Premium Essay

Elton Mayo

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sophiyashakya
Words 657
Pages 3
The psychologist, sociologist and an organization theorist who was known as the founder of the Human Relations Movement Sir Elton Mayo was born in Adelaide, South Australia on 26 December 1880 and died in Guildford, Surrey on 1st September 1949. Elton was expected to follow his grandfather into medicine, but failed at university studies and was sent to Britain. Here he turned to writing, wrote on Australian politics for the Pall Mall Gazette and taught at the Working Men's College in London.Mayo taught philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, economics, education and the new psychology of Freud,Jung and especially Pierre Janet. From the beginning he trained himself in public speaking, and became an outstanding lecturer. He spoke at Worker's Education Association classes and tutorials, and addressed unions and professional bodies. Human Relations Movement basically is the study of the behavior of people in groups, particularly in workplace groups and for his research including the Hawthorne Studies which examined the effects of social relations, motivation and employee satisfaction. In 1927, a group of researchers led by Elton Mayo and Fritz Roethlisberger of the Harvard Business School were invited to join in the studies at the Hawthorne Works of Western Electric Company, Chicago. Elton Mayo and his associates conducted their studies in the Hawthorne plant of the western electrical company, U.S.A., between 1927 and 1930.The experiments that he conducted were Illumination Experiment,Relay Assembly Test Room Experiment, Interviewing Programme and Bank Wiring Test Room Experiment.
The Hawthorne Experiments brought out that the productivity of the employees is not the function of only physical conditions of work and money wages paid to them. Productivity of employees depends heavily upon the satisfaction of the employees in their work situation. Mayo’s idea...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Elton Mayo Hawthorne Studies

...November 7, 2010 Title of Article: Hawthorne and The Western Electric Company Author of Article: Elton Mayo 1. Identify and explain the main idea of the article. Elton Mayo was the founder of the Human Relations Movement and of the Industrial Sociology. Mayo carried out the Hawthorne studies research which tooked place at the Western Electric Company, a manufacturing plant located in chicago. Mayo and his researchers attempted to measure the impact of lighting on productivity, whether or not the lighting had an effect on productivity. The result was that *Productivity increased whether or not the lighting was high or low *Something, other than money and lighting, was impacting on performance *Key factor : Attention Mayo and his team of researchers took a group of six women and segregated them. They then altered their conditions of work in a number of ways, over a five year period, and observed the effects on production and the morale of the group. Over the period, changes such as new payment systems, rest breaks of different sorts and lengths, varying the length of the working days, offering them food and refreshments were also tried, which led to in almost all cases, of improvements in productivity. At the end of the experiment, Mayo felt that he had proven his point and closed the research down, returning the women to their......

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gettting Familar

...Sharlene Wilder         Get more familiar with your opposition     I’ve grown up in the Bronx where there’s multiple personalities and certain cultures that I've gotten use to. The way a person dresses or just by the way he or she looks are so typical in my community because kids take trends to the next level and use the trends to define them as a person; so in my community I do not see unfamiliar too often. When I do I get overjoyed and want to learn a lot more about them and how he or she is, just because It excites me that they are different people out in the world and they have different unique styles of living. Where I come from, there is a lot of Hispanic faces, or African American faces.     The group that I found interest in is the African culture. This group I found was so different and yet unique. As I was walking in the hallway on my way to grab a bite to eat, I saw a group of females. Two females were dressed in a colorful fabric down to their ankles, one with a scarf over her head, and another with a hat to match her silk beige dress. Another female with puffy hair, with a accent with high platform shoes. They were talking with a accent I didn't know nor could speak. Rare but yet very interesting. I had a talk with one of them and she’s such a sweetheart. I thought she was just a Hispanic young lady; little did I know she was African also. Sarah came from a small town in Ethiopia. It’s the same but has its differences. Back at home for Sarah she has to......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...on Group Culture at the Mayo Clinic (Author’s name) (Class) (Date) (Course and Section number) (Instructor's Name) Introduction A company’s group culture can be one of its greatest assets or liability. A company’s group culture can be defined as its system of shared values, assumptions and beliefs that detail to its people the desired or least desired behavior. These values strongly influence both the employees’ behavior and overall organizational performance. Barney (2001) argued that firms with a rare (hard-to-imitate) group culture possess a competitive edge over their competitors. Bain & Company (2007) conducted a worldwide business leaders’ survey where they established that corporate culture was equally important alongside corporate strategy for business success. It is thus least surprising that most leaders of successful business enterprises quickly attribute their firm’s success to a sound group culture. Conventionally, a group’s culture is usually modeled by four elements: the intellectual reason (purpose) for togetherness; the emotional attraction which connects people’s hearts to a common task; the artifacts created, common knowledge acquired and practices developed together by members; and, the deeply rooted spiritual intention/ connection unifying the group. A perfect example of one such enterprise with an exemplary group culture is the globally renowned Mayo Clinic. The Mayo Clinic’s Enduring Corporate Culture The Mayo Clinic’s culture is......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Renard the Fox

