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Female infertility Endometriosis is when there is an abnormal growth of the endometrial cells, the cells that are similar to those which form inside the uterus, but in this case it grows outside of the uterus. Commonly they are found on other organs of the pelvis. This disease is most commonly found in women who are having infertility issues but does not completely prevent conception. Most of the time there are no symptoms found pertaining to this disease so there is not treatment as it is not necessary. There may be pelvic pain during menstruation or ovulation but these symptoms also occur in normal women. Sometimes a woman may be suspected to have endometriosis as regulation of her symptoms occurs but the only way to be sure is for her to have surgery such as laparoscopy. Treatments for this disease are pain medications for pain relief and fertility treatment if pregnancy is desired.
Where may it be located? The endometrial cells are those which are shed each every month during menstruation. These cells attach themselves to tissue outside of the uterus and are referred to as endometriosis implants. These implants are normally found on the lining of the pelvic cavity, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, and outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines. They may also be found in the bladder, cervix, and vagina, although these areas are less common than the other locations in the pelvis. It is also possible for endometriosis implants to occur outside of the pelvis, in areas such as the liver, old surgery scars, or even in or around the brain or lungs. “Because of the lack of evidence to substantiate the idea of a common genetic mutation in endometriosis, the familial tendency of endometriosis might alternatively be attributable to epigenetic reprogramming during embryonic or fetal development.” (Dean et al.)
Endometriosis seemingly impacts all...

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