Premium Essay

Emergency Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kimp21
Words 1442
Pages 6
The roles of information systems in emergency response system and how the individual would use it.

In emergency response management the basic network involves receiving information and then the mobilization of the necessary emergency services and first responders to the disaster area. This is should include a first wave of core emergency services, such as firefighters, police and ambulance crews, but the size of the emergency determines the amount of resources allocated to any disaster. In receiving information there needs to be a way to provide and obtain accurate and timely information about the event and keep communication open and flowing with all the responders. It should have a way for key people to communicate and keep everyone updated by graphics, voice or video system. This could be done through a mix of broadband wireless access and sensor networks. Offering a WiMAX based system would allow “easy implementation, full user mobility, secure and reliable communications, easy interconnection with heterogeneous networks, and high transport capacity.” [Tarchi] Sensor networks are designed to collect and process data and then transmit such relevant information to the end users in a distributed way. This is because the amount of information gathered by sensor networks is vastly and would need to be processed before being readable, much less interpreted by an operator. This system would have to in some way be able to differentiate between main key people and then others.
A well-rehearsed emergency plan developed as part of the preparedness phase enables efficient coordination of rescue. Where required, search and rescue efforts commence at an early stage. Depending on injuries sustained by the victim, outside temperature, and victim access to air and water, the vast majority of those affected by a disaster will die within 72 hours after impact.[Harrald] With...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Emergency Management and critical infrastructure, but also by the economic and financial losses incurred by the citizens and the governments of affected countries. In times of crisis, it is imperative that affected countries are given assistance in an expeditious and efficient manner. Along with its sister organization the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides emergency assistance to help countries with "urgent balance of payments financing needs in the wake of natural disasters or armed conflict" (International Monetary Fund Factsheet, 2011, p.1). This emergency financial assistance is designed to be distributed rapidly to aid countries who may potentially exhaust their monetary reserves in the aftermath of a natural or technological disaster. This paper will examine why it is important for financial institutions like the IMF and the World Bank to be involved in disaster management. In addition, some of the ways which these financial institutions distribute aid to countries affected by disaster will also be identified. Keywords: World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), disaster management. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund's Role in Disaster Relief The IMF and its sister organization, the World Bank, were born at the end of World War II. These powerful financial institutions were created out of a need to prevent economic crises like the Great Depression and to help rebuild Europe from the devastation resulting from years of......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Future of Emergency Management

...The Future of Emergency Management Jeffrey C. Jones Case Studies in Natural and Man Made Disasters Professor Charles Kocher July 16, 2012 Abstract Emergency managers have historically been just that, managers of emergency situations. As the field of emergency management changes, more and more emphasis is being placed on the prevention of the emergency all together. This paper will lay out the frame work of emergency management in terms of total reorganization. The current model although tweaked many times is still response heavy, the new model will be more prevention and mitigation based, as will call for the total overhaul of conventional emergency management. Introduction The American public as an expectation that be it private or government on any level professional responders and emergency managers should be capable of handling any and all types of emergencies. They have an expectation be it fair or not that these responders should execute these responses without error. This expectation is only further fueled by popular television programs that depict stoic emergency managers that handle the large events everyday. In addition to emergency managers the same could be said about military commanders, and political leaders. The odd coincidence is that this was also the key duty that emergency managers have always focused on. The thought was that if a manager handles the call......

Words: 2787 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Situational Awareness in Emergency Management

...paved the way for great advancement in the field of emergency management with the use of web-based situational awareness programs. In a White House briefing following Hurricane Katrina, it was noted that unified management and lack of inter-agency communication was one of the greatest pitfalls in the recovery process (The White House, 2005). Complete, accurate, and up-to-the-minute situational awareness is essential for emergency responders and others who are responsible for controlling complex, dynamic systems and high-risk situations. Inadequate or completely absent situational awareness is cited as one of the primary factors in accidents attributed to human error (Reichenbach, 2009). Put simply, web-based situational awareness facilitates collaboration across multiple levels of preparedness, planning, response, and recovery for all-risk/all-hazard events. It is a combination of tools, technologies, and an innovative concept of operations to improve the communication flow in emergency response. This is testament to the dire need for Port Orange to invest in a situational awareness program so that we don’t fall victim to the same downfalls that those jurisdictions faced in Hurricane Katrina. Currently, there is a gap between the information that emergency managers get and the information that emergency managers need to improve their situational awareness during emergency events; which ultimately impacts the emergency management process. Port Orange is one of sixteen......