...Reynard The Fox Analysis and Comparison Reynard the Fox tells a story of a medieval kingdom in which several barons have conflict with lord Reynard. They come to Nobel the lion king to suggest the execution of Reynard for his villainous acts. The fist part of the story summarizes various “crimes” Reynard has committed. One such example involves puss the hair being abused by Reynard.1 The final decision is made that in order to properly punish Reynard, he must be summoned to court in order to tell his side of the story and defend himself. Several barons are sent to deliver the summons to Reynard. The first two are tricked into harmful traps that send them back to court empty handed. Finally Grey the badger convinces Reynard to come in and use his sly to win over Nobel and wipe clean his offenses. During their trip Reynard confesses all of the wrongs that he had committed. Grey told him that as long as he is truly sorry and abandoned his old ways, that he would be forgiven and trusted once more. For the remainder of the trip to court, Grey notices Reynard slipping into his ways and either reminds him of the oath he made or questions his true intent. They eventually make it to court where Reynard attempts to flatter Nobel by saying that his is his most loyal servant and has always been there when Nobel needed him. Nobel was not pleased with this and challenged Reynard to discount his accusers for his freedom. Upon failing to prove his complete innocence,......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...LOSER Standards are the basis of peoples’ judgment whether someone is a loser or a winner. Michael Jackson was a loser when he had sex change. Elton John was a loser when he admitted he was gay. Lindsay Lohan was a loser when she got addicted to cocaine. Taylor Swift was a loser when she sang off note right after winning a bag-full of Grammy’s. We live in a society where our faults are far more visible than our achievements. This kind of society will love you for as long as you are winning, but will bury you in mud when you no longer meeting their expectations. But if the measure of winning is living by what others expect us to be, then we may all be failures in the end. Because no one, has ever lived up to the society’s standards. Why? Because these standards are often than not, PERFECT. When Michael Jackson died, millions mourned. When “The Lion King” was on its peak everyone sang with Elton John. Most people remember that darling girl in “the Parent Trap” and up to now, Taylor’s magic is in the airwaves. Defining a winner is prerequisite to defining a loser. We are not as big as these people but we have done things in our life that made us the biggest losers. But it doesn’t mean that we haven’t been able to be winners at all. We might have slipped off and wandered far from righteousness but it doesn’t mean that we haven’t been able to walk through the right path. What makes a winner? If you’ve answered this, then define a loser. He who dropped the mike when he was...

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The 882 4bh 1000 Best Songs of All Time Countdown (2012)

