Premium Essay

English General Purpose

In: Other Topics

Submitted By fernandoko
Words 872
Pages 4
TOPIC = Causes and effects of Global Warming

DEFINITION =Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of global surface air and oceans and to continuing increases in those temperatures. Another term for "global warming" is "climate change." Global warming is primarily a problem of too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which acts as a blanket, trapping heat and warming the planet.

-Natural causes are causes created by nature. One natural cause is a release of methane gas from arctic tundra and wetlands. Methane is a greenhouse gas. A greenhouse gas is a gas that traps heat in the earth's atmosphere. The build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere alters the radioactive balance of the atmosphere. The net effect is to warm the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere because greenhouse gases absorb some of the Earth’s outgoing heat radiation and reradiate it back towards the surface.
-Ozone depletion is also one the causes of global warming. Plummeting ozone levels in the stratosphere over Antarctica during September and October are the result of complex chemical processes. The return of the Sun at the end of winter triggers photochemical reactions that lead to the destruction of ozone in the stratosphere. There are some natural means that effect ozone like volcano eruptions, and drastic changes in weather problems.
-Man-made causes probably do the most damage. There are many man-made causes. Pollution is one of the biggest man-made problems. Pollution comes in many shapes and sizes. Burning fossil fuels is one thing that causes pollution. Fossil fuels are fuels made of organic matter such as coal, or oil. As we burn fossil fuel like coal , oil and natural gas for energy or cut down and burn forests to create pastures and carbon accumulates our atmosphere. When fossil fuels are burned they give off a green house gas called CO2....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

English for Specific Purposes Validity of Reading Strategies

...English for Specific Purposes: Validity of Reading Strategies Larissa de Pinho Cavalcanti Universidade Federal de Pernambuco In Brazil, English for Specific Purposes was developed based on the need immediate linguistic knowledge for reading and understanding technical and academic texts – a purpose that remains until today. Indeed, several publications focus on the instrumental approach across different fields of knowledge, taking as its basis not only reading and its strategic competences but the learning of language structures that might contribute to an efficient reading process. On digital distance learning, the instrumental approach to ESP is yet predominant which can be explained by the novelty of the modality in the country in the sense that time to adjust to the possibilities virtual learning environments provide us with is still required. That is the context of our teaching for the Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia Educação in their distance learning program. Our paper aims at discussing the relevance of reading and reading strategies according to students’ own opinions and the theoretical considerations of KLEIMAN (2013), SOLÉ (1998) on reading as a process; JUNIOR (1999), LEFFA (1996), CHAVES (2006), on ESP and reading. Keywords: distance learning; English language; reading strategies. ESP: history, features and Brazil Learning English as a second or foreign language has become a world-wide necessity. Whether living...

Words: 5379 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay


...LANGUAGE CENTRE UNIVERSITY OF NAMIBIA 2012 - 2016 COURSE TITLE: ENGLISH FOR GENERAL COMMUNICATION CURSE CODE: ULEG 2410 NQF LEVEL: 4 NOTIONAL HOURS: 160 CONTACT HOURS: 112 CREDITS: 16 PRE-REQUISITE: D IN ENGLISH AT NSSC/Equivalent OPTIONS: COMPULSORY SEMESTER OFFERED: FIRST AND SECOND (YEAR COURSE) Course Aims: This course aims to: * Cater for the language needs of the students, who are enrolled for Diploma programmes, and those who are deemed academically fit to enroll for Degree course but have obtained a D in English. * Emphasis on both grammatical rules and the four communicative skills, namely reading, writing, listening and speaking. The students will be faced with the task of studying in a new academic environment and in a language, which may not be their first language or language of instruction. * Serve as an introduction to university, where styles of teaching and learning differ from those at secondary schools as they place more responsibility on the student. * Focus on the skills which the students might need throughout their academic career and beyond. Exit learning outcomes By the end of this course, students should have developed the ability to express themselves fluently and accurately in spoken and written English in the context of university studies and the work environment, by: * Demonstrating understanding of language in print * Knowing how to use a dictionary for......

