Free Essay

Effective Microorganism

In: Science

Submitted By jhaye79
Words 599
Pages 3
A Detailed Lesson plan in English III I.Objectives: At the end of the lessop, 75% of the pupils should be able to: 1. Recognize describing words; 2. define adjectives; 3. give examples of adjectives ; 4. use adjectives in a sentence ; 5. II. Subject Matter Topic: Using describing words. References: Basics and Beyond Language III,pp. 153-160 Materials: Charts, drawings, chalk board Value integration: Appreciating God’s creation III.Procedure Teachers activity Pupils activity A. Preparatory activities 1.Prayer 2. Checking of attendance 3.Spelling 1. beautiful The young lady is beautiful. 2. bright The bright child perfected the test yesterday. 3. mountains The mountains are full of trees. 4.pretty The pretty baby is smiling. 5.insects There are many insects in the forest. 4.Review Direction : Underline the verb in each sentence. 1.Tom waters the plants every morning. 2.The girls clean the backyard. 3.The boys dig the canal. 4.The men work hard to keep the community clean. 5. The women cook delicious food. 5.Motivation Take a look around you. What can you see? Can you describe them? I can see clean black board. I can see blue sky. I can see beautiful and handsome Classmates. 6.Unlocking of difficulties I have here words that we need to find their meanings. I will use it first in a sentence after that you will find the meaning from the second column. 1.beautiful Her beautiful face makes her attractive. 2.bright The bright sun is hot. 3.golden She wears a golden ribbon like a gold. 4. colorful His drawing is colorful. 5. marvelous God can make marvelous things that amazed us. B.Developmental activities 1.Presentation I have here a drawing of the creation of God. What can you see? 2. Reading of the motive question. I have here a story .But before we read the story who wants to read the question that you need to answer after reading the story? 3.Reading the story I will read first and afterwards we will read it it all together. This big beautiful world was created by God. He made the blue sky, the bright sun, the golden moon and the billion stars. He made the high mountains, the oceans, the green plants and the colorful flowers. He made many animals, like the pretty birds and the tiny insects. God made all these marvelous things for you and for me. 4. Answering the motive question. Now, let us go back to our question a while ago. Who wants to read and answer the questions? 5. Comprehension check up 1. Who created the big beautiful world? 2. What were the things He created? 3. For whom were these creation He made? 4.Why did God create all these things? | a.pretty b.shining with light c.bright- yellow d. full of colors e. wonderful I can see birds. I can see blue sky. I can see beautiful flowers. As a creation of God, how can you protect the other creation of God? As a creation of God, how can you protect the other creation of God? As a creation of God, I could protect the other creation of God by not killing the endangered animals, by not throwing garbage in the oceans, and not burning plastics. God created the beautiful world. He created the blue sky, the bright sun, the golden moon, the billion stars, the high mountains, wide oceans,colorful flowers, green plants, many animals. He made those creations for us. God create all these things to make the world beautiful and wonderful. |

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Microwave-Assisted Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Rice Straw Using Effective Microorganisms for Bioethanol Production

...INTRODUCTION Background of the Study The evolution of industrialization and mechanization in the 21st century made it possible to transform manual equipment into modern machinery. With this development, global reliance on petroleum-based fuel is constantly increasing, giving rise to a challenge on energy sufficiency. Negative impacts, such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, are associated with the combustion of these petroleum-based fuels (MacLellan, 2010). Major GHG contributors identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) include industry (20%), residential and commercial (11%), and agriculture (8%) (Bogart, 2013). Adverse effects on health and the environment of using petroleum-based fuels, thus, urge scientific community to search and develop alternative renewable fuel to replace the current and existing petroleum-based fuels. Biofuels have been demonstrated by several researches to reduce GHG emissions as compared to gasoline (petrol) (Leen, 2012). Among the alternative biofuels, bioethanol has received considerable attention in transportation sector because of its utility as an octane booster, fuel additive, and even as neat fuel (Mudliar, et. al., 2009). Bioethanol can be derived from organic materials, such as energy crops like corn, wheat, sugar cane, sugar beet, and cassava, among others (Neves, et. al., 2007). However, due to their primary utility as food, these crops cannot provide the global demand for bioethanol production.......

