Premium Essay

Effects of the Economy on Divorce Rates

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jobjohnny
Words 2536
Pages 11
| The Effects of the Economy on Divorce Rates | | |

= |

I. Introduction
Divorce has become quite common over the last few decades in the United States, as well as in other industrialized countries. It is often discussed as a social problem or phenomenon, with its causes usually related to cultural and structural changes such as increased female labor force participation and legislation which makes divorce easier to obtain. Furthermore, divorce today has become more socially accepted, as individuality has become the dominant value in our capitalist society. Despite the social acceptance of divorce, I think most would agree with me in stating that divorce is not desirable, as it causes emotional, physical and financial strains not only on those directly involved, but on their children and extended families as well.
In this paper, I investigate the relationship between divorce and economic cycles in the United States from 1950 to 2000. My intention is to discover whether and how divorce rates change in periods of economic recession, as compared to periods of economic growth. It is important to look into further trends in divorce rates, as its increase over time may not simply be an issue of social and cultural changes, but rather another one of the effects of the economy on the family unit in the United States.
My hypothesis is that divorce rates will decrease in periods of economic growth, as a husband's increased income has been identified to have a stabilizing effect on marital relationships. This is due largely to the fact that as income grows, so too does standard of living, relieving some of the potential stresses in a marriage. Furthermore, those with high potential earnings can better compete in the marriage market, therefore they are likely to attract more desirable partners, making divorce less likely. I must acknowledge, however, that the…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Causes of Heartbreak; the Truth About Divorce

...The Causes of Heartbreak In America, there is one divorce approximately every 36 seconds. That's nearly 2,400 divorces per day, 16,800 divorces per week and 876,000 divorces a year. From the beginning of time people all across the world have been determined to find something called love, to begin a family of their own and enter into a sacred and wild adventure called marriage. Living together and depending on one another for mutual love, support and essential necessities is no easy task. For some the responsibilities of marriage become overwhelming or the problems within a marriage become so serious they cannot be solved, and couples all across the nation are choosing to end their marriage in a divorce. It is sad to say but although most people take their whole lives to decide to enter into marriage, most only take a few moments to consider ending one. Divorce rates continue to rise and rise in modern times and it could easily be said that divorce is the instant gratification married couples are turning to in order to cope in today’s society. There are many factors that go into the decision of ending one’s marriage but some factors that are changing the marriage game today are woman’s growing roles in society as self efficient individuals, economic and financial problems and a lack of communication or proper problem solving efforts and the effects of divorce and even more damaging than the divorce itself. With the edition of the nineteenth amendment to constitution giving...

Words: 2616 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Gay Marriage

...homosexual, couples to second-class status." Gay marriages can bring financial gain to state and local governments. Revenue from gay marriage comes from marriage licenses, higher income taxes (the so-called "marriage penalty"), and decreases in costs for state benefit programs. The Comptroller for New York City found that legalizing gay marriage would bring $142 million to the City’s economy and $184 million to the State’s economy over three years. Gay marriage will make it easier for same-sex couples to adopt children. In the US, 100,000 children are waiting to be adopted. A longitudinal study published in Pediatrics on June 7, 2010 found that children of lesbian mothers were rated higher than children of heterosexual parents in social and academic competence and had fewer social problems. A July 2010 study found that children of gay fathers were "as well-adjusted as those adopted by heterosexual parents. Marriage provides both physical and psychological health benefits and recent research suggests that refusing to allow same-sex couples to marry has resulted in harmful psychological effects. Allowing same-sex couples to marry will give them access to basic rights such as hospital visitation during an illness, taxation and inheritance rights, access to family health coverage, and protection in the event of the relationship ending. An Oct. 2, 2009 analysis by the New York Times estimates that a same-sex couple denied marriage benefits will incur an additional......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Family Structures

...change, however, has been to the "happy ever after" bit in the picture of family life. In the past 30 years, the rate of divorce has doubled; and half of all children now experience their parents' divorce before they are 16. All four trends - cohabitation, divorce, births outside marriage and single parents - are likely to be even more pronounced by 2020. There is no evidence that any of them are easing. Much has been made of the fact that the divorce rate appears to have reached a plateau - Britain has the highest divorce rate in Europe - but it is still rising in first marriages. Cohabitation arrangements are even more likely to break down than marriages. So what will be accepted as a general rule of family life in 2020 will be the brittle nature of the core relationship between the parents. "There have been 20 years of dramatic change and the diversity of family structures is much greater. The proportion of single-parent families will probably continue to bob around 20%, but there will probably be more stepfamilies in the future," says David Utting of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, who is also one of the authors of The Handbook of Parenting. While the underlying trends reshaping families will not change, our attitudes to those trends will. The recent period of revolutionary upheaval will bed down into social acceptability. The stigma that used to surround divorce and illegitimacy will be a subject only for the history books. Gay and lesbian partnerships, with rights......

