Premium Essay

Embedded Journalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By cditommaso
Words 4243
Pages 17
Embedded Journalism

COM: 235 Final Research Paper
April 24, 2014
Chloe Di-Tommaso
Dr. Meade

“Embedded Journalism”

Throughout our studies amongst media law and ethics, I have grown particularly absorbed by the weights and balances of embedded journalism within our war culture today. My research aims to evaluate both the values and drawbacks of the Pentagon’s decision to pursue embedded journalism during the war on terror in 2003. I will be offering an in-depth evaluation of the history, objectives and purposes of embedding, how embedding raises concerns with the First Amendment’s entitlements, and finally questioning the notion that embedded journalism decreases censorship and increases access. In order to understand the current iteration of embedded journalism, we must understand our nations history of war correspondents and their relations with soldiers (Mayfield, 2013). The history between the military and the media lays the foundation for embedded journalism and serves as a reminder that the absence of censorship in past wars provided the impact on todays embedded program into Iraq (Brandenburg, 2007). Military-media relations have been building up over time, it originated with the earliest correspondents in 1850 and today expands through British, French, and American military engagement with the media (Mayfield, 2013). It wasn’t until the second half of the twentieth century that America began utilizing their media to report on current warfare’s. However, journalistic freedom on war coverage became a target of criticism from political and military leaders shortly after the Vietnam War in 1973 and the first Gulf war in 1991. Forty years ago, the ending of the Vietnam War had concluded with a victory, and the start of Americas broadcasting phenomenon had just shifted into drive. As quickly as the Vietnam battle had been lost, news coverage was...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Embedded Journalism and War Reporting

...Embedded Journalism and War Reporting Dion E Jones University of Phoenix COMM 220 Maureen, Duffy M.A. May 13, 2012 Embedded Journalism and War Reporting Journalism covers the principles of reporting in different circumstances such as the time-based news as in press conferences or untimely news of crisis, disasters and conflicts. Even though the reporting objectives are vast, and the journalists are expected to perform their duties without any fear or bias, it is the responsibility of the journalists to observe certain ethical considerations. At times, what journalists consider their responsibility may prove to be harmful for others. The policy of embedded journalism is debated mainly because, it compromises the military’s safety, security and strategy, through its bias and unethical reports; the presence of embedded journalists should not be allowed alongside fighting forces. Ethics of Journalism and War Reporting The question whether something is ethical or not, is gaining worldwide scrutiny these days. With the advent of social media, people have access to so much detail regarding the circumstances of the world. The journalists who are active through social media seem to provide all the minor details to their followers notwithstanding the ethical aspect of such information. The line between what...

Words: 2282 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Press Freedom in Africa: Challenges and Prospects

... qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwe...

Words: 2715 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Study on Social Networking

...Changing traditional reporting line through social media: A case of blogging or social networking Business Communication Assignment ‐ Submitted By Surya Kant (14PGP048) Somal Kant (14PGP043) Section-A PGP 2014-16 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION SECTION-1 SECTION- 2 SECTION-3 How Social media is replacing Reporting Results Consequences Page-3 Page-5 Page-7 Page-8 INTRODUCTION “Social Media” is a group of Internet‐based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations which allows the creation and exchange of user‐generated content. As of June 2010, 22% of time spent online (or one in every four and a half minutes) is spent using social media and blog sites worldwide (“Social Networks/Blogs Now Account for One in Every Four and a Half Minutes Online,” 2010). The global a verage time spent per person on social media sites is now nearly five and a half hours per month.Popular social media include Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube, Flickr, and Tumblr. Facebook is a social network service launched in February 2004. As of January 2014 it has more than 800 million active users (Nicholas Caris on, 2014). Accordingto is a social utility that helps people communicate more efficiently with their friends, family and coworkers. The company develops technologies that facilitate the sharing of information through the social graph, the digital mapping of people's real‐world social connections. Anyone can sign up for Facebook and......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ebola and Isis