Words: 10036 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Paper

...Killing Microorganisms: Microbial control practices have been developed to reduce food spoilage and the incidence of disease. A. Controlling Growth: * Sterilization: destruction or removal of all pathogens (even spores) * Difficult to accomplish * Not always necessary * Requires harsh treatment * Disinfectant: destruction of vegetative pathogens (but not spores) * Chemical is a disinfectant * Antiseptics: disinfection of living tissues * Cannot use harsh treatments * Degerming: removing microbes from tissue in a limited area * Like getting vaccinated, they clean degerm the area before injection * Sanitization: reduction of # of microorganisms for public health reasons * Eating and pooping B. Mechanism of Action: * Germicide = Biocide * Kills microorganisms in general * Can be more specific can have fungicide = target fungi best * Yeasts, mold & muschroom * Can have virucide: target viruses best * Kill several mechanisms * Damage proteins * Can damage plasma membrane * Can damage nucleic acid * Static agents – DO NOT KILL, but can stop growth * Cidal agents – ALWAYS KILL * Sepsis and Asepsis * Indicates bacterial contamination * Translated to purid * Asepsis: free from significant contamination * Aseptic technique II....

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

History of Micro

...THE EARLY YEARS OF MICROBIOLOGY Anton van Leewenhoek first to observe live microorganisms through the magnifying lenses of more than 400 microscopes he constructed Is spontaneous generation (abiogenesis) of microbial life possible? Francesco Redi set out in 1668 to demonstrate that maggots did not arise spontaneously from decaying meat. Proved flies had to lay eggs for larvae to appear (2 experiments) John Needham found that even after he heated nutrient fluids (chicken broth and corn broth) before pouring them into covered flasks, the cooled solutions were soon teeming with microorganisms. Claimed that microbes developed spontaneously from fluids. Lazzaro Spallanzani suggested that microorganisms from the air probably had entered Needham’s solution after they were boiled. Showed that nutrient fluids heated after being sealed in a flask did not develop microbial growth Rudolf Virchow challenged the case of spontaneous generation with the concept of biogenesis, the claim that living cells can arise only from preexisting living cells. Louis Pasteur showed that microorganisms can be present in nonliving matter- on solid, in liquids, and in the air....

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Bioremediation Methodologies

...Microorganisms are known to have significantly versatile and effective metabolic systems fit for breaking down and utilizing specific deadly blends as an essential hotspot for improvement. The...

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Staining Microorganisms

...Staining Microorganisms Microorganisms are often first observed by coloring the specimen with a dye to emphasize the structures for examination. In order to dye, (or stain ) the specimen, it is fixed, (attached to the microscope slide). ( Tortara, Funke, Case, 2013). To carry through this staining and fixing, the microorganisms are killed and attached to the slide. There are several staining techniques to accomplish this preparation. There are simple stains, differential stains, and special stains. The stain is cationic (basic) or anionic (acidic). Examples of cationic dyes are crystal violet, safranin , methylene blue and basic fuchsin. Examples of anionic dye are, acid fuschin, congo red and nigrosin. Simple stains are, as they are called, “simple”; they are an alcohol solution of a basic dye, and they will highlight the microorganism so the observer can examine the structures , arrangements of cells, and shape of the specimen. If needed, an additive mordant) can be added to the sample to thicken it, making it easier to see. Simple stains are the least expensive method of staining, and can be used with all microorganisms. These are effective because they stain a pure culture and do not have to be washed and re stained. Differential stains are the most widely used staining technique for examining bacteria, as the stains react differently with different cell typed. This method of staining uses the Gram stain and the acid-fast stain....