Words: 578 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

English for Study

...A2003 ENGLISH FOR TECHNICAL PURPOSES 2 INTRODUCTION and GUIDE CURRICULUM GRID | TOPIC |UNIT |TIME ALLOCATED | |Application for Industrial Attachment |1 |4 weeks (8 hours) | |Processes and Procedures |2 |4 weeks (8 hours) | |Instructions |3 |3 weeks (6 hours) | |Description of Object |4 |3 weeks (6 hours) | UNIT 1 : APPLICATION FOR INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT 1. Letter of Application for Attachment for Industrial Training 2. Confirmation by Telephone for Industrial Attachment 3. Thank You Letters UNIT 2 : PROCESSES AND PROCEDURES UNIT 3 : INSTRUCTIONS UNIT 4 : DESCRIPTION OF OBJECT Introduction This module is designed for second semester students taking technical courses at the polytechnic. The learning materials provided in the module will help you improve your language proficiency to handle communication situations as well in English. The module is designed for 30 contact hours. This includes assessments and class activities. General......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Industrial Engineering

...VICTORIA UNIVERSITY COURSE BROCHURE Got questions about studying at Victoria University, visiting, or applying? WELCOME MD MANJURUL Phone: +61 3 9919 1164 Email: Apply online: Find an agent: This is your introduction to the incredible array of academic programs and resources we offer. Feel free to create additional brochures if your interests change. IN THIS BROCHURE Campuses, facilities and services Why study at Victoria University How to apply Cost of living English language requirements (TAFE/VET) English language requirements (Undergraduate) English language requirements (Postgraduate) English language courses Scholarship opportunities for international students Accommodation and private rentals Student support and safety Career and employment services Live in Melbourne   SELECTED COURSES Diploma of Accounting Diploma of Library and Information Services Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology Diploma of Engineering - Advanced Trade Diploma of Engineering Technology   Information and fees listed in this brochure are for non-resident students starting the course in 2015. Fees are subject to approval and may change. In some courses students must buy equipment or clothing that they will need in the course. These equipment or clothing costs are not included in the course fees listed and we recommend you seek advice from the...

Words: 10738 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay


...GCSE English Language 2010 Studying Spoken Language The newest and potentially most exciting area of the new GCSE specifications is the Studying Spoken Language section of the Controlled Assessment for GCSE English Language. The focus of this unit is investigative, asking candidates to explore their own spoken language and/or that of others, including perhaps spoken language in media and technologies such as internet messaging services. Sample Controlled Assessment tasks are available online so that you can see the type of tasks that will be set. All of the tasks are fairly open-ended so that you can help individual students tailor their research to suit their interests and the type of data available to them. One of the teachers who has done a trial of the new unit said, ‘the tasks were greeted with enthusiasm and the ability to connect what we were exploring to the wider context. The tasks lead to independent study which meant there was a good deal of ownership for the students.’ 8 Teachers who have trialled the unit have given us some very useful feedback on which we can base further support. One important point is that giving enough time and thought to the initial data collection pays dividends in terms of the level of analysis which students can carry out. The script and commentary on the following pages are examples of the further resources you can see online at These are provided to demonstrate ways...

Words: 1834 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...------------------------------------------------- ENGLISH SKILLS FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COURSE SYLLABUS SEMESTER 3, 2013 INSTRUCTORS 1/ Ngo Thi Tuyet Mai (Assoc. Prof, Ph.D) Email: Phone: 0904324282 2/ Tran Thi Thu Trang (M.A) Email: Phone: 0989886107 3/ Nguyen Bich Ngoc (PhD. Fellow) Email: Phone: 0919956929 CLASS HOURS: | 1-3, Monday, D2-203 | OFFICE: | Building 7, Room 307 & 310 | OFFICE HOURS: | Appointments are usually available | ------------------------------------------------- | | Course Description: This course is designed for International Business Management major who will ultimately be engaged in doing business internationally. In this course, students will learn the basis of writing business letters and the purpose of writing a business letter; draft a plan for the letter; write the letter; and edit the letter to ensure it fulfills your purpose. Particularly, an introduction to international business letter with some typical correspondence such as Enquiries, Replies and Quotations, Orders, Complaints and Adjustments will be delivered to the students. The course aims to document international standard banking practice for examination of commercial documents under the UCP 600, including a general overview of import – export, commercial documents, the principles of the UCP 600, the international standard banking practice to examine these......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Syllabus Esl0305

