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Emperor Qin Shi Huang

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Submitted By shanrui0304
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Shanrui Yong
Emperor Qin Shi Huang Emperor Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of what would come to be known in the Western world as China. He unified the warring states of China and kept them together by means of a centralized bureaucracy and a standardized and codified law system. In his 35-year reign, he managed to create magnificent and enormous construction projects such as the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Army. He standardized all weights and measures used in China, and it was during his reign that the Chinese system of written characters became used throughout the land. Today’s Chinese characters are written differently, but are direct descendants of those used during Qin Shi Huang’s reign. Despite his good intentions in unifying China, he did many things that were deemed ruthless. With Li Si’s advice, he banning and burning of many books and the execution of recalcitrant scholars. At the same time, many slaves were sacrificed during the construction of the Great Wall of China. Many scholars have argued that Emperor Qin Shi Huang was a brutal Emperor and disregard his contributions to China. However, his contributions far surpassed his unmerciful action. Therefore, Emperor Qin Shi Huang was the one of the greatest reformer and pioneer in China history and left behind many legacies that has made China what it is today. Emperor Qin named himself “Qin Shi Huangdi,” which means the first great emperor of China. "Qin was for his original states, 'Shi' means first, and 'Huangdi' was a new compound word that joins majestic with emperor." (China's First Emperor and His Terracotta Warriors) After his new title was formed, Emperor Qin went on and chose the symbol of the state according to the School of the five elements - earth, wood, metal, fire, and water. Acting on Li Si's advice, Shi Huangdi abolished the old feudal system,...

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