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Endocrine System Hormones

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Endocrine System Hormones

Directions: Fill in the following table.

|Hormone |Endocrine Gland/Source |Controls/Responsible for What? |
|Estrogen |ovaries |Responsible for the growth and development of female sexual |
| | |characteristics and reproduction. |
|Oxytocin |Hypothalamus |Stimulates contraction of the myometrium in the uterus and contractions |
| | |of the myoepithelial cells of the mammary glands. |
|Leptin |Adipose tissue |Regulates appetite and energy expenditure. |
|LH |Anterior Pituitary Gland |Triggers ovulation in females, stimulates leydig cell production of |
| | |testosterone in males. |
|Testosterone |Testicles |Responsible for the growth and development of male sexual characteristics|
| | |and the production of body hair. |
|Dopamine |Sustania nigra |A neurotransmitter that brings happiness and pleasure to the brain |
|Histamine |Posterior hypothalmus |Triggers inflammatory response. |
|Melatonin |Pineal gland |Regulates the sleep cycle. |
|Thyroxine |Thyroid Gland |Responsible for the regulation of metabolism and increases the basal |
| | |metabolic rate. |
|Gastrin |G cells in the stomach lining |Released in the presence of food and causes the release of hydrochloric |
| | |acid. |
|FSH |Anterior Pituitary |Causes an egg to mature in the ovary and stimulates the production of |
| | |estrogen |
|Insulin |Beta cells in the pancreas |Allows glucose to pass into cell for energy use, it suppresses breakdowns|
| | |of fat and excess production of sugar. |
|Adrenaline |Adrenal glands |Breaks down glucose to produce lots of energy for the body to use in |
| | |‘fight or flight’ situation. |
|Vasopressin |Hypothalamus |Binds to receptors in the distal or collection tubules of the kidney and |
| | |promotes reabsorption of water back into the circulation. |
|Glucagon |Pancreas |Helps to restore blood glucose levels back to a point that is acceptable |
| | |for the body. |

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