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

System Design

...Atoyebi, 2015 Although most microorganisms are beneficial and necessary for human well-being, microbial activities may have undesirable consequences, such as food spoilage and disease. Therefore it is essential to be able to kill a wide variety of microorganisms or inhibit their growth to minimize their destructive effects. T.J. Atoyebi, 2015 The goal is twofold: (1) to destroy pathogens and prevent their transmission, (2) to reduce or eliminate microorganisms responsible for the contamination of water, food, and other substances. T.J. Atoyebi, 2015 Control of microorganisms can be achieved by a variety of;  physical,  chemical and  mechanical removal methods.    . T.J. Atoyebi, 2015 1. STERILISATION  Sterilisation is the process by which all microorganisms present on or in an object are destroyed or removed. Sterilization involves the destruction or removal of all living microbes, spores, and viruses on an object or in an area. Vacuum pump suction T.J. Atoyebi, 2015 Disinfection is the elimination or inhibition of pathogenic microorganisms in or on an object so that they no longer pose a threat. It is the destruction or removal of vegetative pathogens but not bacterial endospores. Usually used only on inanimate objects. T.J. Atoyebi, 2015 The process of destroying pathogens is called disinfection. If the object treated is lifeless, such as a tabletop, the chemical agent used is called a disinfectant....

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Bioremediation

...The increasing number of marine oil spills asks for effective solutions for the environment. Bioremediation techniques have become a major mechanism for removing oil residues on the affected shorelines. Among the different techniques to enhance natural biodegradation by indigenous microorganisms, seeding of new bacteria and fertilizing the indigenous populations have attracted the most interest. The application of nutrients as nitrogen and phosphorus in the form of fertilizers have shown to be most effective in accelerating the biodegradation process and at the same time to be environmentally safe. I. Introduction Since the freighter Pallas caused the worst oil pollution of the tidel shallows in the North Sea last November, thousands of sea birds and probably numerous other species lost their lives in the polluted water. The responsible parties have not yet taken any measures to mitigate the damage, neither have they provided for the prevention of a similar catastrophe in the future. This is especially striking as the first devastating oil spill occurred no less than ten years ago, when the tanker Exxon Valdez ruptured in Prince William Sound. The...

Words: 4753 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Bioremediation

...Microbial Diversity ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Numbers and Kinds of Microorganisms ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Bioaugmentation...

Words: 9200 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Bioremediation Methods for Oil Spills

...The increasing number of marine oil spills asks for effective solutions for the environment. Bioremediation techniques have become a major mechanism for removing oil residues on the affected shorelines. Among the different techniques to enhance natural biodegradation by indigenous microorganisms, seeding of new bacteria and fertilizing the indigenous populations have attracted the most interest. The application of nutrients as nitrogen and phosphorus in the form of fertilizers have shown to be most effective in accelerating the biodegradation process and at the same time to be environmentally safe. I. Introduction Since the freighter Pallas caused the worst oil pollution of the tidel shallows in the North Sea last November, thousands of sea birds and probably numerous other species lost their lives in the polluted water. The responsible parties have not yet taken any measures to mitigate the damage, neither have they provided for the prevention of a similar catastrophe in the future. This is especially striking as the first devastating oil spill occurred no less than ten years ago, when the tanker...

Words: 4753 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Isolation of Microorganisms from Evironmental Samples

...In this experiment, microorganisms were isolated from different areas inside the university...

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Soil Ecology and Bioremidiation

