socialize. The critical issue is recognition that there must be an appropriate balance. The more appropriate question is, “How can students study more effectively?” The use of gadgets as phones, video games, computers, text messaging, television, music, ipod, and tablet can all decrease the ability the student to learn. Whatever is going on inside one’s mind is going to affect the study habits of the student. Television is a good tool to receive news and entertainment. However, owning a television causes problems, one of which is how to manage time that must be spent in watching T.V and time that must be spent in studying. One of the common scenarios in a family is on how to control the time consumed in watching T.V. There is always a continual......

Words: 1736 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Effect of Study Habits

...Checklist 1. Stress Reduction * A study conducted by Dr. Ranjita Misra, Ph.D., and Michelle McKean and published by the American Journal of Health Studies found that stress levels decreased among students who managed their time well. Students who sought relaxation through parties and other social events still maintained a relatively high stress level, in spite of their efforts. The study also determined that the time-balanced students achieved higher grades, felt less anxiety over tests and were more confident in their academic performance overall. Furthermore, these students also fit a social life into their busy schedules, simply due to efficient and realistic time planning. Motivation * Students who find time management difficult tend to lack motivation. There are conflicting opinions regarding whether the lack of motivation stems from the frustration of feeling that there is not enough time available to study and attend classes, or if the lack of motivation was there to begin with, resulting in poorer academic performance. Either way, students should focus on their goals with passion that will carry them through to fruition. Sometimes this means rejuvenating by joining a gym or entertaining a hobby. While this might seem to oppose the purpose of focusing on studies, exercise and enjoyment can fit into a carefully planned schedule in such a way that will actually increase motivation and encourage good study habits. * Sponsored Links *......

Words: 1403 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Effects of Study Habits in Licensure Examination

...Accounting Education University of Mindanao Lord Eddie Aguilar Faculty, College of Accounting Education University of Mindanao Abstract The paper employed a simulation model to determine probability of passing the CPA licensure exam. The predictor variables of the study were GPA, pre-review grade, and the subject clusters of the exam. The study covered periods 2007-2011. It was noted that the performance of the Accounting Education for the period covered was found to be impressive. Pre-review and the GPA have high statistical influence in passing the board exam. The threshold GPA is 2.2 while 2.4 for the prereview. Of the subject clusters in the board exam, accounting problems have the highest impact in the actual board score followed by theory of accounts, management services, practical accounting problems 2, practical accounting problems 1 and the least yet still bear impact is the business law and taxation. The collegiate validation exam used as indicator of readiness showed statistical association with the actual exam. A simulated model revealed that the scores of management and services, auditing problems, audit theory, business law and taxation and accounting problems 1 have strong board outcome effects. The theory of accounts and accounting problems 2 showed no statistical significance. Keywords: Accounting education, intervention measures, maximum likelihood 1 Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2394997 INTRODUCTION It had been......

Words: 4951 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

The Effect of Study Habits on Academic Performance

...The Effect of Study Habits on the Academic Performance of Baguio Juniors The researchers decided to conduct a research about the study habits because they want to know the techniques of Baguio Juniors on having good grades. They want to find out if the study habits have positive or negative effects on the academic performance of the students. They also want to share the findings to those students who have difficulties on their subjects. Statement of the Problem/Research Question The research will seek to answer the following problems: * What are the different study habits of Baguio Juniors? * How do their study habits affect their academic performance? Methodology General Descriptive The researchers will conduct an interview among the Baguio Juniors. Random sampling will be used. They will be asked about their academic performance. The researchers will analyze the data collected. Specific Methods/Tools Interview Target Participants 10 % of the Baguio Juniors Initial Reference List Armstrong, William Howard. Study is Hard Work. New York: Harper and Brother, 1956. Cronbach, Lee Joseph. Educational Psychology. 2nd ed. New York: Hancourt Brace and World, 1963. Cofer, C. N., and Musgrave, B. Verbal Behavior and Learning: Problems and Processes. USA: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1961 Hergenhahn, B. R. An Introduction to Theories of Learning. New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1982 Lerner, Janet. Learning Disabilities: Theories, Diagnosis and......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Effect of Study Habits