Words: 1479 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Velvet Divorce: an Economic Analysis of Cause and Effect

...The Velvet Divorce: An Economic Analysis of Cause and Effect In light of EU enlargement and discussion of the Eurozone, Czechoslovakia has emerged as a role model for comparison. The two central European countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia present an interesting case study on the optimum currency area and on political unification. Despite economic, social and demographical convergence as well as an overwhelming majority opinion in favor of unification, the two countries split less than five years of having political autonomy. Following their split, Slovakia and the Czech Republic took different approaches towards approaching a market-economy, yielding somewhat surprising results. This paper will analyze the viability of Czechoslovakia as an optimum currency area, recount its history in the context of economic and political differences, and then illustrate how differences in political philosophy affected their economies today. Unlike most other research this paper aims to prove that, while political differences may have been the deciding factor in dissolution, it was really economic differences between the two, originating from geographic differences and early history, that necessitated the divorce. Economic Analysis and the Optimum Currency Area When analyzing the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, and particular when searching for truth as to its cause, it’s important to note that it was in fact a two part split – first the political union and then the......

Words: 3790 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Conflicts in Divorce

...Executive Summary - Divorce Group 1 Statistics and History - Anteous Lewis 1 Types of Divorce - Christopher Leto 3 Conflicts and Negotiations - Spencer Griffin 6 Third Party Negotiation - Tiquoia Francis 7 Effects and Influences on Family Life - Joshua Norman 8 Works Cited 11 Statistics & History - Not surprisingly, divorce rates have only increased over time. There are a variety of factors that contribute to this, including general attitudes towards divorce and marriage in society. While statistics reveal a steady increase in divorce rates, it wasn't until the 70s that divorce became statistically prevalent. According to the CDC's report 100 Years of Divorce and Marriage Statistics, divorce rates went from less than 3% to almost 7% from the late 1800s to the late 1960s. There were a variety of factors that influenced divorce rates. The statistics below show the percentage of divorces that occurred out of the total number of marriages for a given year. Prior to 1867, divorce statistics were not recorded. While there certainly was a stigma attached to divorcing a spouse in the 1800s, divorce still happened on occasion. One factor that influenced divorce statistics at this time was the fact that women, outside of marriage, had very few economic opportunities.    While the trend thus far in history had been for the divorce rate to increase, this isn't quite the case with the 30s. Due to the depression in the 20s, many couples stayed......

Words: 3338 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Effects of Divorce on Children

...The Effects of Divorce on Children Christopher M Quinn Developmental Psychology Liberty University Abstract This research paper will attempt to shed light of the very real issue of the effects of divorce on children in the United States and abroad. It is estimated that currently fifty-three percent of all marriages in the United States end in divorce or other less than amicable methods; of these marriage dissolutions, seven out of ten involve children. This paper will attempt to connect the negative psychological impacts that are attached to the lives of children especially in the vulnerable early developmental stages of a child’s life. This research paper will pull from many different reputable sources that include a prominent university, psychiatric journals, and accredited psychology research papers. Today in the United States of America over fifty percent of all marriages, no matter what religion joined the couple, end in a divorce or less than amicable circumstances. There have been many theories presented over time as to why divorce occurs and why these rates have increased so dramatically over the last forty years. Some believe that the economy may play a role; others believe that the length of the engagement or relationship plays an important part; the couple living together prior to marriage “increases” the chance that divorce will result; or not cohabitating prior to marriage may contribute as the transition period is too stressful; still others......

Words: 1905 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Russia

...many negative effects on the economic and social development. If Russia doesn't solve its problems before 2050, the population will almost inevitably decrease by about 50% (Ediev, 2001, p. 302-303). The population decline in Russia is dramatic. In other words, Russia faces a serious demographic crisis that needs to be solved as soon as possible. This paper will examine the reasons and explain why the population of Russia declines based on birth and death rates, substance abuse, mortality rates, economic, culture and political changes, migration, international trafficking and adoption. Low birth rate is the direct factor of population decline. Almost all of the developed country experience negative population growth. But Russia has that problem even more serious than others. In 2000 the Russian birth rate was lower than in any developed country in the world (Shlapentokh, 2005, p.952). One of the reasons why that happened because women in Russia change the concept of child-bearing over the time. They don't want to have children because it takes significant time and resources to raise a child (McKinney, 2009, p.20). They don't want to use their time on bearing children. They have good education and want to put more attention on their career development. That causes the base of population pyramid become less and less than before. It is bad for the population structure. Low birth rate also relates to high divorce rate. According to government statistics, the divorce rate......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Family Diversity

