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Enomy Shipping

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Economía Shipping Company Se recomienda Economía Shipping Company (ESC) sustituir el barco de vapor, Cynthia, con un barco nuevo motor diesel. El análisis supone que no hay costos de operación en 1950 A pesar de ESC fue presumiblemente aún en servicio durante este análisis, los costos asociados con la evaluación del proyecto no han sido valoradas hasta 1951 fue también implícita en los cálculos de VAN que cualquier actualización necesaria posterior a 1950 podría ser realizado sin ninguna interrupción a las operaciones diarias y se realizaron a principios de año. Por lo tanto, la actualización fogonero y los reemplazos de motor fueron considerados en 01 de enero del año previsto y no requieren ningún tiempo de inactividad de la instalación.La evaluación consideró cuatro escenarios diferentes: 1. Rehabilitación de Cynthia con la conversión fogonero que ocurre en 1950 2.Rehabilitación de Cynthia con la conversión fogonero que ocurre en1952 3. La compra de un nuevo barco de motor diesel con 2 turnos de 12 horas día de trabajo 4. La compra de un nuevo barco de motor diesel con 3 turnos, de 8 horas de trabajo días Desde ESC estaba considerando otros proyectos con una tasa de retorno de 10%, cada una de las opciones anteriores se consideraron utilizando la misma tasa de retorno. La compañía? S balance sugiere que la gestión era muy conservadora. La relación deuda-capital en 1950 fue de 0.075, lo que indica que la compañía podría pedir prestado a una tasa que va del 3% y sin temor a la quiebra. Por otra parte, la compañía contaba con fondos suficientes para adquirir cuatro nuevos barcos con motor diesel.En general, ECS estaba en una muy buena posición para actualizar rápidamente su flota y obtener una ventaja que puede venir con los nuevos barcos con motor diesel. La influencia de la unión para cambiar el horario de trabajo para la tripulación de los miembros es de destacar en este análisis. Si el sindicato tuvo éxito, los barcos de vapor no sería capaz de acomodar el 3 turnos requisito y, por tanto, no cumplen las normas de la nueva regulación. Si la nueva regulación tenía multas asociadas para los buques no en el cumplimiento de las nuevas directrices, los resultados para los barcos de vapor escenarios sólo empeorarían. En este caso, los diesel barcos podían acomodar la sentencia anticipada y, por tanto, continuar operando sin temor de ser ilegal. Otra desventaja frente a la rehabilitación de Cynthia era su edad.En el momento de la decisión del barco de vapor ya había estado en funcionamiento durante 23 años. Aunque, el costo de realización de renovar el barco de vapor ya era conocida, el aspecto intangible de esta alternativa era el estado de la embarcación una vez reformado. Cabe señalar que con cualquier revisión, todavía hay aspectos a la embarcación que permanecerá ? de edad? y, finalmente, se producirá un error. El mantenimiento y las reparaciones que figuran en el caso parecen indicar mantenimiento general y no un catastrófico evento como se sugiere. El costo de la otra gran reparación que se asocia con la edad no ha sido calculado para sino que debe ser entendida como una variable para las opciones de rehabilitación. Los ahorros fiscales asociados a la compra de la nueva embarcación con motor diesel es otra ventaja sobre el barco de vapor. Con una operación más bajoscostos y una mayor depreciación (véase el apéndice) la opción de compra se ahorra aproximadamente $ 11,500 menos en impuestos (opción 4 opción vs. 1). Durante la vida útil de 25 años de la embarcación, Economía ahorrará $ 287.500. El costo anual equivalente se utilizó (EAC) análisis para evaluar cada opción. Las opciones de rehabilitación tuvo una vida útil de 20 años, mientras que las opciones de compra tenían una vida útil de 25 años. La técnica de reemplazo habría requerido un análisis de 100 años. En cambio, el procedimiento EAC devuelve un costo anualizado de cada proyecto y permite que tanto las opciones de rehabilitación y las opciones de compra que deben compararse sin muchas complicaciones. Entre las dos opciones de rehabilitación, la opción de inmediatamente la conversión a Stoker disparo dio en el VAN más bajo (- $ 970, 889 vs. - $ 988,249). Los $ 30 mil adicional asociado con la espera de los dos años antes de realizar la conversión fogonero explica la discrepancia entre estas dos opciones. La conversión fogonero inmediata resultó en un costo anual equivalente de $ 114,040. En comparación con las dos opciones de compra ($ 110,833, $ 111.402) el costo de la rehabilitación opción era un poco más alto. Aunque las dos opciones de compra fueron óptima en comparación con la alternativa de rehabilitación de Cynthia, el efecto que la unión? s propuesta tendría en el envío industria, obviamente,aumentar el costo de hacer negocios. Si instintos controlador? S son correctos, el cálculo del VAN de la opción de compra sería aumentar en $ 4.850 y la EAC se incrementaría en $ 570. Aunque estos dólares comerían en el beneficio, la alternativa puede ser mucho más costoso si las multas son administrados para los buques que no cumplan.Mientras que el análisis puede sugerir que las dos opciones principales (vs. reacondicionamiento compra) están cerca en el costo, es obvio que con todos los intangibles asociados a este caso que la compra de los nuevos barcos de motor diesel garantiza un futuro de éxito, mientras que la opción de barco de vapor depende de acontecimientos inverosímiles.

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