Words: 988 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Emergency Management Plan Chemical Spill/Release

...University | Emergency Management Plan | Chemical Spill/Release | | Erik Gohl | 11/7/2011 | | Purpose Events which interfere with the normal operations of Hennepin Technical College (HTC) are unavoidable. The purpose of this document is to explain the actions, roles, and responsibilities that are to be taken by individuals and departments in the event of a spill or release of a hazardous chemical or waste. (Homeland Security, 2011) Emergency Management Team The Emergency Management Team (EMT) shall consist of the following individuals: College President College Vice President(s) College Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Officer Director of Security Maintenance Supervisor Administrator on Duty (AOD) Lead Custodian on Duty Faculty/Staff Emergency and Non-Emergency Hazardous Chemical and Waste Spill/Release A non-emergency spill/release is one of no more than five gallons where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized or otherwise controlled at the time of the release by employees in the immediate area and presents no hazard to people or the environment. The staff or faculty member for, and familiar with, the chemical or waste should attend to non-emergency releases. The front desk should be notified by dialing “0” if assistance is needed in locating the Maintenance Supervisor or maintenance staff. All recovered materials shall be assumed to be, and treated as, a hazardous waste. (HTC Emergency Plan, 2005) An emergency......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Role of the Counselor in Emergency Management Teams

...Supply Chain Innovations by Walmart By Institution Supply Chain Innovations by Walmart It is without a doubt that Walmart has achieved the greatest operational and logistical triumphs in history. According to Supply Chain Digest, Walmart operates more than 10,000 stores in 27 countries around the globe, stocks products manufactured in more than 70 countries and managed over $32 billion in inventory (Lu, 2015). With such kind of numbers, there is a need to have an efficient and effective supply chain management. Walmart has been able to achieve this through technology. Technology forms the foundation of its supply chain as it owns the biggest information technology infrastructure of all private companies in the world. Its State-of –the-art network design has allowed Walmart to precisely forecast demand, predict inventory levels, and manage service response logistics and customer relationships For example, Walmart becomes the first retailer to make use of the Universal Product Code bar codes that allowed for immediate collection and analysis of store level information. It went further to devise Retail Link, an enormous Bentonville database (Lu, 2015). With the help of a global satellite system, this database is linked to analysts who forecast demands of suppliers to the supplier network. This displays real-time sales information from cash registers to Walmart distribution centers. Manufacturers and suppliers within the supply chain bring together their demand......

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Disaster Management professional, not only in the on field implementation aspect, but also to be able to look into policy development and enhancing of coordination between concerned stakeholders. Also to be able to develop disaster resilient society and environment by ensuring developmental activities, employing Disaster Risk Reduction Measures and Geographical Information System. KEY SKILLS      Result oriented with positive outlook. Urban and rural field work. Sound knowledge of Arc GIS and ERDAS software. Report writing. Team management. EDUCATION  M.Sc. (Disaster Management) from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai (2014-16).  Bachelors of Engineering (Electronics and Communication) from Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya (RGPV) in the year 2012.  XIIth from kendriya vidayalaya no. 1, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh in the year 2008.  Xth from kendriya vidayalaya no. 1, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh in the year 2006. INTERNSHIPS  Internship of 40 days with Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA) and All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) for preparing District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP) of Sitamarhi district.  Internship of one month with Gwalior district administration for development and identification of resources for Emergency Operation Centre (EOC).  Internship of one month with Tata Motors Passenger Vehicle Business Unit (PVBU), Pune for preparing the standardized Emergency Management Plan......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...[pic] Disaster Planning, Emergency Preparedness & Business Continuity I. Introduction: The Plan About this Document 1 What a Disaster Plan Is and Why You Should Do One 2 Possible Disasters 4 Assign a Team—You Can’t Create a Plan Alone 6 II. Analyze & Know Your Organization Determine Your Critical Services & Functions 8 Where is Your Information Stored? 10 Computers & Technology 15 Know Your Physical Plant 18 III. Risk Analysis 19 IV. Business Impact Analysis 20 V. Implement the Resources 21 VI. Test the Plan 22 VII. Insurance 23 VIII. Personnel Policies & Crisis Communications 25 IX. Advice from the Red Cross 28 X. Emergency Planning Checklist 30 XI. Resources 33 I. Introduction: The Plan About This Document This document explains the points an organization needs to think about in order to prepare its own disaster recovery plan so that, should an interruption occur, it is able to resume operations. To complete its plan, staff members will have to search for answers and fill in the blanks. Each organization’s circumstances and structures are unique, so a plan will have to be tailored to suit its needs. It is important to recognize that there is no “magic” plan that an organization can purchase that will provide all the answers or that will create a plan for them. There is no document that will address every situation and circumstance. Conceivably an organization could......