...fulfillment. This image also points out that monogamy can be found tedious and there would be more satisfaction in having variety. Briefly discuss each of the family myths listed in your text, contrasting them with the realities of the families in our society. The Myth of Stable and Harmonious Family of the Past: The past families are viewed as more stable and blissful than today's family. The past family was also faced with outside pressure and internal conflicts just like today's family. The divorce rate maybe higher but there are logical explanations. Women in the past did not live as long, often dying from child-rearing which sometimes left children to be raised by single parents or step parents. Divorce was not as common because of the religious influence and the communities disparagement for divorce. Now we expect more and tolerate less in marriages. Abuse, infidelity, and illegitimate children was more likely to be endured and looked past, whereas now many people will divorce for those reasons The Myth of Separate Worlds: This myths focal point is the separation from private and public. The family is a harbor from society, protecting its members from outside world. The responsibilities from the family are seen as exclusive from those for work. Which is untrue because family is constantly being effected by the changes of society and adapting to those changes. Whether its a woman having to enter the work force from being a stay at home mom, a father having......

Words: 2235 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Abolish Marriage to Strengthen Marriage: a Symbolic Interactionist Viewpoint

...state legal practices. The need to abolish marriage as a legal contract, from a symbolic interactionist perspective, can best be determined by studying the societal changes displayed by today’s high rates of divorce, increased rates of children being born and raised by single parents and state and federal benefits marring the sanctity of marriage. If we remove state mandated control and deregulate marriage, we can in turn strengthen and encourage marriage based on a couples own perspectives and strengthen the quality of family. Early Americans viewed marriage as the staple to a quality family. Men and women found compatible mates they could spend the rest of their lives with, for reasons of love and procreation. They viewed marriage as forever and worked hard to keep their marriages strong. The symbolism behind a strong marriage meant a strong quality family unit. Today, with the tax benefits associated with marriage, it is more of a social contract that is not based on moral obligations, but financial benefits. The Federal tax benefits they give to married couples provide incentive for individuals to get married. This incentive takes the focus away from personal and moral beliefs and persuades an individual to focus on financial reasoning. For example, according to the IRS tax rate schedule (2012) an individual with a seventy thousand dollar a year income would be placed into a twenty five percent tax bracket. If the same individual was to marry and was the sole provider,......

Words: 1197 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cause and Effects Not Keepinga Personal Budget

...Determining Causes and Effects Revised Version Personal budgeting is an important factor in regards to successful long term financial stability. Budgeting has many great aspects as well as showing areas of weakness. It can show the truth about your personal financial spending habits, areas that are not looked at enough, and if there are needs for a larger emergency fund. The reality of personal budgeting is that many people potentially do not keep a personal budget for one reason or another. People also don’t consider the negative effect that it could have on one personally and or how it effects the economy. One major reason that an individual does not keep a personal budget would be the lack of knowledge on how to possess a successful budget of their finances. An individual may not know how to properly construct a budget that will help them become financially savvy. The client could be unaware of how to make a budget balance, how to correctly allocate funds, or even which areas are really the important factors. Excel is a great tool for budgeting if you can utilize the application. But if one does not know how to distribute their funds properly, you could come up short when needing money for bill or to fill your gas tank up to get to work to make an income, which turns into a vicious cycle. This lack of information and know how could deter someone from even thinking about budgeting. Not only is lack of knowledge a serious factor, a person could make more money than......

Words: 1224 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Divorce in America

... Divorce and the Destruction of the Family Ron Swanson Western Washington University The Destruction of the Family Throughout history, societies that valued traditional marriage and sexual abstinence were able to remain fundamentally strong and have flourished. Once a society decides to abandon these simple principles, destruction inevitably follows. J. Unwin (1934) wrote, “In human records, there is no instance of a society retaining its energy after a complete new generation has inherited a tradition which does not insist on prenuptial and postnuptial continence” (Unwin, 1934, p. 174). In today’s society, family and marriage are not defined by the traditional definition handed down through several millennia of history; rather the definition has been warped, and a new unstable version of the family has been accepted by our society. Traditional marriage is by its nature, the foundation of the family. The family is the building block of society, and marriage is the basis of the family. The devaluation of the conventional family, and more specifically, the destruction of traditional marriage by divorce, can have no other outcome but the destruction of our society. There are many reasons to evaluate why we have arrived at this state in our society: the growth of consumerism and commercialism, influence of Hollywood over our lives, the decline of religiosity in the United States, the decline of the social order and neighborhood relationships. All of these reasons are......