...W 2-4 pm ------------------------------------------------- Class Times: Mondays & Thursdays 16:00 – 17:45 (W2) Course Description: Develop reading, writing, and vocabulary in English for General Education courses. Pass/Fail. Institutional credit only. Course Objectives: A. Develop reading and comprehension strategies B. Develop vocabulary for English for general academic purposes C. Develop general academic writing skills D. Develop as a writer in response to reading E. Develop critical thinking skills F. Develop awareness of the written text as the basis of higher education G. Locate and use language and research tools Required Textbooks: Slaght, John and Anne Pallant. English for Academic Study: Reading and Writing. 2012 edition – Source Book. Garnet Books, 2012 Slaght, John, Paddy Harben and Anne Pallant. English for Academic Study: Reading and Writing. American Edition – Course Book, 2009 Supplementary Materials: See attached Reading List Online Resources: Dictionary: Purdue Online Writing Laboratory: WordReady: Academic English. Garnet Education. Course Content: A. Reading Strategies as applied to General Education readings 1. Predicting/pre-reading 2. Surveying 3. Using graphic organizers 4. Recognizing syntactic chunks 5. Annotating 6. Skimming and Scanning......

Words: 1228 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Marketing Mix

...商务英语本科学位论文 ( 2007 届 ) 论文题目 The Grammatical Features in English Business (英文) Correspondence 论文题目 商务函电英语的语法特点 (中文) 继教(公开)学院 商务英语 自考 The grammatical Features in English Business Correspondence Abstract: As a variety of English, English of business correspondence has its unique grammatical features. This paper discusses the grammatical features in English business correspondence from sentence types, sentence structures, the location of adverbial phrases, tense, aspect, subjunctive mood , compound words, modal verbs and passive voice. Key words: grammar; feature; business correspondence. 商务函电英语的语法特点 摘要: 商务函电英语作为一种有自己特点的英语,有其独特的语法特点。本文从句子类型、句子结构、状语的位置、时与体、虚拟语气、复合词、情态动词和被动语态八个方面探讨了商务函电英语的语法特点。 关键词:语法;特点;商务函电   Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Sentence types of English of business correspondence 1 2.1 Declarative sentences 1 2.2 Imperative sentences 2 2.3 Interrogative sentences 2 3. Sentence structure of English of business correspondence 3 4. The locations of adverbials of English of business correspondence 4 5. The use of tense and aspect of English of business correspondence 5 6. The use of subjunctive mood of English of business correspondence 5 7. The extensive use of compound words of hereby category in English of business correspondence 6 8 The use of modal verb in English of business correspondence 7 9. The use of passive voice in English of business correspondence 7 10.......

Words: 3242 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Modern Technology as Instructional Material

...CHAPTER 1 Problem & Its Background Instructional material is an important tool in the teaching process. As our world evolves, the technology is also evolving and we can’t deny the fact that it is happening also to education. One of the examples is the modern technologies used by some of the teachers as their instructional materials. (Richards) Before, children were taught in a rigid and stereotyped way. Teachers used authentic or created materials as their tool in teaching the learners. Nowadays, there are lots of instructional materials to be used in teaching. There are new trends on language teaching and this is by the use of modern technology as their instructional material. These instructional materials include laptops, LCD projector, speech laboratory, power point presentation, tablets, etc. By the use of it, learners can relate to their discussion. Instructional materials serves as the basis for match of the language input learners and the language practice that occurs in the classroom. They can provide a detailed specification of content, even in the absence of the syllabus (Richards and Rodgers, 1986). It is an important element within the curriculum and their often tangible and visible aspect of it (Nunan, 1991). Technology has become an integral part of higher education instruction with the increased use of technology; instructional resources like the textbooks are slowly making their way into the higher education system. The use of technology is still......