...The 882 4BH 1000 Best Songs Of All Time Countdown (2012) Website List Number 1000 999 998 997 996 995 994 993 992 991 990 989 988 987 986 985 984 983 982 981 980 979 978 977 976 975 974 973 972 971 970 969 968 967 966 Title Take A Letter Maria It's My Party I'll Never Fall In Love Again I Say A Little Prayer I Wanna Wake Up With You Nice To Be With You Pasadena If I Were A Carpenter Could You Ever Love Me Again Classic I Can Dream About You Different Drum It Never Rains In Southern California Moviestar Born To Try Rockin' Robin I Just Want To Be Your Everything Spirit In The Sky We Do It Drift Away Orinoco Flow She's Like The Wind Gimme Little Sign For Your Eyes Only Words Are Not Enough Perfect Bye Bye Love I've Never Been To Me Year Of The Cat If I Can't Have You Knock On Wood Don't Pull Your Love You've Got Your Troubles Romeo's Tune Blowin' In The Wind Artist RB Greaves Lesley Gore Bobbie Gentry Aretha Franklin Boris Gardiner Gallery John Paul Young Four Tops Gary & Dave Adrian Gurvitz Dan Hartman Stone Poneys/Linda Ronstadt Albert Hammond Harpo Delta Goodrem Henchmen Andy Gibb Norman Greenbaum R & J Stone Dobie Gray Enya Patrick Swayze Brenton Wood Sheena Easton Jon English Fairground Attraction Everly Brothers Charlene Al Stewart Yvonne Elliman Amii Stewart Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds Fortunes Steve Forbert Peter Paul & Mary 965 964 963 962 961 960 959 958 957 956 955 954 953 952 951 950 949 948 947 946 945 944 943 942 941 940 939 938 937 936 935 934 933 932 931...

Words: 6514 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Donald Sterling's Fall

...Donald Sterling’s fall from the NBA Controversy has surrounded Donald Sterling for much of 2014. Donald was the owner of the Los Angeles Clippers for thirty three seasons until April 2014. He was banned for life after a recording of a conversation between himself and a female friend was released to the public. In the recording Sterling was irritated over a photo his female friend posted on Instagram, where she was with Basketball Hall of Fame player Magic Johnson. Sterling said to her: "It bothers me a lot that you want to broadcast that you're associating with black people, and you can sleep with black people. You can bring them in, you can do whatever you want. But the little I ask you is not to bring them to my games.” Donald Sterling’s comments impacted the National Basketball Association greatly. The comments caused an uproar in players across the league, upset affiliates of the Clippers and himself, and caused the commissioner to get involved. One of the first effects of Sterling's racial remarks was that players in the NBA were extremely upset by the comments made. These comments at the very least were inappropriate, especially in a league where 75% of the athletes are African American (Matthew Continetti, Polishing the silver, tarnishing the Sterling). On April 26, the day after his comments were released, the L.A. Clippers held a team meeting to discuss the incident. Both coaches and players were angered by the comments. They considered boycotting game four of......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...I will be comparing the soldiers’ experience from ‘Blackadder Goes Forth’, a television sitcom written by Ben Elton and Richard Curtis with ‘Journey’s End’ which is a play that projects the reality of the war written by R.C. Sherriff. These are two texts that convey a dark impression of WW1. The similarities between both the texts is that they both were set in the final stages of the war but with ‘Blackadder Goes Forth’ set in many different places whilst ‘Journey’s End’ was set in one common setting. However the differences in genre can sometimes increase or decrease the severity of the impression created for the audience. I personally think that ‘Blackadder Goes Forth’ is an anti-war message, where it mocks the way WW1 was orchestrated by the Generals and the government, whereas in ‘Journey’s End’, a serious play, the focus is more on the psychological, claustrophobic conditions of the war and what really happens in the war. Thus it has been said that ‘Journey’s End’ is a compelling account of warfare, based upon Sheriff’s own experience as a Captain in the East Surrey regiment, depicting war as a meaningless and destructive. However this leads me to the conclusion that Journey’s End creates a darker, sombre impression and mood with its realism rather than the comical Blackadder even though it had a tragic outcome. R.C Sherriff mostly tries to implant a realistic picture of the war by looking at the horrors of war through its physical setting. Also the playwright used......

