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Effectiveness of Fiscal Policy

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Keynesians and Monetarists over the Effectiveness of Fiscal and Monetary Policy in the Is-Lm Framework
In: Business and Management
Keynesians and Monetarists over the Effectiveness of Fiscal and Monetary Policy in the Is-Lm Framework
Discuss the difference between Keynesians and monetarists over the effectiveness of fiscal and monetary policy in the IS-LM framework.

Introduction
In economics there are two main schools of thought; these schools differ in their belief of what policies are best suited to attain full employment in the economy. Keynesians tend to favour demand side policies and are more prone to intervene in the market and therefore prefer to use fiscal policy whilst monetarists believe adjustments in money supply is more appropriate in stabilising the market ,therefore preferring monetary policy. In this essay I will discuss the views of Keynesians and monetarists regarding the effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policies in controlling aggregate demand through the IS-LM framework. I will first provide a brief description of the curves explaining their formation and what they represent and then I will go on to examine monetary and fiscal policy within the IS-LM framework. Finally, I will examine the views of monetarist and Keynesians regarding the effectiveness of both policies in raising the level of national l income and also consider the extreme cases.
IS-LM framework
The IS-LM model was initially developed by John Hicks in 1937 but was made popular in 1949 by Hansen in order ‘to provide a framework for analyzing the factors determining the level of aggregate demand’. The IS-LM model is a short run model of the determination of output. It shows the unique combination of income and interest rates that lead to an equilibrium in both the goods and money market at the same time (Begg, 2008). The IS-LM model is presented on the diagram...

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