Words: 8506 - Pages: 35

Premium Essay

Contingency Plans

...12-18 hours. It is the charge nurses responsibility to make the decision on proper emergency protocol for safe patient handling. There should be a contingency plan in place in all hospitals to adhere to during a crisis situation. Comprehensive Emergency Management Plans (CEMP) is used in Florida for all hospitals for emergency and non-emergency situations. The CEMP is responsible for the government, private, volunteer and non-governmental organizations consisting of the State Emergency Response Team (SERT). It helps with a basic process for awareness, recovery, response, and mitigates activities of the SERT. The CEMP ensures that all levels of government are able to mobilize as a unified emergency organization to safeguard the well-being of the state’s residents and visitors (Florida Disaster, 2016). CEMP provides a framework which doesn’t depend on any particular individual or situation but adjustable to the situation. A disaster contingency plan is prepared in every organization to respond to an emergency and the impact it can have to the people. Having a contingency plan in place can save time and confusion during a crisis. A contingency plan takes the guessing out of the situation and allows for clear direction of communication. The hospital should update their contingency plans and their staff on a regular basis with the requirements and responsibility of the staff. This is a great management tool for all departments to ensure safety, time and effectiveness for all......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Eurotown Disaster

...REPORT ON EUROTOWN DISASTER Introduction On the 14 Oct 11 the Municipalities Emergency Preparedness Group was in meeting. At 1000 hrs it was reported that there was a major electrical failure affected the greater part of Eurotown. No initial assumptions were made but the respective service agencies were contacted. At 1200 hrs the situation deteriorated with a serious fires starting in a factory units in Bromley Hill. A Major Incident was declared at 1205 hrs and the ‘Eurotown Emergency Plan’ was activated in accordance with the Civil Contingencies Act 2004. The following actions were undertaken: * Traffic Management plan implemented. * Emergency media plan implemented (and throughout all stages of the incident). * Multi-agency action plan implemented (mutual aid response). * Communication and co-ordination with ‘Tactical Coordination Group. * Impact of power outages on critical infrastructure. * Vulnerable groups such as schools and care homes were contacted. At 1330 hrs the fire had spread to adjacent properties which housed an LPG storage tank and 10 tonnes of chlorine. The risk of explosion and the release of a toxic plume were considered severe and priority was given to evacuating residential and business properties within 500 metres of the site around the LPG storage facility and evacuation of the personnel calculated to be effected by the plume. It was agreed that evacuation of both these groups should be co-ordinated and given equal......

Words: 3308 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Business Continuity Plan

...Command System Business Impact Analysis Risk Assessment Business Plan for Localized Business Disruption Business Plan for Pandemics Page 3 Pages 4-7 Pages 8-11 Pages 12-13 Pages 14-15 Pages 16-17 Pages 18-19 Pages 20-36 Appendix IV-A: Power Outage Business Continuity Plan Appendix V-A: Pandemic Flu Business Continuity Plan 2 Final CP 5-30-06 CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, STANISLAUS BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLAN May 2006 INTRODUCTION A Business Continuity Plan (BCP) is developed by an institution to plan for and describe how it will respond to and recover from disruptions. These disruptions can be localized threats (e.g., earthquakes, fires, floods, bombs, etc.) or global threats (e.g., Flu Pandemic). As part of the overall Emergency Operations Plan, California State University, Stanislaus has developed, and continues to refine and enhance, a Business Continuity Plan (BCP) for the University. This plan is about maintaining, resuming, and recovering the University’s activities as an educational institution. It considers human factors along with operational issues. The BCP was developed by a team of the University’s senior administrators and department managers representing all University divisions: Business & Finance, Academic Affairs, Student Affairs, and Advancement. The business continuity planning team conducted a risk assessment and a business impact analysis. The team will continue to meet on a regular basis to flesh out details and test hypotheses. The BCP......

Words: 10523 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Communication in Science

...1947, and Milwaukee, 1894 3. Additional Sources of Information 4. Glossary of Terms 5. Acronyms 6. Discussion Questions a. General b. Washington, DC Sniper c. Homeland Security Advisory System d. Smallpox Outbreaks 7. Suggested Out of Class Exercises Introduction Communications has become an increasingly critical function in emergency management. The dissemination of timely and accurate information to the general public, elected and community officials and the media plays a major role in the effective management of disaster response and recovery activities. Communicating preparedness, prevention and mitigation information promotes actions that reduce the risk of future disasters. Communicating policies, goals and priorities to staff, partners and participants enhances support and promotes a more efficient disaster management operation. Mission The mission of an effective disaster communications strategy is to provide timely and accurate information to the public in all four phases of emergency management: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery • Mitigation – to promote implementation of strategies, technologies and actions that will reduce the loss of lives and property...