...your newsfeed on Facebook, or share what’s trending on Twitter, and you’ll understand that if ISIS won’t destroy America, Ebola will finish the job. What’s perhaps even more frightening is that a vast majority of Americans; educated, practical, and rationally thinking Americans, have jumped on this bandwagon to “protect” our great land from the fearful terrorist group and deadly virus. However, has anyone ever challenged the threat level these issues pose? Has anyone questioned the idea, that perhaps more threatening issues are already prevalent though our society? Traditionally, this burden falls on journalism, to explore and expose the true problems in a society. However, media outlets, rather than practically and truthfully reporting on these issues, are instead perpetuating half-fact rumors. This ultimately begs the question: Has American media lost the true essence of journalism, the objective spreading of information? Does it choose only to focus on that which capitalizes viewership?   According to a statement by a spokesperson for the National Institute of Health, "The chances of an average American who hasn't visited Africa getting Ebola are so vanishingly small, it's almost non-quantitative". So why has the media ensured that nearly every news report since the outbreak in Africa reinforce the idea that the Ebola virus is a threat to the American people? It’s simple; stories like these have every aspect of drama that the American audience so desperately yearns for.......

Words: 1769 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Shifting Scopes: Redefining Media in an Ever-Converging Society

...we as humans obtain entertainment, news and information is too changing with the initiation of new multi-faceted technologies. However, researchers and members of society argue whether the consolidation of vehicles for media consumption is beneficial for society as a whole. As the pace of lives for many citizens becomes ever more rapid, consumers of media technology expect to intake incredible amounts of content in a dwindling amount of time, which has pressured the media industry to transform from traditional measures of transference. Researchers Dr. Frederic Gundelsweiler and Dr. Christian Filk attribute this societal demand for instantaneous consumption and its consequences in their article, Future Media Platforms for Convergence Journalisms. “When we examine the traditional media of mass communication, we recognize that they are faced with a hard challenge created by new content standards. The standards are characterized by rapid technological growth, information and communication technology” (Gundelsweiler & Filk, 2012, p.47).These new standards of development are too cited by the researchers for enormous “structural changes in both media and society” (p.47). Due to the changes in...

Words: 2020 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Essay On Media Bias

...candidates. Running tests on increases in coverage, positive and negative ideological framing of issues, and evaluation of a candidate's character, they find that “if women face significant or additional hurdles when navigating the campaign trail, it does not appear that those impediments are raised by the media.” Yet, gender bias in the media during two different phases of the 2008 election is unquestionable. The 2008 cycle has been recognized by many academics as a watershed moment for studying media bias, due to the heavy coverage of two viable, yet politically opposite, female candidates: Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin. In spite of, but also because of, the differences between Clinton and Palin, media coverage of the two women was embedded with comparisons and contrasts based on aesthetics and assumed gender-roles. Though the two candidates were similarly positioned as mothers poised with the task of juggling political and maternal responsibilities, Clinton was depicted as “less feminine” compared to Palin due to fashion choice, figure and age. Palin’s “super mom” persona and perceived lack of competence served as a post hoc counterweight to Clinton’s acknowledged intelligence and seemingly less feminine presentation. There were also significant gendered comparisons between Clinton and Barack Obama, with newscasters during the 2008 Democratic primary more likely to refer to Clinton by first name than any other naming, while referring to Obama by last name only.......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Media Bias Analysis

...misrepresent an argument, show it in an intentionally bad light, and/or ignore it completely. Media outlets should work to give unbiased information to their listeners, because people listening to biased information only spreads false information, creates confusion, and makes media sources as a whole less credible. Media outlets should strive to give unbiased information to their listeners, because people listening to biased info only spreads that misinformation. According to Daniel Payne, “...hour after hour, the media continue to broadcast, spread, promulgate, publicize, and promote fake news on an industrial scale. It has become a regular part of our news cycle, not distinct from or extraneous to it but a part of it, embedded within the news apparatus as a spoke is embedded in a bicycle wheel.”(16 Fake News Stories Reporters Have Run Since Trump Won) All the fake news stories and their nature as a method of attacking the president show the misinformation being spread by media sources due to bias and haste to produce a story. In an article on media malpractice for, Tom Westervelts claims, “...throughout the campaign, the Huffington Post published the following editor's note at the end of stories about Mr. Trump, ‘Editor's note: Donald Trump regularly incites political violence and is a serial liar, rampant xenophobe, racist, misogynist and birther who has repeatedly pledged to ban all Muslims — 1.6 billion members of an entire religion — from entering the......

