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Effect of Oil Prices on Inflation in Kenya

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Frankwils
Words 11224
Pages 45
Project:

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND
Economics is the management of scarce resources. Scarcity is a universal phenomenon. It is the scarcity which is basic economic problem not the shortage. Shortage could be overcome by taking different short run and long run measures, but scarcity is a permanent phenomenon. All countries in the world are facing this problem and in less developed countries the situation is specially worsen because of the availability of limited resources. There are so many problem faced by developing countries like poverty and unemployment, which puts negative impact on GDP and on the masses. Why are these problems visible in a country like Kenya? Because so many other problem are putting multiplier times negative impact on GDP and other macro economic variables such as inflation. Oil and other petroleum products are scarce commodities in the world.
Like prices of other commodities the price of crude oil experiences wide price swings in times of shortage or oversupply. The crude oil price cycle may extend over several years responding to changes in demand as well as OPEC and non-OPEC supply.
Throughout much of the twentieth century, the price of U.S. petroleum was heavily regulated through production or price controls. In the post World War II era, U.S. oil prices at the wellhead averaged $28.52 per barrel adjusted for inflation to 2010 dollars. In the absence of price controls, the U.S. price would have tracked the world price averaging near $30.54. Over the same post war period, the median for the domestic and the adjusted world price of crude oil was $20.53 in 2010 prices. Adjusted for inflation, from 1947 to 2010 oil prices only exceeded $20.53 per barrel 50 percent of the time. (See note in the box on right.)
Until March 28, 2000 when OPEC adopted the $22-$28 price band for the OPEC basket of crude, real oil prices...

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