Words: 23767 - Pages: 96

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness Response

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response In addition to a population of approximately 64, 200 residents, the Neighborhood Community is situated near a forest and along the river bank. This community is currently experiencing a forest fire that has lasted for the past five days while destroying huge acres of land and is nearing its town. The efforts to fight the fire are characterized by the battles of firefighters to control the forest fire, health care workers trying to keep patients breathing, and city officials asking citizens to stay indoors. The forest fire in Neighborhood Community is an example of the need for a community to effectively to prepare and respond to emergencies. Summary of the Events As a community located near a forest and along the river bank, Neighborhood community is hugely affected by the dangerous forest fire destroying several acres of land. The smoky condition of the air from the forest fire is affecting residents with pre-existing lung problems suffering the most. As health care professionals are doing all they can to help keep patients breathing, the firefighters are fighting to gain control of the forest fire. The residents are urged to stay indoors by the city officials unless it is associated with the winds blowing the smoke toward the town. Moreover, these officials have also notified the residents that they will inform them of a new plan if the fire advances toward the town. Some of the major areas that are affected by this...

Words: 2509 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

The Elements of a Risk Management Plan

...Authority Chapter Outline 1. Introduction of topics and concepts to be discussed in the chapter. a. Legal basis of modern emergency management in the United States. b. Budget authority. c. Program eligibility. d. Roles and responsibilities. 2. Case Studies a. The National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP): Legislation to Address a Particular Hazard b. The Homeland Security Act of 2002: A New Emergency Management c. The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000: A Shift to Pre-Disaster Mitigation 3. Additional Sources of Information 4. Glossary of Terms 5. Acronyms 6. Discussion Questions a. General b. NEHRP c. Homeland Security Act of 2002 d. DMA 2000 7. Suggested Out of Class Exercises Introduction No emergency management system anywhere in the world can properly function without statutory authority and consistent budget appropriations. Statutory authority defines disasters programs, determines who is eligible for these programs, provides the legal support needed to implement disaster programs and establishes the legal foundation for funding the programs and activities of the disaster agency. Without such authority, a government agency is powerless. Legal Basis of Modern Emergency Management in the United States The first recorded emergency management legislation in the United States occurred in 1803 when a Congressional Act was passed to provide financial assistance to......

Words: 25108 - Pages: 101

Premium Essay


...and (4) families unable to meet the minimum legal requirements to apply for and secure legal electricity connections. The thrust of rural/missionary electrification is to develop feasible alternatives to provide these communities with electricity through workable socialized schemes that are suitable to these potential beneficiaries in partnership with Local Government Units (LGUs), Non- Government Organizations (NGOs), and multilateral or bilateral financing institutions. As the leading electric distribution utility company in the country, Meralco also extends support and assistance to other distribution utilities and cooperatives in restoring electricity service to their customers in urban and rural areas particularly in times of emergencies. 2. Grassroots Partnership (Local Government/Barangay) Meralco recognizes the importance of local government units, government agencies and barangays play in uplifting the lives of the people, improving the environment of their communities and enabling commercial and industrial businesses to operate in a sustainable manner. Meralco continues its commitment towards strong partnerships with local government and barangays by providing appropriate support for certain local community needs, such as health, sanitation,...

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...(DOD), in 1998, announced it would begin a systematic vaccination of all U.S. military personnel. (DOD, 1998) Anthrax infection occurs in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal. What are the basic functions of the federal, state, and local level during this bioterrorism event? Preparing for and or recovering from a bioterrorism event, it is the federal government's responsibilities to helping to ensure the preparedness of emergency response providers for terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies, Working with other federal and nonfederal agencies to build a comprehensive national incident management system, and developing comprehensive programs for developing interoperative communications technology and ensuring that emergency response providers acquire such technology. ( CIDRAP) In a bioterrorism event, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has special responsibilities, including detecting the disease, investigating the outbreak, and providing stockpiled drugs and emergency supplies in the large amounts needed. What public health resources are available to address this bioterrorism threat at the federal, state, and/or local level? Since the 1950s, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) grew substantially due to its Epidemic Intelligence Service and the promotion of epidemiologic 'surveillance.' Critics...

Words: 516 - Pages: 3