Words: 1867 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...[pic] ZigBee Wireless Mesh Networking for Monitoring & Control What is ZigBee? ZigBee is a consortium of software, hardware and services companies that have developed a common standard for wireless networking of sensors and controllers. While other wireless standards are concerned with exchanging large amounts of data, ZigBee is for devices that have smaller throughput needs. The other driving factors are low cost, high reliability, high security, low battery usage, simplicity and interoperability with other ZigBee devices. ZigBee can be used in commercial applications such as building maintenance for monitoring and controlling lights, Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), smoke alarms, fire alarms, burglar alarms, landscaping sprinklers and lights and many other uses. In health care, ZigBee can be used for patient monitoring equipment, fitness monitoring and other uses. Industrial environments can use ZigBee for asset monitoring, process control, assuring compliance with environmental standards and energy management. Used correctly, ZigBee enabled devices can give a warning before a breakdown occurs so that repairs can be made in the most cost effective manner. They can also be used to maintain quality and reduce waste. Soon, ZigBee enabled devices will show up in our homes. They will be used for controlling our home entertainment systems, lights, garage door openers, alarms, panic buttons, and many other uses. Imagine......

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Electronics and Communicatio

...arises the vehicle is stopped with an alarm indication, this operation is enabled by means of the driver circuit connected to the vehicle motor and the signal is transmitted via RF-transmitter at the frequency of 433.92 MHz. In the Receiver side the transmitted signal is received and the signal is decoded and given to the Microcontroller, which uses this information for displaying the alert message in the LCD as programmed, simultaneously a buzzer alert is given. Block Diagram Transmitter[pic] Receiver [pic] HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS • Microcontroller Unit and Power Supply • LCD • Alarm unit • RF transmitter and receiver SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS • Embedded C • Keil Compiler LIST OF HARDWARE MODULES: MODULE 1: Power Supply for 8051 Microcontroller MODULE 2: Encoder MODULE 3: RF Transmitter MODULE 4: Decoder MODULE 5: RF Receiver MODULE 6: Relay...

Words: 1216 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Keypad System By: Julian Garcia and Christian White ET2640 Microcontrollers and Microprocessors Mr. Wysuph List of Components I. Breadboard II. 8051 microcontroller III. 4x4 Hex keypad IV. 7 – segment display V. Keil program software VI. 5 volt power supply VII. 330 ohm resistor pack VIII. 1 resistor (8.2K ohm) Progress Update Although our circuit is not built, we have made progress. We have to order a part in order for the project to work. We have to order the 4x4 hex keypad. Once the keypad arrives, we can wire it to our breadboard or the trainer. In order for this project to work, we must make sure that our circuit chips have power (VCC) and are grounded. After that is done, we will take our 33pF capacitors and connect them to our 11.0592MHz oscillator, which is connected to XTAL1 and XTAL2 on the 8051 trainer. We will then tie R1 – R4 and C1 – C4 on our hex keypad to ports 1.0 through 1.7 together on the 8051. Ports 0.0 – 0.7 on the 8051 will have a 330 ohm resistor pack connected to the 7 segment display. We will then have our 10uF capacitor tied together with the 8.2k ohm resistor, which should be connected to our reset. Test Plan To troubleshoot the circuit, we first must know how it is supposed to work. If the keypad is not working, we must check all connections and we can use a logic probe to see if we are getting an output at certain pins. We can also use the logic probe if our 7 – segment display is not lighting up or not...

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Invest in your most valuable asset Master of Science - Technology Programs for Working Professionals We can reach our potential, but to do so, we must reach within ourselves. We must summon the strength, the will, and the faith to move forward - to be bold - to invest in our future. John Hoeven Governer - North Dakota The World of Manipal Manipal University is widely recognized for imparting high quality professional education. Founded 57 years ago by Dr. T. M. A. Pai, Manipal University is located in the bustling student town of Manipal (in Karnataka). Manipal University was the first institute to be recognized as a Deemed University by the Government of India in 1993. Manipal University offers programs in Medicine, Dentistry, Engineering, Nursing, Allied Health, Pharmacy, Life Sciences, Management, Mass Communication, Information Sciences, Hotel Management, Regenerative Medicine and many more. India's top ranked institutions, including Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Kasturba Medical College (KMC) are part of Manipal University. These colleges have consistently been rated among India's top 10 institutions, in their respective fields, in different surveys over the last few decades. Manipal has come to be recognized for its excellence in Medical and Engineering programs and continuing education in the areas of IT, Semiconductor, Mechanical, Chemical, Management and Healthcare for employed professionals. In its endeavor to provide Continuing......