Words: 1020 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mayo Clinic

... What would make Mayo Clinic one of the most recognized hospitals in the nation? We will discuss the many reasons and what it takes to be so well recognized and the many benefits that Mayo Clinic has to offer. “The Mayo Clinic has not only been recognized by numerous agencies for its quality in health care, but it has been recognized more so than any other academic medical center in the nation.” (Kroker, 2013) In 2012, Mayo earned the No. 3 overall spot on the “best hospitals” list and ranked No. 1 in the nation in five areas- gynecology, diabetes and endocrinology, gastroenterology, nephrology, and pulmonology. History of Mayo Clinic William Worrall Mayo, who settled in Rochester, Minn. in 1863, is the founding father of what is now called the Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic was developed gradually from Dr. Mayo’s medical practice. His dedication became a family tradition and his two sons, Will and Charles joined his practice in 1883 and 1888. Later as they succeeded with their “pooled” knowledge and skills, patients discovered this advantage. They had developed a reputation for excellence in patient care. Doctors and students came from around the world to learn new techniques from the Mayo’s. Patients also came from around the world for treatment. Since 1919, the Mayo Clinic has spread largely to two additional cities including Jacksonville Fl., and Phoenix Arizona. The main campus in Rochester employs over 32,000 people. In addition, the Mayo Clinic operates......

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Book Review on Management Lessons from Mayoclinic

...Review on Management Lessons from Mayo Clinic The book ‘Management Lessons from Mayo Clinic’ by Leonard L. Berry and Kent D. Seltman tells about an exceptional service organization Mayo Clinic which excels in the art of service. Service business authority Leonard Berry and Mayo Clinic marketing administrator Kent Seltman explain how the Clinic implements and maintains its strategy, adheres to its management system, executes its care model, and embraces new knowledge. Dr. William Worrall Mayo and his sons Dr. William Mayo and Dr. Charles Mayo are the leaders of this health care organization. This health care organization started more than 140 years ago in Minnesota town of Rochester in the early 1990s. Till now it is one of the most influential and valuable service brands in the world. There is only a little amount of advertisement done on this brand and till 1986 there was no marketing staff also in this organization. It is known as Medical Mecca based on their contribution to the science of medicine and to innovative surgical techniques. The Mayo Clinic has been of interest to services marketing researchers due to the organization’s impeccable success, global brand reputation, and service excellence ever since it was founded by the Mayo bothers, Drs. William and Charles. Berry, a well-known services marketing researcher, and Seltman, a former president of marketing at the Mayo Clinic uncovered the clinic’s success and delivered into how it has achieved its legendary brand......

Words: 2801 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Capital Investment Plan

...The capital investment plan for the Mayo Clinic is an ongoing process to improve the health care and offer new equipment to help patients. The Mayo Clinic has been in business for several years and continues to not only help its patients but also the community in which is resides. Because of the revenue the hospital has brought to the area, it feels it is time to give back to the community in which is resides, which is a great investment plan for the residents. The Mayo Clinic, which is a hospital that focuses on the needs of very rare diseases and other ailments, recently spent $3.5 billion on capital projects in 2012 in hopes of increasing the number of jobs within the community in the years ahead (Newmarker, 2012, N.P.). “Jeff Bolton, the Mayo Clinic’s chief financial officer, said 60 percent of the capital spending will go toward replacing and renewing facilities, equipment and information technology” (Newmarker, 2012, N.P.). With this in mind it is also time to update some equipment within the facility as well. The new MRI screening center will open opportunities for employment as well as new and up to date treatment for patients. The objectives for the first year of operation upon completion will be:  Increase the number of patients by providing services that Mayo has not been able to before  Hire twenty new employees that specialize in MRI technology as well as billing and collection specialists  Collections of at least 90%  Average of 1200 to 1500 patients...