Words: 1381 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...of IGI on SLA and motivation are discussed. From the insights, parameters for designing materials, tests, and questionnaire are drawn out. Chapter Three is divided into five sections. Research design and subjects and program description sections provide general information about the study. The next three parts, materials, instruments, and procedures of the research are described in details. 3.1. Research Design This study is carried out with a one group pre-test and post-test design. In this experimental research, the implementation of discovery-learning through IGI (independent variable) will be monitored, and acquisition about English tenses and learners’ motivation (dependent variables) will be measured. The grammar points in this research are English tenses. A pre-test and a post-test are designed to be the same. An anonymous questionnaire on motivation is delivered after the treatment instruction. 3.2. Subjects and Program Description The researcher, who is also the teacher, carries out the study in six classes in Course 28 and Course 29 at CFL in 2006. The experimental course, Level-Seven Grammar Course, is the first of three courses for Level C (low-advanced-English level). The grammar course is offered to the students for three 45-minute periods on each occasion during nine weeks. The students are randomly chosen and can be the representatives for the research. The total number of the students was 227,......

Words: 3256 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

The Defence of Poesy

...curiosity. His wide travel in continental Europe included diplomatic missions on behalf of Elizabeth I. He advocated support for the Protestant Netherlands in their military resistance to the rule of Catholic Spain. When an English force was sent to the Netherlands in 1585, Sidney was given command of a garrison, and died from wounds sustained in a military engagement. Sidney’s major writings probably belong to the period 1578–84, though none can be dated with certainty. Arcadia, a prose narrative interspersed with verse, combines chivalric romance, pastoral, comedy, and debate on ethics and politics. It survives in a complete earlier version and an unfinished expanded version. Astrophil and Stella, a cycle of 108 sonnets and 11 songs, is one of the first English adaptations of Petrarchan love poetry. By turns witty and tormented, it is a lightly disguised and no doubt fictionally embellished treatment of Sidney’s thwarted love for Penelope Devereux, sister of the Earl of Essex. The most likely date for the composition of the Defence is 1580–82. Like Sidney’s other writings, it circulated only in manuscript during his lifetime, and was published by two separate printers in 1595 under the titles Defence of Poesy and Apology for Poetry. It is one of several English defenses against moralistic or philosophical attacks on poetry, drama, and music. One of these attacks, Stephen Gosson’s School of Abuse (1579), was dedicated to Sidney and possibly prompted the writing of the......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Factors of Study Habit

...This article may be read in three parts: the first part deals with the life and times of Lord Macaulay, and the second part presents Macaulay's Minute on Indian Education. The third part presents the objections raised against Macaulay's Minute by Prinsep, a Secretary who dealt with matters of education in the government then. This third part presents also the orders issued by William Bentinck, the then Governor General, that upheld Macaulay's Minute, and a discussion on the identity of views held by Ram Mohun Roy and Macaulay. I believe that Macaulay's Minute is better understood and appreciated if we have some understaning of the man who wrote it. Macaulay was an extra-ordinary administrator, master of English prose, and statesman. Remember Macaulay was writing his Minute nearly 175 years ago. 1. A BRIEF SOJOURN, AN ENDURING IMPACT Lord Macaulay (Thomas Babington Macaulay) was born on October 25, 1800, and died on December 28, 1859. He arrived in India (Madras) on 10th June 1834 as a member of the Supreme Council of India. William Bentinck was the then Governor General. He returned to England early 1838, and resumed his writing career there. Macaulay was in India, thus, only for nearly four years, but he was destined to impact the lives of millions of Indians forever. 2. MACAULAY'S FAMILY Lord Macaulay's father Zachary Macaulay himself had seen overseas service in the West Indies and Sierra Leone, and was highly regarded for his contribution to public life. Zachary was......

