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English General Purpose

In: Other Topics

Submitted By fernandoko
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TOPIC = Causes and effects of Global Warming

DEFINITION =Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of global surface air and oceans and to continuing increases in those temperatures. Another term for "global warming" is "climate change." Global warming is primarily a problem of too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which acts as a blanket, trapping heat and warming the planet.

CAUSES
-Natural causes are causes created by nature. One natural cause is a release of methane gas from arctic tundra and wetlands. Methane is a greenhouse gas. A greenhouse gas is a gas that traps heat in the earth's atmosphere. The build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere alters the radioactive balance of the atmosphere. The net effect is to warm the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere because greenhouse gases absorb some of the Earth’s outgoing heat radiation and reradiate it back towards the surface.
-Ozone depletion is also one the causes of global warming. Plummeting ozone levels in the stratosphere over Antarctica during September and October are the result of complex chemical processes. The return of the Sun at the end of winter triggers photochemical reactions that lead to the destruction of ozone in the stratosphere. There are some natural means that effect ozone like volcano eruptions, and drastic changes in weather problems.
-Man-made causes probably do the most damage. There are many man-made causes. Pollution is one of the biggest man-made problems. Pollution comes in many shapes and sizes. Burning fossil fuels is one thing that causes pollution. Fossil fuels are fuels made of organic matter such as coal, or oil. As we burn fossil fuel like coal , oil and natural gas for energy or cut down and burn forests to create pastures and carbon accumulates our atmosphere. When fossil fuels are burned they give off a green house gas called CO2....

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