Words: 8725 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

Nucleus Rtos

...Nucleus RTOS Johnathan Rawlings POS/355 July 17th, 2013 Steven Schoen Nucleus RTOS IM sure if you’re like me your probably wondering what Nucleus RTOS is. Well let’s take a look; Nucleus RTOS is a real-time operating system (RTOS) and toolset created by the Embedded Systems Division of Mentor Graphics for various central processing unit (CPU) platforms. It’s estimated to be running on over 2.11 billion devices around the world. On Nucleus Applications are compiled to run on various target CPU architectures and tested using the actual target boards or in simulation environment. On Nucleus development is typically done on a host computer running Windows or Linux. Nucleus RTOS is designed for embedded systems applications including consumer electronics, set-top boxes, cellular phones, and other portable and handheld devices. What’s impressive is that Nucleus RTOS can be scaled down to a memory footprint as small as 13 KB for both code and data for limited memory systems. Nucleus is comprised of these main components: the kernel, connectivity, file system, graphics, and security. And here are some basic descriptions of each component. Kernel: * Real time kernel * C++, POSIX and Micro ITRON interfaces * Dynamic download * Inter-process communications * Closed Source (however, the source code is available to customers, making it easier to debug than operating system distributed as binaries only) Connectivity * USB 2.0 Host, Function and On-The-Go......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Embedded Systems Software Quality and Testing in Embedded Systems DR KASHIF SAGHAR Outline Software Quality and Testing in Embedded Systems Embedded system • Embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system • Often ES are Real time Systems • Embedded Systems are generally – Small size – Low Power and Price – Rugged OS Embedded system … • Embedded systems are often based on microcontrollers • Embedded systems are used in various portable devices • Embedded systems are used in transportation, fire safety, safety and security, medical applications and life critical systems • A new class of wireless embedded devices called motes are networked wireless sensors. Wireless sensor network (WSN) • A wireless sensor network (WSN) is an example of a complete embedded system – Various ES work in a distributed network – Communicate wirelessly – Contains independent sensors etc. A WSN … Embedded System : Node • WSN is composed of various nodes • Resource Constraints • Network Topology and Routing Embedded Systems Specifications • Specifications WE NEED FORMALITY TO FILL THE GAPS • Implementation Model Checking in Embedded System Apply Properties Yes OR No If No....... Why No? • Where Modeling Techniques can be used in Embedded Systems? Specification Stage – Give a description of the system to be developed, at......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Embedded Systems Design

...Embedded Systems Design Scott DeCota Modern Operating Systems Embedded systems are all around us. They run the engine, brakes, seatbelt, airbag, and audio system in your car. They digitally encode your voice and construct a radio signal to send it from your cell phone to a base station. They control your microwave, dishwasher, and DVD player. They command robots on a factory floor, power generation in a plant, processes in a chemical plant, and the traffic lights in the city. Embedded operating systems are growing increasingly common in everyday appliances and other devices. These operating systems provide application interfaces for a wide range of different applications. The challenge for developers is to determine which operating system or programming language to use in a particular device or project, and how to utilize the parallelism and concurrency capabilities of the hardware and programming language chosen for a project to design a system of adequate timing precision and efficiency. Developers working with embedded systems need to be extremely diligent in regards to timing and optimization. Embedded systems are frequently interacting with the physical environment in which multiple sources of data may be interacting with the system simultaneously. Developers should have a solid understanding of the parallelism and concurrency capabilities of the hardware for a selected project. These features can occur in different forms that can greatly affect the timing of......

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Should media be controlled by the government? I have been living in a community that always struggles to settle this matter, where there is a push and pull between the government and the public in trying to settle the issue, in a way that satisfies everyone. The government has had its share of justifications, where it is always of the idea that it should take up control of media, so has the public who fall towards the opinion of the government, where some say that the governments are right so that they would protect any wrongful acts for things said, whereas others are of the idea that we should be given our own freedom to be able to say anything we want to. In my country, Kuwait the government has assumed control over the media through many censures of magazines, movies and programs aired in television. Though the constitution guarantees for freedom, but only under the confines of the law, it seems contradictory. There are various sources that shed light in this issue of government control in my country. We are going to look at three of them; the world press freedom review, the Amman j blog and the spokesman review. Many newspapers are individually owned, and though this maybe the situation which would allow for any kind of expressions of opinions, the newspapers are restricted to speaking against the government or the Islamic religion to some degree. There is an instance where according to a report, from the world press freedom, that a certain publication was viewed as......

Words: 682 - Pages: 3