Words: 19535 - Pages: 79

Free Essay

Elt System in Bangladesh

...examination which is the second public examination they face in the life. In the main stream system of formal education in Bangladesh English is introduced as a compulsory subject from class 1 and continues with the same status up to class 12. When HSC level is considered, English is taught here as a compulsory subject consisting of two papers each carrying one hundred marks To face the challenges of new century, the English textbook of class XI-XII has been rationally evaluated by foreign consultants and local experts. The evaluated and modified textbook was designed for introducing communicative techniques and for providing adequate practice in language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. But necessity of grammar can not be avoided in the context of Bangladesh. The purpose for designing H.S.C. syllabus is to make the learner competent in communication in the target language and which is similar to CLTA method in language teaching and learning. In CLTA usually a notional-functional syllabus is followed. In this type of syllabus, instruction is organized not in terms of grammatical structure, but in terms of ‘notions’ and ‘functions’. But grammar is also included by the experts. It is expected that the revised textbook will meet the real needs of the students and teachers and eventually results in more effective teaching and learning of English. In this study, HSC...

Words: 3549 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

International Contracts Between Common Law and Civil Law: Is Non-State Law to Be Preferred? the Difficulty of Interpreting Legal Standards Such as Good Faith

...Such as Good Faith Giuditta Cordero Moss∗ ∗ University of Oslo, Recommended Citation Giuditta Cordero Moss (2007) “International Contracts between Common Law and Civil Law: Is Non-state Law to Be Preferred? The Difficulty of Interpreting Legal Standards Such as Good Faith,” Global Jurist: Vol. 7: Iss. 1 (Advances), Article 3. Available at: Copyright c 2007 The Berkeley Electronic Press. All rights reserved. International Contracts between Common Law and Civil Law: Is Non-state Law to Be Preferred? The Difficulty of Interpreting Legal Standards Such as Good Faith∗ Giuditta Cordero Moss Abstract Most commercial contracts are nowadays written on the basis of English or American contract models, irrespective of whether the legal relationship that the contracts regulate is governed by a law belonging to a Common Law system or not. These contract models are drafted on the basis of the requirements and structure of the respective Common Law system in which they were originally meant to operate. These models may therefore be in part ineffective or parts thereof may redundant, if the governing law belongs to a Civilian system. To overcome this tension between Common and Civil Law, it is sometimes recommended to subject international contracts to non-state sources of law (also referred to as transnational law, lex mercatoria, soft law). This article analyses the tension between the Common and......

Words: 18580 - Pages: 75

Free Essay

Laws of Malaysia

...legislation. Unwritten laws are laws which are not enacted by the legislature (Parliament and State Assemblies) and not found in the constitution, both federal and state. This is known as the English common law and the rules of equity. In case, if there is no law governing a particular circumstance, Malaysian case law may apply. If there is no Malaysian case law, English case law can be applied in accordance with the Civil Law Act 1956 (Revised 1972) only in the absence of local statues on the particular subject matter. It is mean that the common law and the rules of equity can be modified and should not follow the same law as administered in England. Common law and the rules of equity can be developed and amended according to the local needs. S3(1) of the Civil Law Act 1956 statutorily provides that only the part of the English Law that is suited to the local circumstances are to be applied : I. West Malaysia - the English common law and the rules of equity and statues of general application in England as 1 December 1951. II. Sabah – the English common law and the rules of equity and statues of general application in England as at 1 December 1951. III. Sarawak – the English common law and the rules of equity and statues of general application in England as at 12 December 1949. English laws subsequent to the said dates are not binding but of persuasive authority. According to Prof. Mark Cammack, Southwestern University, Islamic law is not a legal system, but a......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4