...SOIL ECOLOGY AND BIOREMIDIATION Faculty of Engineering and Architecture CIVE 652-Environmental biotechnology By: Contents INTRODUCTION 3 SOIL MICROORGANISMS 3 Bacteria and Actinomycetes 3 Protozoa 3 Algae 4 Fungi 4 Macrofauna and Mesofauna 4 SOIL UNDER OXIC AND ANOXIC CONDITIONS 4 SOIL CYCLES 5 Carbon Cycle 5 Nitrogen Cycle 6 Sulfur Cycle 7 SOIL POLLUTION 7 Main Causes of Soil Pollution: 7 Main Effects of Soil Pollution: 7 SOIL BIOREMEDIATION 8 EX SITU REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 8 EX SITU NON-BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 9 1) Ex situ thermal processes 9 2) Ex situ chemical/physical remediation ( Soil scrubbing ) 9 EX SITU BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 9 1) Composting 10 2) Land farming 11 3)Biopiling ( Heap technique) 12 4) Bioslurry reactor 13 IN SITU REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 13 IN SITU BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 14 1) Bioventing 14 2) Biosparging 15 3) Bioaugmentation: 15 4)Biostimulation 15 4) Bioslurping : 16 5) Phytoremediation 16 IN SITU NON-BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 16 1) In situ thermal processes 16 2) In situ chemical/physical process: Pump and treat processes 16 INFLUENCING FACTORS 16 CONCLUSION 17 Table of figures: Figure 1. Soil microorganisms pie chart 3 Figure 2. Acquisition of phosphate by Mycorrhizal roots………………………………...3 Figure 3. Mycorrhizal roots……………………………………………………………….4 Figure 4. Carbon Cycle 5 Figure 5....

Words: 3689 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Task 2

...Two large categories of microorganisms are those requiring oxygen to live (obligate aerobes) and those which can grow with oxygen but have the ability to also grow without it (facultative aerobes). The obligate aerobes produce more energy from nutrients than anaerobes by using oxygen as the “final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain, which produces most of the ATP in these organisms”(Betsy & Keogh, 2005, p.104). The facultative microorganisms are able to use oxygen but can also go without by using fermentation or anaerobic respiration when it is not available (Betsy & Keogh,2005). The microorganisms being cultured in our first task (Lactobacillus acidophilus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) are obligate aerobes. Microorganisms can grow in a variety of conditions with temperature being one of those variables, but the types we frequently encounter in our environment thrive in fairly warm temperatures. Both Lactobacillus acidophilus and Staphylococcus epidermidis are examples of these, which are referred to as mesophiles. Extreme temperatures (as in deep freezing or auotoclaves for example) are effective in destroying microorganisms due to their inability to thrive outside of more moderate temperatures). Growth of these two organisms would be optimized by remaining between 25 and 40 degrees celsius (Betsy & Keogh, 2005)....

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Worksheet

...How would you convince a friend that microorganisms are not just agents of disease but make significant contributions to their lives? 6. Describe 5 ways humans exploit microorganisms for their benefit. 7. What factors might cause some older diseases to show an increase in number of cases. UNIT 2 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Biology 1. Describe the structure of the cell membrane and describe its components. 2. Explain the following terms with the use of diagrams: a) isotonic b) hypertonic c) hypotonic 3. Compare diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport and group translocation. UNIT 3 Main Groups of Microorganisms 1. Discuss reproduction of algae and fungi. 2. Describe how protozoa are classified. Give the name of member of each group and a disease caused by that organism. 3. Outline how viruses reproduce UNIT 4 Bacteria 1. Outline the process of endospore formation 2. Draw and label the structure of flagella found in gram negative organisms 3. State the various shapes and arrangements of bacilli and cocci also giving the respective planes of division. 4. How are structure and function related in the bacterial capsule? 5. How do mycoplasmas survive without a cell wall? 6. Could a mycoplasma infection be treated with penicillin? Explain. 7. Describe the structure of peptidoglycan. a) What are the functions of the cell wall to...

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Microbs

...This raised the question that if these types of microorganisms would be found in the air then, they could access any material and result in contamination (Cappuccino & Sherman, 2008). Louis further conducted a second experiment where he used a flask and placed meat inside it. The...

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Microbial Contamination of Citrus Fruits

...Fresh fruits have a natural protective barrier that acts effectively against most plant spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. However, as a consequence of inappropriate manipulation during the handling, cutting, shredding, and maintenance of the fruit at ambient temperature and storage conditions, both pathogenic and deteriorative microorganisms may contaminate a product, thus increasing the risk of microbial diseases and spoilage (Beuchat, 1996; Díaz-Cinco et al., 2005). In fact, the number of outbreaks and cases of illness caused by consumption of citrus fruits and unpasteurized juices has increased in the last years (Harris et al., 2003), especially in developing Countries like Nigeria....

Words: 9949 - Pages: 40