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End of the Republic

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END OF THE REPUBLIC

End of the Republic
William J. Byers
Grand Canyon University: HIS-318
April 28, 2013

End of the Republic Freeman (1996) describes the period before the first Roman triumvirate as a time that corruption weighed on Romans in general. Cicero had emerged as a skilled orator that both served Rome in the fight against injustice, but also became viewed by the senior senate as someone who was able to undermine the old institutions of power through skill and manipulation. The public corruption had begun to expose the weaknesses of the current form of government and opened many minds to the sentiment that some individuals could be trusted with governance more than the current leaders who could be manipulated by the aristocracy. This paper will compare key players like Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus in their rise to power, as well as their importance in the events leading to the end of the republic government. The role of Mark Antony and Egyptian Queen Cleopatra will be examined in the events leading up to the battle that ended the republic and began the empire. Finally, the Roman Empire’s expansion north into Gaul, Germania, and Britain will be examined. Around 60bce, leaders like Pompey had had very successful campaigns outside of Italy that provided wealth and influence that held both military and diplomatic appeal. This was precisely the case with Pompey having gained wealth and the loyalty of a large army. Having operated independently from senate authority for many years, his return to Rome was rightly seen as a threat to the republic. At the same time, Julius Caesar emerged as a rising political figure that championed the cause of the populares, which lead to massive support of the people. Widespread popular support in turn gained political support as well. Julius Caesar’s ambitious political rise was limited only by money....

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