...EFFECTS OF STUDY HABITS IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES OF FIRST YEAR CIVIL ENGINEERING STUDENT IN THE TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES SY: 2014-2015 A Research Paper Presented to the Department of College of Arts Technological Institute of the Philippines In Partial Fulfilment of the Course English 002 Submitted by: Denicha Leuise L. Javier Gesandro B. Yude Giorgina Ocubillo James Keannel A. Leop Kristoffer Lian Felix Mechel P. Abancio Ulysses Brandi F. Dela Pena January 2015 APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfilment of the requirements in English 002, this research paper entitled: Effects of the Study Habits in the Academic Performances of First Year Civil Engineering Students in Technological Institute of the Philippines (QC) SY: 2014-2015 is prepared by the researchers from CE12KB2 which includes: Leop, James Keannel Yude, Gesandro Dela Pe CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Background of the Study Research about the effect of study habits in the academic performances of students in Technological Institute Of The Philippines (TIP) received the attention from the researchers. Study habits are learning tendencies that enable students work privately. Study habits are defined as those technique such as summarizing, note taking, outlining or locating material which learners employ to assist themselves in the efficient learning of the material which material at hand. The......

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habits in the Academic Performance

...EFFECTS OF STUDY HABITS IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SCIENCE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Study habits can be defined as buying out a dedicated scheduled and un-interrupted time to apply oneself to the task of learning, practice, or enlightenment. Study habits are important on the part of the students so that it can make use of their time effectively and purposely instead of wasting their time with insufficient study accomplishments. Science is a systematic and unbiased study of the world, including everything that can be seen or detected in nature, man, and society, together with the knowledge that grows out of such study. There are a number of branches of science that students have to learn about. Some of them are General Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Most high school students have a difficult time in studying this subject. The researchers wanted to know the effects of study habits in the academic performance of High school in Science. They wanted to know the different kinds of study habits, how they affect the performance of students, and to help the teachers raise the level of performance of their students through the development of proper study habits. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK/ RESEARCH PARADIGM Study habits will determine the performance of the students in Science. We are to find out how study habits affect the high school students. Study habits Academic Performance of High School students in Science Bad Study habits Good......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Effects of Study Habits on Academic Performances of Students

...CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter discusses the related concepts and finding from various literature and studies from books, journals, and online resources to support the necessity of the causes and effects of study habits on children. What is Development? Many people use the terms “growth” and “development” interchangeably. In reality they are different, though they are inseparable; neither takes place alone. Growth refers to quantitative changes – increases in size and structure. Not only does the child grows larger physically, but the size and structure of the internal organs and the brain increase. As a result of the growth of the brain, the child has a greater capacity for learning, for remembering, and for reasoning. He grows mentally as well as physically. Development, by contrast, refers to qualitative changes. It may be defined as a progressive series of orderly, coherent changes. “Progressive “signifies that the changes are directional, that they lead forward rather than backward. “Orderly” and “coherent” suggest that there is a definite relationship between the given stage and the stages which precede or follow it. As Anderson has emphasized, “Nor is development merely a matter of adding inches to stature, or ability to ability; instead, it is a complex process of integrating many structures and functions”. Because of this integration, each change is dependent upon what preceded it, and it, in turn, affects what will come after. (Elizabeth......

Words: 1674 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Effects of Internet in the Study Habits of Students

...Influence of Social Media on Study Habits of Undergraduate Students in Kenyan Universities Dr. Langat Andrew Chris Lecturers Moi University Department of Communication Studies-Kenya Abstract: This study examined the influence of social media on study habits of undergraduate students in one of the Kenya universities. Social media is a very important communication development in the current world however it has posed a threat in the cultural morals of many students. The negative influence is on the rise and this investigation is focused to the study habits of undergraduate students. The research design used was descriptive survey and also employed both qualitative and quantitative (Mixed method) approach for data collection involving questionnaire administration and oral interview. While 15 other students were interviewed differently on face to face sessions and their responses recorded. Ten lecturers from the same school were also interviewed and responses were recorded for further analysis. Uses and gratification theory was used to guide this study. This theory posits that users of any media are not passive audience but rather active and always make choices for particular media consumption based on their motivations. The results revealed that many students’ use social media especially Face book, Whatsap and Twitter that they spend increasing amount of quality time on these networks even during lecture hours. Findings of this study suggest that social media......