Words: 3540 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Gay Marriage

...change the meaning of the institution of marriage, provide an unfit environment in which to raise a child, and that it will negatively affect our economy. In general the issue of gay marriages is one that raises many questions and concerns. There is nothing wrong with being a “homosexual” or a “bisexual” since one is still an individual that eats, breathes and feels as ‘heterosexuals” do. So why is it that society is critically against same-sex marriages? I believe that there is nothing wrong in expressing affection towards the same-sex as long as one is happy and does not pose a threat to society. One of most commonly heard reasons why homosexuals want to have the right to marry is that they want to legally show their love for each other by having a marriage license. Heterosexuals use the right to marry for the same reasons. They are in love and want to spend their lives with this person. Even though it is possible to do this without being married, they want to honor their relationship in the greatest way our society has to offer. There is no reason two Garcia 2 people cannot marry despite their sexuality. If a man and woman get to marry because they love each other, what is the difference between a man and a man or a woman and a woman wanting to marry? Many people say if gay marriage is accepted it will have an overall effect on a variety of things. One of the many controversial topics regarding same-sex marriage is, it goes against religious beliefs. However,......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Oyeah

...FOREIGN STUDIES Divorce is the hardest challenge that can happen to a couple especially if they have kids. It is painful for the husband and wife to finally end their marriage but they are two matured individuals who are strong enough to handle changes in their lives. The impact of this turn of events in a family’s life is more devastating on the children. Not only is that it painful for them on that moment to hear the news that their parents are getting a divorce. But the worst that can happen is the long term effect that can eventually ruin their future. In most cases, usually one parent keeps custody of his/her children. But despite of that, the thought that they are no longer complete seem unacceptable. Here are some effects of a broken family on children: 1. A broken home can make a child insecure. Insecure in a sense that he no longer had a complete family he can call his own. For a child’s mind, a family is composed of a 2. The insecurities, self-doubt and lack of confidence in a child can eventually make him uninterested in school. More often, those who are out of school are products of a broken home. 3. Sometimes a child’s reaction on his parents’ announcement of a divorce is not visible. He keeps to himself the pain, shock and anger he feels. This in turn makes him vulnerable to anger, depression, revenge, alcohol, crimes, drugs and so on. He makes these as his outlets. Too much depression, alcohol addiction and drug dependency, if left untreated, can make him......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Essay

...day care and day support for elderly people and cleaning services for their employee. They don’t want their employees to get home burnout out from work and then indulge themselves in more tedious activities. This will effect in the performance of their employees when they comeback next day to work. I will try to implement something similar to that for the employees in Asia too. Will try to understand their cultural barriers like giving them time off. Arranging consular’s for them if they are facing any kind of issues related to work or personal issues. Answer 2. In my opinion I don’t think so that globalization is the cause of increasing crimes, divorce and drug abuse. First of all I will say that drug abuse was already existed in Asia long before they became globalized. Drug Abuse was one of the most feared and worst thinks found in countries like Philippines, Thailand, Japan and China. The divorce rates are not caused by globalization because I can say that globalization will bring education and literacy and as people become more literate they will see things more clearly. Also we cannot say that Crime rates increased or started by globalization because crime was already high in countries like Thailand where government was not that effective and Crime rates were very high in earlier days. Answer 3. Asia consists of multi cultural countries with different religions practiced in all these countries. All the Asian countries are different from each other as India......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Economic Development

...1Developed Economy Developed economy is an economy enjoying sustained economic growth and security. Some of the common characteristics of a developed economy are low birth rate and higher life expectancy, high level of literacy and a well trained workforce and the export of high value added goods. High gross domestic product is also a common measure of a developed economy. (Business dictionary 2011) However a developed economy is an economy that has a high level of economic development in a classified state, according to some criteria. Countries classified We could also argue that in times of low unemployment, workers have more power to demand higher wages because they know they cannot be easily replaced. Conversely, during high unemployment businesses have more bargaining power because both they and their workers are aware of the competition and that replacing workers is easier. Also the need to lower spending on welfare where more people working means fewer people claiming welfare. With lower welfare spending, governments can put more money into new schools or hospitals. Increased spending on health care and policing, which suggests that areas with high unemployment rates tend to have higher crime rates, too, coupled with the local population's poor health. The social and psychological effect of low unemployment rate cannot be totally ignored; high unemployment has been linked to psychological and physical disorders, divorce, suicide and crime.......

Words: 389 - Pages: 2