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Mayo Clinic

..... Mayo clinic MAYO CLINIC The Mayo Clinic was founded over 150 years ago. It has been a pioneer for group practice creation, community service, quality improvement initiatives, health informatics, and health care technology. Group Practice Creation Impacts Mayo Clinic's Growth Dr. William J. Mayo justified the concept of a group practice in a speech he delivered in 1910. He took the view that it would be foolish for a single practitioner to assume he or she had sufficient knowledge of medicine. He maintained that it is in the best interest of the patient to have practitioners join forces and coordinate care (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research [MFMER], n.d.-a.) Patients realized the benefits of a team of medical experts, so patients travelled long distances for diagnosis and treatment. The Mayo Clinic website states that the "group practice concept that the Mayo family originated has influenced the structure and function of medical practice throughout the world" (MFMER, n.d.-b). According to the website, the Mayo Clinic has grown from three physicians (father and two sons) to over 55,000 staff at locations in the Midwest, Arizona, and Florida. The Mayo Clinic is most famous for its implementation of an "integrated, multi-specialty, group practice" (MFMER, n.d.-c). Mayo Clinic Community Service Reflects Mission and Values According to the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (n.d.), Mayo Clinic's mission is to "provide the best......

Words: 1959 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Hlth 252 Discussion Board 4

...article, drugs were clearly involved in Chris Benoit's double-murder suicide. (Sutton, 2007) What Benoit did was a little bit too graphic for me to explain here and I would rather not go too far into detail. I would personally say that I had seen many physical reactions to drugs. I can only recall as a young boy, aged 6/7, where a boy went out of control and had to get 5 adults to drag him into a time-out room. I asked my teacher at the time if he might have had one pill too many, jokingly, but it seemed confidential. I believe that any psychological reaction to these drugs would have the consumer become left with limited thinking. An article explained that most performance-enhancing drugs can lead to depression and agressiveness. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012) Most legal consequences can result from use of these performance-enhancing drugs if people find out. Lance Armstrong was stripped out of seven Tour de France titles he once held. He also had to give back a bronze medal he won in...

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Food Web Case Study

...Food Web Case Study Brenda Phouthavong MTH/221 September 8, 2014 Gary Page Food Web Case Study In a single ecosystem, all the food chains consisted in a food web. Those that are living in an ecosystem is part of more than one food chain. As the process moves on through the ecosystem, each food chain is one possible path that energy and nutrients may take (Mader, 1996). Indeed all of the interconnected and overlapping food chains contain many organisms that take place within various niches because their resources are available for their habitat (Mader, 1996). Various types of organisms within the food web are grouped into categories called trophic levels. In this food web case study, we will use the food web as a directed graph to model the relationship between predators and prey in an ecological community and the use of graph to visually explain the important parameters that consider a competition for ecological surroundings for organisms. As directed in a simple food web of an ecological community, the graph displays an apex for each organism in a trophic level and a direct border from the apex visually explaining individual A to the apex illustrating individual B, and however, the path continues if A preys on B (Roberts, 1976). Within this particular graph, the toad, milk snake, salamander, raccoon, grasshopper, fox, and the robin were chosen for a group of seven species, and the results show competition among one another. Again, if there is a common prey to catch,...

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Oliver K Woodman

...Matthew C. Tucker May, 2016 Matthew, I am sending Oliver K. Woodman back to you, as our journey together has come to an end. Oliver had very many adventures here with us, and went to so many cool places and saw so many things. I hope Mr. Woodman enjoyed his stay with us, as we enjoyed having him, even though he doesn’t say much. One of the first adventures we shared with Mr. Woodman was Cinco de Mayo (May 5th). On this day, long ago the Mexican government defeated the French armies in the Battle of Puebla in the year 1862. Over the years, this victory has become a celebration of Mexican culture. This year, Oliver joined the whole Tucker family as we dined at a local Mexican restaurant. It was pretty evident that Oliver was a big fan of the chips and salsa, because he almost ate the whole bowl! On his next big adventure, Rachel took Oliver with her to work at the Veterinarian clinic. It was there that Oliver got to use a stethoscope to listen to the heartbeat and lungs of several different animals, including dogs and cats to help make sure they are healthy. Oliver learned that it takes a lot of work to keep our pets healthy. He said he really enjoyed the visit, but if he gets to visit again, he will be sure to have lots of doggie mints! Rachel also took Oliver to the square of Covington, Georgia. It’s the small town where we live, and the square is very old. Covington has been around for a long time, and many of the houses around the square are......

Words: 751 - Pages: 4