Words: 5027 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

The Effects of Study Habits on Academic Performance

...Quezon City “A RESEARCH STUDY ON THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE STUDY HABITS OF THIRD AND FOURTH YEAR ACCOUNTANCY STUDENTS OF TIP-QC SECOND SEMESTER SCHOOL YEAR 2015-2016” 1. What is your gender? 5- Male 15- Female 2. Are you a regular student? 20 - Yes 0 - No 3. Are you a working student? 1 - Yes 19 - No 4. Are you a recipient of any of the scholarship granted by the school? 5 Yes _0__ DTQ Scholarship _2__ Valedictorian or Salutatorian Scholarship _0__ President’s Lister _1__ VPAA’s Lister _2__ Dean’s Lister _15_ No 5. What is your GPA last semester? _0__ 1.00-1.25 _2__ 2.26-2.50 _1__ 1.26-1.50 ___ 2.51-2.75 _4__ 1.51-1.75 ___ 2.76-3.00 _5__ 1.76-2.00 ___ 4.00 _8__ 2.00-2.25 ___ 5.00 6. How far in advance do you start studying during exams? _0_ One Month _10_ Days Before _2_ Two Weeks _5__ Night Before _3_ One Week 7. Do you feel increased stress or anxiety as exam schedule or time is fast approaching? _19__ Yes __1_ No Why or why not? Pressure of reviewing lessons that has been forgotten Unprepared Fear of failing Too many things to study, too little time High percentage of Final Exam Some topics are included but not yet discussed Pressure to maintain scholarship Grade conscious 8. What time of the day do you do the most of studying? _3__ Morning (6am to 12 noon) ___ Afternoon (12 noon-6 pm) _2__ Evening (6 pm-9pm _7__ Night (9 pm-12 midnight) _8__ Late Night (12 midnight-6 am) 9. On average, how many hours do you study? _14__ 1-4......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Study Habits and Its Effect to Academic Performance

...Chapter I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Our character is a collection of our habits, and habits have a powerful role in our lives. Habits consist of knowledge, skill, and desire. Knowledge allows us to know what to do, skill gives us the ability to know how to do it, and desire is the motivation to do a certaintask (Covey, 1990). Habits are routines of behaviour that are repeated regularly and tend to occur subconsciously. Habitual behaviour often goes unnoticed in persons exhibiting it, because a person does not need to engage in self-analysis when undertaking routine tasks. Study skills include how a person studies, as well as the particular resources a person uses. They are intentional use of one or more cognitive processes to accomplish a particular task. Good study skills include note-taking, reading, summarizing, organizing, identifying important information, and meaningful learning and elaboration (Ormrod, 2008).They are generally critical to success in school, are considered essential for acquiring good grades, and are useful for learning throughout one's life. Study skills are the methods of researching and learning that are used to absorb educational information. It has been widely accepted in modern times that college is a time to learn, experiment, and grow. Academic performance is the commonly used gauge with which to determine whether or not a student has indeed learned what he has been taught. It is the ability of the student to apply......

Words: 5295 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Effects of the Study Habits

...BACKGROUND Our study is about “The Perception of the High School Students of Palawan Hope Christian School SY 2012-2013 regarding the usage of ebook”. An electronic book (variously, e-book, ebook, digital book) is a book-length publication in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, and produced on, published through, and readable on computers or other electronic devices. Sometimes the equivalent of a conventional printed book, e-books can also be born digital. The Oxford Dictionary of English defines the e-book as “an electronic version of a printed book, but e-books can and do exist without any printed equivalent. E-books are usually read on dedicated e-book readers. Personal computers and some mobile phones can also be used to read e-books. Students now experiencing difficulty in bringing many books in school, e-book becomes very useful now days because it’s a digital device that contains various books in this device. We will know how this device will affect the students when they start to use and know this device. This device is too expensive to buy, but this will affect students of bringing their heavy books in school. Statement of the Problem Generally, this study will find out The Perception of the High School Students of Palawan Hope Christian School SY 2012-2013 regarding the usage of ebook it will seek the answers for the following question: 1. What are the uses of e-book that will affect your academic performance? 2. What will be the......

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5